Lima peru dating

1. Latin American Cupid. Latin American Cupid is pretty good for Peru and, in my book, is the best site to use. A search for women living in Peru between 21 and 35 years old who have been active on the site within the last 3 months turns up more than 1000 profiles. Free Online Dating in Peru – Peru Singles. The airline’s decision to reopen the route, which had been closed since , is helping to put Peru back on the map. How to have the perfect holiday in Peru 2. Peru’s capital, Lima, is finally stepping out of the shadows – and there are some luxurious hotels to boot 3. Badoo is the perfect place to meet people in Peru for chat and fun, and for dating too! Why not meet up with a new friend in Lima for a Pisco Sour, or go out for a romantic meal and enjoy the many tastes of one of the true gastronomic capitals of South America? Arequipa, in the shadow of the Misti mountain, offers the same quality of food and ... Single Peru women seeking men for love, dating, and marriage, these are sincere beautiful Peru women who want to meet you. Peru Women. Page 2 of 24; Soledad (170970) Age: 37 Lima, Peru. Marlene (188399) Age: 42 Lima, Peru. Mirian (177618) Age: 42 Lima, Peru. Catalina (182418) Age: 42 La Libertad, Peru. Malena (174125) Age: 53 In Peru the top dating site would be Latin American Cupid, in smaller cities you might not find a ton of Peruvian women on it, but this is one of the largest in South America and there are tons of Lima girls on this great online dating site. It also helps that they tend to like foreign men, but we will cover the hook up culture here later. Lima Peru Dating Event. This really looks like the land of opportunity! Lima women are incredible and there aren’t many better places to meet a lady. Dating apps are their favorite. Peruvian women have always been conservative. This means that they only found men in designated places. Today, modernity and technology have caught up with them. Lima is a great city to visit. The girls we met were top shelf. I would recommend this tour to anyone that would like to visit Peru and enjoys the company of some beautiful woman. Cheers. Daniel. I can't say enough about the Lima Peru tour. The women were so much more beautiful in person. Online dating in Lima, Peru. With over 485M users waiting to find love on Badoo you are more likely to find a date than anywhere else! It is very common in Lima for a single girl to marry a man 10 to 20 years older than herself.Peruvians are not overly concerned about your physical appearance, age or social status. When a girl from Peru meets an American or European there is a good chance she is attracted to him, they love Gringos. 100% free Lima (Peru) online dating site for single men and women! Register at Loveawake.com Peruvian singles service without payment to date and meet singles from Lima

LETTER TO REDDIT CEO

2020.09.24 06:28 memesandcommunism LETTER TO REDDIT CEO

Open Letter to Steve Huffman and the Board of Directors of Reddit, Inc– If you believe in standing up to hate and supporting black lives, you need to act
Open Letter to Steve Huffman and the Board of Directors of Reddit, Inc – If you believe in standing up to hate and supporting black lives, you need to act
Dear Steve,
On June 1, you shared a letter on Reddit’s blog “Remember the Human – Black Lives Matter”. In this letter, you claim “as Snoos, we do not tolerate hate, racism, and violence, and while we have work to do to fight these on our platform, our values are clear.”
As of today, neither you nor any other Reddit admins have shared this letter anywhere on reddit.com. However, the response to this message was swift on Twitter, where you were rightfully labeled as hypocritical based on your long and well-recorded history of defending racism and white supremacy on this site.
Among the many responses was this message from former CEO of Reddit, Ellen Pao.
I am obligated to call you out: You should have shut down the_donald instead of amplifying it and its hate, racism, and violence. So much of what is happening now lies at your feet. You don't get to say BLM when reddit nurtures and monetizes white supremacy and hate all day long
Many others shared links and screenshots of your past statements saying “Open racism and slurs are fine to post on Reddit”.
The problem of Reddit’s leadership supporting and providing a platform for racist users and hateful communities has long been an issue. Nearly six years ago, dozens of subreddits signed the original open letter to the Reddit admins calling for action. While the Reddit admins acknowledged the letter and said it was a high priority to address this issue, extremely little has been done in the intervening years.
On June 5, you shared this update on /Announcements, Upcoming changes to our content policy, our board, and where we’re going from here. In the post, you stated that there is a need for continued adjustments of Reddit’s content policy to address racism and that this remains a priority. These continued statements that you hear us, that this is a priority, or that you are working on it are not enough. It has been five years since your return as CEO and this still remains Reddit’s most glaring problem.
Steve, if you and Reddit genuinely care about the values of standing up to racism and hate, then you need to back it up with real action. As moderators on this website who have dedicated countless hours to keeping this site running, we call on Reddit to take the following steps:
At /AgainstHateSubreddits, we have laid out the many failures of Steve time and again to stand up to white supremacy on this site time and time and time again.
With a website with the impact of Reddit on the broader conversations being held in communities around the world, this website needs real leadership and real action.
We hope that Reddit will not just share empty platitudes — but will take a meaningful stand against hate, and take these recommendations to heart.
This letter is co-signed by more than 200 300 350 430 550 650 800 communities representing well over 200 hundreds of millions of subscribers:
If your subreddit is not listed and would like to sign on, please leave a comment below
/AgainstHateSubreddits
/2cb/
/2mad4madlads
/3dsFCswap
/9M9H9E9/
/ABCDesis
/AbsoluteUnits
/AbyssRium/
/AccidentalBoobGrazes/
/AccidentalComedy
/AceAttorneyCirclejerk/
/ACNHGardening
/AfricanAmerican
/androiddev
/animalsbeingbros
/ANormalDayInAmerica/
/anormaldayinrussia
/AntifascistsofReddit/
/antifastonetoss
/arizona/
/arrow
/ArrowAndTheCanaries
/Art
/AsABlackMan
/Asexual/
/askaustin
/AskBibleScholars/
/AskHistorians
/AskMen
/AskMenOver30
/askphilosophy
/AskPhotography
/Asktransgender
/AskWomen
/askwomenadvice
/asoiaf
/atheism
/autism
/awwducational
/babybigcatgifs
/badUIbattles
/BAMEVoicesUK
/BatwomanTV
/BDS
/Beautevil/
/beautyguruchatter
/BestOfReports
/BethMidrash/
/BiggerThanYouThought
/biggerthenyouthought/
/BikiniBottomTwitter
/blackhair
/blackladies
/blacklesbians/
/BlackLightning
/blacklivesmatter
/blackmagicfuckery
/BlackPeopleGifs
/BlackPeopleTwitter
/Blerds
/bodegaboys
/books
/bootlegtoys/
/boottoobig/
/bostontrees
/brakebills
/BritishAirways
/brownbeauty
/BrownPeopleGifs
/BudgetExotics
/buycanadian
/California
/CallMeKevin
/cat
/catan
/CatInTheHatMemes
/Catslaps
/catswithdogs
/Charlotte
/cheese
/chicago
/Chonkers
/chvrches
/civbattleroyale/
/CK2GameOfthrones
/CocosClassics
/coldshowers
/ComedyBuddhism/
/Contrapoints
/copyright
/CoreCyberpunk/
/Corvids
/coys
/CPTSDmemes/
/CreateA/
/creepypms
/CrewsCrew
/cringe
/cringepics
/CritterFacts
/CrowBro
/Crystals/
/curlyhair
/cursedpipes
/Dachschaden
/dankmemes
/DarkJokes
/dataisbeautiful
/dating
/DatingHell/
/DCTV
/deals/
/DebateAVegan
/deerhunter
/democrats
/DenverProtests/
/DescriptionPlease
/didntknowiwantedthat
/digital_manipulation
/dixiequeer
/DIY
/DnDGreentext
/docproduction
/DogeMine
/DragRace_Canada
/DrawForMe/
/DynastyCW
/eagles
/elliegoulding
/EmulationOnAndroid
/entitledkids
/entitledparents
/entitledparentsmemes
/entitledpeople
/espressobin
/euphoria
/explainlikeimdog
/eyebleach
/facepalm
/fakealbumcovers
/Fantasy
/FastFood
/fatlogic
/Feminism
/Feminisme/
/feminisms
/femmesofdesoto
/FemmeThoughts
/Fitness
/fixtagram
/FlashTV
/Florida
/FloridaMan
/Food
/formula1
/fosterit
/foundthemobileuse
/FragileMaleRedditor
/FragileWhiteRedditor
/freecompliments
/FriendsofthePod
/ftm/
/FuckTheAltright
/gallifrey
/GamerGhazi/
/gaming
/gaming4gamers
/Gamingcirclejerk
/gaminggifs
/garlicbreadmemes
/gatekeeping
/GatekeepingYuri/
/gay
/geckos/
/GenderCynical/
/genderfluid_irl
/Girlsmirin
/GODZILLA
/goodseals
/GreenAndPleasant
/Gryffindor
/guitarlessons
/Gunners
/GunsAreCool
/Hair
/happy
/happycowgifs
/harrypotte
/Hasan_Pike
/Hindi/
/HipHopHeads
/hisdarkmaterials
/HisDarkMaterialsHBO
/HistamineIntolerance/
/HistoricalJesus/
/hitboxporn
/hockey
/HoldMyNip
/House
/Hufflepuff
/humansbeingbros
/humor
/iamatotalpieceofshit
/idontworkherelady
/im14andthisisdeep
/indianmuslims
/industrialengineering/
/insanepeoplefacebook
/instantkarma
/InternationalDev
/intersex
/ios13beta/
/IRLEasterEggs/
/isitbullshit
/jewellerymaking
/joebiden
/JohnCena/
/JUSTNOMIL
/JustNoSO
/Kashmiri
/KerbalSpaceProgram/
/KingkillerChronicle/
/kittens
/kpop
/kpoprants
/kpopthoughts
/LandlordLove
/leagueofmemes
/LeopardsAteMyFace
/Letterkenny
/LGBT
/LGBTnews
/LibDemMemes/
/librandu
/lifehacks
/LifeProTips
/London
/LosAngeles
/loseit/
/Louisville
/mademesmile
/madlads
/MakeMeSuffe
/MakeMoatsGreatAgain
/makeupaddiction
/malefashion
/malefashionadvice
/MarchAgainstNazis
/marchagainstrump
/marijuanaconcentrates
/MarkMyWords
/marvelsavengerproject
/mcdonalds
/MeditationPractice
/mediumformat/
/Menslib
/menwritingwomen
/mfa_irl
/mfacirclejerk
/Miami
/Michael
/Military
/mimirecipes
/minipainting/
/Minneapolis
/Minnesota
/MirrorForSale
/mississippi
/MLS
/ModelUSGov/
/MonstaX
/MUA3
/muacjdiscussion/
/Music
/MuslimMarriage
/NASCAR
/naturalhair
/NewOrleans
/NewPatriotism
/News
/Nextfuckinglevel
/NFL
/nicegirls
/NikeSB
/nj4nj
/NJmeetup
/NJr4r
/NMS_Zoology
/noburp
/NomSaying
/nonbinary
/nonmonogamy
/Nottheonion
/Nr2003
/nsfw_gifs
/NYCFC/
/NYCtrees
/Obama
/OCPoetry/
/OCPoetryCirclejerk/
/oddlymesmerizing
/Oddlyterrifying
/offmychest
/Offroad/
/OKState/
/Omaha
/OnGuardForThee
/orcas
/orlando
/Overseas_Pakistani
/PaidForWinRAR
/PanPorn
/paofacts
/partyparrot
/peoplefuckingdying
/Pete_Buttigieg/
/Phillylist
/philosophy
/phoenix/
/PlayingGuitar
/PledgeToImpeach
/PlusSizeFashion
/Poetry/
/poetry_critics
/popheads
/powerlifting
/pregnant
/progressive_islam
/progresspics/
/punchablefaces
/pupliftingnews
/queers
/racism
/rage
/rant
/rape
/rarepuppers
/ravenclaw
/ravens/
/RebelGalaxyOutlaw
/relationships
/relationship_advice
/rigtours/
/RoastMe
/roosterteeth/
/RPDR_UK
/ryangosling/
/rupaulsdragrace
/SandersForPresident
/ScienceFacts
/sciencegifs
/sciences
/Screenwriting
/self
/selfies
/sexpositive
/ShitRedditSays
/ShittyLifeProTips
/shittymoviedetails
/shouldercats
/Showerthoughts
/silhouWHAT
/skitswedditsager
/skyrimmods/
/skyrimvr
/slytherin
/soccer
/socialjustice
/software
/Solocampingandhiking
/spaghetti/
/SPLCenter
/SpoiledDragRace
/spotify/
/squaredcircle
/StargirlTV
/StayingAtHome
/streetwear
/Strongman
/supergirlTV
/SupermanAndLois
/survivor
/svihs/
/tangsoodo
/TerfsWritingTrans
/thanosdidnothingwrong
/thathappened
/thatsabooklight
/thatsthejoke
/TheArtifice
/theocho
/Tim
/timecrisis/
/ToiletPaperUSA
/traaaaaaannnnnnnnnns/
/trans
/TranscribersOfReddit
/transgender
/transgenderteens
/transpositive
/transspace
/transtimelines
/trashy
/TwinCities
/TwoXChromosomes
/Unexpected
/unitedkingdom
/unpopularkpopopinions
/unsentletters
/vaxxhappened
/vegancirclejerk
/VeganDE
/videos
/Volumeeating/
/voteBLUE
/voteDEM
/watchandlearn
/wearethemusicmakers
/weddingplanning/
/weightroom
/WeirdLit
/whiskey
/whitepeoplegifs
/wholesomeBPT
/wholesomecomics
/wholesomehaiku
/WitchesVsPatriarchy
/wnba
/women
/womenshealth
/WorldNews
/WWE/
/YesFap
/Yiddish/
/turtlefacts
Added as of 6:30 PM US Eastern, June 8, 2020
/EarthPorn
/assholedesign/
/DevUnion/
/ADHD/
/Swimming/
/OpenWaterSwimming/
/onionheadlines/
/dangerousdesign/
/behindthegifs/
/chelseafc/
/ITZY/
/straykids/
/red_velvet/
/GeschichtsMaimais/
/neoliberal/
/TrueCrime/
/TrueCrimeDiscussion/
/UnresolvedMysteries/
/serialkillers/
/DelphiMurders/
/RedditCrimeCommunity/
/nonmurdermysteries/
/mystery/
/FoxFiction/
/RepublicanValues/
/nasa/
/Breadit/
/HoustonF1/
/FairytaleasFuck/
/Instagramreality/
/Botchedsurgeries/
/Portland/
/freefolk/
/cheapguitarporn/
/Babylon5Gifs/
/Hijabis/
/Squidbillies/
/coronavirusAL/
/Aquariums/
/shittyaquariums/
/AquaSwap/
/Goldfish/
/Koi/
/AquariumMemes/
/MonsterFishKeepers/
/AquariumsTestSub/
/KnifeFish
/fishshaming/
/Awwquariums/
/Koi_Keepers/
/Bichirs/
/ContagiousLaughte
/AnarchoWave/
/Lima_Peru/
/Spiderman/
/MakingaMurdere
/TheQuibble
/Hogwarts
/ImSorryScout/
/UtahJazz/
/PublicFreakout/
/peloton/
/AmateurRoomPorn/
/RimWorldPorn/
/carolinekonstna
/breathwork/
/saltlakemetro/
/service_dogs/
/service_dogsofReddit/
/ShingekiNoKyojin/
/sounddesign/
/PromoteYourMusic/
/SpotifyPlaylists/
/musicproduction/
/WrestleWithThePackage/
/Austin/
/alcohol/
/RedditsMuseumofFilth/
/chickflixxx/
/Stellaris
/eu4
/paradoxplaza
/victoria2
/Imperator
/KillerQueen/
/TyrannyGame
/saltierthancrait
/kawoshin/
/SapphoAndHerFriend/
/falcons/
/anime_titties/
As of 1:00 PM US Eastern, June 9, 2020
/Jokes/
/skyrim/
/2meirl4meirl/
/MildlyVandalised/
/HolUp/
/Wreddit/
/SCJerk/
/cannabis/
/hearing/
/German/
/lfg/
/dndnext/
/BaldursGate3/
/SampleSize/
/FireEmblemHeroes/
/fireemblem/
/Splintercell/
/RadicalChristianity/
/RussiaLago/
/WormMemes/
/MHOC/
/GroupMovies/
/littlebritishcars/
/Iamnotracistbut/
/ClassicBabes/
/filk/
/ainbow/
/genderquee
/bisexual/
/PuppySmiles/
/lyftdrivers/
/beigeonly/
/Smithtown/
/boyslove/
/heat/
/Detroit/
/BodyAcceptance/
/ConspiracyII/
/ImpactWrestling/
/Splatoon_2/
/ARMS/
/Snek/
/Mario/
/casualnintendo/
/nintendo/
/cleanagers/
/TheMorningShow/
/borns/
/gwent/
/sleepnomore/
/Philippines/
/OneTrueGary/
/circlebroke2/
/circlebroke/
/SRDBroke/
/kflay/
/Musicthemetime/
/HouseChickens/
/poledancing/
/csharp/
/ESL_Teachers/
/GayTeensVerified
/PrincessesOfPowe
/collared/
/knitting/
/Adoption/
/Delaware/
/productivity/
/NewYorkIslanders/
/sewing/
/BlatantMisogyny/
/mendrawingwomen/
/legosaga/
/thewalkingdead/
/MuslimLounge/
/StressFreeSeason/
/ladybonersgonemild/
/wow/
/worldofpvp/
/Blizzard/
/woweconomy/
/ControlProblem/
/Cinemagraphs/
/angula
/Python/
/americandad/
/Anarchism/
/badeconomics/
/budtenders/
/FiftyFifty/
/mbti/
/mtf
/cdramas/
/nyjets/
/pureasoiaf/
/testoviron/
/spicypillows/
/Denve
/StarWarsCantina/
Update as of 1:30 PM US Eastern 6/8/2020
/science
/505Nerds/
/acturnips/
/ACTrade/
/ACVillage
/ACQ
/HogwartsWerewolves/
/AskEconomics/
/TURKS/
/egg_irl/
/blaulicht/
/AFD/
/Weltraum/
/Stormlight_Archive/
/brandonsanderson/
/Cosmere/
/Mistborn/
/MHOC/
/union/
/RedshirtsUnite/
/Judaism/
/DebateAnAtheist/
/FantasyPL/
/ASOUE/
/socialskills/
/Snowblowers/
/arabs/
/WormFanfic/
/cauldron/
/Barca/
/PeterExplainsTheJoke/
/carscirclejerk/
/begonias/
/antidiet/
/ultrachrist/
/thenewcoldwa
/PresidentialRaceMemes/
/NoahGundersen/
/bassnecta
/ColoradoAvalanche/
/LetsNotMeet/
/tattoo/
/MinusTheBea
/kansascity/
/FoodDiaries/
/belgium/
/belgiumgonewild/
/ik_ihe/
added as of 5:30 PM US Eastern June 9, 2020
/india
/AprilKnights
/dobro
/Ireland
/ptsd
/happyrelationships
/Utilitarianism
/wec
/USCR
/forza/
/portishead/
/azerbaijan
/talkingheads
/Umphreys
/ColdCaseUK
/ActiveMeasures
/skyrimrequiem
/freefolk
/Equestrian
/islam
/ColCraftOfficial/
/ElderGuardianRights/
/GenZ/
Added 10:00 AM US EDT 6/10/20
/BotanicalPorn
/WaterPorn
/SeaPorn
/SkyPorn
/FirePorn
/DesertPorn
/WinterPorn
/AutumnPorn
/WeatherPorn
/GeologyPorn
/SpacePorn
/BeachPorn
/MushroomPorn
/SpringPorn
/SummerPorn
/LavaPorn
/LakePorn
/CityPorn
/VillagePorn
/RuralPorn
/ArchitecturePorn
/HousePorn
/CabinPorn
/ChurchPorn
/AbandonedPorn
/CemeteryPorn
/InfrastructurePorn
/MachinePorn
/CarPorn
/F1Porn
/MotorcyclePorn
/MilitaryPorn
/GunPorn
/KnifePorn
/BoatPorn
/RidesPorn
/DestructionPorn
/ThingsCutInHalfPorn
/StarshipPorn
/ToolPorn
/TechnologyPorn
/BridgePorn
/SteamPorn
/RetailPorn
/SpaceFlightPorn
/roadporn
/drydockporn
/AnimalPorn
/HumanPorn
/EarthlingPorn
/AdrenalinePorn
/ClimbingPorn
/SportsPorn
/AgriculturePorn
/TeaPorn
/BonsaiPorn
/FoodPorn
/CulinaryPorn
/DessertPorn
/DesignPorn
/RoomPorn
/AlbumArtPorn
/MetalPorn
/MoviePosterPorn
/TelevisionPosterPorn
/ComicBookPorn
/StreetArtPorn
/AdPorn
/ArtPorn
/FractalPorn
/InstrumentPorn
/ExposurePorn
/MacroPorn
/MicroPorn
/GeekPorn
/MTGPorn
/GamerPorn
/PowerWashingPorn
/AerialPorn
/OrganizationPorn
/FashionPorn
/AVPorn
/ApocalypsePorn
/InfraredPorn
/ViewPorn
/HellscapePorn
/sculptureporn
/HistoryPorn
/UniformPorn
/BookPorn
/NewsPorn
/QuotesPorn
/FuturePorn
/FossilPorn
/MegalithPorn
/ArtefactPorn
/fuckpongkrell/
Deusex/
/80s/
/Enough_Sanders_Spam/
/YouFellForItFool/
/CanadaHunting/
/DogCare/
/Dogtraining/
/comicbooks/
/theflash/
/Bikeporn/
/cycling/
/cyberpunk_stories
/iiiiiiitttttttttttt/
/DystopiaToday/
/AreTheStraightsOK/
/clevelandcavs/
/AmItheAsshole/
/LiverpoolFC/
/DissociaDID/
/TripCaves/
/Wholesomecringe/
/blackfishing/
/scioly/
/doodles/
/ICanDrawThat/
/Welding/
/NintendoSwitch/
/socialism
/ElectricForest/
/GaySoundsShitposts/
/writing/
/femalefashionadvice/
/asianamerican/
/zelda
/KingdomDeath/
/criminalminds/
added 9:00 AM US Eastern 6/9/2020
/SkincareAddiction/
/trees/
/startups/
/Norway/
/Entrepreneurs/
/GooglePixel/
/TaylorSwift/
/namenerds/
/selfservice/
/BalloonFetish/
/looners/
/walterlore/
/dogelore/
/Rowing/
/BrawlStarsCompetitive/
/RowingMemes/
/Eevee/
/pokemonmaxraids/
/RunnerHub/
/Roman_Catholics
/ihadastroke
/soccercirclejerk/
Latest added
/AsianBeauty/
/pokemon/
/BreadTube/
/AOC/
/Ilhan/
/LeftWithoutEdge/
/UniversityofChicago/
/ABraThatFits
/bulletjournal
/beatles
/the1975
/TheKillers
/MichaelJackson/
/mumfordandsons/
/AgeGap/
/AgeGapRelationship/
/whatintarnation/
/startrekgifs/
AdviceAnimals
wholesomememes
kirby
/actuallesbians
/TransyTalk
/TraaButOnlyBees
submitted by memesandcommunism to copypasta [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 20:45 TheAzzyBoi [CoC] [CST] [Monday] [18+] [Online]Masks of Nyarlathotep. 4-5 players.

Hi, Im Azzy. I’m a keeper looking for a group to run Masks of Nyarlathotep with. We’ll be using discord vc and maybe video if you’re comfortable with it. Also a maybe on roll20 depending on what the group wants.
If you don’t know about Masks of Nyarlathotep I’d recommend reading this part
Masks of Nyarlathotep is a globe spanning adventure to save the world from impending doom. It is a LONG campaign and a commitment as there are a lot of npcs and plot elements. You’re welcome to be whatever occupation you want, I suggest for characters either have some sort of experience in the archeological world, wealth, or renown. That isn’t necessary but it will make things easier for your character to be introduced in chapter 1.
Heres what I expect out of players (it’s not much):
•Please be 18+
•If you are uncomfortable with the horror or creepy aspects during the game, please let me know. I will end the scene and we will move on like it never happened.
•Play your character like they are a living person with a will to live. Your character can be a flawed person, I actually encourage it, but don’t murderhobo.
•I don’t require player notes but I’d suggest it as there is a lot to unpack. I will be making a google doc for us to help out.
•To be able to reliably play on Mondays, missing every now and then is okay. Life happens, but please try.
What you know as a player character: The date is January 12th 1919 The Great War is over, Europe is in shambles, the Economy of most Western Countries are starting to boom and a whole generation of young men are missing from the face of the earth.
The explorer Augustus Larkin is leading an expedition deep into the heart of Peru in search of an ancient pyramid as the papers say. He needs all the help he can get, he is looking for funders, explorers, and anyone willing to help him uncover this pyramid lost in Peru.
You have all been chosen to go along, either because you’re funding the expedition, sought out a spot on the team, or Larkin has asked you personally to be there. No matter the reason you are to meet him at the Bar Cordano in Lima Peru at 7:00pm Friday, March 18th 1919.
Please fill put this application form.
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSf3p7iy3EU62FUt8vK7FzQ9hbCW-KNtx8LkwfU67hX4Ju4ODw/viewform?usp=sf_link
I hope to see you all there and Nyarlathotep does too. I’ll be deciding on our group Tuesday Sept.22. If you have any questions free to dm me here or on discord at Azzy/Taurus#2147.
About me, if you don’t care that’s alright you can skip this Im a 19 y/o male, im a drafting student in my second year of college. Ive been playing ttrpgs for 6ish years and dming for 5 of those. Im not very strict on rules. I enjoyed playing instruments, gaming, drawing, and of course reading and making modules. You should also probably know im a furry but that’s not gonna come up much as i know some people aren’t too keen on that and it has nothing to do with the game.
Also sorry for mobile formatting.
submitted by TheAzzyBoi to lfg [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 08:12 iMaruga_Cat New on PC building

What will you be doing with this PC? Be as specific as possible, and include specific games or programs you will be using.
I want to have a PC that's both great with games and for my graphic design career, I want to be able to play popular games like valorant, watch dogs 2, gta v, hitman, battlefield games and the latest COD at more than 90 fps and also use photoshop and illustrator without it overheating or slowing down. And if possible streaming
What is your maximum budget before rebates/shipping/taxes?
I don't really know how much a good pc costs but I'm hoping to be within 1500 - 1700 (the less I spend the better) dollars so I can buy it in a few months.
When do you plan on building/buying the PC? Note: beyond a week or two from today means any build you receive will be out of date when you want to buy.
To be honest I want to know the price and parts so I can write them down and hopefully next year I'll be able to buy all I need.
**What, exactly, do you need included in the budget? (ToweOS/monitokeyboard/mouse
I already own a recently bought monitor, mouse and keyboard, so I think I only need the PC if I'm not wrong.
Which country (and state/province) will you be purchasing the parts in? If you're in US, do you have access to a Microcenter location?
I live in Lima, Peru so if I cant find what I need here I will be ordering online:)
If reusing any parts (including monitor(s)/keyboard/mouse/etc), what parts will you be reusing? Brands and models are appreciated.
I own a Halion Gaming Mouse, keyboard and headset. As for the Monitor, it's a 20" LED MicroSony.
Will you be overclocking? If yes, are you interested in overclocking right away, or down the line? CPU and/or GPU?
I've read that overclocking makes a PC faster but it also reduces lifespan so I don't think I'll be overclocking. I'm not sure but I think CPU.
Are there any specific features or items you want/need in the build? (ex: SSD, large amount of storage or a RAID setup, CUDA or OpenCL support, etc)
I do need large storage for my work since most of my files on photoshop tend to be quite heavy. More than a TB would be nice.
Do you have any specific case preferences (Size like ITX/microATX/mid-towefull-tower, styles, colors, window or not, LED lighting, etc), or a particular color theme preference for the components?
I want the case to be cool looking. I've seen some with LED lightning and I hope those are not that expensive
**Do you need a copy of Windows included in the budget? If you do need one included
I I Windows 10 if possible
Extra info or particulars: I wanna put together a PC that's within my budget and that is both good at games and at graphic design tools, and if possible streaming.
submitted by iMaruga_Cat to buildapcforme [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 13:09 PiggySVW 14 currently active Munich-born footballers have received a call up to a national team. None of those was from Germany. Here are their stories.

While searching some stuff on Transfermarkt, I discovered that there are 14 currently active football players who were born in Munich and have been called up for at least one senior national team fixture. Funnily, not a single one of those 14 players was called up to the German Nationalmannschaft. I decided to take a closer look at their respective careers. There are some more obvious paths like Germans of Turkish descent who went on to play in and for Turkey but also some pretty obscure careers. I begin with the most capped player and work my way down the list to the players who only got a call up without getting any game time. I sincerely hope you enjoy this read, it was pretty fun to write down!

Fabian Johnson

Age: 32
Position: Left Winger
Current team: -
National team: USA (57 matches, 2 goals)
The most-capped player in this list is American international Fabian Johnson. He was born in 1987 in München-Giesing and started his footballing career playing for Sportfreunde München before making the switch to 1860 where he spent 13 years. In 2009, he began his career in the 1. Bundesliga with Wolfsburg. Until today he made over 200 appearances in Germany's top flight for the Wolves, Hoffenheim and Gladbach. Currently he's without a club as Borussia didn't want to extend his contract.
The defensive-minded winger played for all the DFB youth teams and even won the under-21 Euros in 2009 alongside players like Mesut Özil, Mats Hummels or Manuel Neuer. However, Johnson - son of a German mother and an American father - stated that he "always felt quite American", so it's no wonder that he accepted the invitation when USMNT coach Jürgen Klinsmann called him up to the US squad in 2011. Since then he participated in the World Cup 2014, the Copa América 2016 and several Gold Cups. His last international game to date was in September 2017.

Manuel Ott

Age: 28
Position: Central Midfielder
Current team: United City F.C.
National team: Philippines (51 matches, 4 goals)
"Manny" Ott also represented 1860 München during his youth career before eventually ending up at FC Ingolstadt's academy in 2009. He spent five year's in the Audi city before going to his mother's home country to play for Ceres-La Salle FC, who are now called United City F.C. He won several titles with the Filipino powerhouse and in fact returned to them in February 2020 after a wasted year in Thailand where he only managed to play one single game for Ratchaburi Mitr Phol F.C. due to a tibia fracture.
Ott played his first senior game for the Philippines on 16 January 2010 at only 17 years of age. A scout had been sent out to find players in Europe who are eligible for the Filipino team. The midfielder's first goal followed in a 3-0 win over Cambodia in 2014.

Mike Ott

Age: 25
Position: Attacking Midfielder
Current team: United City F.C.
National team: Philippines (21 matches, 3 goals)
Another one? Yes! Mike Ott followed his big brother's footsteps and also graduated from 1860's youth system before joining Nürnberg in 2014. He was unable to impress in the first team and instead played for Nürnberg's under-23 team in the fourth tier. After three seasons, he decided to start on an adventure in Asia instead, so he made the switch to Angthong F.C. in Thai League 2. He had a decent stint in Thailand which made his brother's club Ceres offer him a contract in 2018. The new owners changed the team's name but re-signed both brothers in this summer. What are the Otts?
Mike was part of the Filipino national team for the first time in 2013 but didn't get to enter the pitch. His debut actually only came in October 2016 against Bahrain and he even scored the goal in his team's 1:3 loss.

Mehmet Ekici

Age: 30
Position: Attacking Midfielder
Current team: -
National team: Turkey (12 matches, 0 goals)
"Memo" Ekici began playing football for former Bundesliga outfit SpVgg Unterhaching, but he quickly became a member of FC Bayern's youth system. He made it onto Bayern's bench in 2009/10 but never played a minute for Bayern's senior squad. For the following season he was loaned out to fellow Bundesliga team Nürnberg where the young talent impressed alongside fellow German Turk Ilkay Gündogan. While the latter was bought by Borussia Dortmund, Ekici went to Werder Bremen. He never really broke through in the Hanseatic city and was eventually sold to Trabzonspor in 2014. In his first season he scored 9 goals and assisted another 11, but he couldn't replicate those numbers afterwards. In early 2017 he was suspended by Trabzonspor because he insisted on a transfer to Fenerbahce instead of Besiktas which Trabzonspor preferred. When his contract ran out after the season he finally joined Fener and played there until last season, albeit with mediocre success.
Ekici played for the German youth national teams before the Turkish FA convinced him to play for them after his strong start to the 2010/11 season. He debuted against the Netherlands in November 2010 but never managed to play a major part in the Crescent-Stars' team. His last appearance to date was in 2015.

Ceyhun Gülselam

Age: 32
Position: Defensive Midfielder
Current team: Alanyaspor
National team: Turkey (6 matches, 0 goals)
Gülselam spent the 1994/95 season at mighty Gartenstadt Trudering before spending 8 years in FC Bayern's junior teams. In 2006 he went to Unterhaching where he experienced his first games in 2. Bundesliga. They were relegated, but Gülselam still stayed for another season. He seems to have impressed some Turkish scouts as Trabzonspor decided to pick him up in 2008. Since then he has been playing for several teams in the Süper Lig with his current employer being Alanyaspor. Between 2014 and 2016 he spent two seasons in the Bundesliga at Hannover 96, he scored his only Bundesliga goal in a match against Leverkusen in November 2014.
Gülselam made his debut for the Turkish national team in March 2008, when coach Fatih Terim called him up for a friendly against Belarus. His last match took place nearly 11 years ago, he assisted a goal and was sent off shortly afterwards against Armenia.

Tarik Camdal

Age: 29
Position: Right Back
Current team: Adana Demirspor
National team: Turkey (6 matches, 1 goal)
Camdal spent most of his footballing youth in Ingolstadt, playing 8 years for Türkgücü Ingolstadt before going to MTV Ingolstadt at 13 years of age. When they played against 1860 Munich's youth team, the Lions' people in charge were so impressed that they offered Camdal a transfer right after the game. In 2009 he made his debut in the 2. Bundesliga and made several apperances in the senior team until 2011. For the season 2011/12 Süper Lig team Eskisehirspor decided to bring him to Turkey. He spent 3 seasons in Eskisehir before going to Galatasaray where he even got to play in the Champions League. He was loaned back to Eskisehir in 2016/17 but the loan didn't really help him with establishing himself at Gala. After several quarrels his contract was terminated in early 2019 and he went to Antalyaspor for the remainder of the season. Today he plays for Adana Demirspor in the second tier.
Camdal played for DFB's under-19 team but later decided to kick the ball for Turkey. His first of six call-ups to the national team was in November 2013 after a strong start of the season with Eskisehirspor. His last match followed about one year later. During his time in the national team he scored one goal in a friendly against Ireland.

Philipp Ospelt

Age: 27
Position: Left Midfielder
Current team: USV Eschen-Mauren
National team: Liechtenstein (5 matches, 0 goals)
Ospelt is yet another graduate of FC Bayern's youth where he played up to the under-19s. In 2010 he went to play for FC Buchs and later Young Fellows Juventus in Switzerland's lower leagues. In January 2012 he transferred to USV Eschen-Mauren, a team from Liechtenstein that - like all the outfits from the tiny country - play in the Swiss league system. Liechtenstein's only competition is the Liechtenstein Cup, which Ospelt and his colleagues went on to win in 2012. In 2013 he was picked up by Liechtenstein's best team FC Vaduz where he played until 2018 - with the exception of a short stint at WSG Wattens in Austria in 2016. After taking a short break, Ospelt returned to football in early 2019. He now plays for Eschen-Mauren again, currently in the fourth tier of Swiss football.
Ospelt's record for the national team is very weird. His first match was in 2012 against Lithuania, his second and third followed in 2016 and the fourth in 2017. His last appearance to date was last week, when Liechtenstein won 2:0 against powerhouse San Marino. However, Ospelt never started a match, in fact his longest appearance was three minutes long. If you add up all his minutes since he was first called up 8 years ago, you get a whopping NINE minutes of time on the pitch.

Nicola Sansone

Age: 29
Position: Left Winger
Current team: FC Bologna
National team: Italy (3 matches, 0 goals)
Nicola Sansone's career began in Eastern Munich, at SV Neuperlach. He then played for FC Bayern from 2002 until 2011. He made his debut for Bayern's under-23 team in February 2010 when he came on as a substitute for none other than David Alaba. In October 2010 he got to spend 90 minutes on the bench of the Bundesliga squad in a match against Freiburg. From 2011 on he was a Parma player, although he spent his first season on loan at Crotone. He had a decent spell both there and later in Parma which made Sassuolo buy him in early 2014. After two and a half very successful seasons Sansone was picked up by Villareal who paid 13 million € for the German Italian attacker. He had two pretty good seasons in La Liga, however things didn't work any more in 2018/19 which made Bologna loan Sansone during the winter transfer window. He is a key player in their squad ever since as the team from Emilia-Romagna decided to make the deal permanent in the following summer.
Sansone never really considered to play for Germany as he played for the Italian junior teams from under-17s up until the under-21s. Thanks to an impressive time at Sassuolo, coach Antonio Conte called Sansone up to the senior team in 2015, when he made his debut as a subsitute against Portugal. He was able to add two more matches to his tally in 2016, the last one being against his country of birth - Germany.

Lucas Hufnagel

Age: 26
Position: Central Midfielder
Current team: SpVgg Unterhaching
National team: Georgia (2 matches, 0 goals)
Hufnagel's first team was TSV Milbertshofen in the north of Munich. In 2001 he was picked up by FC Bayern where he spent ten years of his early footballing career. In 2011 he went to FC Ingolstadt only to transfer to SpVgg Unterhaching one year later. He slowly established himself as a key player in Unterhaching's senior team which made SC Freiburg sign him for their 2015/16 2. Bundesliga campaign. He got quite a bit of game time, but that changed after Freiburg's promotion in 2016. Hufnagel was demoted to the second team and consequently loaned out to Nürnberg in January 2017. However he failed to leave a real mark there as well and finally returned to Unterhaching in 2018 to play in the 3. Liga. He is a staple in their squad, having played well over 2000 minutes in both of the last two league seasons.
Hufnagel never had a real chance to become a German international however he was eligible for Georgia as well because of his Georgian mother. He made his debut in 2015 against Estonia and played another 4 minutes against Serbia in 2017. Before his senior debut he already played some games for the country's junior teams.

Kingsley Ehizibue

Age: 25
Position: Right Back
Current team: 1. FC Köln
National team: Nigeria (0 matches, 0 goals)
Ehizibue was born in Munich to Nigerian parents. When he was two years old, the family moved to Zwolle in the Netherlands. He played for local club CSV '28 before joining PEC Zwolle's youth system from which he later graduated. He made his professional debut in October 2014 in a cup game and played his first Eredivisie game two months later against Willem II. Since 2016 he was a permanent member of the first team and managed to become a key player. In 2019, after their promotion to the Bundesliga, 1. FC Köln picked him up and gave him a chance to shine in the country of his birth. He instantly became Cologne's starting right-back and played in 31 out of 34 possible league games.
Ehizibue played one match for the Dutch under-21s in 2016, which remains his only international experience to date. However, Nigeria's coach Gernot Rohr called him up to the Super Eagles' AFCON qualifier against Sierra Leone back in March. But due to the pandemic the fixture is yet to be played.

Koray Altintay

Age: 28
Position: Right Back
Current team: Fatih Karagümrük
National team: Turkey (0 matches, 0 goals)
Altintay's career began at SC Fürstenfeldbruck, where he stayed until he was 19 years old. After one squeezed in year at FC Bayern under-23s, 2. Bundesliga team Jahn Regensburg picked him up in 2012. He left the Jahn again in 2013 in order to play for Caykur Rizespor in the Süper Lig. He was a regular starter for them and managed to impress the scouts of Osmanlispor who signed him in 2016. He played some matches for the Ankara-based outfit, including one Europa League group fixture, but ultimately failed to establish himself. As a consequence he returned to Rizespor in early 2018 to help them to get back into the Süper Lig after their recent relegation. They indeed clinched promotion but Altintay failed to prove himself again in the following 2018/19 campaign. In September 2019 he joined Fatih Karagümrük and was an important part of their successful 1. Lig campaign. Altintay scored a goal in the promotion play-off semi-finals, Karagümrük went on to win the final in a thrilling penalty shoot-out and get back into Süper Lig after 36 years of absence.
After a strong start in 2013 with Caykur Rizespor, Fatih Terim let him join the Turkish national team for two friendlies against Northern Ireland and Belarus in November. However, he didn't get any time on the pitch and was never nominated again.

Alejandro Duarte

Age: 26
Position: Goalkeeper
Current team: FC Juárez
National team: Peru (0 matches, 0 goals)
There's not much information about Alejandro Duarte's youth on the internet. With his full name being Alejandro Christoph Duarte Preuss, I reckon that he probably has a German mother. However, he spent his first years as a goalkeeper at the FRAMA football academy in Lima before joining Esther Grande de Bentin, a semi-professional club from the suburbs of the Peruvian capital. In 2010, he returned to Germany to play for Bayer Leverkusen's under 17 team. He left the Werkself again in 2011 and continued to play for Juan Aurich's junior team in Peru before breaking into their senior squad. He made his first league debut in 2013 in a 1:1 draw against Inti Gas. He went on to join Club Cienciano in 2015 and later Deportivo Municipal in 2016 but didn't get much game time at either club. This changed when Duarte was signed by USM Porres in 2017. Duarte finally got to play more games between the sticks which secured him move to Mexico in 2018 when Lobos BUAP decided to sign him. After an unsuccessful stint at the team from Puebla, the keeper joined FC Juárez but was immediately loaned out to Club Atlético Zacapetec in the second league. He was their main goalkeeper, however the club was dissolved and he recently returned to Juárez.
Duarte was called up for Peru's friendlies against Croatia and Iceland in March 2018. He wasn't granted any game time however. Thus, his three matches for Peru's under-19s remain his only international appearances.

Jonathan Klinsmann

Age: 23
Position: Goalkeeper
Current team: LA Galaxy
National team: USA (0 matches, 0 goals)
Klinsmann junior was born during his father Jürgen's time at FC Bayern. His mother is an American model. Jonathan shortly lived in Genoa when Jürgen played for Sampdoria before the family moved to California after Jürgen's career. Jonathan started his career as a striker for FC Blades 96 and Irving Lasers. In 2008 he followed his father - who accepted a job as FC Bayern head coach - back to Germany and was retrained into a goalkeeper by FC Bayern's academy. After his return to California, Klinsmann played for Pateadores and Strikers FC in the US Soccer Development Academy. He also represented his high school between 2011 and 2014 and later played for the California Golden Bears, Berkeley university's college team. During the summer of 2017, Klinsmann had several trials at European teams like VfB Stuttgart, West Ham and Everton. After another trial at Hertha BSC, the capital city club signed the American. He played one match for Hertha's senior team - a Europa League fixture against Östersunds FK - and he even saved a penalty. He joined St. Gallen in 2019 where he became the goalkeeper for the Swiss Cup matches. However, he got red carded in the second round and the team got knocked out by FC Winterthur. In August 2020 Klinsmann joined the LA Galaxy.
Klinsmann played for various US youth teams before being called up to the senior USMNT in November 2018. He was an injury replacement for Zack Steffen for the team's friendlies against England and Italy but ultimately stayed on the bench.

Anes Osmanoski

Age: 20
Position: Central Midfielder
Current team: Bregalnica Stip
National team: North Macedonia (0 matches, 0 goals)
Osmanoski played for 1860 München until he was 13 years old. He then transferred to SpVgg Unterhaching's youth teams and stayed at the club until 2019 when he decided to move to his parents' home country North Macedonia. He now plays for Bregalnica Stip in the Eastern group of the Macedonian second division. They finished the season in second place, barely missing out on promotion. To be honest, I can't tell you much more about his career as he's still very young and there's not that much information on the second tier of Macedonian football.
Osmanoski played for several junior national teams of his country and is in fact a current member of the under-20 team. However, he was called up for a friendly of the senior national team in 2017 when he was just 17 years old. Macedonia - back then still without the "North" - won 2:0 against Norway but little Osmanoski did not get any minutes on the pitch with the big guys.
submitted by PiggySVW to soccer [link] [comments]


2020.09.07 16:13 blazinpizzza Planning a RTW Trip for 2021. Is this manageable? Looking for suggestions/recommendations.

Hi All,
Firstly, thank you for this community, I've learnt a lot from the posts here and helped me plan this trip too. This will be my second solo trip, first one being in Central Europe. I'm looking to understand if this trip is feasible and what changes would you recommend.
Interests: Adventurous activities (bungee jumping, kayaking, and anything that will involve "doing" something. Also enjoy good sights and natural beauty (small hikes but nothing crazy). I (25M) do enjoy partying, so hoping by next summer I can have good social experiences at hostels. I also would like to have a few days for down days where I don't want to do much. Going to have some in Portugal but looking for suggestions of where I can have those later in the trip as well. Also interested in trying out different foods in these countries.

What do you think I need to add/cut? I do think Japan could have more time but I will probably do a second trip during Cherry Blossom season so will try to cover more then.

Departure Arrival Country Date Days
Mumbai Istanbul Turkey 4/12/2021 8
Istanbul Marrakech Morocco 4/20/2021 7
Marrakech Lisbon Portugal 4/27/2021 10
Lisbon Lima Peru 5/7/2021 15
Lima Bogota Colombia 5/22/2021 15
Bogota Panama City Panama 6/6/2021 4
Panama City San Jose Costa Rica 6/10/2021 5
San Jose San Salvador El Salvador 6/15/2021 3
San Salvador Guatemala City Guatemala 6/18/2021 8
Guatemala City Los Angeles United States 6/26/2021 8
Los Angeles Tokyo Japan 7/4/2021 15
Tokyo Mumbai 7/19/2021
Note: I will be traveling to other places within each of these countries but don't have them in the table up here.
submitted by blazinpizzza to solotravel [link] [comments]


2020.09.05 00:22 mcfly90s 7 days with pixel buds in Peru!

Hi all! I am from Lima / Peru, I decided not to enter Reddit for a week to test the new pixel buds 2 that I acquired on Friday, August 28 around 1:00 pm. The post will be long (I think) please be patient.
First, I must say that the PBs are my second wireless headphones. In January of this year I bought the Xiaomi Redmi Airdots whose value in local currency is 69 soles. ($ 20) These Redmi Airdots I paired with a Huawei Mate 10 and their use was frustrating. Outdoor calls are horrible and the left earbud was constantly disconnecting from the device, whether indoors or outdoors. Although I must admit that calls in closed places were acceptable. In March I found a post in the Xiaomi forums from a user that taught steps to follow to improve the connection ... and believe me it improved a lot, if before I gave it a rating of 5/10 now it increased to 7.0 / 10, although, the calls on the street were still horrible.
At the beginning of July they assaulted me (yes, Lima is an unsafe city), fortunately the thief only took my smartphone, I kept the Airdots and the Mi Band 4 ... a few days later I acquired a Xiaomi redmi note 8, I thought that at being from the same brand the hearing aids would pair even better! ... It wasn't, the connection is a bit unstable, and my rating of these redmi airdots dropped to 6.5 / 10. Sorry if you find it tedious to continue reading my story about other hearing aids, but now I start with the pixel buds!
Since I learned about the First-Generation Pixel Buds, I fell in love with them, I tried many times to buy a pair through ebay, Google Store and other means without success, but when I found out that a new generation would come out my excitement rose to the maximum! But with all this Covid 19, my hopes were dashed.
Few days after buying my new redmi note 8 I found a local seller who had the PB! I could not believe it! I contacted him, but I was not sure about buying them, the reason? All the posts here on Reddit that I read totally put me off. I told the seller that I would think about it for a while. I even made a post asking for advice if it was a good idea or not to buy a pair being me from Peru. (I really hoped that the new firmware or the new buds’ colors would improve the experience of many, even if it was the minority) and yes ... the few positive posts or comments encouraged me to buy it.
I said to myself: in case the PB are rubbish, I will imagine that they robbed me, or I lost the money. etc. I contacted the seller again, we met outside his house: 0 and he gave me the product, it cost me 900 soles ($ 253) I was very nervous, so much that I stayed watching them for an hour without daring to open them, I didn't know whether to use them in my home or on the street ...
To hell! I said to myself again, I opened the box and saw the egg: D I was surprised by how good it feels to the touch, the premium finish of its manufacture, I was even more surprised by how heavy the case / charging egg is, and the headphones with its matte finish is a caress for my fingertips.
As soon as I finished the initial configuration, I checked the version, the entire product was with firmware 297, while I was checking the app I received a call from my friend, I thought it was a good idea to test them, we talked for 2 hours, I had no disconnections or anything similar and best of all: my friend listened to me loud and clear, it felt very good not to raise my voice, practically when using the redmi airdots I was shouting in the street to be heard. We finished talking and I tried the music, it was unusable! I couldn't hear even 10 seconds of song! Minutes passed and I didn't even bother, I knew that if the PBs had bugs it would be my fault for venturing to buy a product with many negative reviews.
I got home I kept testing the audio playback, I couldn't hear 20 seconds and everything was cuts, cuts and more cuts! I used the call again… everything was fine, the videos on YouTube, the synchronization was perfect and curiously they did not have so many cuts when watching videos. I entered Netflix, specifically Better Call Saul Second Season Chapter 7 whose duration is approximately 42 minutes, in that period I had 4 cuts, 2 of them were micro cuts that were solved instantly and the other 2 I solved by restarting the bluetooth, I said to myself - How is it possible that these headphones are good for calls, good (or decent) for watching videos, But not to listen to music? Tired and without spirits I put them to charge and leave them unused for 2 hours, when I took them out again, I realized that it had been updated to version 550, with hope I tried the audio again and ... yes, the cuts continued! In the same app I looked for help on connection ... it only guided me from the first step: unpairing the pixel buds from the smartphone, I did it and a message appeared that had not appeared in the initial configuration, it is the following: "BLUETOOTH CONNECTION // THE CURRENT DEVICE SUPPORTS THE AAC CODEC. HOWEVER, AAC MAY FAIL TO PLAY SOUND DUE TO COMPATIBILITY PROBLEMS. YOUR DEVICE AUTOMATICALLY CHANGED TO THE SBC CODEC”.
I remembered some posts here that talked about codecs and others, I'm honest ... I don't know much about that, but I did remember that before restarting them again, in the Bluetooth options of my Redmi Note 8 the pixel buds connected with AAC format appeared And I figured switching from AAC to SBC would be a good sign and you know what? IT WORKED!
After that the pixel buds improved their connection! On Saturday 29 I used them from 6:00 a.m.-9:00 a.m. I had no cut, at 10:00 a.m. I went out to the street, specifically to the most boisterous places, with many people throughout Lima, I listened to music, I spoke without effort by phone, from 10:00 am to 2:00 pm I had 6 tiny micro cuts that were automatically solved, at 14:30 pm if I had many cuts and could not listen to music, 14:31 pm I tried for a minute to reconnect them but I preferred to put them in the egg case, I saw that they only had 20 % and 22% battery in each hearing aid, I assumed that maybe those small cuts were due to the low load of the headphones or that something was causing interference, I was in a commercial area that more closely resembles going out of a concert with a lot of people around walking or selling things on the street, by 2:33 pm They were in the case and 14:44 I took them out again, each hearing aid had 75% battery, I continued listening to music without problems, from 2:44 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. ... from 7:00 p.m. to 11:00 p.m. only a micro cut tiny.
On Sunday, I practically did not have any cuts at home, I used them at home for several hours and everything was excellent.
On Monday I used them in the street around 9:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. and I had little interference, I got home and charged them for 20 minutes, already at night around 8:00 p.m. the left earphone was disconnected apparently because the battery was drained before the right.
On Tuesday it rained in Lima, I had no interference in the street, I used them for several hours. All good.
For Wednesday I went to coastal places near the sea, the wind was blowing very strong, I also used them for hours, I only had 2 disconnections (interferences) I think because of the strong wind, but everything was very good. In the afternoon, I charged them for 20 minutes and had around 70% in both hearing aids, but at an hour and twenty, the left hearing aid went down to 15% and the right one was at 50%, I don't know why, although later the right hearing aid began to balance, let's say, with the left.
Yesterday, Thursday, I went out again from 10:37 a.m. to 2:57 p.m. I had very few cuts, but everything was perfect.
Today I went out to ride a bike, unfortunately I could not test it well, I left my home around 4:00 p.m., in 3 minutes I arrived at an ATM to withdraw money, in that time I sent messages by WhatsApp to my girlfriend while driving, it worked very well, then I kept driving ... I called my sister, the call was very good, all this in less than 12 minutes, then I opened Spotify, I put on the last album of the strokes and in the middle of "The Adults Are Talking", the tire got flat, I got too angry because I can only ride my bike once a week and I really wanted to test the PBs by riding in the air, I had to walk 40 min carrying my bike to the side, and the worst thing was that I had interference listening to music, maybe 5 or 6 in
"Brooklyn Bridge to Chorus" and that made me even angrier. I don't know if it was bad luck or I was already sweaty, or because of the roughness and weight when walking caused these interferences. Perhaps in the future I will repeat this test.
THE ADVANTAGES FOR ME ARE:
- THEY ARE VERY COMFORTABLE; I HAVE HAD THEM FOR MANY HOURS AND HAVE NOT HAD PROBLEMS OR PAIN IN THE EARS.
- I DO NOT PLUG MY EARS, AND THAT HELPS FOR CALLS, I SPEAK WITHOUT EFFORT, WHY, I DON'T FEEL THAT THE OTHERS ON THE STREET LISTEN TO ME OR SEE ME AS CRAZY SPEAKING ALOUD.
- THE TOUCH CONTROLS ARE EXCELLENT, EASY TO SUIT THEM.
- THE VOICE ASSISTANT IS VERY HELPFUL! JUST SAYING "OK GOOGLE" OR "HEY GOOGLE" OR PRESSING WITHOUT LEAVING AND INDICATING WHAT YOU WIN IS INCREDIBLE, IN FACT, THAT'S WHY I WANTED SO MANY PIXEL BUDS, BECAUSE OF ITS INTEGRATION WITH GOOGLE ASSISTANT
BECAUSE OF MY CURRENT JOB, SOMETIMES I CANNOT USE MY OWN PHONE WITH MY HANDS AND THIS REALLY HELPS ME A LOT, EVEN MORE THAN LIMA IS AN UNSAFE CITY AND POST PANDEMIA HAS GOTTEN WORSE, USE YOUR PHONE WITHOUT YOUR HANDS TO SEND A MESSAGE TO YOU GIRLFRIEND, FRIENDS OR MAKING CALLS IS VERY IMPORTANT * MIND NOTE, I HOPE SOME DAY I CAN TRAVEL TO JAPAN AND I CAN FEEL WHAT A SAFE CITY IS.
* THE VOICE ASSISTANT OR ACTIVATING IT WITH THE "OK GOOGLE" ON THE STREET WORKS 95% FOR ME, SEWES IT DOES NOT WORK WELL, BUT I THINK IT IS BECAUSE I HAVE 2 MASKS AND MAYBE THAT IS WHY IT DOES NOT CAPTURE THE MAGIC WORD WELL, BUT PRESSING AND HOLDING TO ACTIVATE THE ASSISTANT GOES TO 100%. AND INDOORS IF THE VOICE ACTIVATION WORKS 100%.
- THE CALLS ARE VERY GOOD; I AM VERY HAPPY THAT NOW IF THEY CAN HEAR ME ON THE STREET ... SEVERAL FRIENDS HAVE TOLD ME THEY LISTEN TO ME PERFECTLY, AND THAT THE MICROPHONES ARE NOT LIKE AIRPODS OR OTHER BRANDS WITH STICK.
- THE SOUND IS VERY GOOD, FOR THOSE WHO SAY IT IS NOT SO STRONG, THEY JUST RAISE THE VOLUMEM TO THE PB AND THEIR MOBILE DEVICE, THE PB HAVE A GOOD BALANCE, WITH THE FIRMWARE 297 THE BASS WERE SUBTLE, BUT I COULD NOTICE THE DIFFERENCE WITH THE NEW FIRMWARE 550 WITH THE INCREASED BASS AND IF IT SHOWS!
THE DISADVANTAGES FOR ME ARE:
- THOUGH I SAID ABOVE THAT THE COVER LOOKS PREMIUM TO ME, I ALSO FEEL THAT I HAVE TO TAKE CARE OF IT LIKE GOLD, WITHOUT COVER GOODBYE PIXEL BUDS, BY ITSELF, I AM A PERSON WHO TAKES CARE OF HIS THINGS, MY PREVIOUS HUAWEI IN ALMOST 2 YEARS AND MEDIO NEVER FELL ON THE FLOOR AND ETC, I FEEL THAT THESE PIXEL BUDS I MUST TAKE CARE OF THEM LIKE GOLD.
- IT GIVES ME ANXIETY TO THINK THAT IN THE FUTURE I MAY BE DAMAGED, EITHER BECAUSE OF MY DIFFICULTY, OR BY CHANGING THE CONFIGURATION OR BECAUSE A NEW GOOGLE FIRMWARE APPEARS THAT MALOGUE THE EXPERIENCE, SO, BY FINISHING WRITING THIS POST, I WILL DEACTIVATE THE UPDATES OF FIRMWARE. I KNOW THAT I SHOULD NOT GIVE IT A LOT OF IMPORTANCE, BUT THEY UNDERSTAND THAT I HAVE NEVER SPENT ON SUCH EXPENSIVE HEADPHONES, I KNOW THAT THINGS DO NOT LAST FOREVER, BUT I PRETEND THAT THESE PB LAST FOR 2 OR 3 YEARS. (I HOPE THERE IS ALREADY CURE FOR COVID BY THAT DATE)
- I AM BRONZE THAT IN MY COUNTRY THERE IS NO GOOGLE STORE, HERE IN LIMA THERE ARE APPLESTORE, SAMSUNG STORE, XIAOMI STORE, HUAWEI STORE ETC, BUT THERE IS NO GOOGLE STORE! I WOULD LIKE IT TO HAVE A PHYSICAL STORE OR SUPPORT FOR MY COUNTRY WITH AVAILABLE TECHNICAL SERVICE, IN CASE IT IS BAD OR SIMPLY TO BUY NEW GOOGLE PRODUCTS, I WOULD LIKE TO PURCHASE A PIXEL 4 OR FUTURE MODELS IN LIMA, I REPEAT IT IS HARD TO GET GOOGLE PRODUCTS, ALTHOUGH I ADMIT THAT WITH TIME MANY DEVICES LIKE CHROMECAST AND GOOGLE NEST ARE BEING SOLD.
- ANOTHER DISADVANTAGE IS THAT THE BATTERY IS IRREGULAR, WHEN THEY HAVE BEEN IN THE CASE FOR A LONG TIME AND I USE THEM THEY GIVE ME 4 HOURS, 4 HOURS AND A HALF APPROXIMATE. I DID THE TEST OF CHARGING THEM 10 MINUTES AND THEY WILL GIVE ME 2 HOURS, BUT IN REAL LIFE IT ONLY GAVE ME 1 HOUR AND A HALF ... WITH 10 MIN OF CHARGE OF 15% 17% THEY RISE TO 74% 76% BUT IT ONLY GAVE ME FOR TIME AND TWENTY MINUTES AND THE SOUND OF LOW BATTERY BEGINS. WHEN THEY WERE IN THE CASE FOR 30 MIN OR A LITTLE MORE, ANYONE WOULD ASSUME THAT YOU WILL HAVE MORE HOURS OF BATTERY LIFE, ON WEDNESDAY I MEET THEM FOR 50 MINUTES AND LAST 3 HOURS.
I USE THE PIXEL BUDS WITH A XIAOMI REDMI NOTE 8 ANDROID 9 VERSION WITH MIUI 11, I KNOW THAT IN A FEW DAYS I WILL HAVE THE NEW MIUI 12 UPDATES, BUT I WILL THINK VERY WELL IF I SHOULD UPDATE IT OR NOT. I hope I have the freedom to decide, I do not want to spoil my experience with these PB. I USE BLUETOOTH WITH A MI BAND 4 AND WITH PIXEL BUDS. THE AUDIO CODEC IS SBC. I HAVE PINNED THE PIXEL BUDS APPLICATION IN THE BACKGROUND, I HAVE DISABLED THE AUTOMATIC FIRMWARE UPDATE AND I HAVE DISABLED THE UPDATE OF PLAYSTORE APPLICATIONS, I HAVE ENABLED THE BASS REINFORCEMENT, I HAVE DISABLED THE EXPERIENCE DETECTION FOR THE LISTENING FUNCTION AND THE LISTENING DETECTION A BABY OR ALARMS ALSO HAVE THEM DISABLED. AH AND THE AMBIENT SOUND ALSO HAVE IT DISABLED.
TO GO OUT TO THE STREET I USE A MALENTIN / BACKPACK / BACKPACK, I HATE CARRYING THINGS IN THE POCKETS OF THE TROUSERS SO I PUT EVERYTHING IN THERE, SOMETIMES I CARRY THE BACKPACK FULL AND THE CONNECTION IS VERY GOOD, IN MY HOUSE I HAVE NOT WALKED AWAY SO MUCH FROM THE DEVICE TO THE MOST 1 METER OR 2, I IGNORE THAT SUCH IS THE CONNECTION IN LONG DISTANCES. I HAVE WEARED A HAT / HOOD AND EVERYTHING WAS PERFECTLY.
I HAVE NOT USED THE TRANSLATOR, I DON'T KNOW THAT IT IS THAT GOOD, I HAVE NEITHER USED THE PAIRING WITH ANOTHER ANDROID DEVICE OR WITH ANY WINDOWS PC. (ALTHOUGH I WOULD LIKE)
APOLOGIZE AGAIN IF I EXCEEDED, BUT I REALLY WANTED TO TELL IN DETAIL THIS EXPERIENCE, I DIDN'T WANT TO OPEN THE BOX TO USE THEM FOR 5 OR 10 MINUTES AND SAY: "THEY ARE AMAZING! EDIT: I ALREADY GOT TROUBLE" LIKE OTHERS POST THIS THAT YOU READ ME IN ANALYZING THEM, I EVEN THINK I'LL KEEP DOING IT, I WAITED FOR THESE HEARING AIDS FOR MONTHS AND THEY REALLY ARE AMAZING, I HOPE I DON'T HAVE ANY PROBLEMS, I WILL CROSS MY FINGERS.
MY PERSONAL SCORE FOR THESE PIXEL BUDS IS 9/10
MAYBE I'M GIVING YOU A LOT, BUT I HAVE NEVER USED A HIGH-END AIRPOD / AIRPOD PRO / JABRA / SONY / ETC, MY OTHER OPTION FOR ANDROID WAS THE GALAXY BUDS LIVE OR PLUS, BUT AS I SAID, HAVE THE GOOGLE ASSISTANT FOR EVERYTHING IT'S GREAT. I HOPE MORE USERS CAN IMPROVE THEIR CONNECTION, I ALSO HOPE THAT THE ASSISTANT'S NAME CAN BE CHANGED, FOR EXAMPLE: “OK JARVIS”.
I ALSO HOPE THAT THE ASSISTANT CAN SEND AUDIO MESSAGES FOR WHATSAPP, TELEGRAM OR ETC.
* WITH THE FIRST CONFIGURATION (THE ONE THAT GIVEN ME FAILURES) WHEN RECEIVING A NOTIFICATION, IT EMITS A SOUND, AND SEVERAL SMALL SOUNDS IF IT WAS FROM THE SAME APP, WHEN PERFORMING THE SECOND PAIRING (SUCCESSFUL) THAT NOTIFICATION SOUND STOPPED NOW TO BE ISSUED. ASSISTANT TELLS ME WHAT APP NOTIFICATION IS IT, IS IT RARE?
PD1 AH! I FORGOT, THE PIXEL BUDS I HAVE ARE WHITE.
PD2. I don't use PBs for gaming, latency in videos is fine for me.
PD3. Sorry for the writing, I wrote everything in Spanish and used Google translator, greetings.
submitted by mcfly90s to pixelbuds [link] [comments]


2020.08.29 18:05 HaulA29Augl Ne-w G-ay in Da-ting Generous

Ne-w G-ay in Da-ting Generous
Check the Profiles for Free >>>>>>>>>> 🔴►🔴► Dating
Gay Dating Generous Gay Dating George Western Cape Gay Dating Germany Reddit Gay Dating Getting Back With Ex Gay Dating Getting to Know the Guy Gay Dating Ghaziabad Gay Dating Gibraltar Gay Dating Gif Gay Dating Give Up Gay Dating Glos Gay Dating Glossop Gay Dating Gloucestershire Gay Dating Gold Coast Gay Dating Gps App Gay Dating Gps Apps Gay Dating Grad Student Gay Dating Grande Prairie Alberta Gay Dating Grantham Gay Dating Greenland Gay Dating Greensboro Gay Dating Greensboro Nc Gay Dating Greensburg Pa Gay Dating Grimsby Gay Dating Grinder for Men Gay Dating Grocery Store Gay Dating Group With Ed and Phoenix Gay Dating Group With No Monetary Limitations Gay Dating Guangzhou Gay Dating Guelph Gay Dating Guide Pdf Gay Dating Gwalior Gay Dating Gwent Gay Dating Hackney Gay Dating Halifax Ns Gay Dating Hamilton Nz Gay Dating Hamilton Ontario Gay Dating Hampton Roads Gay Dating Handbook Gay Dating Hangzhou Gay Dating Hard Core Postings New York State Gay Dating Hard Reddit Gay Dating Harrisburg Gay Dating Harrisburg Pa Gay Dating Hartford Gay Dating Hastings Gay Dating Hastings Mn Gay Dating Hastings Ne Gay Dating Hastings Near Gay Dating Hastings New Zealand Gay Dating Hatfield Gay Dating Headlines Gay Dating Hearing Impaired Gay Dating Heathrow Gay Dating Height Difference Gay Dating Hervey Bay Gay Dating Hierarchy Gay Dating High Wycombe Gay Dating Highlands Gay Dating Highschool Gay Dating Hiv Apps Gay Dating Hobart Gay Dating Hook Up Sites Bosotn Ma Gay Dating Hook Up Sites for Seniors Boston Ma Gay Dating Hookup Site App Gay Dating Hookup Sites for Seniors Boston Ma Gay Dating Horoscope Gay Dating Horsham Gay Dating Hotline 0800 Gay Dating Hounslow Gay Dating How Many Dates Before Sex Gay Dating How to Know Guy is Serious Gay Dating How to Know if a Guy Likes You Gay Dating How to Know if Its Serious Gay Dating How to Tell if a Guy Likes You Gay Dating Hua Hin Gay Dating Hubli Gay Dating Huffington Post Gay Dating Huge Dick Gay Dating Huge Dick Blog Gay Dating I Have No Idea How to Gay Dating I Have No Idea How Too Gay Dating I Put My Phone Number Only in Gay Dating Idaho Gay Dating Identical Gay Dating Imphal Gay Dating in a Small Town Gay Dating in Academia Gay Dating in Addis Ababa Gay Dating in Afghanistan Gay Dating in Akron Ohio Gay Dating in Alabama Gay Dating in Alaska Gay Dating in Anchorage Gay Dating in Arizona Gay Dating in Ashford Kent Gay Dating in Asia Gay Dating in Austin Texas Gay Dating in Az Gay Dating in Bareilly Gay Dating in Baroda Gay Dating in Barrow in Furness Gay Dating in Beijing Gay Dating in Belize Gay Dating in Birmingham Uk Gay Dating in Boulder Gay Dating in Brazil Gay Dating in Brussels Gay Dating in Buenos Aires Gay Dating in Cebu Gay Dating in Charleston Sc Gay Dating in Chicago Illinois Gay Dating in Cleveland Gay Dating in Cochin Gay Dating in Colchester Gay Dating in Cork Gay Dating in Dallas Irl Gay Dating in Dallas Looking for Older Gay Dating in Delhi Ncr Gay Dating in Den Usa Gay Dating in Derry Gay Dating in Detroit Gay Dating in Deutschland Gay Dating in Duluth Minnesota Gay Dating in Duluth Mn Gay Dating in Dungarvan Gay Dating in Flagstaff Gay Dating in Fresno Ca Gay Dating in Ghaziabad Gay Dating in Greater Noida Gay Dating in Greensboro Nc Gay Dating in Grimsby Gay Dating in Gurnee Il Gay Dating in Hartford Ct Gay Dating in Hawaii Gay Dating in Houston Texas Gay Dating in Indiana Gay Dating in Indianapolis in Gay Dating in Indore Gay Dating in Iowa Gay Dating in Iraq Gay Dating in Jackson Mi Gay Dating in Jellico Tn Gay Dating in Jerusalem Gay Dating in Julian Ca Gay Dating in Kalyan Gay Dating in Kimberley Gay Dating in Knoxville Tn Gay Dating in Kolhapur City Gay Dating in Kolkata Locanto Gay Dating in Ksa Gay Dating in Kuala Lumpur Gay Dating in Kyoto Gay Dating in Lafayette Indiana Gay Dating in Lafayette La Gay Dating in Laos Gay Dating in Late 40s Gay Dating in Lisbon Gay Dating in Lko Gay Dating in Los Angeles Reddit Gay Dating in Louisville Ky Gay Dating in Lucknow Gay Dating in Malaga Spain Gay Dating in Malawi Gay Dating in Malta Gay Dating in Mechanicsburg Pa Gay Dating in Med School Gay Dating in Medical School Gay Dating in Mexico City Gay Dating in Middlesbrough Gay Dating in Milan Gay Dating in Milwaukee Gay Dating in Mississauga Gay Dating in Mumbai 1 Man Gay Dating in Mumbai Man Gay Dating in Munich Gay Dating in N Stardewvalley Gay Dating in N.j Gay Dating in Nagpur Gay Dating in Nashvile Gay Dating in Nashville Gay Dating in Navi Mumbai Gay Dating in New Delhi Gay Dating in New Hampshire Gay Dating in New Jersey Gay Dating in New Mexico Gay Dating in Newfoundland Gay Dating in Nj Gay Dating in North Charleston Sc Gay Dating in North Wales Gay Dating in Nyc Hard Gay Dating in Nyc Reddit Gay Dating in Nz Gay Dating in Ohio Gay Dating in Oklahoma Gay Dating in Omaha Gay Dating in Pa Gay Dating in Palm Springs Gay Dating in Panama Gay Dating in Pattaya Gay Dating in Pensacola Gay Dating in Person Gay Dating in Philadelphia Movie Gay Dating in Png Gay Dating in Pune Topix Gay Dating in Raipur Chhattisgarh Gay Dating in Rancho Cucamonga Gay Dating in Rhode Island Gay Dating in Richmond Va Gay Dating in Rochester Ny Gay Dating in Rome Gay Dating in Rwanda Gay Dating in Scottish Highlands Gay Dating in Scunthorpe Gay Dating in Seoul Gay Dating in Shanghai Gay Dating in Shillong Gay Dating in South Carolina Gay Dating in South Wales Gay Dating in Springfield Massachusetts Gay Dating in Stevenage Gay Dating in Stratford Upon Avon Gay Dating in Sunderland Gay Dating in Sussex Gay Dating in Tallahassee Gay Dating in Tampa Gay Dating in Tbilisi Gay Dating in Tel Aviv Gay Dating in the 21st Century Gay Dating in the 50s Gay Dating in the Rural South Gay Dating in the Twin Cities Gay Dating in the Usa Gay Dating in Tucson Gay Dating in Tucson Az Gay Dating in Tulsa Gay Dating in United States Gay Dating in Vadodara Gay Dating in Varanasi Gay Dating in Varanasi City Gay Dating in Vermont Gay Dating in Vero Beach Gay Dating in Victorville Ca Gay Dating in Vijayawada Gay Dating in Virginia Beach Gay Dating in West Hollywood Gay Dating in Wheaton Gay Dating in Witchita Falls Texas Gay Dating in York Pa Gay Dating in Your Mid Thirties Gay Dating in Your Thirties Gay Dating India Free Gay Dating India Locanto Gay Dating India Sites Gay Dating India Website Gay Dating Indian Sites Gay Dating Infographic Gay Dating Interaccial Gay Dating Internet Gay Dating Introduction Letter Gay Dating Inverness Gay Dating Iom Gay Dating Ios App Gay Dating Ipad Apps Gay Dating Irl Gay Dating is Depressing Gay Dating is Difficult Gay Dating is Hard and Draining Gay Dating is He Interested Gay Dating is He Into Me Gay Dating is Hopeless Gay Dating is Impossible Reddit Gay Dating is Luck Gay Dating is Not Gay Dating is Not Really Gay Dating is Not Really Dating Gay Dating is Pleasant Gay Dating is Sleazy Gay Dating is Weird Gay Dating Isle of Wight Gay Dating Isn't Really Dating Gay Dating It's Doficult Gay Dating Ithaca Gay Dating J Gay Dating Jabalpur Gay Dating Jackd Gay Dating Jackson Ms Gay Dating Jaded Gay Dating Jalgaon Gay Dating Jammu Gay Dating Jcc Gay Dating Jersey City Gay Dating Jersey Uk Gay Dating Jharkhand Gay Dating Johnson City Tn Gay Dating Jokes Gay Dating Kalamazoo Gay Dating Kalyan Gay Dating Kannur Gay Dating Kanpur Gay Dating Karad Gay Dating Karnataka Gay Dating Kashmir Gay Dating Kathmandu Gay Dating Katy Tx Gay Dating Katy Tx No Sign Up Gay Dating Kilkenny Gay Dating Killeen Gay Dating Killeen Tx Gay Dating Kimberley Gay Dating Kimberley Northern Cape Gay Dating Kings Lynn Gay Dating Kingston Gay Dating Kitchener Gay Dating Kochi Gay Dating Korean Apps Gay Dating Kottayam Gay Dating Kozhikode Gay Dating Krakow Gay Dating Ksa Gay Dating Kumbakonam Gay Dating Kyrgyzstan Gay Dating Lake Charles Louisiana Gay Dating Lakeland Gay Dating Lakeland Florida Gay Dating Lakeland Florida Forums Gay Dating Lancs Gay Dating Laois Gay Dating Laredo Tx Gay Dating Latin America Gay Dating Latino Gay Dating Latino Interracial Gay Dating Latur Gay Dating Launceston Gay Dating Lausanne Gay Dating Lawrence Ks Gay Dating Leamington Gay Dating Lethbridge Gay Dating Letterkenny Gay Dating Lichfield Gay Dating Life Gay Dating Like Craigslist Gay Dating Lima Peru Gay Dating Limavady Gay Dating Limerick Ireland Gay Dating Lingo Gay Dating Lione Gay Dating Llandudno Gay Dating Lloydminster Gay Dating Locanto Kolkata Gay Dating Location Apps Gay Dating Logan Ut Gay Dating Logan Utah Gay Dating London App Gay Dating London East Gay Dating London Events Gay Dating London Ont Gay Dating Londonderry Gay Dating Long Beach Gay Dating Long Term Gay Dating Looking for Clingy Gay Dating Looking for Similar Gay Dating Los Angeles California Gay Dating Lose Interest Once It Isnt All Fun Gay Dating Losing Interest Gay Dating Lowestoft Gay Dating Ltr Gay Dating Lubbock Gay Dating Lubbock Tx Gay Dating Lucknow Gay Dating Ludhiana Gay Dating Luton Gay Dating Lyon Gay Dating Macedonia Gay Dating Macon Ga Gay Dating Madeira Gay Dating Madison Wisconsin Gay Dating Madrid Spain Gay Dating Magazine Gay Dating Magazines Gay Dating Maidstone Gay Dating Making the First Move Gay Dating Malaga Spain Gay Dating Malmo Gay Dating Mandurah Gay Dating Mangalore Gay Dating Manitoba Gay Dating Mansfield Uk Gay Dating Marbella Gay Dating Margate Gay Dating Marrakech Gay Dating Married Guy Gay Dating Matchmakers Gay Dating Matchmaking Gay Dating Matrix Gay Dating Mayo Gay Dating Mcallen Gay Dating Meath Gay Dating Med School Gay Dating Medway Gay Dating Meeting His Friends


https://preview.redd.it/rymw1np9tyj51.jpg?width=199&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=5c0065a3cc2d7b9c154884da47e8634c67bbb909
submitted by HaulA29Augl to u/HaulA29Augl [link] [comments]


2020.07.29 01:43 LawStudentAndrew [WTS] Everything: Morgans, Platinum, Gold, All kinds of US Type Coins, World Silver by Lot and Individually; Slabs, Toners, German Notgeld and [error: char-limit#$%@!]

Proof: https://imgur.com/a/jhP8Qut https://imgur.com/a/uUxhZEO https://imgur.com/a/jhP8Qut
Sorry for the delay my car got towed...

READ PLEASE:

Table of Contents
Gold/Platinum/Slabs etc https://imgur.com/a/spLYBVQ
1884 CC GSA Morgan w/ original box/papers - $240 obo [pend]
1884 o NGC MS 63 frosty - $65
1886 pcgs OGH MS 64 - $83
1998 DCAM 69 1/10 platinum eagle - $175 obo
1977 s dcam clad proof 50c - $8
1983 $25 jamaica proof just over 4 troy ounces ASW - $130 or best offer
MONSTER TONED 1962 NGC MS64 franklin - $90 or best offer
2 Golden Love Tokens https://imgur.com/a/OmsRRUE $550 for the pair or best offer
1904 - 3.60 grams - $275 obo
1878 - 3.69 grams - $290 obo
World Silver
5.94 Troy Ounces of World Silver (this is NOT the Acutal Silver Weight) - https://imgur.com/a/giOn2oP - $165 shipped or buy by the troy oz @ $28 per ozt (plus ship) [ALL PEND]
Mexico 8x1 pesos https://imgur.com/6t1pHSq - $2.50 each
UK https://imgur.com/a/Kb7July
1855 fourpence - $12
1862 1 1/2 pence - dent - $13
1834 1 1/2 pence - $15
3 pence:
1855 - $N/A
1874 - $4
1889 - $5
1893 - $3
1914 xf - $3
1914 unc - $28
6 pence:
1834 - $7
1880 - $8
1882 - $10
1890 - $4
1892 - $3
1910 - $7
1916 - $3
1919 - $6
Shilling:
1877 - $10
1896 - $8
1900 - $8
1915 - $5
1919 - $15
Germany https://imgur.com/a/ks2UKgP
1828 1/24 thaler - $15
1937 2 mark - $9 [pend]
1939 2 mark - $8 [pend]
1938 2 mark unc - $20 [pend]
1918 J 1/2 Mark UNC - $30 [pend]
1 Mark:
1875 j - $6 [pend]
1904 d toned - $12 [pend]
1910 f - $8 [pend]
1914 e - $12 [pend]
1915 a - $6 [pend]
Hong kong https://imgur.com/a/Iuo2sFH
10 cents:
1902 - $2 each sold
1868 - $35 sold
1890 h -$3 sold
1897 h - $2 sold
1900 h - $10 sold
5 cents:
1904 h - $4
1884 - $4
1885 - $3
1899 - $2
1901 - $2
Pictures of the rest https://imgur.com/a/WpaD5GG
Austrailia-
1951 florin - spot
1910 threepence x 2 - $2 each
1927 florin - $14
Straits settlements -
5 cents:
1890 - $10
1899 - $15
1900 - $3
2x1901 - $2 each
1903 - $5
1890 20 cent - $30
Swiss -
1886 1 franc - $8
1931 1 franc - $6
1914 1/2 franc - $3
1875 1/2 franc - $8
1882 1/2 franc - $6
Palestine -
1940 50 mils - $18 [pend]
1927 50 mils - $7 [pend]
East Africa 1937 shilling - $7 SOLD
South Africa 3 pence 1926 au/unc - $12
Spain 1723 2 reales holed - $30 [pend]
1808 demi franc holed Napolean - $20 [pend]
1910 Greek Drachma - $10
1794 lima peru 8 reales holed - $55
BASE
German Notgeld and lot of german base metal and russian base metal + other countries: https://imgur.com/a/09OX0fK - $35 [pend] sold
US
Junk: $8 face value @ 19x face value https://imgur.com/i0dpNdO
63 x merc dimes - 18x face https://imgur.com/nlM7rf1
set: UNC war nickel set in capital plastics https://imgur.com/a/9QiPk5f - $80
Trimes and half dimes https://imgur.com/a/lTzEuzt
1851 o - $70 [pend]
1853 - $10
1862 holed - $50
1843 - $5
1856 rainbow toned w/ minor dmg - $15
1853 holed - $3
Dimes https://imgur.com/a/MjEb64a
1833 ~xf - $165
1837 holed - $10
1874 - $7
1877 - $5
1914 d xf+ - $40 sold
1938 gem unc fb - $25 sold
Quarters https://imgur.com/a/OFx08sW
1876 s - $6
1911 p def a fine or better - $15
1917 s type 1 f+/vf - $90
1918 p details - $15
1920 d better side of xf - $185
Halves
Walkers: https://imgur.com/a/LeAjLnU ALL SOLD
1917 d obv - $14 1917 s obv - $20 1919 - $20 1919 s - $18 1919 d - $30 1920 d - $13 1929 d - $25 1933 s (top right) - $15 1933 s (bottom left) - $12 1934 d - $12 1934 s - $12 1936 s - $12 1937 - $10 2x1939 s - $11
maine commem and bust halves: https://imgur.com/a/CTSq85G
1920 maine - $80
1820 bust half - $75
1808 bust half personally I think it is a low XF; I think it may grade VF - $300
1824 graffiti - $50
1813 xf - couple nicks so maybe details - $275
US Base
60+ indian heads - $50 https://imgur.com/d9hx56H also includes https://imgur.com/eAQL4YI [all pend] SOLD
Large cents https://imgur.com/a/WlcmneV
179? lettered edge holed - $80
1805 draped bust cent - $25
1813 (or 12?) classic head - $30
1814 classic head - $75
1826 - $15
Flying eagles/small cents/nickel 3/2 cents/shield nickel: https://imgur.com/a/4CTJSdp
flying eagle:
1857 holed - $6
1857 cleaned - $10
1857 decent shape - $30
1858 weak date/mild surface issues - $25
1858 - $30
indian head:
1859 cleaned (left) - $5
1859 cleaned (right) - $9
1863 cent - $3
1897 - $4
2c/3c/shield:
1864 poor 2c - $5
1864 better 2c - $12
1883 shield nickel - $10
1867 3c nickel - $12
1865 3c nickel - $16
Morgans
Tonned/Better Dates https://imgur.com/a/IhK5knJ
set 0 https://imgur.com/a/IIGF9fK
1886 p - very toned - sort of bright ugly yellowy color on the obv and then this stunning rainbow ring around an almost flawless reverse - $55
1893 p - bordering on au details - cleaned - $300 obo
1894 o - $65
Re: My thumb; Its not dirt its blood; sorry if its distracting
set 1 https://imgur.com/a/IIGF9fK
1900 o - $ S P O T - ~19.72 at time of post [pend] SOLD
1900 - $25
1901 o - $32 [sold]
1902 o - $33
1904 s - $100
set 2 https://imgur.com/a/E0PpZaZ
1878 s - $42
1878 s - $44
1880 o - $45
1883 o - $35
1884 o - $32
set 3 https://imgur.com/a/p4hvc4d
1884 s - $100
1885 o au artificially toned - $27
1885 o bu - $33 [sold]
1886 o - $30
1888 - $30
set 4 https://imgur.com/a/TJygNDw
1889 au - $33 [sold]
1889 o au toned - $48
1889 o - $27 [sold]
1891 o - $36 [sold]
1899 s - $34 [sold]
set 5 https://imgur.com/a/Msgw1b7
1900 - $32
1921 s - $23
1921 p - $24
1900 toned - $26
1900 o - $26 SOLD
END OF POST
Payment
I accept PPFF, Zelle, and Venmo. I no longer accept Google Pay. I also accept crypto (your fees), cash, and USPS money order. New users without feedback will be limited to smaller purchases of approx $100 unless paying via crypto, cash, or USPS Money order. I also generally accept junk silver, generic rounds, and governmental rounds as payment but it is not guaranteed.
SHIPPING
I will not ship outside the US
Shipping in the US is $5 for 9 or less ounces, $6 for 10-13oz and then $8 for anything above. I provide insurance at your request and cost.
Note: NO NOTES WITH PPFF - if a note is sent I will issue a refund
submitted by LawStudentAndrew to Coins4Sale [link] [comments]


2020.07.29 00:39 ElysianDreams [CONFLICT] La Republica: Nuevo Ecuador confirms death of "Butcher of Carondelet" General Javier Perez Rodriguez, pushes to capture central coast Operación Libertad o Muerte

La República

GALLERY: Interim Nuevo Ecuador leader Maria Paula Romo inspects an NEC military parade in Guayaquil

Nuevo Ecuador confirms death of "Butcher of Carondelet" General Javier Perez Rodriguez, pushes to capture central coast

The majority of Ecuador has been liberated from regime loyalists and splintered ex-military factions, but the capital of Quito and the central coastal plains remain in a state of chaos as former President Baroja continues to evade capture
Redacción :
Alessandra Alvarez Wong
2 de septiembre 2029 10:31 h
GUAYAQUIL - Speaking from the steps of the Municipal Palace in Guayaquil in her daily press conference, Nuevo Ecuador interim leader Maria Paula Romo confirmed this morning the death of the "Butcher of Carondelet", General Javier Perez Rodriguez.
General Rodriguez was the highest-ranking Baroja loyalist not in hiding at the time of his death, leading regime fanatics from the Carondelet Palace in the capital city of Quito. He was responsible for ordering the massacre of peaceful protesters and opposition activists earlier this year, despite the efforts of Nuevo Ecuador (NEC) forces to liberate the city and put an end to his reign of terror.
Rodriguez was allegedly killed by an unidentified drone strike against his base in the Carondelet Palace, which was unfortunately destroyed in the ensuing conflagration. Maria Romo confirmed the burning of the Palace, and noted with sorrow the loss of priceless cultural artifacts - although she has been quoted as saying that "it was an ugly building, anyways. It was the things inside which were important."
Former President Gustavo Baroja remains at large despite an Interpol Red Notice being issued for his arrest.
Romo announced that NEC forces began pushing into the central coast and cordillera as of last night, fighting to liberate the last parts of Ecuador which remain out of reach.
TEMAS: [Ecuador] [Nuevo Ecuador] [Greater Andes] [#NoMas Movement] [Little Green Men]
TRÁFICO URGENTE COMUNICADO A: FUERZA DE INTERVENCIÓN "HUASCAR" OPERACIÓN LIBERTAD O MUERTE POR EL COMANDO GENERAL DE: MINISTERIO DE DEFENSA NACIONAL EDIFICIO QUINONES - LIMA MENSAJE COMIENZA: 
From General de División Pariwana Suarez Mayhuasca, Ejército del Peru, Commanding Officer, Fuerza de Intervención "Huascar"
Congratulations to all on the successes of Op. OLLANTAYTAMBO. We're on the final stretch, now. Just a little bit longer.
Our next three objectives are to liberate Manta, Ambato, and Quito - these are the last major cities remaining outside the control of Nuevo Ecuador, and will be the final step before the total liberation of the country. With loyalist forces decimated and in disarray, we shall strike with unity and precision when our foe is least prepared.
DINI Maskirovka and SIGINT operations will continue over the next weeks as Nuevo Ecuador liberates more territory, limiting loyalist resistance and heightening popular support for the anti-Baroja movement. As always, all efforts must be made to limit civilian casualties and collateral damage in order to secure a better post-revolution political landscape. Remember that our goal is not only the overthrow of Baroja, but also the installation of a new government more amenable to Peruvian interests. Do try and keep the locals happy.
All armed individuals or groups in the region are to be treated as lawful combatants, with all the privileges that entails. Any prisoners shall be kept for trial by civilian authorities at a later date. We would much rather not have any war crimes investigations once this all dies down.
You have your orders. Make it so.
TRÁFICO URGENTE COMANDOS DEL DIA FUERZA DE INTERVENCIÓN "HUASCAR" MENSAJE COMIENZA: 
Quote of the day: And Great Viracocha, Father of All, looked upon His works and was glad, and so He took up the attire of a beggar and the name of Qun Tiqsi Wiraqutra and walked across the Western Ocean to spread His civilizing word

OPERACIÓN LIBERTAD O MUERTE

INTERACTIVE MAP

Objective 1 The coastal plains: Manta

Manta is the fifth most-populous city in Ecuador, and is the likely destination of former President Gustavo Baroja. We're going to try and cut him off before he can flee.
Basically, we'll have the 1st Special Forces Brigade (Airmobile) stage out of Salinas and execute a combat jump to seize Aeropuerto Internacional Eloy Alfaro in Manta. Once the runway and its approach is cleared, further transports will land the rest of the troops on the ground and deliver supplies. From there, the harbour should be seized relatively quickly.
Nuevo Ecuador motorized infantry will advance from Guayaquil at the same time, cutting off Manta from the rest of the country.
We'll park the Almirante Grau Aegis destroyer offshore to provide overwatch and dissuade the Ecuadorian Air Force's sole Tucano squadron at Manta from sortieing, just in case, while a pair of F/A-18H Yellowjackets escort our transport planes.
1st Special Forces Brigade (Airmobile)
HQ: SALINAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 SALINAS
19th Commando Battalion Special Forces 600 SALINAS
29th Commando Battalion Special Forces 600 SALINAS
10th Airmobile Artillery Group Artillery 200 24x 81mm mortar, 4x RO-107 107mm MLRS SALINAS
A Flight, 612 Squadron "Fighting Roosters" Fighters 10 2x F/A-18H Yellowjacket
3rd NEC Infantry Brigade
HQ: GUAYAQUIL
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 GUAYAQUIL
1st Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
2nd Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
3rd Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
TOTAL
Unit Numbers
Personnel 4,040
81mm mortar 24
RO-107 107mm MLRS 4
F/A-18H Yellowjacket multirole 2
C-390 Millennium 6
Sejong the Great-Class Aegis DDG 1

Objective 2 Pushing through the central plains: Santo Domingo

Likewise, pretty simple. We'll just push a pair of armoured brigades northwards through the central plains to link up with our marines chilling at the gates of Quito; this will require the capture of the logistics hub of Quevedo and then continuing onwards to Santo Domingo.
We don't expect there to be much opposition, but just in case, we're using our big guns. Once they join our troops near Quito, they'll have a day or two to rest before we liberate the capital.
1st Armoured Cavalry Brigade
HQ: NARANJAL
A heavy armoured brigade, fielding 80 Tifon-2a main battle tanks and 120 Singaporean Hunter AFVs alongside modern self-propelled artillery and support units. Allegedly involved in the 2029 Nuevo Ecuador revolution.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Squadron Headquarters & Signals 120 SULLANA
5th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
6th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
7th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
31st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
51st Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM SULLANA
51st Artillery Group Field Artillery 400 27x SSPH Primus 155mm SPH, 9x Astros II MLRS SULLANA
51st Armoured Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 600 48x DISCA Vicuna IMV SULLANA
51st Service Group Combat Service Support 600 SULLANA
3rd Armoured Cavalry Brigade
HQ: NARANJAL
Heavy armoured brigade, fielding 80 Tifon-2a main battle tanks, 144 Singaporean Bionix II IFVs, self-propelled artillery, and modern support units. Oriented against the Chilean Army's VI Division.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 MOQUEGUA
41st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar MOQUEGUA
57th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar LOCUMBA
211th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar MOQUEGUA
311th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar LOCUMBA
3rd Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 24x Bionix II IFV, 12x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM MOQUEGUA
3rd Artillery Group Self-propelled Artillery 400 27x SSPH Primus 155mm SPH, 9x Type 90B 122mm MLRS MOQUEGUA
3rd Armoured Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 600 MOQUEGUA
3rd Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 MOQUEGUA
TOTAL (sans casualties)
Unit Numbers
Personnel 10,640
Tifon-2a MBT 143
Hunter AFV 120
Bionix II IFV 121
DISCA Vicuna IMV 282
SSPH Primus 155mm SPH 54
Astros II MLRS 9
Type 90B MLRS 9
81mm mortar 48
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 12

Objective 3 Mopping up the centre: Ambato

Ambato is apparently a decently important city in Ecuador's central cordillera, and historically was one of the first cities to be liberated from the Spanish during Ecuador's war of independence. The city has also been destroyed by earthquakes numerous times, the most recent being in 1949 when it was almost completely levelled - it took two years to rebuild it all! Hopefully it doesn't get destroyed this time, yeah?
Given the difficult terrain surrounding Ambato, we'll be attacking from three sides with numerical superiority; we suspect that some regime loyalists are holed up in there, but with the internet down we're kinda blind.
From the west, the Bionix II-equipped 1st Infantry Brigade and the Nuevo Ecuador 1st NEC Brigade will push through the mountain passes around Mt. Chimborazo; while our Bionix IIs didn't fare terribly well last time, hopefully the surviving crews are a bit more experienced this time around.
From Cuenca in the south, the AMX-13/105-equipped 5th Mountain Brigade and the Nuevo Ecuador 2nd NEC Infantry Brigade will navigate the mountain valleys and single-lane roads in the region to advance into Ambato along the E35 highway. They'll be supported by a squadron of Mi-35P Hind helicopter gunships.
Finally, from the east, the hovercraft-equipped Selva Marine Regiment will advance along the Pastaza river and the E30 highway to cut off any attempts by loyalists to flee into the jungle. Su-25UB gunships will be made available in support.
5th Mountain Brigade
HQ: MACHALA
Armoured cavalry brigade outfitted for mountain warfare, fielding a fleet of light IMVs backed up with Cold War-era armoured vehicles.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 CUZCO
123rd Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CALLAPALCA
10th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CUZCO
15th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CUZCO
59th Jungle Cavalry Regiment Light Infantry 800 72x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar QUILLABAMBA
5th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM CUZCO
114th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer CUZCO
5th Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 CUZCO
1st Infantry Brigade
HQ: TUMBES
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 TUMBES
223rd Tank Battalion Armour 600 25x Tifon-2a MBT TUMBES
3rd Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 72x Bionix II IFV ZORRITOS
5th Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 80x UR-416 APC ZARUMILLA
51st Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 60x M113A1 APC TUMBES
1st Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer TUMBES
1st Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 TUMBES
Selva Marine Regiment
HQ: ANDOAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
1st Naval Infantry Amazonian Battalion "Teniente Segundo Raúl Riboty Villalpando" Jungle Infantry 400 20x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
2nd Naval Infantry Amazonian Battalion "Teniente Primero Sergio Gonzales Quevedo" Jungle Infantry 400 20x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft PUCALLPA
1st NEC Infantry Brigade
HQ: GUAYAQUIL
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 GUAYAQUIL
1st Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
2nd Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
3rd Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
2nd NEC Infantry Brigade
HQ: GUAYAQUIL
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 GUAYAQUIL
1st Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
2nd Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
3rd Battalion Light Infantry 800 Organic trucks & light vehicles GUAYAQUIL
TOTALS (Sans casualties)
Unit Numbers
Personnel 14,880
Tifon-2a MBT 25
AMX-13/105 Light Tank 20
Bionix II IFV 50
FIAT 6616 Armoured Car 30
Generic APC 140
DISCA Vicuna IMV 276
Bagre-2000 hovercraft 40
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 48
81mm mortar 24
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 6
Su-25UB 18
F/A-18H Yellowjacket 10
Cessna A-37 20
Mi-25P Hind 16

Objective 4 Cracking the nut: Quito

And now finally, with the rest of the country liberated under the flag of Nuevo Ecuador, we turn our attentions back to the mountain metropolis of Quito. With General Rodriguez dead, whatever regime loyalists left should be in total disarray. We'll give them one last chance to surrender, before we throw everything we have into the city and dig them out block-by-block.
It'll suck, but by now our troops are hardened from intense urban fighting across Ecuador - we should have the capability to triumph over a bunch of regime loyalist blowhards who are stuck in an increasingly hostile city surrounded by people who hate them.
Units:
  • 1st Armoured Cavalry Brigade
  • 3rd Armoured Cavalry Brigade
  • 1st Infantry Brigade
  • 4th Mountain Brigade
  • 5th Mountain Brigade
  • 1st NEC Infantry Brigade
  • 2nd NEC Infantry Brigade
  • 1st Marine Expeditionary Brigade
  • Selva Marine Regiment
TOTALS (Sans casualties)
Unit Numbers
Personnel 31,540
Tifon-2a MBT 172
AMX-13/105 Light Tank 40
Hunter AFV 120
Bionix II IFV 171
FIAT 6616 Armoured Car 90
Generic APC 140
DISCA Vicuna IMV 818
Bagre-200 hovercraft 40
SSPH Primus 155mm SPH 54
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 72
D-30 122mm howitzer 8
Soltam 120mm mortar 12
81mm mortar 96
Astros II MLRS 9
Type 90B MLRS 9
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 24
F/A-18H Yellowjacket 24
Su-25UB attack 18
Cessna A-37 20
Mi-35P Hind 15
submitted by ElysianDreams to worldpowers [link] [comments]


2020.07.27 19:42 stopspammingme 2 months ago, we challenged our users to take pictures of UrbanHell happening in their own neighborhoods. Here's what they showed us and who won.

The purpose of our first photo contest was to get our users out of their house (in a safe, healthy way) and to examine the area around themselves for problems. The contest welcomed photos of from any human built place, whether it was the city or the countryside, so long as the photo showed aesthetic ugliness or a problem.
Winners will be receiving reddit gold and some sweet flair to brag!
(Note: some submission statements were lightly edited for spelling and grammar errors, so you could focus on what the user was saying rather than their mistakes).

Voters' Choice Winners

Ugliness

Winner: Entry 9
Contestant name: daehanmindecline
Location: Euljiro, downtown Seoul, South Korea
Date taken: Dec 16, 2018
Why contestant chose it: Seun Sangga was a major urban development project in the 1960s to occupy an area 1 kilometer long by 50 meters wide, displacing a shanty town. As you can see, development pretty well froze in place for decades, while areas further east and west built up significantly. Building effectively an architectural wall just ended up choking out the immediate area.

Concrete Wasteland

Note: this category, like our flair, is for photos that contain sweeping views giving the overview of a location and showing its monotonous appearance. The buildings don't need to be literal concrete, so long as it's an artificial environment built by humans.
Winner: Entry 3
Contestant name: foxtrot666
Location: Villa Salvador, Lima, Peru
Date taken: May 07, 2020
Why contestant chose it: [We saw] sprawling dust-covered shanty towns covering the hillsides. Some houses made of concrete that were falling apart, other houses were made out of cheap wood and others were made of rusted out shipping containers.

Decay

Winner: Entry 6
Contestant name: Photo514
Location: Montreal, Canada
Date taken: Jan 12, 2020
Why contestant chose it: This photo depicts the run down state of repair caused by negligent slumlords who typically own many properties across the city.

Poverty/Inequality

Winner: Entry 2
Contestant name: Fellipe1989
Location: Paraisópolis, São Paulo, Brazil.
Date taken: May 04, 2020
Why contestant chose it: Paraisópolis AKA Paradise City is a low-income unregulated informal settlement neighborhood in Sao Paulo that is very densely populated (about 100k people) with little to no trees.

Voter's Favorite

Winner: Entry 1
Contestant name: Papolato
Location: Chongqing, China
Date taken: Nov 24, 2018
Why contestant chose it: Drab sky-bridges let residents ignore the trash and decay below them, but create dark, uninviting spaces for those unlucky to live beneath.

Mod's Choice Winners

East Asia

Best Technical Quality

Winner: Entry 1, Chongqing
I loved the strong leading lines in this photo of the bridge disappearing into a dark, mysterious chasm. The color palette is also classic UrbanHell, drab and limited, emphasizing the griminess of the building.

Best Submission Statement

Winner: Entry 8, Osaka
Contestant name: DingDingDensha Why contestant chose it: I've lived near the street this row of houses is on for 11 years so far, and have really seen some changes. Before the asphalt was laid, there was a row of old wooden houses that had been ravaged by an arson attack one summer, about 6 years ago. Those houses sat there for ages, untouched, until they finally decided to clear them, only to reveal an entire street full of mostly (I think maybe 2 or 3 residents remain) abandoned houses. These had also just been left to rot until 2 years ago, when a massive typhoon plowed headlong into the Kansai region, battering the hell out of Osaka especially.
What I find especially strange is that this is a chunk of an otherwise thriving neighborhood that's almost completely abandoned by now. There are businesses and public bath houses just behind the row featured in this photo that are just left sitting there, dilapidated - yet, surrounding it are streets full of new developments, which have been popping up for at least as long as I've been here, and will likely continue to. The newer, intact homes sit peacefully, ignoring the eyesore elephant in the room as if it's not even there. I have no idea why none of these houses have been razed in all these years. My only guess is that there might still be a codger or two still living in what sound remaining structures remain (and by "sound", I just mean possibly doesn't have a roof with holes in it or walls that have fallen apart...yet). A lot of these types of houses tend to be attached, so you can't get rid of a few at a time...or maybe you can, but someone has decided it may not be worth the effort, and is just waiting for the last residents to die or move out.
I've thought about seeking out information about this particular spot in the neighborhood, to find out of there's a reason developers have been staying away, or even why most of the people who lived there moved out. There are plenty of streets in this city full of very old houses that are still being lived in, kept in good condition, and even sometimes renovated. Normally, when a row of houses is left abandoned, the land will be sold before long, and new homes built on it. Not sure what's going on in this case.

West Asia

Best Technical Quality and Best Submission Statement

As the only entrant, this entry won by default! I especially liked that this picture was taken at a time of day which created strong shadows.
Winner: Entry 10, Jodhpur
Contestant name: ranawatduke Why contestant chose it: It's a popular place around the world. Everybody wants to visit Jodhpur for its forts and palaces. This particular neighbourhood, which can be seen from the Mehrangarh fort, is an attraction because all the houses are painted blue. From there Jodhpur also gets its name, “Blue City”. And this place is also near to the well where famous scene of Batman escaping the well in The Dark Knight Rises was shot. I’ve spent 5-7 years living in this city and every time i look at this picture I see that problems like hierarchy and monopoly still exist.People go to the fort, pay hefty amounts and to see this view, where the so called “kings” don't do anything for these people.

North America

Best Technical Quality

Winner: Entry 4, Montreal
This entry from iammoco boasted a dark, mysterious color palette and a creative choice of subject matter which really evoked feelings of a fall from grace and better times in the past. By giving us a closer view of something which would normally be far away, the viewer's sense of foreboding increases.

Best Submission Statement

Winner: Entry 7, Pennsylvania
Contestant name: purplefrequency Location: Renovo, Pennsylvania, USA Why contestant chose it: Renovo was built for the Philadelphia & Erie Railroad as the midpoint between Philadelphia and Erie. This is the coal tipple that was used to stock steam locomotives with coal, sand and water. With continuing demolition of the Renovo railroad yards and buildings, and the pending construction of a gas fired power plant on this site, the tipple will be the only remaining evidence of the existence of the Pennsylvania Railroad in the town, thanks to preservation efforts from the Greater Renovo Area Heritage Park.
What used to be a booming town, due to the Pennsylvania Railroad being the largest corporation in the world with an annual GPO larger than the federal government, is now a dilapidated mess where the average household income is $18,636 as of the 2000 census.

South America

Best Technical Quality

Winner: Entry 3, Lima
This picture had a cinematic flair, both from its sweeping panorama of the surroundings and its film-grain texture. The restrained neutral colors are broken up by pastel hues. Truly a gorgeous photo of an ugly place.

Best Submission Statement

Winner: Entry 2, São Paulo
Contestant name: Fellipe1989 Why contestant chose it: Paraisópolis AKA Paradise City is a low-income unregulated informal settlement neighborhood in São Paulo that is very densely populated (about 100k people) with little to no trees. It is directly adjacent to the Morumbi district which boasts of high end luxury apartments. I think the disparity between economic classes is one of biggest and most blatant examples of inequality from around the world. This is my hometown city, where I am currently stuck at from a family visit trip due to the pandemic. I hope to soon be able to return to the USA. I took this photo with the Mavic Mini

West Europe

Best Technical Quality and Best Submission Statement

This entry swept both categories by default as the only entrant from its region. It's a great submission statement telling the story of how government corruption leads to poor urban planning.
Winner: Entry 5, Palermo
Contestant name: dravazay Why contestant chose it: I live in an area near the port that used to be a fishing village, with houses being 2 story high maximum. When the mafia entered in politics, they gave out building permits without control, resulting in the mess you see here. Almost every single building you see is improperly contructed, and that concrete monstrosity in the back was supposed to be the largest condo in the neighbourhood. Since it was built on private property without evicting the owner, construction was halted and now a decayed husk looms above all the homes around it. The "big one" was supposed to be completed in 1980.
That wraps up the contest! Thank you so much to everyone for participating. Thank you to the admins for providing the gold. I know platinum was promised originally but we ended up getting gold instead, so my apologies for that!
submitted by stopspammingme to UrbanHell [link] [comments]


2020.07.24 15:00 BalartPeru It's absolutely astonishing how most INTJ's lives are so similar. I'll tell you my story. If you feel really lonely and any of the following seems familiar to you, fear not: you're not alone.

I'm a male 29 years old INTJ living in Lima, Peru, and this is a repost of something I wrote earlier. You're free to repost it where you wish. Basically, stop me if you have heard of this before.

I had an overwhelming craving for knowledge since I was little, inmmersing myself into encyclopedias of as many different subjects I could learn: from space travel to paleonthology, from general medicine to how to do big fancy magic tricks, from Aesop's fables to technology predictions for the 21th century, from how killing the archduke kickstarted World War I to the Human Genome project. I read them all. Mom always found me reading a book. Curiously, novels and "normal" literature weren't that enticing to me, with my first proper novel being Around the World in 80 days when I was 7 or 8.

Besides that, I was a pretty normal kid: playing videogames, watching cartoons, and trying to socialize with the other neighbourhood kids my parents forcefully tried to make my friends. Predictably, I never could: I wanted to talk about dinosaurs, those kids loved to discuss their dad's favorite soccer team's latest match (which I didn't care about due to being bad at soccer); I wanted to talk about how The Little Prince died when it got struck by that lightning bolt, they wanted to discuss how the Blair Witch Project was absolutely real (which I always knew it was very obviously a film).

You get the picture. The only things I bonded over with the other kids were the local anime series that aired at the time, like Dragon Ball Z and Pokemon, and of course video games. I still fondly remember discussing how to get the secret (non-existant) Chameleon Armor in Mega Man X6, or how Pikablu was that blue round thing from the Mewtwo movie. In that regard, I was normal. Albeit I guess videogames became my main hobby (mainly Nintendo games), and hence obsession, until today: I often drew Super Mario levels on my notebook when I was bored (and found myself doing it even when I was in college, sometimes). Due to learning English and playing games with lots of text to read, like JRPGs (I became a Final Fantasy fan at the time), eventually meant even my taste in videogames became too specific to bond with other people, and so my outcast life in high school began. You learn something when you're at high school: people are inherently mean. Here in Peru, teasing and banter is the absolute norm and if you don't want to participate (because, well, I think my parents thought me well enough about respect), you get eaten alive by your peers. And boy do I was. Getting pushed around and spat on only because you didin't wish to be part of a world you didn't have the slightest interest of belonging to.

After finishing a pretty much uneventful, friendless high school (outside of dating a girl for two months at the very end of my last year, we bonded over Pokemon), I suppose I learned an useful art: building facades. After pondering about it for a long time, I made the conclusion that, at least while I lived in this country, in my current social environment I belong to, I would always be lonely and would never find someone, anyone like myself. So I started building a self-image of what society wanted me to be. I took inspiration from all the pop culture and media that I consumed these past years and created a fake personality of a very extroverted and joking guy, always cracking jokes, bantering with others, having the same taste and watching/listening/reading/playing the same stuff as everybody else on this city, and being overall fun to being with. This facade has lasted me all the way through my academic years, my university years, and now, my working days. I kinda hoped that by university I would meet someone (anyone) like me. After all, universities are supposed to be the academic center of the world, always developing and researching new things, new ways to help out humanity or how to make the world a better place. That's what my books I spent so long in my childhood taught me.

Sadly, most universities in third world countries like don't care about research and are only a means to get a title and henceforth to get more money. Zero research, zero So pretty much everyone that I met there had the same goal of only getting their degree and nothing else, and I was down on my luck again. And, just like high school, you find out that people are inherently mean, even when they're older. I was completely dissapointed by then, my dream life of knowledge being torn to pieces. If I didin't find happiness in high school, and didn't in my university, then when would I? I focused my efforts into my facade again, just to survive these years.

With this facade, I live a somehwat normal life: I have a group of friends from work, we sometimes go out together, have a few drinks, travel together for the holidays and I recently started going to the gym with them. But you know, that's just that: a facade. That's not me. That's the me my parents wished me to be since I was a kid, and only because I was conditioned to make it so. I'm still, at the very depths of my heart, myself. The true me. And I never felt more lonely than now. Nobody knows that I still love to spend whole nights clicking on any Wikipedia or TvTropes links I find. Nobody know the true reason why I'm glued to a cell phone screen all the time is not due to spending time in the many social networks they think I belong but to keep reading about almost anything that catches my interest. Nobody knows I still wish to find someone to discuss the fact that all the lights in the sky are stars, the absolute miracle that is our existence on this blue planet, under a bright night sky. Nobody knows what my true dream is, what I want to achieve in my short lifetime, a dream that I'm sure would help make the world better, and how one of my truest desires is to desperately find anyone who accompanies me on this journey.

Nobody knows that. And the few that I ever showed even a bit of this side of me, the true me... just laughed it off. "You're weird". "Why do you enjoy reading so much, that's boring" "Hey, here comes the guy who knows about absolutely everything" "There's MR. Perfect going on about something nobody cares about again". When I show my true self, people look a t me with a mix of fear and envy, weirded out by someone different than themselves. And so I never show that side of me, keeping wearing this "mask" I fabricated for myself just to fit in.

So that's my story. If you are another INTJ, I'm pretty sure your story is pretty much similar or identical.

Well, friend, I'll make you know that you aren't alone. There are others like us in this world. You just have to keep trying, keep finding some kind of environment where you can be, well, "you". You feel lonely now, you feel that you can't connect to everyone like you would like, like you're supposed to. But that's not your fault. That's just "you". And being "you" is the greatest thing you could ever be.

If you're in the same situation as me, the worst you could do is not doing anything to change that. My false "me" is enough to live a normal life, but that's not what I want to be. We only have so much time before we're gone, than wasting a whole life pretending you're someone else is a life I would call worthless and unremarkable. And I sure as hell don't paln for mine to be one. So I decided that this year, I'll try to work towards it, to find that fabled promised land where I can be "me". I started penpaling not so long ago, to see if I can find similar people to me. I decided to post this message on this sub (and I plan to do it in others) as part of that plan. I'm trying to find local events where I hope to find individuals like me, so far no dice, but if not I could always create them, taking one step at a time.

And about that dream of mine? I'll tell you about it.

I dream for a world without masks.

We're not alone.
submitted by BalartPeru to intj [link] [comments]


2020.07.22 20:18 MX-BorderlandBeat Brazil favors U.S. extradition of CJNG boss José González Valencia

Brazil favors U.S. extradition of CJNG boss José González Valencia
Cartel boss José González Valencia
Brazilian authorities confirmed that their Public Prosecutor's Office favors the extradition of Jose Gonzalez Valencia to the United States, where he faces outstanding drug charges. Gonzalez Valencia is former high-ranking member of the Jalisco New Generation Cartel (CJNG) and its financial arm Los Cuinis. He has been imprisoned in Brazil since December 2017 after he flew there from Bolivia to vacation with his family.
In addition to his U.S. drug charges, Gonzalez Valencia also has a pending arrest warrant for his capture in Mexico. He is wanted for murder in the state of Jalisco. His defense argues that he has the right as a Mexican national to request his transfer to Mexico. Gonzalez Valencia's brother Gerardo was extradited to the U.S. this year after he was arrested in Uruguay in 2016.
The final decision of his extradition will be decided by the Supreme Federal Court (STF), Brazil's highest court system, but they have not given him a date for his next hearing. Gonzalez Valencia is one of the most notable inmates of the Federal Penitentiary of Mossoró, a maximum-security facility in the state of Rio Grande do Norte.
Background
José González Valencia, also known by his alias "El Chepa", "Camarón" (English: Shrimp), and "Santy", is part of a large clan of at least 18 siblings. People in their hometown in Michoacan nicknamed the clan "Cuinis" in reference to a squirrel (spermophilus adocetus) from the area that is known as "Cuinique". It is common for this squirrel to have over a dozen babies each time the mother gives birth.
Gonzalez Valencia first captured the attention of Mexican officials in 2005 when he was nearly killed at a cockfighting event in Tonala, Jalisco. Armed men stormed the arena and attacked the spectators with AK-47s and grenades. Their intended target were members of the Milenio Cartel, and the suspected assailants were members of the Gulf Cartel's former paramilitary group, Los Zetas.Four people were killed and twenty-eight more were injured, including González Valencia (who was shot in the arm) and Antonio Oseguera Cervantes, brother of Nemesio Oseguera Cervantes ("El Mencho"). The deceased were Saúl Díaz Oseguera ("El Cangrejo"), Juan García Rodríguez, Miguel Ortiz Salcido and an unidentified man.
When security forces arrived at the scene, they discovered that several of the cockfighting attendees were linked to the Milenio Cartel and that they were also armed. However, the Government of Jalisco did not make any arrests at the scene since they did not consider it necessary to arrest the victims of the attack. Gonzalez Valencia was treated at a hospital and was then allowed to return home.
CJNG tenure
When the CJNG was formed, Gonzalez Valencia played a key role under his brother Abigael ("El Cuini)" and his brother-in-law El Mencho. After Abigael's capture in 2015, Gonzalez Valencia fled to Bolivia to avoid government crackdowns.
According to the Center for Research and National Security (CISEN), Mexico's intelligence agency, González Valencia headed the financial operations of the CJNG and managed the group's alliances with other criminal networks in Asia and Europe, where the CJNG sends narcotics from Mexico.
In addition, the CISEN alleged that González Valencia managed the relationship with arms traffickers in the United States and Central America.
Time in Bolivia
In September 2015, González Valencia flew into Santa Cruz de la Sierra in Bolivia from Lima, Peru. He entered using a Mexican passport with the fake name Jafett Arias Becerra. According to Bolivia's General Directorate of Migration (DIGEMIG), González Valencia's passport was official and had all the international security features in place.
González Valencia was able to apply for one-year temporary residency in Bolivia and get a foreigner ID card from the General Service of Personal Identification (SEGIP). He was able to get temporary residency through a Bolivian national who González Valencia was close to and who agreed to be responsible for his financial support.
On 22 March 2017, González Valencia started an application to extend his one-year temporary residency to a two-year one that included work eligibility. He applied to this application using his alias, and issued a work petition form to the city of Santa Cruz de la Sierra through a law firm. His two-year residency was later approved.
González Valencia was also able to enter the country because the Interpol had not issued a red alert against the name Jafett Arias Becerra, which González Valencia used to enter the country and apply for residency.
During his time in Bolivia, the CJNG reportedly laundered money at the Asociación Cruceña de Fútbol, a Bolivian football league based out of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, where González Valencia did his residency application.
Arrest
After Christmas Gonzalez Valencia contacted his family and told them he wanted to go with them to Brazil on a short vacation. Security forces were tracking his footsteps since he arrived in Brazil from the Pinto Martins – Fortaleza International Airport as a tourist on 22 December.
According to the Brazilian police, they discovered he was in Brazil immediately upon landing when he checked-in, but decided not to approach him at the airport and instead followed him to where he was going. The police checked in their security system to retrieve information from him, and also looked into hotel registration lists and rental car companies to track his movements in Brazil.
Gonzalez Valencia and his family rented a beach house in Taíba. The houses he rented were done through a strawperson. He was accompanied by his wife, their child, and some friends. According to the police, he was planning to stay in Brazil until 3 January.
On 27 December, Gonzalez Valencia was arrested outside a beach resort area where he was staying. He was sent to the headquarters of the Federal Police of Brazil in Fortaleza, Ceará, where officials later confirmed that there was a pending arrest warrant and extradition request against him from the United States. None of the people who were with him at the moment of his arrest were apprehended by the police because there were no arrest warrants against them.
Imprisonment and extradition proceedings
On 23 January 2018, Brazilian authorities rejected a motion to carry out extradition process against González Valencia in secret.González Valencia's defense wanted the process to be held in secrecy to protect their client and his family, given the fact that the arrest garnered national attention. However, judge Carmen Lucia Antunes said they would not make an exception for them because publicity was part of the judicial process.
On 11 December 2018, minister José Celso de Mello Filho approved his extradition process. The process still awaits approval from Brazil's highest court system.Gonzalez Valencia is imprisoned in a penitentiary that holds high-ranking members of Brazil's notorious gang, First Command of the Capital (Portuguese: Primeiro Comando da Capital, PCC).
Mexican cartels and Brazil
Upon further investigation, Brazilian authorities confirmed that González Valencia had visited Brazil three times using his alias. They said that he was not in Brazil to commit illegal activities and that he would visit for leisure and did not have Brazilian friends.
The first time he visited was in 2015, the same year he fled Mexico to avoid prosecution.Brazilian criminal groups have established ties with Mexican drug cartels. In 2014, the Brazilian Federal Police discovered that the PCC sent cocaine to Mexico as a "test" shipment. The drugs were intended to be delivered in Veracruz, where the CJNG has presence.
In 2019, after Gonzalez Valencia's arrest, Brazilian policemen found links between the PCC and the Sinaloa Cartel. The report said that the Sinaloa Cartel was one of the main suppliers of PCC-owned cocaine in Europe. One PCC member who was arrested had a logo that is often associated with the Sinaloa Cartel in his mobile phone.
References: El Pais; Ugeirm
Note: This article includes excerpts from the Wikipedia article of José González Valencia, which was published by Borderland Beat reporter "MX" in July 2018. Over 60 sources were used for its creation.
submitted by MX-BorderlandBeat to NarcoFootage [link] [comments]


2020.07.20 00:18 stopspammingme At long last! Announcing the beginning of voting for the first r/UrbanHell photography contest!

A couple months ago we ran a contest challenging UrbanHell users to take a picture of some kind of Urban Hell happening in their own neighborhood. Today's post will be a collection of the contest entries, along with a schedule of what you all are voting on and when.
A big thank you to everyone who everyone who entered and showed us what your home neighborhood is like. I hope to do more contests in the future to give more opportunities to win gold and to showcase our photography to each other. A thank you also goes to the admins for generously providing the reddit coins to award you.
Voting is going on until July 25th, so click the links below to check out each category.

Voters choice

These are the ones that you, the user, will get to pick
July 20 - Best photo in the Ugliness category
July 21- Best photo in the Concrete Wasteland category
July 22- Best photo in the Decay category
July 23- Best photo in the Poverty/Inequality category
July 24- Best overall photo

Mods Choice

These are ones I will choose on July 25, which is also when I'll announce the winners of the Voters Choice awards
EDIT: I want to make sure I write thoughtful statements about why I chose the winners I did, so I'm pushing this to Monday, July 27th
Best Submission Statements (multiple winners)
Best Technical Quality (multiple winners)
My deepest apologies with the delay in getting the voting step of this contest together. It's been a whirlwind for me navigating remote work during the pandemic. I also must take the blame for the small number of qualifying entries. Advertising contests is hard and I could have done more on that front. On a positive note, I'm confident the next time I do this, it will be better.
As a note for the submission statements, I changed some spelling and grammar errors when I saw them. This is a photography contest, not an English as a Second Language contest, so I didn't want any non-native speakers to be penalized for having bad grammar.

Complete list of Entrants

Entry 1

Contestant name: Papolato
Location: Chongqing, China
Date taken: Nov 24, 2018
Why contestant chose it: Drab sky-bridges let residents ignore the trash and decay below them, but create dark, uninviting spaces for those unlucky to live beneath.

Entry 2

Contestant name: Fellipe1989
Location: Paraisópolis, São Paulo, Brazil.
Date taken: May 04, 2020
Why contestant chose it: Paraisópolis AKA Paradise City is a low-income unregulated informal settlement neighborhood in Sao Paulo that is very densely populated (about 100k people) with little to no trees. It is directly adjacent to the Morumbi district which boasts of high end luxury apartments. I think the disparity between economic classes is one of biggest and most blatant examples of inequality from around the world. This is my hometown city, where I am currently stuck at from a family visit trip due to the pandemic. I hope to soon be able to return to the USA. I took this photo with the Mavic Mini.

Entry 3

Contestant name: foxtrot666
Location: Villa Salvador, Lima, Peru
Date taken: May 07, 2020
Why contestant chose it: Took some little 4 wheelers on a drive through the deserts of southern Lima. We stayed off main roads and took winding paths through the southern part of the city. It was basically a 5-hour drive through a giant trash dump: trash everywhere, rubble, rusted out cars, dog poop, dead dogs, dead birds, and more trash. This was on top of seeing sprawling dust-covered shanty towns covering the hillsides. Some houses made of concrete that were falling apart, other houses were made out of cheap wood and others were made of rusted out shipping containers. My friend said that since we were just out by ourselves that I could take my mask off but I decided to keep it on because it smelled so bad and there was so much dirt and dust blowing around. In the middle of all the trash I saw a guy with a bunch of tattoos on his neck shooting a slingshot at a half-dead tree all by himself.

Entry 4

Contestant name: iammoco
Location: Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Date taken: May 4th, 2020
Why contestant chose it: I chose this picture because of the contrast between the natural landscape depicted in the decayed billboard, and the actual environment it is in.

Entry 5

Contestant name: dravazay
Location: Palermo, Italy
Date taken: May 14, 2020
Why contestant chose it: I live in an area near the port that used to be a fishing village, with houses being 2 story high maximum. When the mafia entered in politics, they gave out building permits without control, resulting in the mess you see here. Almost every single building you see is improperly contructed, and that concrete monstrosity in the back was supposed to be the largest condo in the neighbourhood. Since it was built on private property without evicting the owner, construction was halted and now a decayed husk looms above all the homes around it. The "big one" was supposed to be completed in 1980.

Entry 6

Contestant name: Photo514
Location: Montreal, Canada
Date taken: Jan 12, 2020
Why contestant chose it: This photo depicts the run down state of repair caused by negligent slumlords who typically own many properties across the city. They collect increasing rents while leaving some apartments looking like a war zone. The harsh winter environment is no treat either!

Entry 7

Contestant name: purplefrequency
Location: Renovo, Pennsylvania, USA
Date taken: Summer 2019
Why contestant chose it: Renovo was built for the Philadelphia & Erie Railroad as the midpoint between Philadelphia and Erie. This is the coal tipple that was used to stock steam locomotives with coal, sand and water. With continuing demolition of the Renovo railroad yards and buildings, and the pending construction of a gas fired power plant on this site, the tipple will be the only remaining evidence of the existence of the Pennsylvania Railroad in the town, thanks to preservation efforts from the Greater Renovo Area Heritage Park.
What used to be a booming town, due to the Pennsylvania Railroad being the largest corporation in the world with an annual GPO larger than the federal government, is now a dilapidated mess where the average household income is $18,636 as of the 2000 census.

Entry 8

Contestant name: DingDingDensha
Location: Osaka, Japan
Date taken: May 24th, 2020
Why contestant chose it: I've lived near the street this row of houses is on for 11 years so far, and have really seen some changes. Before the asphalt was laid, there was a row of old wooden houses that had been ravaged by an arson attack one summer, about 6 years ago. Those houses sat there for ages, untouched, until they finally decided to clear them, only to reveal an entire street full of mostly (I think maybe 2 or 3 residents remain) abandoned houses. These had also just been left to rot until 2 years ago, when a massive typhoon plowed headlong into the Kansai region, battering the hell out of Osaka especially.
What I find especially strange is that this is a chunk of an otherwise thriving neighborhood that's almost completely abandoned by now. There are businesses and public bath houses just behind the row featured in this photo that are just left sitting there, dilapidated - yet, surrounding it are streets full of new developments, which have been popping up for at least as long as I've been here, and will likely continue to. The newer, intact homes sit peacefully, ignoring the eyesore elephant in the room as if it's not even there. I have no idea why none of these houses have been razed in all these years. My only guess is that there might still be a codger or two still living in what sound remaining structures remain (and by "sound", I just mean possibly doesn't have a roof with holes in it or walls that have fallen apart...yet). A lot of these types of houses tend to be attached, so you can't get rid of a few at a time...or maybe you can, but someone has decided it may not be worth the effort, and is just waiting for the last residents to die or move out.
I've thought about seeking out information about this particular spot in the neighborhood, to find out of there's a reason developers have been staying away, or even why most of the people who lived there moved out. There are plenty of streets in this city full of very old houses that are still being lived in, kept in good condition, and even sometimes renovated. Normally, when a row of houses is left abandoned, the land will be sold before long, and new homes built on it. Not sure what's going on in this case.

Entry 9

Contestant name: daehanmindecline
Location: Euljiro, downtown Seoul, South Korea
Date taken: Dec 16, 2018
Why contestant chose it: To the right is the downtown core of Seoul. To the left you can see two tallish buildings, which are part of the kilometer-long Seun Sangga complex. Seun Sangga was a major urban development project in the 1960s to occupy an area 1 kilometer long by 50 meters wide, displacing a shanty town. The idea was to create a self-sustaining city within the buildings, which would spur development in the surroundings. As you can see, development pretty well froze in place for decades, while areas further east and west built up significantly. Building effectively an architectural wall just ended up choking out the immediate area. The architect, Kim Swoo-geun, disowned the building and called it a failure.
The lowrises below are mostly machine shops, said to be responsible for the nation's miraculous growth from one of the poorest to one of the wealthiest. It's been said parts of the ISS have been assembled here. Due to a zoning freeze, they haven't been allowed to renovate their workspaces in recent years, as all of a sudden the idea was to preserve this way of life -- without asking the machinists about their needs. As I was on a rooftop taking this photo, a redevelopment plan was in progress behind me, wiping out a significant portion of the area. But due to protest, the plan seems to have been halted for now.
I wish I had a slightly better photo, but my camera is broken right now. For reference, I live on the mountain visible in the background.

Entry 10

Contestant name: ranawatduke
Location: Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
Date taken: Winter 2019
Why contestant chose it: It's a popular place around the world. Everybody wants to visit Jodhpur for its forts and palaces. This particular neighbourhood, which can be seen from the Mehrangarh fort, is an attraction because all the houses are painted blue. From there Jodhpur also gets its name, “Blue City”. And this place is also near to the well where famous scene of Batman escaping the well in The Dark Knight Rises was shot. I’ve spent 5-7 years living in this city and every time i look at this picture I see that problems like hierarchy and monopoly still exist.People go to the fort, pay hefty amounts and to see this view, where the so called “kings” don't do anything for these people.
submitted by stopspammingme to UrbanHell [link] [comments]


2020.07.12 01:35 ElysianDreams [CONFLICT] La República: President Vizcarra recognizes Nuevo Ecuador united front as rightful Ecuadorian government, pledges humanitarian support but denies reports of Peruvian intervention Operación Ollantaytambo

La República

GALLERY: Ecuador remains in chaos despite the disappearance of the Baroja regime, with protesters and opposition militias occupying cities around the country

President Vizcarra recognizes "Nuevo Ecuador" united front as rightful Ecuadorian government, pledges humanitarian support but denies reports of Peruvian intervention

Based in the southern town of Naranjal, the Nuevo Ecuador movement has called for nationwide revolution against Baroja loyalists
Redacción :
Alessandra Alvarez Wong
13 de agosto 2029 11:50 h
LIMA - President Vizcarra today recognized the Nuevo Ecuador united front in Naranjal as the legitimate Ecuadorian government, pledging humanitarian aid and support to the protester-founded movement.
Nuevo Ecuador interim leader Maria Paula Romo praised Vizcarra and thanked Peru for its support and recognition, pledging to unite the country in "total revolution" against the left-wing Baroja regime and its loyalists.
Vizcarra vehemently denied media reports of an armed intervention into Ecuador by the Peruvian military, suggesting instead that the "Little Green Men" are ordinary Ecuadorian citizens fighting for their country's liberation and democracy.
Ecuador has been in a state of mass unrest ever since the January 3rd massacre of hundreds of peaceful protesters outside the Carondelet Palace in Quito by regime death squads, sparking uprisings and clashes that eventuallly forced the Baroja regime into hiding.
Opposition forces have coalesced around the city of Naranjal, forming a united front movement declaring itself as the Nuevo Ecuador and calling for democracy in the troubled Andean country.
Scattered reports out of Cuenca and Quito indicate that clashes have occurred between loyalist groups and those declaring in favour of Nuevo Ecuador, although with President Baroja in hiding many expect the loyalist movement to fall apart quickly.
TEMAS: [Ecuador] [Nuevo Ecuador] [Greater Andes] [#NoMas Movement] [Little Green Men]

COVOP TO RUN WITH THIS POST <-- please run this

TRÁFICO URGENTE COMUNICADO A: FUERZA DE INTERVENCIÓN "HUASCAR" OPERACIÓN OLLANTAYTAMBO POR EL COMANDO GENERAL DE: MINISTERIO DE DEFENSA NACIONAL EDIFICIO QUINONES - LIMA MENSAJE COMIENZA: 
From General de División Pariwana Suarez Mayhuasca, Ejército del Peru, Commanding Officer, Fuerza de Intervención "Huascar"
First off, congratulations to all of you on the success of Op. CAJAMARCA. The Baroja regime has been thrown into disarray, and all initial goals have been achieved with minimal difficulties or losses. We now have plausible cover as the armed "volunteers" of the Nuevo Ecuador front, and will continue to operate in coordination with local opposition forces as we move forward to stabilizing the rest of the country.
With the Ecuadorian military in shambles - either cut off and isolated or fully defected to the Nuevo Ecuador movement - we expect any resistance to be limited at best.
DINI Maskirovka and SIGINT operations will continue over the next weeks as Nuevo Ecuador liberates more territory, limiting loyalist resistance and heightening popular support for the anti-Baroja movement. As always, all efforts must be made to limit civilian casualties and collateral damage in order to secure a better post-revolution political landscape. Remember that our goal is not only the overthrow of Baroja, but also the installation of a new government more amenable to Peruvian interests. Do try and keep the locals happy.
Reinforcements have been mobilized and will be made available for each axis of advance, with Operationally-Ready National Service conscripts managing internal security back home to free up active duty formations for deployment.
All armed individuals or groups in the region are to be treated as lawful combatants, with all the privileges that entails. Any prisoners shall be kept for trial by civilian authorities at a later date. We would much rather not have any war crimes investigations once this all dies down.
You have your orders. Make it so.
TRÁFICO URGENTE COMANDOS DEL DIA FUERZA DE INTERVENCIÓN "HUASCAR" MENSAJE COMIENZA: 
Quote of the day: And Great Viracocha, the Light of the Beginning, brought forth the Sun and the Moon and the Stars to fill the skies with His light, so that all could gaze upon His creations.

OPERACIÓN OLLANTAYTAMBO

Interactive Operation Map

Objective 1 The Cauldron: Cuenca

The second-largest city in southern Ecuador, Cuenca is nestled in the Andes range of the Ecuadorian highlands. Playing host to three brigades of the Ecuadorian Army - organized under the III Division "Tarqui" - the city's garrison is within striking distance of the Nuevo Ecuador headquarters at Naranjal, and therefore poses a major threat to the future of this operation.
With that in mind, three armoured cavalry brigades will be assigned to seize Cuenca and neutralize whatever loyalist opposition remains present in the metropolitan area, backed up by Mi-35P attack helicopters. Heeding the dangers of pushing armoured columns through mountain passes, the advance will take place on three axes in the northwest, west, and southwest - therefore surrounding the city from three sides. Fixed-wing airpower in the form of Su-25UB attack planes and F/A-18H Yellowjackets will interdict any loyalist forces that attempt to retreat to the eastern mountains, ensuring that none can escape.
This will take place in conjunction with DINI PSYOPS and cyberwarfare, with the overall aim of forcing a surrender or defection of the regime loyalists in Cuenca. Nuevo Ecuador authorities and local opposition leaders will be relied upon to help bring the city into compliance following the initial armed advance, because we really don't want to get stuck doing counterinsurgency warfare in the mountains.
1st Armoured Cavalry Brigade
HQ: NARANJAL
A heavy armoured brigade, fielding 80 Tifon-2a main battle tanks and 120 Singaporean Hunter AFVs alongside modern self-propelled artillery and support units. Allegedly involved in the 2029 Nuevo Ecuador revolution.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Squadron Headquarters & Signals 120 SULLANA
5th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
6th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
7th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
31st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
51st Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM SULLANA
51st Artillery Group Field Artillery 400 27x SSPH Primus 155mm SPH, 9x Astros II MLRS SULLANA
51st Armoured Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 600 48x DISCA Vicuna IMV SULLANA
51st Service Group Combat Service Support 600 SULLANA
3rd Armoured Cavalry Brigade
HQ: NARANJAL
Heavy armoured brigade, fielding 80 Tifon-2a main battle tanks, 144 Singaporean Bionix II IFVs, self-propelled artillery, and modern support units. Oriented against the Chilean Army's VI Division.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 MOQUEGUA
41st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar MOQUEGUA
57th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar LOCUMBA
211th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar MOQUEGUA
311th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar LOCUMBA
3rd Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 24x Bionix II IFV, 12x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM MOQUEGUA
3rd Artillery Group Self-propelled Artillery 400 27x SSPH Primus 155mm SPH, 9x Type 90B 122mm MLRS MOQUEGUA
3rd Armoured Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 600 MOQUEGUA
3rd Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 MOQUEGUA
5th Mountain Brigade
HQ: MACHALA
Armoured cavalry brigade outfitted for mountain warfare, fielding a fleet of light IMVs backed up with Cold War-era armoured vehicles.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 CUZCO
123rd Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CALLAPALCA
10th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CUZCO
15th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CUZCO
59th Jungle Cavalry Regiment Light Infantry 800 72x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar QUILLABAMBA
5th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM CUZCO
114th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer CUZCO
5th Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 CUZCO
Airwing
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
112 Squadron "Tigers" Ground Attack 200 18x Su-25UB
211 Squadron "Dragons" Attack Helicopters 200 16x Mi-35P
612 Squadron "Fighting Roosters" Fighters 200 10x F/A-18H Yellowjacket
711 Squadron "Scorpions" Light Attack 200 20x Cessna A-37
TOTALS
Unit Numbers
Personnel 15,160
Tifon-2a MBT 160
Hunter AFV 120
Bionix II IFV 144
AMX-13/105 Light Tank 20
DISCA Vicuna IMV 580
FIAT 6616 IFV 40
SSPH Primus 155mm SPH 54
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
Astros II MLRS 9
Type 90b 122mm MLRS 9
81mm mortar 72
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 18
Su-25UB attack plane 18
F/A-18H Yellowjacket multirole 10
Cessna A-37 light attack 20
Mi-35P Hind attack helicopter 16

Objective 2 The Metropolis: Guayaquil

While the Ecuadorian Navy has been neutralized, the same unfortunately cannot be said of the Ecuadorian Army garrison in the major port city of Guayaquil. Luckily, there exists but a single infantry brigade within the metropolitan area - something which can easily be destroyed or convinced to defect through the application of superior firepower.
The Fuerza Especial "Chifa" which initially infiltrated Guayaquil Port in Op. CAJAMARCA will push north through the city alongside Ecuadorian naval infantry and Marines which defected to the Nuevo Ecuador government, clearing Guayaquil Airport in the city centre (and the Air Force HQ co-located at the airport).
Meanwhile, the mechanized 1st Infantry Brigade will push west from Naranjal, overrunning the Ecuadorian 2112 Fighter Squadron located east of Guayaquil in the process before securing the city's eastern approaches. The presence of modern IFVs and T-55 main battle tanks across the river should prove sufficient to force the loyalist remnants of the Ecuadorian 5th Infantry Brigade "Guayas" to surrender, assuming that DINI persistent PSYOPS and local Nuevo Ecuador militants haven't already achieved that in the meantime.
The Marina de Guerra task force centred around the BAP Almirante Grau Aegis destroyer will remain on-station south of Guayaquil, projecting an air defence umbrella and keeping the Ecuadorian air force grounded.
Fuerza Especial "Chifa"
HQ: PUERTO MARITIMO DE GUAYAQUIL
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
A Squadron, 7th Commando Battalion Special Forces 120 4x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 12x DJI Mavic Pro UAV
C Detachment, 8th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 60 4x 81mm mortar, 4x 107mm mortar, 2x M101A1 105mm howitzer
B Detachment, 8th Anti-Air Artillery Battalion Air Defence 10 2x ZU-23-2 AAA
3rd Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar
6th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM
1st Infantry Brigade
HQ: TUMBES
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 TUMBES
223rd Tank Battalion Armour 600 25x Tifon-2a MBT TUMBES
3rd Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 72x Bionix II IFV ZORRITOS
5th Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 80x UR-416 APC ZARUMILLA
51st Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 60x M113A1 APC TUMBES
1st Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer TUMBES
1st Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 TUMBES
TOTALS
Unit Numbers
Personnel 5,910
Tifon-2a MBT 25
AMX-13/105 light tank 20
Bionix II IFV 72
UR-416 APC 80
M113A1 APC 60
DISCA Vicuna IMV 96
81mm mortar 10
107mm mortar 4
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
M101A1 105mm howitzer 2
ZU-23-2 AAA 2
Spike-LR ATGM 12
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 6

Objective 3 A trip to the beach: Salinas

Salinas is a major tourist centre in Ecuador, and is the country's westernmost city. More importantly, its airport is located along the path to support the northern brigades at Esmeraldas, and it's home to an infantry battalion that may prove to be a pain in the rear.
This will be relatively simple; we'll just airlift a special forces brigade to the airport via C-390 Millennium and escorted by F/A-18H Yellowjackets, and from there they'll secure the city and neutralize whatever loyalist troops remain. Once Guayaquil is secured, then Salinas will be brought under the control of Nuevo Ecuador. Nice and neat.
1st Special Forces Brigade (Airmobile)
HQ: LAS PALMAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 LAS PALMAS
19th Commando Battalion Special Forces 600 CALLAO
29th Commando Battalion Special Forces 600 CALLAO
10th Airmobile Artillery Group Artillery 200 24x 81mm mortar, 4x RO-107 107mm MLRS CALLAO
A Flight, 612 Squadron "Fighting Roosters" Fighters 10 2x F/A-18H Yellowjacket
Unit Numbers
Personnel 1520
81mm mortar 24
RO-107 107mm MLRS 4
F/A-18H Yellowjacket multirole 2
C-390 Millennium 6

Objective 4 Up Shit Creek: The Amazon

This one is a bit sketchier. Essentially, there's a whole jungle infantry division hanging out somewhere in eastern Ecuador in the Amazon rainforest. We have intel that its HQ is located along the Rio Napo in the northeastern town of Coca, but that's about it. Due to a lack of sufficient aerial assets, we'll be going in semi-blind - but definitely not unarmed.
Staging from within the Peruvian Amazon, the hovercraft-equipped 5th Jungle Brigade will push northwest along the Rio Napo, liberating towns as they go and hopefully neutralizing whatever Baroja loyalist forces they encounter within the region. This region is essentially the "backdoor" to the capital city of Quito, and is a possible escape route for the Baroja regime - the hope is that we can cut that off and capture the President-in-hiding for trial by the Nuevo Ecuador movement.
In the south, the two Amazonian "Selva" naval infantry battalions of the Marina de Guerra will push up the Rio Pastaza in a similar fashion, mopping up loyalist resistance and securing the rest of the Ecuadorian jungle.
5th Jungle Brigade
HQ: IQUITOS
Hovercraft-equipped infantry brigade intended for jungle warfare in the Amazon basin. Highly mobile and well-trained, though relatively lacking in heavy support.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 IQUITOS
125th Commando Squadron Special Forces 300 12x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
23rd Jungle Infantry Battalion Light Infantry 1000 40x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft GUEPPI
25th Jungle Infantry Battalion Light Infantry 1000 40x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft GUEPPI
26th Jungle Infantry Battalion Light Infantry 1000 40x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
27th Jungle Infantry Battalion Light Infantry 1000 40x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft PUERTO ARTUEO
5th Jungle Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer, 24x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
125th Anti-Air Artillery Battalion Air Defence 400 20x ZU-23-2 AAA, 20x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
5th Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 IQUITOS
Selva Marine Regiment
HQ: ANDOAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
1st Naval Infantry Amazonian Battalion "Teniente Segundo Raúl Riboty Villalpando" Jungle Infantry 400 20x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
2nd Naval Infantry Amazonian Battalion "Teniente Primero Sergio Gonzales Quevedo" Jungle Infantry 400 20x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft PUCALLPA
TOTALS
Type Number
Personnel 6,420
DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft 256
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
ZU-23-2 AAA 20

Objective 5 Closing the trap: Quito

The mountain capital of Ecuador is a veritable fortress, and would ordinarily be near-impossible to properly capture through force of arms alone. Luckily for us, though, these aren't ordinary times - for Ecuador has been plunged into chaos, and loyalist forces are rather distracted to say the least.
Still, Quito (on paper) has a full division garrisoned within its city limits - including an armoured brigade and a special forces formation. As such, despite support from opposition protesters and military defectors, we'll need to push into the city in order to neutralize the Ecuadorian army garrison and to bring Quito under the control of Nuevo Ecuador.
Having successfully secured the port city of Esmeraldas in northern Ecuador, the 1st Marine Expeditionary Brigade and the 4th Mountain Brigade will be tasked with pushing through the coastal plains into the Andes and the Quitos valley. While its AMX-13/105 light tanks and light IFVs would normally be outclassed against Ecuadorian Leopard 1A5 main battle tanks in an open field, the narrow confines of the mountains (and then the city) should prove to be a more level playing field; when combined with the chaos and confusion caused by protests, defections, and DINI PSYOPS and cyber strikes, we expect to liberate the city with relatively little difficulty.
Defected Ecuadorian troops aligned with Nuevo Ecuador will be trusted to secure a line of supply back to the base in Esmeraldas, supported by airlift and maritime sealift. A squadron of F/A-18H Yellowjackets forward deployed to Esmeraldas will provide air cover for the advance on Quito, although it's hoped that just the simple intimidation factor will be enough - we really don't want to start dropping bombs on a major city.
1 Marine Expeditionary Brigade
HQ: ESMERALDAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
1st Naval Infantry Battalion "Guarnición de Marina" Marines 400 16x LAV-II IFV ANCON
2nd Naval Infantry Battalion "Guardia Chalaca" Marines 400 4x Tifon-2a MBT, 12x BMR-600 APC ANCON
Commando Battalion "Teniente Primero Leoncio Prado Gutierrez" Special Forces 300 12x DISCA Vicuna IMV ANCON
Artillery Battalion "Capitán de Navío Juan Guillermo More Ruíz" Field Artillery 200 8x D-30 122mm howitzer, 12x Soltam 120mm mortar, 4x DJI Mavic Pro UAV ANCON
1st Naval Combat Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 200 ANCON
4th Mountain Brigade "Tarapeca"
HQ: ESMERALDAS
Armoured cavalry brigade outfitted for mountain warfare, fielding a fleet of light IMVs backed up with Cold War-era armoured vehicles.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 PUNO
9th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar
21st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar HUANCANE
55th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar PUNO
59th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar ILAVE
4th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM PUNO
4th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer JULIACA
4th Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 PUNO
Air Component
HQ: ESMERALDAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
501 Squadron "Vultures" Fighters 120 12x F/A-18H Yellowjacket Air-to-air and interdiction
TOTALS
Unit Numbers
Personnel 6,020
Tifon-2a MBT 4
AMX-13/105 Light Tank 20
LAV II IFV 16
BMR-600 APC 12
FIAT 6616 IFV 60
DISCA Vicuna IMV 262
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
D-30 122mm howitzer 8
Soltam 120mm mortar 12
81mm mortar 24
Spike-LR ATGM 12
DJI Mavic Pro UAV 4
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 6
F/A-18H Yellowjacket multirole 12
submitted by ElysianDreams to worldpowers [link] [comments]


2020.07.09 18:55 ElysianDreams [CONFLICT] La República: President Vizcarra recognizes "Nuevo Ecuador" united front as rightful Ecuadorian government, pledges humanitarian support but denies reports of Peruvian intervention Operación Ollantaytambo

La República

GALLERY: Ecuador remains in chaos despite the disappearance of the Baroja regime, with protesters and opposition militias occupying cities around the country

President Vizcarra recognizes "Nuevo Ecuador" united front as rightful Ecuadorian government, pledges humanitarian support but denies reports of Peruvian intervention

Based in the southern town of Naranjal, the Nuevo Ecuador movement has called for nationwide revolution against Baroja loyalists
Redacción :
Alessandra Alvarez Wong
13 de agosto 2029 11:50 h
LIMA - President Vizcarra today recognized the Nuevo Ecuador united front in Naranjal as the legitimate Ecuadorian government, pledging humanitarian aid and support to the protester-founded movement.
Nuevo Ecuador interim leader Maria Paula Romo praised Vizcarra and thanked Peru for its support and recognition, pledging to unite the country in "total revolution" against the left-wing Baroja regime and its loyalists.
Vizcarra vehemently denied media reports of an armed intervention into Ecuador by the Peruvian military, suggesting instead that the "Little Green Men" are ordinary Ecuadorian citizens fighting for their country's liberation and democracy.
Ecuador has been in a state of mass unrest ever since the January 3rd massacre of hundreds of peaceful protesters outside the Carondelet Palace in Quito by regime death squads, sparking uprisings and clashes that eventuallly forced the Baroja regime into hiding.
Opposition forces have coalesced around the city of Naranjal, forming a united front movement declaring itself as the Nuevo Ecuador and calling for democracy in the troubled Andean country.
Scattered reports out of Cuenca and Quito indicate that clashes have occurred between loyalist groups and those declaring in favour of Nuevo Ecuador, although with President Baroja in hiding many expect the loyalist movement to fall apart quickly.
TEMAS: [Ecuador] [Nuevo Ecuador] [Greater Andes] [#NoMas Movement] [Little Green Men]

[COVOP TO RUN WITH THIS POST](PLACEHOLDER.PNG) <-- please run this

TRÁFICO URGENTE COMUNICADO A: FUERZA DE INTERVENCIÓN "HUASCAR" OPERACIÓN OLLANTAYTAMBO POR EL COMANDO GENERAL DE: MINISTERIO DE DEFENSA NACIONAL EDIFICIO QUINONES - LIMA MENSAJE COMIENZA: 
From General de División Pariwana Suarez Mayhuasca, Ejército del Peru, Commanding Officer, Fuerza de Intervención "Huascar"
First off, congratulations to all of you on the success of Op. CAJAMARCA. The Baroja regime has been thrown into disarray, and all initial goals have been achieved with minimal difficulties or losses. We now have plausible cover as the armed "volunteers" of the Nuevo Ecuador front, and will continue to operate in coordination with local opposition forces as we move forward to stabilizing the rest of the country.
With the Ecuadorian military in shambles - either cut off and isolated or fully defected to the Nuevo Ecuador movement - we expect any resistance to be limited at best.
DINI Maskirovka and SIGINT operations will continue over the next weeks as Nuevo Ecuador liberates more territory, limiting loyalist resistance and heightening popular support for the anti-Baroja movement. As always, all efforts must be made to limit civilian casualties and collateral damage in order to secure a better post-revolution political landscape. Remember that our goal is not only the overthrow of Baroja, but also the installation of a new government more amenable to Peruvian interests. Do try and keep the locals happy.
Reinforcements have been mobilized and will be made available for each axis of advance, with Operationally-Ready National Service conscripts managing internal security back home to free up active duty formations for deployment.
All armed individuals or groups in the region are to be treated as lawful combatants, with all the privileges that entails. Any prisoners shall be kept for trial by civilian authorities at a later date. We would much rather not have any war crimes investigations once this all dies down.
You have your orders. Make it so.
TRÁFICO URGENTE COMANDOS DEL DIA FUERZA DE INTERVENCIÓN "HUASCAR" MENSAJE COMIENZA: 
Quote of the day: And Great Viracocha, the Light of the Beginning, brought forth the Sun and the Moon and the Stars to fill the skies with His light, so that all could gaze upon His creations.

OPERACIÓN OLLANTAYTAMBO

Interactive Operation Map

Objective 1 The Cauldron: Cuenca

The second-largest city in southern Ecuador, Cuenca is nestled in the Andes range of the Ecuadorian highlands. Playing host to three brigades of the Ecuadorian Army - organized under the III Division "Tarqui" - the city's garrison is within striking distance of the Nuevo Ecuador headquarters at Naranjal, and therefore poses a major threat to the future of this operation.
With that in mind, three armoured cavalry brigades will be assigned to seize Cuenca and neutralize whatever loyalist opposition remains present in the metropolitan area, backed up by Mi-35P attack helicopters. Heeding the dangers of pushing armoured columns through mountain passes, the advance will take place on three axes in the northwest, west, and southwest - therefore surrounding the city from three sides. Fixed-wing airpower in the form of Su-25UB attack planes and F/A-18H Yellowjackets will interdict any loyalist forces that attempt to retreat to the eastern mountains, ensuring that none can escape.
This will take place in conjunction with DINI PSYOPS and cyberwarfare, with the overall aim of forcing a surrender or defection of the regime loyalists in Cuenca. Nuevo Ecuador authorities and local opposition leaders will be relied upon to help bring the city into compliance following the initial armed advance, because we really don't want to get stuck doing counterinsurgency warfare in the mountains.
1st Armoured Cavalry Brigade
HQ: NARANJAL
A heavy armoured brigade, fielding 80 Tifon-2a main battle tanks and 120 Singaporean Hunter AFVs alongside modern self-propelled artillery and support units. Allegedly involved in the 2029 Nuevo Ecuador revolution.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Squadron Headquarters & Signals 120 SULLANA
5th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
6th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
7th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
31st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
51st Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM SULLANA
51st Artillery Group Field Artillery 400 27x SSPH Primus 155mm SPH, 9x Astros II MLRS SULLANA
51st Armoured Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 600 48x DISCA Vicuna IMV SULLANA
51st Service Group Combat Service Support 600 SULLANA
3rd Armoured Cavalry Brigade
HQ: NARANJAL
Heavy armoured brigade, fielding 80 Tifon-2a main battle tanks, 144 Singaporean Bionix II IFVs, self-propelled artillery, and modern support units. Oriented against the Chilean Army's VI Division.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 MOQUEGUA
41st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar MOQUEGUA
57th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar LOCUMBA
211th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar MOQUEGUA
311th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Bionix II IFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar LOCUMBA
3rd Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 24x Bionix II IFV, 12x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM MOQUEGUA
3rd Artillery Group Self-propelled Artillery 400 27x SSPH Primus 155mm SPH, 9x Type 90B 122mm MLRS MOQUEGUA
3rd Armoured Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 600 MOQUEGUA
3rd Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 MOQUEGUA
5th Mountain Brigade
HQ: MACHALA
Armoured cavalry brigade outfitted for mountain warfare, fielding a fleet of light IMVs backed up with Cold War-era armoured vehicles.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 CUZCO
123rd Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CALLAPALCA
10th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CUZCO
15th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar CUZCO
59th Jungle Cavalry Regiment Light Infantry 800 72x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar QUILLABAMBA
5th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM CUZCO
114th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer CUZCO
5th Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 CUZCO
Airwing
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
112 Squadron "Tigers" Ground Attack 200 18x Su-25UB
211 Squadron "Dragons" Attack Helicopters 200 16x Mi-35P
612 Squadron "Fighting Roosters" Fighters 200 10x F/A-18H Yellowjacket
711 Squadron "Scorpions" Light Attack 200 20x Cessna A-37
TOTALS
Unit Numbers
Personnel 15,160
Tifon-2a MBT 160
Hunter AFV 120
Bionix II IFV 144
AMX-13/105 Light Tank 20
DISCA Vicuna IMV 580
FIAT 6616 IFV 40
SSPH Primus 155mm SPH 54
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
Astros II MLRS 9
Type 90b 122mm MLRS 9
81mm mortar 72
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 18
Su-25UB attack plane 18
F/A-18H Yellowjacket multirole 10
Cessna A-37 light attack 20
Mi-35P Hind attack helicopter 16

Objective 2 The Metropolis: Guayaquil

While the Ecuadorian Navy has been neutralized, the same unfortunately cannot be said of the Ecuadorian Army garrison in the major port city of Guayaquil. Luckily, there exists but a single infantry brigade within the metropolitan area - something which can easily be destroyed or convinced to defect through the application of superior firepower.
The Fuerza Especial "Chifa" which initially infiltrated Guayaquil Port in Op. CAJAMARCA will push north through the city alongside Ecuadorian naval infantry and Marines which defected to the Nuevo Ecuador government, clearing Guayaquil Airport in the city centre (and the Air Force HQ co-located at the airport).
Meanwhile, the mechanized 1st Infantry Brigade will push west from Naranjal, overrunning the Ecuadorian 2112 Fighter Squadron located east of Guayaquil in the process before securing the city's eastern approaches. The presence of modern IFVs and T-55 main battle tanks across the river should prove sufficient to force the loyalist remnants of the Ecuadorian 5th Infantry Brigade "Guayas" to surrender, assuming that DINI persistent PSYOPS and local Nuevo Ecuador militants haven't already achieved that in the meantime.
The Marina de Guerra task force centred around the BAP Almirante Grau Aegis destroyer will remain on-station south of Guayaquil, projecting an air defence umbrella and keeping the Ecuadorian air force grounded.
Fuerza Especial "Chifa"
HQ: PUERTO MARITIMO DE GUAYAQUIL
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
A Squadron, 7th Commando Battalion Special Forces 120 4x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 12x DJI Mavic Pro UAV
C Detachment, 8th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 60 4x 81mm mortar, 4x 107mm mortar, 2x M101A1 105mm howitzer
B Detachment, 8th Anti-Air Artillery Battalion Air Defence 10 2x ZU-23-2 AAA
3rd Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar
6th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM
1st Infantry Brigade
HQ: TUMBES
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 TUMBES
223rd Tank Battalion Armour 600 25x Tifon-2a MBT TUMBES
3rd Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 72x Bionix II IFV ZORRITOS
5th Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 80x UR-416 APC ZARUMILLA
51st Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 60x M113A1 APC TUMBES
1st Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer TUMBES
1st Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 TUMBES
TOTALS
Unit Numbers
Personnel 5,910
Tifon-2a MBT 25
AMX-13/105 light tank 20
Bionix II IFV 72
UR-416 APC 80
M113A1 APC 60
DISCA Vicuna IMV 96
81mm mortar 10
107mm mortar 4
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
M101A1 105mm howitzer 2
ZU-23-2 AAA 2
Spike-LR ATGM 12
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 6

Objective 3 A trip to the beach: Salinas

Salinas is a major tourist centre in Ecuador, and is the country's westernmost city. More importantly, its airport is located along the path to support the northern brigades at Esmeraldas, and it's home to an infantry battalion that may prove to be a pain in the rear.
This will be relatively simple; we'll just airlift a special forces brigade to the airport via C-390 Millennium and escorted by F/A-18H Yellowjackets, and from there they'll secure the city and neutralize whatever loyalist troops remain. Once Guayaquil is secured, then Salinas will be brought under the control of Nuevo Ecuador. Nice and neat.
1st Special Forces Brigade (Airmobile)
HQ: LAS PALMAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 LAS PALMAS
19th Commando Battalion Special Forces 600 CALLAO
29th Commando Battalion Special Forces 600 CALLAO
10th Airmobile Artillery Group Artillery 200 24x 81mm mortar, 4x RO-107 107mm MLRS CALLAO
A Flight, 612 Squadron "Fighting Roosters" Fighters 10 2x F/A-18H Yellowjacket
Unit Numbers
Personnel 1520
81mm mortar 24
RO-107 107mm MLRS 4
F/A-18H Yellowjacket multirole 2
C-390 Millennium 6

Objective 4 Up Shit Creek: The Amazon

This one is a bit sketchier. Essentially, there's a whole jungle infantry division hanging out somewhere in eastern Ecuador in the Amazon rainforest. We have intel that its HQ is located along the Rio Napo in the northeastern town of Coca, but that's about it. Due to a lack of sufficient aerial assets, we'll be going in semi-blind - but definitely not unarmed.
Staging from within the Peruvian Amazon, the hovercraft-equipped 5th Jungle Brigade will push northwest along the Rio Napo, liberating towns as they go and hopefully neutralizing whatever Baroja loyalist forces they encounter within the region. This region is essentially the "backdoor" to the capital city of Quito, and is a possible escape route for the Baroja regime - the hope is that we can cut that off and capture the President-in-hiding for trial by the Nuevo Ecuador movement.
In the south, the two Amazonian "Selva" naval infantry battalions of the Marina de Guerra will push up the Rio Pastaza in a similar fashion, mopping up loyalist resistance and securing the rest of the Ecuadorian jungle.
5th Jungle Brigade
HQ: IQUITOS
Hovercraft-equipped infantry brigade intended for jungle warfare in the Amazon basin. Highly mobile and well-trained, though relatively lacking in heavy support.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 IQUITOS
125th Commando Squadron Special Forces 300 12x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
23rd Jungle Infantry Battalion Light Infantry 1000 40x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft GUEPPI
25th Jungle Infantry Battalion Light Infantry 1000 40x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft GUEPPI
26th Jungle Infantry Battalion Light Infantry 1000 40x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
27th Jungle Infantry Battalion Light Infantry 1000 40x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft PUERTO ARTUEO
5th Jungle Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer, 24x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
125th Anti-Air Artillery Battalion Air Defence 400 20x ZU-23-2 AAA, 20x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
5th Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 IQUITOS
Selva Marine Regiment
HQ: ANDOAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
1st Naval Infantry Amazonian Battalion "Teniente Segundo Raúl Riboty Villalpando" Jungle Infantry 400 20x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft IQUITOS
2nd Naval Infantry Amazonian Battalion "Teniente Primero Sergio Gonzales Quevedo" Jungle Infantry 400 20x DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft PUCALLPA
TOTALS
Type Number
Personnel 6,420
DISCA Bagre-2000 hovercraft 256
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
ZU-23-2 AAA 20

Objective 5 Closing the trap: Quito

The mountain capital of Ecuador is a veritable fortress, and would ordinarily be near-impossible to properly capture through force of arms alone. Luckily for us, though, these aren't ordinary times - for Ecuador has been plunged into chaos, and loyalist forces are rather distracted to say the least.
Still, Quito (on paper) has a full division garrisoned within its city limits - including an armoured brigade and a special forces formation. As such, despite support from opposition protesters and military defectors, we'll need to push into the city in order to neutralize the Ecuadorian army garrison and to bring Quito under the control of Nuevo Ecuador.
Having successfully secured the port city of Esmeraldas in northern Ecuador, the 1st Marine Expeditionary Brigade and the 4th Mountain Brigade will be tasked with pushing through the coastal plains into the Andes and the Quitos valley. While its AMX-13/105 light tanks and light IFVs would normally be outclassed against Ecuadorian Leopard 1A5 main battle tanks in an open field, the narrow confines of the mountains (and then the city) should prove to be a more level playing field; when combined with the chaos and confusion caused by protests, defections, and DINI PSYOPS and cyber strikes, we expect to liberate the city with relatively little difficulty.
Defected Ecuadorian troops aligned with Nuevo Ecuador will be trusted to secure a line of supply back to the base in Esmeraldas, supported by airlift and maritime sealift. A squadron of F/A-18H Yellowjackets forward deployed to Esmeraldas will provide air cover for the advance on Quito, although it's hoped that just the simple intimidation factor will be enough - we really don't want to start dropping bombs on a major city.
1 Marine Expeditionary Brigade
HQ: ESMERALDAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
1st Naval Infantry Battalion "Guarnición de Marina" Marines 400 16x LAV-II IFV ANCON
2nd Naval Infantry Battalion "Guardia Chalaca" Marines 400 4x Tifon-2a MBT, 12x BMR-600 APC ANCON
Commando Battalion "Teniente Primero Leoncio Prado Gutierrez" Special Forces 300 12x DISCA Vicuna IMV ANCON
Artillery Battalion "Capitán de Navío Juan Guillermo More Ruíz" Field Artillery 200 8x D-30 122mm howitzer, 12x Soltam 120mm mortar, 4x DJI Mavic Pro UAV ANCON
1st Naval Combat Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 200 ANCON
4th Mountain Brigade "Tarapeca"
HQ: ESMERALDAS
Armoured cavalry brigade outfitted for mountain warfare, fielding a fleet of light IMVs backed up with Cold War-era armoured vehicles.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 PUNO
9th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar
21st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar HUANCANE
55th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar PUNO
59th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x FIAT 6616 armoured car, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar ILAVE
4th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM PUNO
4th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer JULIACA
4th Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 PUNO
Air Component
HQ: ESMERALDAS
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
501 Squadron "Vultures" Fighters 120 12x F/A-18H Yellowjacket Air-to-air and interdiction
TOTALS
Unit Numbers
Personnel 6,020
Tifon-2a MBT 4
AMX-13/105 Light Tank 20
LAV II IFV 16
BMR-600 APC 12
FIAT 6616 IFV 60
DISCA Vicuna IMV 262
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
D-30 122mm howitzer 8
Soltam 120mm mortar 12
81mm mortar 24
Spike-LR ATGM 12
DJI Mavic Pro UAV 4
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 6
F/A-18H Yellowjacket multirole 12
submitted by ElysianDreams to ElysianDreams [link] [comments]


2020.06.24 02:09 ElysianDreams [CONFLICT] La República: President Vizcarra denies Baroja regime accusations of Peruvian intervention in Ecuador as "Little Green Men" appear in support of opposition uprisings across the protest-torn country Operación Cajamarca

La República

GALLERY: "Little Green Men" claiming to be Ecuadorian opposition members and alleged by Ecuador to be Peruvian soldiers stand guard at Aeropuerto Internacional Coronel Carlos Concha Torres in Esmeraldas, Ecuador

President Vizcarra denies Baroja regime accusations of Peruvian intervention in Ecuador as "Little Green Men" appear in support of opposition forces across the protest-torn country

Major blackouts and regional communications outages have been reported as armed men and women claiming to be members of the Ecuadorian opposition seize critical infrastructure
Redacción :
Alessandra Alvarez Wong
3 marzo 2029 08:30 h
LIMA - President Martin Vizcarra today denied accusations by the Baroja government in Ecuador of an armed Peruvian intervention in the protest-torn country, as Ecuadorians wake up to "Little Green Men" claiming to be in support of opposition parties patrolling critical infrastructure.
"The Fuerzas Armadas exist solely to protect the Peruvian people and defend the country's sovereignty," stated Vizcarra, "and that situation has not changed."
"Any rumours of an intervention in Ecuador by the Peruvian military are categorically false," he continued, "and are the feeble attempts of a collapsing regime to blame outside interference for the consequences of their own sins."
Hundreds of protesters have been killed by the Baroja regime in what has been described as "the worst political massacre in [...] a decade," and a spree of protests coordinated by opposition politicians have seen mass incidents of police brutality and allegations of further extrajudicial killings.
Peru has called for the Baroja regime to step down and give way to free and open democratic elections, a request that has been rejected by the current left-wing government - which instead arrested opposition politicians and protest leaders in what has been denounced as a "red terror" reminiscent of a cultural revolution.
Major blackouts and regional communications outages have been reported across Ecuador, amid rumours of Peruvian armoured brigades mobilizing along the border and Marina de Guerra warships spotted off the Ecuadorian coastline. Vizcarra summarily dismissed these reports as "fake news," suggesting that the Baroja regime is inventing enemies in order to distract from its own mass killings of peaceful demonstrators.
TEMAS: [Ecuador] [#NoMas Movement] [Little Green Men]

COVOP TO RUN WITH THIS POST <-- please run this

TRÁFICO URGENTE COMUNICADO A: FUERZA DE INTERVENCIÓN "HUASCAR" OPERACIÓN CAJAMARCA POR EL COMANDO GENERAL DE: MINISTERIO DE DEFENSA NACIONAL EDIFICIO QUINONES - LIMA MENSAJE COMIENZA: 
From General de División Pariwana Suarez Mayhuasca, Ejército del Peru, Commanding Officer, Fuerza de Intervención "Huascar"
With the human rights and security situation in Ecuador continuing to deteriorate, as the socialist Baroja regime massacres protesters and commits countless atrocities against a rapidly mobilizing opposition movement, the Ministry of National Defence and the Office of the President has authorized an intervention by the Fuerzas Armadas aimed at restoring democracy and removing the current Ecuadorian administration.
In the interests of maintaining regional stability and minimizing blowback, the force assigned to this intervention will not carry national insignia or any markings identifying them as being members of the Peruvian military. Instead, force personnel will display a stylized solar eclipse symbol as an identifying marking. Peru will deny any involvement in this operation until it becomes politically impossible to do so.
Congratulations. From this moment forward, we are all "little green men".
In conjunction with DINI active measures and maskirovka operations, your commands are to actively degrade the ability of the Baroja regime to control Ecuadorian territory and counter the opposition, while liberating major population centres in southern Ecuador in conjunction with local opposition militias and civilian authorities. Key infrastructure will be seized in order to cut Ecuador off from the outside world and place immediate economic pressure on the Baroja regime to surrender.
All armed individuals or groups in the region are to be treated as lawful combatants, with all the privileges that entails. Any prisoners shall be kept for trial by civilian authorities at a later date. We would much rather not have any war crimes investigations once this all dies down.
You have your orders. Make it so.
TRÁFICO URGENTE COMANDOS DEL DIA FUERZA DE INTERVENCIÓN "HUASCAR" MENSAJE COMIENZA: 
Quote of the day: And Great Viracocha, Born of Seafoam, bade forth to arise a race of giants, born from stone and earth; yet they were loathesome and cumbersome, and so Great Viracocha, Lord of All, bade them destroyed by a flood.

OPERACIÓN CAJAMARCA

Objective 1 Neutralizing the Ecuadorian Navy: Guayaquil

MAP: MV Zahara's Rest will dock at Puerto Maritimo Guayaquil (south), with an embarked artillery battery firing on the Armada del Ecuador's main naval base (north) to neutralize its fleet and the base marine contingent.
Guayaquil is the Ecuador's second-largest city, and its main seaport linking it to the outside world. It is also home to the Ecuadorian Navy, a relatively small force that nonetheless may prove a threat to Peruvian merchant shipping due to a number of Exocet-armed corvettes and attack craft. As such, in order to ensure that Op. CAJAMARCA may proceed uninhibited, the Armada del Ecuador must be neutralized.
A Panama-flagged cargo ship christened the MV Zahara's Rest departing from the port of Ilo and stopping in Lima will arrive at the port of Guayaquil - ostensibly carrying refined metals and raw construction materials, but in actuality having a company-strength contingent of Peruvian special forces embarked.
Once docked at Guayaquil, the Peruvian commandos will disembark under cover of nightfall and set up defensive positions around the Zahara's Rest, as well as a battery of 105mm howitzers and 107mm & 81mm mortars. DINI clandestine operations are expected to result in a blackout in Guayaquil at the time of the operation's start, which should disable surveillance cameras around the port.
A platoon of commandos will establish overwatch positions along Av. 25 de Julio just opposite the gates of the naval base, acting as forward sentries in case any Ecuadorian troops attempt to secure the port.
Commercial off-the-shelf UAVs will be used to establish a bird's eye view of the naval base; given the relatively short (1.5km) distance between the MV Zahara's Rest and the naval pier, most DJI quadcopter drones can easily maintain station for upwards of half an hour.
Should DINI efforts to convince the Ecuadorian navy to "flip" to the side of the opposition fail, then the light artillery battery will be tasked with firing upon and neutralizing whatever ships are in port at the time - which is expected to be most of them, given that the recent political unrest in Ecuador means the Baroja regime would want to have its military on-station and ready to crush any opposition protests or unrest.
Commercially-available RF jammers will be employed to impose a communications blackout on the naval base in the event that they try to call for help as well as to disrupt the coordination of an organized response, giving us more time to bombard the base.
The main targets here are the two Type 209/1300 attack submarines (circled 1&2, northern pier) operated by the Ecuadorian Navy, as well as whatever warships seem operational at the time along with damage-control teams and marine barracks.
In the lead-up to this alpha strike, two Marina de Guerra attack submarines, two frigates, and the flagship BAP Almirante Grau DDG will sail under radio silence to block off the two approaches to Guayaquil on either side of the Isla Puna, with one SSK and FFG taking station on each side, respectively, and the Almirante Grau joining the northern group.
Embarked helicopters will run ASW operations to screen for the two Ecuadorian SSKs should they not have been neutralized in the artillery bombardment, and to counter any possible sortie from Guayaquil by surviving warships. Once the submarine threat is confirmed to be neutralized, the three surface warships will make their way partially up the river to provide air defence cover for ground forces against the Ecuadorian Air Force's fleet of Atlas Cheetah fighters operating out of Taura Air Base, only a few dozen kilometres from Guayaquil.
The Aegis combat system and SM-2 Block IIIB/IV surface-to-air missiles onboard the Almirante Grau will essentially turn Guayaquil into a no-fly-zone - which just so happens to also ground half of the Ecuadorian air force. Win-win for us.
MAP: The Marina de Guerra's submarines and surface vessels (red X) will block off the two approaches to Guayaquil on either side of Isla Puna in anticipation of a possible Armada del Ecuador sortie from their naval base. Once the submarine threat is confirmed neutralized, the BAP Almirante Grau DDG and two Carvajal-class FFGs will make their way up the river to provide cover for ground forces against Ecuadorian Cheetah fighters operating out of Taura (blue X)
Additional reinforcements will arrive by commandeered civilian cargo ships over the next day, with an overall force size of approximately two battalions being deployed around the port area. Combined with naval gunfire support, it is hoped that they will be able to hold out against the limited Ecuadorian army presence in the city.
ORBAT - Guayaquil
Fuerza Especial "Chifa"
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
A Squadron, 7th Commando Battalion Special Forces 120 4x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 12x DJI Mavic Pro UAV MV Zahara's Rest
C Detachment, 8th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 60 4x 81mm mortar, 4x 107mm mortar, 2x M101A1 105mm howitzer MV Zahara's Rest
B Detachment, 8th Anti-Air Artillery Battalion Air Defence 10 2x ZU-23-2 AAA MV Zahara's Rest
3rd Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar Second wave
6th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM Second wave
Name Class Type Pennant Number Notes
BAP Almirante Grau Sejong the Great-Class Guided Missile Destroyer DM-81 Flagship, 2x helicopter
BAP Montero Carvajal-Class Guided Missile Frigate FM-53 1x helicopter
BAP Mariategui Carvajal-Class Guided Missile Frigate FM-54 1x helicopter
BAP Chimborazo Improved Oyashio-Class SSK SS-39 Former Narushio
BAP Mawlli Ch'iraqi Improved Oyashio-Class SSK SS-40 Former Kuroshio
TOTALS
Unit Initial + reinforcements (Total)
Personnel 190 + 1200 (1390)
AMX-13 light tank 0 + 20 (20)
DISCA Vicuna IMV 4 + 92 (96)
81mm mortar 4 + 6 (10)
107mm mortar 4 (4)
M101A1 105mm howitzer 2 (2)
ZU-23-2 AAA 2 (2)
Spike-LR ATGM 0 + 12 (12)
DJI Mavic Pro UAV 12 (12)
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 0 + 6 (6)
Sejong the Great DDG 1
Carvajal FFG 2
Oyashio SSK 2
ASW Helicopter 4

Objective 2 Carpe Jugulum: Esmeraldas

MAP: Peruvian marines land to seize the pipeline terminus (west), seaport (centre), and Esmeraldas Airport (east); artillery landing at the pipeline terminus fires to suppress the Ecuadorian Army battalion to the south (yellow X)
The city of Esmeraldas in northern Ecuador is the country's second-largest port, and is the terminus of the crucial Trans-Ecuador oil pipeline which supplies 46% of Ecuador's exports by value and is a major economic lifeline for the regime.
It also just so happens that 1 Marine Expeditionary Brigade is passing by on their way back from training in the Sierra Federal Republic. How convenient!
The three Makassar-Class LPDs and single LST assigned to 1MEB will approach Esmeraldas from the north under cover of night, landing troops at three locations:
  1. Balao Oil Terminal (west) - the terminus of Ecuador's oil pipeline network, and critical for the regime's revenues.
    • 2nd Naval Infantry Battalion "Guardia Chalaca" (Tifon-2a MBT, BMR-600 APC)
    • Artillery Battalion "Capitán de Navío Juan Guillermo More Ruíz" (122mm howitzer, 120mm mortar)
  2. Puerto Maritimo del Esmeraldas (centre) - to permit future reinforcements by ship
    • 1st Naval Infantry Battalion "Guarnición de Marina" (LAV II IFV)
    • 1st Naval Combat Engineer Battalion
  3. Aeropuerto Internacional Coronel Carlos Concha Torres (east) - to secure a runway from which reinforcements and supplies can be flown in by C-390 Millennium
    • Commando Battalion "Teniente Primero Leoncio Prado Gutierrez" (DISCA Vicuna IMV)
The Esmeraldas metropolitan region has two military installations: the Subcomando de Guardacostas Norte at the port, and the Batallon de Infanteria Motorizada Terrestre Bimot south of the oil terminus. While the former can be politely dealt with by asking them nicely to not resist, the latter will be taken under artillery fire from the marine artillery battalion landing at the Balao Oil Terminal.
MAP: The distance between the beach at Balao and the Ecuadorian infantry battalion is approximately 5.5 kilometres - close enough to be taken under artillery fire with commercial UAVs providing overwatch
Once the airport is secured and the Ecuadorian army battalion is engaged, reinforcements and supplies may be flown in by C-390 Millennium transports in order to build up defenses and prepare for an eventual counterattack by Ecuadorian armoured units garrisoned at the capital Quito - who would need to approach from either the E15 or E20 highways (east and south, respectively).
MAP: path taken by C-390 transports to avoid potential Ecuadorian air defences
ORBAT - Esmeraldas
1 Marine Expeditionary Brigade
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
1st Naval Infantry Battalion "Guarnición de Marina" Marines 400 16x LAV-II IFV ANCON
2nd Naval Infantry Battalion "Guardia Chalaca" Marines 400 4x Tifon-2a MBT, 12x BMR-600 APC ANCON
Commando Battalion "Teniente Primero Leoncio Prado Gutierrez" Special Forces 300 12x DISCA Vicuna IMV ANCON
Artillery Battalion "Capitán de Navío Juan Guillermo More Ruíz" Field Artillery 200 8x D-30 122mm howitzer, 12x Soltam 120mm mortar, 4x DJI Mavic Pro UAV ANCON
1st Naval Combat Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 200 ANCON
Name Class Type Pennant Number Notes
BAP Pisco Makassar-Class LPD AMP-156 450 troops, 14x IFV, 2x LCVP, 2x SH-3 Sea King
BAP Paita Makassar-Class LPD AMP-157 450 troops, 14x IFV, 2x LCVP, 2x SH-3 Sea King
BAP Callao Makassar-Class LPD AMP-158 450 troops, 14x IFV, 2x LCVP, 2x SH-3 Sea King
BAP Eten Terrebonne Parish-Class LST DT-144 400 troops, 4x IFV, 4x LCVP
Reinforcements flown in
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
845 Squadron Transport 120 6x C-390 Embraer Millennium SULLANA
9th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
4th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM SULLANA
4th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer, 4x ZU-23-2 AAA SULLANA
TOTALS
Unit Initial + reinforcements (Total)
Personnel 1500 + 1400 (2900)
Tifon-2a MBT 4 (4)
AMX-13 Light Tank 0 + 20 (20)
LAV II IFV 16 (16)
BMR-600 APC 12 (12)
DISCA Vicuna IMV 12 + 92 (104)
D-30 122mm howitzer 8 (8)
Soltam 120mm mortar 12 (12)
81mm mortar 0 + 6 (6)
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 0 + 24 (24)
ZU-23-2 AAA 0 + 4 (4)
Spike-LR ATGM 0 + 12 (12)
DJI Mavic Pro UAV 4 (4)
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 0 + 6 (6)
Makassar LPD 3
Terrebonne Parish LST 1
C-390 Millennium 0 + 6 (6)
Sea King helicopter 6 (6)

Objective 3 Causing a distraction: Quito

The Ecuadorian Army's sole armoured brigade is garrisoned at the capital of Quito - within striking distance of Esmeraldas, and equipped with enough Leopard I tanks and armoured cars to give us a major headache. It's probably best if we can keep them distracted as long as possible, so that our own forces can dig in and prepare to fend off any attacks.
As such, before the first attacks happen and on the same evening, a battalion of commandos will be dispatched to Quito onboard a pair of chartered LATAM Peru Boeing 787-9 Dreamliners flying from Lima and Arequipa, respectively. The flights will be broadcasting conventional squawk codes and will be commercially scheduled, thus masquerading as normal flights until the first commandos disembark the aircraft and storm the terminal.
A pair of separate Cielo Airlines DC-10-30F cargo flights will also land at about the same time, carrying additional supplies and light strike vehicles.
MAP: Quito International Airport is serviced only by a single 4-lane highway winding between mountain peaks, making it remarkably easy to defend from mechanized forces
With local communications and power networks experiencing intermittent outages, the hope is that they'll be able to seize control of the airport and establish defensive positions overwatching the two airport approaches before local authorities are notified and able to properly respond. A wide selection of ATGMs, RPGs, and other assorted heavy weaponry will be delivered via the aforementioned DC-10s, as well as some light mortars and UAVs.
While the bulk of the commandos secure the airport and fend off the expected counterattack, a team of DINI agents accompanying them onboard the flights will obtain civilian transport (pickup trucks, cars, whatever) and load onto them a variety of small arms and ordnance. From there, these vehicles will be driven into Quito proper and parked close to known protest locations.
DINI online PSYOPs will then publicize the locations of these arms caches on social media known to be utilized by demonstrators and opposition members, with the hope that at least some of them get into the hands of opposition forces - who in turn can fight back against the regime thugs who have abused them for years.
If it looks like the Ecuadorian army at Quito will easily crush whatever armed opposition there is, then the commandos will be ordered to hold them off as long as possible before boarding their planes and getting out of there - evacuating either to Esmeraldas or to neutral Colombia.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
29th Commando Battalion Special Forces 600 60x Spike ATGM, 6x light strike vehicle CALLAO
DINI agents Special Forces, ish? 60 Civilian transportation CALLAO

Objective 4 Clearing the way: SEAD

This one will be pretty straightforward. DINI SIGINT operations should have identified a number of Ecuadorian air defence radars and installations along the Peru-Ecuador border and in other areas of interest. Now our Su-25UB attack aircraft, equipped with Kh-58 anti-radiation missiles, will clear a corridor along the coastal plains between Tumbes, Peru and Guayaquil, Ecuador.
F/A-18H Yellowjacket fighters will escort them, though what limited Ecuadorian fighters exist should be grounded by the Almirante Grau on station off the coast. The goal here is to render Ecuador's high command blind and deaf, enabling further air operations in support of Op. CAJAMARCA and local opposition on the ground.
MAP: SEAD operations will occur along the coastal plains between Tumbes, Peru and Guayaquil.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
112 Squadron "Tigers" Ground Attack 200 18x Su-25UB Kh-58 ARM
612 Squadron "Fighting Roosters" Fighters 200 12x F/A-18H Yellowjacket Outfitted for air-to-air

Objective 5 Coastal Hook: Machala & Puerto Bolivar

The port of Puerto Bolivar, located within the municipality of Machala near the Peru-Ecuador border, is apparently Ecuador's biggest banana export terminus, and one of the largest in the world. Yeah, that's it. Not super impressive, really, but it's along the coastal highway towards Guayaquil, and is a decently major population centre. Might as well take it, and try to cut the Baroja regime off from the coast entirely.
MAP: Peruvian Marines operating littoral craft and LCUs will execute a coastal hook (red) to capture the port of Puerto Bolivar, Machala; local opposition is limited to an artillery battalion at El Cambio
Escorted by the BAP Palacios guided missile frigate, a battalion of Peruvian marines and special forces will execute a landing at Puerto Bolivar under cover of darkness, transported in fast littoral craft, LCUs, and RHIBs. Initial opposition is expected to be minimal, with only a single artillery battallion stationed at the El Cambio district several kilometres away. Naval gunfire support from the Palacios' 127mm gun will be made available should it be required, but communications blackouts and radio jamming is expected to keep them in the dark and unaware of the Peruvian presence until daybreak.
With this fait accompli, local opposition members will hopefully rise up and throw off the chains of their oppressors - bolstered by DINI PSYOPS and reassurances of similar operations occurring across the country.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
Commando Squadron "Fuerza Delta" Special Forces 240 12x DISCA Vicuna IMV TUMBES
3rd Naval Infantry Battalion "Combatientes de Punta Malpelo" Marines 400 16x LAV-II IFV TUMBES
Name Class Type Pennant Number Notes
BAP Palacios Carvajal-Class Guided Missile Frigate FM-56 1x helicopter

Objective 6 Just the tip: Naranjal

And on the Second Day, He created the Evening and the Morning.
With the path to Guayaquil more-or-less covered by Fuerza Aérea strike squadrons and air defence coverage from the Almirante Grau, and with Ecuadorian forces in disarray - forced to respond to crises erupting across their country - the main arm of the Ejército Peruano will cross the border in force into Ecuador's coastal plains.
The 1st Infantry Brigade and 1st Armoured Cavalry Brigade, staging from the border city of Tumbes, will proceed into Ecuador along the Pan-American Highway, bypassing border towns and cutting off isolated pockets of resistance along the way. The 7th Infantry Brigade and 32nd Infantry Brigade - made up primarily of motorized infantry battalions - will mop up behind them and provide rear area security as required.
The heavy IFVs and main battle tanks available to the 1st Arm. Cav. Bde. will be crucial to stymieing Ecuadorian resistance, backed up by close air support furnished by Su-25UBs and Mi-35 attack helicopters arriving from Arequipa.
The main objective of this thrust is the city of Naranjal, situated just before the crossroads of a major highway linking the mountain city of Cuenca with Guayaquil. Three Ecuadorian army brigades are garrisoned at Cuenca, and it will be crucial to keep them from reinforcing their comrades in Guayaquil or from breaking through to the coastal plains. With URAVs and airpower maintaining overwatch over the region, Peruvian forces can easily react to any counteroffensives.
**MAP: Conventional "Opposition" armoured forces will push along the coastal plains to Naranjal (red), cutting off any potential counterattack by Ecuadorian infantry brigades from Cuenca (yellow); Fuerza Aérea air support will operate from Tumbes airport (blue X)
Armed opposition groups will also be contacted and coordinated from Naranjal, with the hope being to build up a sizable base of support from which to liberate the rest of Ecuador.
1st Armoured Cavalry Brigade
HQ: SULLANA
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Squadron Headquarters & SIgnals 120 SULLANA
5th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
6th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
7th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
31st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
51st Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM SULLANA
51st Artillery Group Field Artillery 400 27x SSPH Primus 155mm SPH, 9x Astros II MLRS SULLANA
51st Armoured Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 600 48x DISCA Vicuna IMV SULLANA
51st Service Group Combat Service Support 600 SULLANA
1st Infantry Brigade
HQ: TUMBES
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 TUMBES
223rd Tank Battalion Armour 600 25x Tifon-2a MBT TUMBES
3rd Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 72x Bionix II IFV ZORRITOS
5th Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 80x UR-416 APC ZARUMILLA
51st Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 60x M113A1 APC TUMBES
1st Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer TUMBES
1st Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 TUMBES
7th Infantry Brigade
HQ: LAMBAYEQUE
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 LAMBAYEQUE
13th Infantry Battalion Motorized Infantry 1000 LAMBAYEQUE
17th Infantry Battalion Motorized Infantry 1000 CAJAMARCA
20th Infantry Battalion Motorized Infantry 1000 CHICLAYO
7th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x M101A1 105mm howitzer LAMBAYEQUE
7th Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 LAMBAYEQUE
32nd Infantry Brigade
HQ: TRUJILLO
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 TRUJILLO
321st Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 60x Fiat 6616 IFV TRUJILLO
322nd Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 60x Fiat 6616 IFV TRUJILLO
323rd Infantry Battalion Motorized Infantry 1000 TRUJILLO
32nd Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x M101A1 105mm howitzer TRUJILLO
32nd Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 TRUJILLO
Airwing
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
112 Squadron "Tigers" Ground Attack 200 18x Su-25UB
211 Squadron "Dragons" Attack Helicopters 200 16x Mi-35P
612 Squadron "Fighting Roosters" Fighters 200 12x F/A-18H Yellowjacket
711 Squadron "Scorpions" Light Attack 200 20x Cessna A-37
TOTALS
Unit Numbers
Personnel 17,680
Tifon-2a MBT 105
Hunter AFV 120
Bionix II IFV 72
Fiat 6616 IFV 120
UR-416 APC 80
M113A1 APC 60
DISCA Vicuna IMV 188
SSPH Primus 155mm SPH 27
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
M101A1 105mm howitzer 48
81mm mortar 24
Astros II MLRS 9
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 6
Su-25UB attack aircraft 18
Cessna A-37 light attack aircraft 20
F/A-18H Yellowjacket multirole 12
Mi-35P attack helicopter 16
submitted by ElysianDreams to worldpowers [link] [comments]


2020.06.23 18:19 ElysianDreams [CONFLICT] Operación Cajamarca

La República

GALLERY: "Little Green Men" claiming to be Ecuadorian opposition members and alleged by Ecuador to be Peruvian soldiers stand guard at Aeropuerto Internacional Coronel Carlos Concha Torres in Esmeraldas, Ecuador

President Vizcarra denies Baroja regime accusations of Peruvian intervention in Ecuador as "Little Green Men" appear in support of opposition forces across the protest-torn country

Major blackouts and regional communications outages have been reported as armed men and women claiming to be members of the Ecuadorian opposition seize critical infrastructure
Redacción :
Alessandra Alvarez Wong
5 Mayo 2029 08:30 h
LIMA - President Martin Vizcarra today denied accusations by the Baroja government in Ecuador of an armed Peruvian intervention in the protest-torn country, as Ecuadorians wake up to "Little Green Men" claiming to be in support of opposition parties patrolling critical infrastructure.
"The Fuerzas Armadas exist solely to protect the Peruvian people and defend the country's sovereignty," stated Vizcarra, "and that situation has not changed."
"Any rumours of an intervention in Ecuador by the Peruvian military are categorically false," he continued, "and are the feeble attempts of a collapsing regime to blame outside interference for the consequences of their own sins."
Hundreds of protesters have been killed by the Baroja regime in what has been described as "the worst political massacre in [...] a decade," and a spree of protests coordinated by opposition politicians have seen mass incidents of police brutality and allegations of further extrajudicial killings.
Peru has called for the Baroja regime to step down and give way to free and open democratic elections, a request that has been rejected by the current left-wing government - which instead arrested opposition politicians and protest leaders in what has been denounced as a "red terror" reminiscent of a cultural revolution.
Major blackouts and regional communications outages have been reported across Ecuador, amid rumours of Peruvian armoured brigades mobilizing along the border and Marina de Guerra warships spotted off the Ecuadorian coastline. Vizcarra summarily dismissed these reports as "fake news," suggesting that the Baroja regime is inventing enemies in order to distract from its own mass killings of peaceful demonstrators.
TEMAS: [Ecuador] [#NoMas Movement] [Little Green Men]

COVOP TO RUN WITH THIS POST <-- please run this

TRÁFICO URGENTE COMUNICADO A: FUERZA DE INTERVENCIÓN "HUASCAR" OPERACIÓN CAJAMARCA POR EL COMANDO GENERAL DE: MINISTERIO DE DEFENSA NACIONAL EDIFICIO QUINONES - LIMA MENSAJE COMIENZA: 
From General de División Pariwana Suarez Mayhuasca, Ejército del Peru, Commanding Officer, Fuerza de Intervención "Huascar"
With the human rights and security situation in Ecuador continuing to deteriorate, as the socialist Baroja regime massacres protesters and commits countless atrocities against a rapidly mobilizing opposition movement, the Ministry of National Defence and the Office of the President has authorized an intervention by the Fuerzas Armadas aimed at restoring democracy and removing the current Ecuadorian administration.
In the interests of maintaining regional stability and minimizing blowback, the force assigned to this intervention will not carry national insignia or any markings identifying them as being members of the Peruvian military. Instead, force personnel will display a stylized solar eclipse symbol as an identifying marking. Peru will deny any involvement in this operation until it becomes politically impossible to do so.
Congratulations. From this moment forward, we are all "little green men".
In conjunction with DINI active measures and maskirovka operations, your commands are to actively degrade the ability of the Baroja regime to control Ecuadorian territory and counter the opposition, while liberating major population centres in southern Ecuador in conjunction with local opposition militias and civilian authorities. Key infrastructure will be seized in order to cut Ecuador off from the outside world and place immediate economic pressure on the Baroja regime to surrender.
All armed individuals or groups in the region are to be treated as lawful combatants, with all the privileges that entails. Any prisoners shall be kept for trial by civilian authorities at a later date. We would much rather not have any war crimes investigations once this all dies down.
You have your orders. Make it so.
TRÁFICO URGENTE COMANDOS DEL DIA FUERZA DE INTERVENCIÓN "HUASCAR" MENSAJE COMIENZA: 
Quote of the day: And Great Viracocha, Born of Seafoam, bade forth to arise a race of giants, born from stone and earth; yet they were loathesome and cumbersome, and so Great Viracocha, Lord of All, bade them destroyed by a flood.

[OPERACIÓN CAJAMARCA](PLACEHOLDER.PNG)

Objective 1 Neutralizing the Ecuadorian Navy: Guayaquil

MAP: MV Zahara's Rest will dock at Puerto Maritimo Guayaquil (south), with an embarked artillery battery firing on the Armada del Ecuador's main naval base (north) to neutralize its fleet and the base marine contingent.
Guayaquil is the Ecuador's second-largest city, and its main seaport linking it to the outside world. It is also home to the Ecuadorian Navy, a relatively small force that nonetheless may prove a threat to Peruvian merchant shipping due to a number of Exocet-armed corvettes and attack craft. As such, in order to ensure that Op. CAJAMARCA may proceed uninhibited, the Armada del Ecuador must be neutralized.
A Panama-flagged cargo ship christened the MV Zahara's Rest departing from the port of Ilo and stopping in Lima will arrive at the port of Guayaquil - ostensibly carrying refined metals and raw construction materials, but in actuality having a company-strength contingent of Peruvian special forces embarked.
Once docked at Guayaquil, the Peruvian commandos will disembark under cover of nightfall and set up defensive positions around the Zahara's Rest, as well as a battery of 105mm howitzers and 107mm & 81mm mortars. DINI clandestine operations are expected to result in a blackout in Guayaquil at the time of the operation's start, which should disable surveillance cameras around the port.
A platoon of commandos will establish overwatch positions along Av. 25 de Julio just opposite the gates of the naval base, acting as forward sentries in case any Ecuadorian troops attempt to secure the port.
Commercial off-the-shelf UAVs will be used to establish a bird's eye view of the naval base; given the relatively short (1.5km) distance between the MV Zahara's Rest and the naval pier, most DJI quadcopter drones can easily maintain station for upwards of half an hour.
Should DINI efforts to convince the Ecuadorian navy to "flip" to the side of the opposition fail, then the light artillery battery will be tasked with firing upon and neutralizing whatever ships are in port at the time - which is expected to be most of them, given that the recent political unrest in Ecuador means the Baroja regime would want to have its military on-station and ready to crush any opposition protests or unrest.
Commercially-available RF jammers will be employed to impose a communications blackout on the naval base in the event that they try to call for help as well as to disrupt the coordination of an organized response, giving us more time to bombard the base.
The main targets here are the two Type 209/1300 attack submarines (circled 1&2, northern pier) operated by the Ecuadorian Navy, as well as whatever warships seem operational at the time along with damage-control teams and marine barracks.
In the lead-up to this alpha strike, two Marina de Guerra attack submarines, two frigates, and the flagship BAP Almirante Grau DDG will sail under radio silence to block off the two approaches to Guayaquil on either side of the Isla Puna, with one SSK and FFG taking station on each side, respectively, and the Almirante Grau joining the northern group.
Embarked helicopters will run ASW operations to screen for the two Ecuadorian SSKs should they not have been neutralized in the artillery bombardment, and to counter any possible sortie from Guayaquil by surviving warships. Once the submarine threat is confirmed to be neutralized, the three surface warships will make their way partially up the river to provide air defence cover for ground forces against the Ecuadorian Air Force's fleet of Atlas Cheetah fighters operating out of Taura Air Base, only a few dozen kilometres from Guayaquil.
The Aegis combat system and SM-2 Block IIIB/IV surface-to-air missiles onboard the Almirante Grau will essentially turn Guayaquil into a no-fly-zone - which just so happens to also ground half of the Ecuadorian air force. Win-win for us.
MAP: The Marina de Guerra's submarines and surface vessels (red X) will block off the two approaches to Guayaquil on either side of Isla Puna in anticipation of a possible Armada del Ecuador sortie from their naval base. Once the submarine threat is confirmed neutralized, the BAP Almirante Grau DDG and two Carvajal-class FFGs will make their way up the river to provide cover for ground forces against Ecuadorian Cheetah fighters operating out of Taura (blue X)
Additional reinforcements will arrive by commandeered civilian cargo ships over the next day, with an overall force size of approximately two battalions being deployed around the port area. Combined with naval gunfire support, it is hoped that they will be able to hold out against the limited Ecuadorian army presence in the city.
ORBAT - Guayaquil
Fuerza Especial "Chifa"
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
A Squadron, 7th Commando Battalion Special Forces 120 4x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 12x DJI Mavic Pro UAV MV Zahara's Rest
C Detachment, 8th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 60 4x 81mm mortar, 4x 107mm mortar, 2x M101A1 105mm howitzer MV Zahara's Rest
B Detachment, 8th Anti-Air Artillery Battalion Air Defence 10 2x ZU-23-2 AAA MV Zahara's Rest
3rd Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar Second wave
6th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM Second wave
Name Class Type Pennant Number Notes
BAP Almirante Grau Sejong the Great-Class Guided Missile Destroyer DM-81 Flagship, 2x helicopter
BAP Montero Carvajal-Class Guided Missile Frigate FM-53 1x helicopter
BAP Mariategui Carvajal-Class Guided Missile Frigate FM-54 1x helicopter
BAP Chimborazo Improved Oyashio-Class SSK SS-39 Former Narushio
BAP Mawlli Ch'iraqi Improved Oyashio-Class SSK SS-40 Former Kuroshio
TOTALS
Unit Initial + reinforcements (Total)
Personnel 190 + 1200 (1390)
AMX-13 light tank 0 + 20 (20)
DISCA Vicuna IMV 4 + 92 (96)
81mm mortar 4 + 6 (10)
107mm mortar 4 (4)
M101A1 105mm howitzer 2 (2)
ZU-23-2 AAA 2 (2)
Spike-LR ATGM 0 + 12 (12)
DJI Mavic Pro UAV 12 (12)
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 0 + 6 (6)
Sejong the Great DDG 1
Carvajal FFG 2
Oyashio SSK 2
ASW Helicopter 4

Objective 2 Carpe Jugulum: Esmeraldas

MAP: Peruvian marines land to seize the pipeline terminus (west), seaport (centre), and Esmeraldas Airport (east); artillery landing at the pipeline terminus fires to suppress the Ecuadorian Army battalion to the south (yellow X)
The city of Esmeraldas in northern Ecuador is the country's second-largest port, and is the terminus of the crucial Trans-Ecuador oil pipeline which supplies 46% of Ecuador's exports by value and is a major economic lifeline for the regime.
It also just so happens that 1 Marine Expeditionary Brigade is passing by on their way back from training in the Sierra Federal Republic. How convenient!
The three Makassar-Class LPDs and single LST assigned to 1MEB will approach Esmeraldas from the north under cover of night, landing troops at three locations:
  1. Balao Oil Terminal (west) - the terminus of Ecuador's oil pipeline network, and critical for the regime's revenues.
    • 2nd Naval Infantry Battalion "Guardia Chalaca" (Tifon-2a MBT, BMR-600 APC)
    • Artillery Battalion "Capitán de Navío Juan Guillermo More Ruíz" (122mm howitzer, 120mm mortar)
  2. Puerto Maritimo del Esmeraldas (centre) - to permit future reinforcements by ship
    • 1st Naval Infantry Battalion "Guarnición de Marina" (LAV II IFV)
    • 1st Naval Combat Engineer Battalion
  3. Aeropuerto Internacional Coronel Carlos Concha Torres (east) - to secure a runway from which reinforcements and supplies can be flown in by C-390 Millennium
    • Commando Battalion "Teniente Primero Leoncio Prado Gutierrez" (DISCA Vicuna IMV)
The Esmeraldas metropolitan region has two military installations: the Subcomando de Guardacostas Norte at the port, and the Batallon de Infanteria Motorizada Terrestre Bimot south of the oil terminus. While the former can be politely dealt with by asking them nicely to not resist, the latter will be taken under artillery fire from the marine artillery battalion landing at the Balao Oil Terminal.
MAP: The distance between the beach at Balao and the Ecuadorian infantry battalion is approximately 5.5 kilometres - close enough to be taken under artillery fire with commercial UAVs providing overwatch
Once the airport is secured and the Ecuadorian army battalion is engaged, reinforcements and supplies may be flown in by C-390 Millennium transports in order to build up defenses and prepare for an eventual counterattack by Ecuadorian armoured units garrisoned at the capital Quito - who would need to approach from either the E15 or E20 highways (east and south, respectively).
MAP: path taken by C-390 transports to avoid potential Ecuadorian air defences
ORBAT - Esmeraldas
1 Marine Expeditionary Brigade
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
1st Naval Infantry Battalion "Guarnición de Marina" Marines 400 16x LAV-II IFV ANCON
2nd Naval Infantry Battalion "Guardia Chalaca" Marines 400 4x Tifon-2a MBT, 12x BMR-600 APC ANCON
Commando Battalion "Teniente Primero Leoncio Prado Gutierrez" Special Forces 300 12x DISCA Vicuna IMV ANCON
Artillery Battalion "Capitán de Navío Juan Guillermo More Ruíz" Field Artillery 200 8x D-30 122mm howitzer, 12x Soltam 120mm mortar, 4x DJI Mavic Pro UAV ANCON
1st Naval Combat Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 200 ANCON
Name Class Type Pennant Number Notes
BAP Pisco Makassar-Class LPD AMP-156 450 troops, 14x IFV, 2x LCVP, 2x SH-3 Sea King
BAP Paita Makassar-Class LPD AMP-157 450 troops, 14x IFV, 2x LCVP, 2x SH-3 Sea King
BAP Callao Makassar-Class LPD AMP-158 450 troops, 14x IFV, 2x LCVP, 2x SH-3 Sea King
BAP Eten Terrebonne Parish-Class LST DT-144 400 troops, 4x IFV, 4x LCVP
Reinforcements flown in
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
845 Squadron Transport 120 6x C-390 Embraer Millennium SULLANA
9th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x AMX-13 Light Tank, 56x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
4th Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM SULLANA
4th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer, 4x ZU-23-2 AAA SULLANA
TOTALS
Unit Initial + reinforcements (Total)
Personnel 1500 + 1400 (2900)
Tifon-2a MBT 4 (4)
AMX-13 Light Tank 0 + 20 (20)
LAV II IFV 16 (16)
BMR-600 APC 12 (12)
DISCA Vicuna IMV 12 + 92 (104)
D-30 122mm howitzer 8 (8)
Soltam 120mm mortar 12 (12)
81mm mortar 0 + 6 (6)
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 0 + 24 (24)
ZU-23-2 AAA 0 + 4 (4)
Spike-LR ATGM 0 + 12 (12)
DJI Mavic Pro UAV 4 (4)
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 0 + 6 (6)
Makassar LPD 3
Terrebonne Parish LST 1
C-390 Millennium 0 + 6 (6)
Sea King helicopter 6 (6)

Objective 3 Causing a distraction: Quito

The Ecuadorian Army's sole armoured brigade is garrisoned at the capital of Quito - within striking distance of Esmeraldas, and equipped with enough Leopard I tanks and armoured cars to give us a major headache. It's probably best if we can keep them distracted as long as possible, so that our own forces can dig in and prepare to fend off any attacks.
As such, before the first attacks happen and on the same evening, a battalion of commandos will be dispatched to Quito onboard a pair of chartered LATAM Peru Boeing 787-9 Dreamliners flying from Lima and Arequipa, respectively. The flights will be broadcasting conventional squawk codes and will be commercially scheduled, thus masquerading as normal flights until the first commandos disembark the aircraft and storm the terminal.
A pair of separate Cielo Airlines DC-10-30F cargo flights will also land at about the same time, carrying additional supplies and light strike vehicles.
MAP: Quito International Airport is serviced only by a single 4-lane highway winding between mountain peaks, making it remarkably easy to defend from mechanized forces
With local communications and power networks experiencing intermittent outages, the hope is that they'll be able to seize control of the airport and establish defensive positions overwatching the two airport approaches before local authorities are notified and able to properly respond. A wide selection of ATGMs, RPGs, and other assorted heavy weaponry will be delivered via the aforementioned DC-10s, as well as some light mortars and UAVs.
While the bulk of the commandos secure the airport and fend off the expected counterattack, a team of DINI agents accompanying them onboard the flights will obtain civilian transport (pickup trucks, cars, whatever) and load onto them a variety of small arms and ordnance. From there, these vehicles will be driven into Quito proper and parked close to known protest locations.
DINI online PSYOPs will then publicize the locations of these arms caches on social media known to be utilized by demonstrators and opposition members, with the hope that at least some of them get into the hands of opposition forces - who in turn can fight back against the regime thugs who have abused them for years.
If it looks like the Ecuadorian army at Quito will easily crush whatever armed opposition there is, then the commandos will be ordered to hold them off as long as possible before boarding their planes and getting out of there - evacuating either to Esmeraldas or to neutral Colombia.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
29th Commando Battalion Special Forces 600 60x Spike ATGM, 6x light strike vehicle CALLAO
DINI agents Special Forces, ish? 60 Civilian transportation CALLAO

Objective 4 Clearing the way: SEAD

This one will be pretty straightforward. DINI SIGINT operations should have identified a number of Ecuadorian air defence radars and installations along the Peru-Ecuador border and in other areas of interest. Now our Su-25UB attack aircraft, equipped with Kh-58 anti-radiation missiles, will clear a corridor along the coastal plains between Tumbes, Peru and Guayaquil, Ecuador.
F/A-18H Yellowjacket fighters will escort them, though what limited Ecuadorian fighters exist should be grounded by the Almirante Grau on station off the coast. The goal here is to render Ecuador's high command blind and deaf, enabling further air operations in support of Op. CAJAMARCA and local opposition on the ground.
MAP: SEAD operations will occur along the coastal plains between Tumbes, Peru and Guayaquil.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
112 Squadron "Tigers" Ground Attack 200 18x Su-25UB Kh-58 ARM
612 Squadron "Fighting Roosters" Fighters 200 12x F/A-18H Yellowjacket Outfitted for air-to-air

Objective 5 Coastal Hook: Machala & Puerto Bolivar

The port of Puerto Bolivar, located within the municipality of Machala near the Peru-Ecuador border, is apparently Ecuador's biggest banana export terminus, and one of the largest in the world. Yeah, that's it. Not super impressive, really, but it's along the coastal highway towards Guayaquil, and is a decently major population centre. Might as well take it, and try to cut the Baroja regime off from the coast entirely.
MAP: Peruvian Marines operating littoral craft and LCUs will execute a coastal hook (red) to capture the port of Puerto Bolivar, Machala; local opposition is limited to an artillery battalion at El Cambio
Escorted by the BAP Palacios guided missile frigate, a battalion of Peruvian marines and special forces will execute a landing at Puerto Bolivar under cover of darkness, transported in fast littoral craft, LCUs, and RHIBs. Initial opposition is expected to be minimal, with only a single artillery battallion stationed at the El Cambio district several kilometres away. Naval gunfire support from the Palacios' 127mm gun will be made available should it be required, but communications blackouts and radio jamming is expected to keep them in the dark and unaware of the Peruvian presence until daybreak.
With this fait accompli, local opposition members will hopefully rise up and throw off the chains of their oppressors - bolstered by DINI PSYOPS and reassurances of similar operations occurring across the country.
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
Commando Squadron "Fuerza Delta" Special Forces 240 12x DISCA Vicuna IMV TUMBES
3rd Naval Infantry Battalion "Combatientes de Punta Malpelo" Marines 400 16x LAV-II IFV TUMBES
Name Class Type Pennant Number Notes
BAP Palacios Carvajal-Class Guided Missile Frigate FM-56 1x helicopter

Objective 6 Just the tip: Naranjal

And on the Second Day, He created the Evening and the Morning.
With the path to Guayaquil more-or-less covered by Fuerza Aérea strike squadrons and air defence coverage from the Almirante Grau, and with Ecuadorian forces in disarray - forced to respond to crises erupting across their country - the main arm of the Ejército Peruano will cross the border in force into Ecuador's coastal plains.
The 1st Infantry Brigade and 1st Armoured Cavalry Brigade, staging from the border city of Tumbes, will proceed into Ecuador along the Pan-American Highway, bypassing border towns and cutting off isolated pockets of resistance along the way. The 7th Infantry Brigade and 32nd Infantry Brigade - made up primarily of motorized infantry battalions - will mop up behind them and provide rear area security as required.
The heavy IFVs and main battle tanks available to the 1st Arm. Cav. Bde. will be crucial to stymieing Ecuadorian resistance, backed up by close air support furnished by Su-25UBs and Mi-35 attack helicopters arriving from Arequipa.
The main objective of this thrust is the city of Naranjal, situated just before the crossroads of a major highway linking the mountain city of Cuenca with Guayaquil. Three Ecuadorian army brigades are garrisoned at Cuenca, and it will be crucial to keep them from reinforcing their comrades in Guayaquil or from breaking through to the coastal plains. With URAVs and airpower maintaining overwatch over the region, Peruvian forces can easily react to any counteroffensives.
**MAP: Conventional "Opposition" armoured forces will push along the coastal plains to Naranjal (red), cutting off any potential counterattack by Ecuadorian infantry brigades from Cuenca (yellow); Fuerza Aérea air support will operate from Tumbes airport (blue X)
Armed opposition groups will also be contacted and coordinated from Naranjal, with the hope being to build up a sizable base of support from which to liberate the rest of Ecuador.
1st Armoured Cavalry Brigade
HQ: SULLANA
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Squadron Headquarters & SIgnals 120 SULLANA
5th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
6th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
7th Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
31st Armoured Cavalry Regiment Armoured Cavalry 800 20x Tifon-2a MBT, 30x Hunter AFV, 26x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x 81mm mortar SULLANA
51st Reconnaissance Battalion Armoured Reconnaissance 400 36x DISCA Vicuna IMV, 6x CIDEP Ricuk URAV, 12x Spike-LR ATGM SULLANA
51st Artillery Group Field Artillery 400 27x SSPH Primus 155mm SPH, 9x Astros II MLRS SULLANA
51st Armoured Engineer Battalion Combat Engineering 600 48x DISCA Vicuna IMV SULLANA
51st Service Group Combat Service Support 600 SULLANA
1st Infantry Brigade
HQ: TUMBES
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 TUMBES
223rd Tank Battalion Armour 600 25x Tifon-2a MBT TUMBES
3rd Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 72x Bionix II IFV ZORRITOS
5th Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 80x UR-416 APC ZARUMILLA
51st Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 60x M113A1 APC TUMBES
1st Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer TUMBES
1st Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 TUMBES
7th Infantry Brigade
HQ: LAMBAYEQUE
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 LAMBAYEQUE
13th Infantry Battalion Motorized Infantry 1000 LAMBAYEQUE
17th Infantry Battalion Motorized Infantry 1000 CAJAMARCA
20th Infantry Battalion Motorized Infantry 1000 CHICLAYO
7th Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x M101A1 105mm howitzer LAMBAYEQUE
7th Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 LAMBAYEQUE
32nd Infantry Brigade
HQ: TRUJILLO
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
HQ Coy. Headquarters & Signals 120 TRUJILLO
321st Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 60x Fiat 6616 IFV TRUJILLO
322nd Infantry Battalion Mechanized Infantry 1000 60x Fiat 6616 IFV TRUJILLO
323rd Infantry Battalion Motorized Infantry 1000 TRUJILLO
32nd Field Artillery Group Field Artillery 200 24x M101A1 105mm howitzer TRUJILLO
32nd Service Battalion Combat Service Support 600 TRUJILLO
Airwing
Unit Type Numbers Equipment Notes
112 Squadron "Tigers" Ground Attack 200 18x Su-25UB
211 Squadron "Dragons" Attack Helicopters 200 16x Mi-35P
612 Squadron "Fighting Roosters" Fighters 200 12x F/A-18H Yellowjacket
711 Squadron "Scorpions" Light Attack 200 20x Cessna A-37
TOTALS
Unit Numbers
Personnel 17,680
Tifon-2a MBT 105
Hunter AFV 120
Bionix II IFV 72
Fiat 6616 IFV 120
UR-416 APC 80
M113A1 APC 60
DISCA Vicuna IMV 188
SSPH Primus 155mm SPH 27
SLWH Pegasus 155mm howitzer 24
M101A1 105mm howitzer 48
81mm mortar 24
Astros II MLRS 9
CIDEP Ricuk URAV 6
Su-25UB attack aircraft 18
Cessna A-37 light attack aircraft 20
F/A-18H Yellowjacket multirole 12
Mi-35P attack helicopter 16
submitted by ElysianDreams to ElysianDreams [link] [comments]


2020.06.12 23:48 paladinsama Played Space Quest series.

So, this is going to be one of those lengthy posts where I not only talk about the game I played, and what I think about it, but also throw some anecdotes from my life regarding this and other games.
Sometimes I like to read the experiences from random people on the internet, so maybe there could be a couple of people interested to read about mine.
I didn't have a PC until 1993, before that, the family computer was a Commodore 128 owned by my brother. The Commodore 128 didn't have many games, but it could operate in a Commodore 64 mode to run all C64 games. In 1989 I was particularly fond to couple of games made by (at the time called) Lucasfilm games: Maniac Mansion and 'Zak McKracken and the Alien Mindbenders'. But talking with some friends at school (with other brands of computers like Apple, Atari or IBM) they would mention other games they called 'Quests' (because that word was in their titles), that were similar, and that I would like to play if I had their brand of computers. They told me about the fantasy game with dragons and wizards called King's Quest, the contemporary crime solving Police Quest and the futuristic science fiction Space Quest (and some other game called Larry with naked women).
I was disappointed I could not played those games in the Commodore, and even more disappointed when I read that Lucasfilm Games was making another adventure game called "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade: The Graphic Adventure" but they were no longer developing for the Commodore 64. But then after a while I got a NES, started playing Nintendo games and accepted that I would not be able to play those games... (Yet I still remember a day in 1991, a cousin was fascinated how much fun he had playing the game Space Quest IV in one of his school friends house, how incredible it looked, sounded and its fantastic time traveling story)
But as I said in a previous paragraph, in 1993 I got a PC. That was the time I had the opportunity to meet Wolfenstein 3D, and later Doom, which were incredible games I enjoyed, but it also meant I could finally play those 'quest' games I have been craving for so many years. And anybody could think "In a city like Lima, Peru, where piracy is so rampant, where there was so many places a kid could go buy copies of so many games for a 1/100th of their price, it must be very easy to find those quest games" But that wasn't exactly the truth, those pirates didn't have unlimited storage and they usually didn't keep their catalogs of games released more than two years ago. In 1993 they all had King's Quest VI, Police Quest III, Space Quest IV and V... but that was it. I really like to play things chronologically and start playing these games from their later sequels wasn't an attractive idea.
It’s funny to think that in 1993 was almost impossible to get a game made in 1989, imagine that now in 2020 a game like Doom from 2016 would be obsolete and lost. Anyways, there was still a light at the end of the tunnel... a school friend had some original disks he bought on a trip to the U.S. some years in the past and I borrowed from him a game I hadn't heard before... it was called "Hero's Quest", also from the same company Sierra On-Line... a game I played and played and became a favorite of mine... still to this day I call that game my favorite game. He also lend me its sequel, a game now called "Quest for Glory II" (because of some silly trademark dispute and the reason I chose to never have the intention play a game made from Games Workshop) but one of his disks got a damaged sector which would make the game crash on certain room. And it was also impossible to find another copy of this game... 1994 became the year of my Quest for Quest for Glory II... but that is another long story and I'm already deviating too much into this post about Space Quest.
Years passed... I was already studying a career in the University, had access to the internet, and found about those abandonware sites where it was easy to find those forgotten relics of the past. Computers these days were too fast to run these games and some tricks were needed to make these games playable: using applications like slowmo to slow down a computer, which was somehow inconvenient. But also, around this time I had started working, earning my own money, I was buying and importing my own original games to play and growing out of piracy. There were so many current games I wanted to play that I had to sacrifice my wish to get into Sierra classics... and postpone that wish for the future.
So, there was a time, maybe around 2001 or 2002 that I gave this wish some time. I played the first one from each of these three games... King's Quest, Police Quest and Space Quest. Finally, I took this old craving out of my chest and finally played them all. And like about a year or two later, I continued with some sequels, first it was King's Quest II and then it was Space Quest II. Space Quest II ends in a cliffhanger, the hero Roger Wilco is escaping in a space capsule without life support and must enter cryosleep to survive while the capsule is left drifting into endless space. This made me want to see the begging of the next game, I started Space Quest III and was pleased with an excellent intro showing how Roger’s capsule is found an picked by an automated garbage freighter and a fantastic music theme. (I think Space Quest III has the better music theme) I keep watching and listing the intro for a while, then I had to do something else, left the computer on still playing the intro and when I was back it was late, I didn’t want to play the game at that time, I just exited the game. And even though I only heard that music that day, it seems it stuck in my mind… around 2016 a new coworker sometimes would start whistling a song while doing something else. The song for me was extremely familiar but I still couldn’t be sure from where it was, after several months of occasionally listening him whistling that same tune I asked him:
-Where is that song from?
-Huh! It’s from a very old game.
-Yes I know it’s an old game, and I would even tell it is from Space Quest, but it seems it’s not.
-Yeah, it is from Space Quest.
-But I just heard in Youtube the Space Quest theme, and it’s not that tune.
-I believe it’s from an specific Space Quest… Space Quest III, I think…
-That’s odd, I never played Space Quest III… …
But then my mind took me back to that afternoon where I only listed to the intro of Space Quest III, and I was still able to recognize the song, more than 10 years later… And years continue passing... But last month I realized something. That day I played the intro from Space Quest III was around 2004, maybe?, and the game was released in 1989… That made Space Quest III a 15 year old ancient game. And now in 2020, it has been 16 years since that day. So just like all those ‘how to make you feel old’ lists from the internet… more time has passed since today to that day in 2004, than that day and the game release date…
And so, even though I still had several ongoing ‘unfinished’ games in my to do list, I decided to take a break and go through all the Space Quest games.
But before I talk about the games themselves, I would start talking about the setting. Space Quest just like in other works of fiction that started as a standalone story and then started to grow because of sequels (that expanded the universe) has its share of inconsistencies. (And this is something that it is also prevalent in comedy as most of the inconsistencies are introduced on purpose for their comedy effect). The hero is Roger Wilco, who lives in the space era, and it is also a janitor, because it’s funny (I guess except for janitors, who I guess would have to make fun of women’s shoe salesmen instead). Roger Wilco is a human, but also an alien. He is from planet Xenon, a planet whose inhabitants the Xenonites are humans, but also are not. This planet is located is the Earnon system, that is also a galaxy that may or may not also be Milky Way. Most of the time it is not, except when it is. The Xenon planet has its sun dying and scientists are trying to fix this, while this is happening there is no indication that Xenon could be member of a bigger organization of planets, but later it is revealed that it is, and not only is a member but the organization is based in this planet. So, that is the setting for Space Quest.
Space Quest: The Sarien Encounter.
This game is short if measured against modern expectations. It can be summed up to (you as Roger Wilco) escape from your ship before it self-destructs, be stranded on a desert type planet where you have to help some aliens to get a vehicle that will take you to another part of the planet where you can gamble on a slot machine to get the money to buy a small spaceship to escape the planet, intercept the ship of the aliens that attack you at the beginning and make their own ship explode but activating the self-destruct sequence of the device they stole.
Space Quest II: Vohaul’s Revenger
This game is mostly the same, just a little big longer. You are captured by the guy who planned the events of the previous game, he will send you to a jungle type planet from which you have to escape, go back to his base and defeat him by unplugging his life support system and stop his plan of launching an army of insurance salesman to Xenon.
Space Quest III: The Pirates of Pestulon
I think that this one is liked by a lot of people. I too liked a lot its music score and I really liked its graphic style like the other 1989-1990 Sierra On-Line games. But I was disappointed by its length (shorter than the previous two games) and lack of focus on the plot. The box and documentation mention the need to rescue the programmers being capture by and evil software corporation, but the game itself doesn’t translate the need to do this. In the first game is clear, Roger is the only survivor to the attack of the Arcada spaceship, has the information for the self-destruct of the device. The second is about a revenge against him, and he is the only one who knows Vohaul plans, and he is at his base. But the third one starts ok with Roger having to find a way to escape the garbage container that collected his escape pod from the previous game, but afterwards you are faced by a vast nothingness. You have a ship with a faster than lightspeed drive and a galactic chart that for some reason can only take you to three places. Why Roger can’t go back to Xenon? What is so special about Phleebhut or Ortega for Roger to go to them? Are these planets to far from Xenon that he can’t go back? (Yet an easter egg in Quest for Glory 2 mention that Xenon, Phleebhut and Ortega are all in the same solar system, to make matters worse). Now, Ortega is a planet in which Roger can’t survive unless he buys the underwear in Phleebhut. And buying this underwear is basically the only reason to go to Phleebhut… you go to the planet, find the store, get the underwear, and get out. That’s it. The extra difficulty would be the terminator like robot trying to kill you and won’t let you escape unless you take him down first. And the reward would be getting his invisibility belt needed for the end game sequence. Now you can go to Ortega… but why? Well, the only other place to go is some fast food restaurant where the only things you can do are order food and play a video game. And by playing this video game several times (something that is actually completely optional to do) you would finally find the only way to learn about the main quest… mission… thing to do in this game, rescue the programmers from the moon of Pestulon… that happens to be a moon in Ortega… and still the game doesn’t tell you that. You will have to go to Ortega, because is the only thing the game would allow you to do. And there you will find out the shield device that is blocking access to Pestulon which you will have to destroy. Once done you enter the final sequence… use the invisibility belt to enter the software company, disguise yourself as a janitor… well as a ScumSoft janitor, get access credentials find the programmers and escape… after a robot fight and space battle. And that’s it. End of the game. I know the game has its charm, and I don’t dislike it, but I feel it had a lot of potential to be longer, and more detailed with more things to do.
Space Quest IV: Roger Wilco and the Time Rippers.
Finally, I started the game a cousin talked to me about 29 years ago. I know that this is the other game most of the fans like. The time travelling plot was fun and the title bar for the game changing from Space Quest IV to Space Quest XII and so on was hilarious. Again, the game had a plot focused on a revenge against Roger Wilco and with the time travel you will also learn things about his future. The game starts when Roger is saved by his son and will help him escape by taking him to the era of Space Quest XII. Roger would reach the base of his nemesis Vohaul, who is back, but unable to do anything meaningful here he would have to escape using a time machine, and by typing random coordinates would reach the era of Space Quest X. By proving his worth against to the Latex Babes from Estros he (or you) will be taken to a shopping mall, where you will find most of the objects needed to win the game in the Space Quest XII era. Only one object is found somewhere else, in the Space Quest I era, and to reach that time period you will have to get the coordinates from the Space Quest IV hint book bought in the game itself in a video game store in the mall in the future… Yeah. Once you have everything you need (yes, you don’t know exactly what you would need, but you will have to figure it out… all these adventure games work like this) Roger can return to Space Quest XII, defeat the enemy, rescue the son, and end the game. Well, Roger would also learn about who will be the mother of his son.
Space Quest V: The Next Mutation
This is the game that was mostly inspired by Star Trek. Roger no longer wants to be a Janitor and he will train in the academy to become a captain of his own starship. This would wind up to be a garbage collector spaceship, but you will have a crew to which you can issue orders to perform your garbage collection duties. During the start of the game you will have to just follow your orders until eventually things will go awry and you will be in position to be the only one who can stop a genetic slime product to take over all life forms in the universe. I must admit that I found that fairly entertaining. Roger would also meet the mother of his future son, so it is important to also keep her alive and safe because if their son isn’t born he would not be able to save his dad in the past and that would delete him from time.
Space Quest 6: The Spinal Frontier
Ugh… I also heard that this one is probably the most disliked games by the fans. And I can understand why. I know I complained that some of the previous games were short, this one isn’t, its long and has a lot of dialogue… that is ultimately boring, dull. Roger was demoted from his captain position and made a janitor again. And the game start with him on vacations finding a way to get a hotel room, be kidnapped and then being rescued by a new woman we had never met before but apparently they are friends and she has feelings for him and probably he has feelings for her too, but obviously he doesn’t want to have a relationship with her, (having already met the mother of his future son… I guess). Then there would be another plot to have Roger kidnapped and this woman would be there to save him again, and she would die in the most stupid way possible. And Roger will be in her funeral, then receive a message from her, she is not dead, and he will want to rescue, but the captain of the ship would not believe him so he has to escape from his ship doing a lot of absurd things. Get back to the planet where she is being captured and get incrimination information about her captors from a virtual physical representation of the internet. To finally be shrunk and inserted in the body of this woman to save her from some old lady that is also inside her and wants to steal her body to be young again you will have to defeat her using a fish. Wow, what a terrible game, story. I did like the graphics. It was the only game to have a 640 x 480 resolution and more details in graphics is nice. But that’s it. I was glad when it was finally over.
And I think that is all I have to say about Space Quest, I don’t have plans to play the fan made Sequels, Prequels or Inbetweenquels. It was an interesting ride, and finally I can rest the thought that I never played Space Quest.
submitted by paladinsama to patientgamers [link] [comments]


2020.06.08 14:50 DubTeeDub Open Letter to Steve Huffman and the Board of Directors of Reddit, Inc– If you believe in standing up to hate and supporting black lives, you need to act

Open Letter to Steve Huffman and the Board of Directors of Reddit, Inc – If you believe in standing up to hate and supporting black lives, you need to act
Dear Steve,
On June 1, you shared a letter on Reddit’s blog “Remember the Human – Black Lives Matter”. In this letter, you claim “as Snoos, we do not tolerate hate, racism, and violence, and while we have work to do to fight these on our platform, our values are clear.”
As of today, neither you nor any other Reddit admins have shared this letter anywhere on reddit.com. However, the response to this message was swift on Twitter, where you were rightfully labeled as hypocritical based on your long and well-recorded history of defending racism and white supremacy on this site.
Among the many responses was this message from former CEO of Reddit, Ellen Pao.
I am obligated to call you out: You should have shut down the_donald instead of amplifying it and its hate, racism, and violence. So much of what is happening now lies at your feet. You don't get to say BLM when reddit nurtures and monetizes white supremacy and hate all day long
Many others shared links and screenshots of your past statements saying “Open racism and slurs are fine to post on Reddit”.
The problem of Reddit’s leadership supporting and providing a platform for racist users and hateful communities has long been an issue. Nearly six years ago, dozens of subreddits signed the original open letter to the Reddit admins calling for action. While the Reddit admins acknowledged the letter and said it was a high priority to address this issue, extremely little has been done in the intervening years.
On June 5, you shared this update on /Announcements, Upcoming changes to our content policy, our board, and where we’re going from here. In the post, you stated that there is a need for continued adjustments of Reddit’s content policy to address racism and that this remains a priority. These continued statements that you hear us, that this is a priority, or that you are working on it are not enough. It has been five years since your return as CEO and this still remains Reddit’s most glaring problem.
Steve, if you and Reddit genuinely care about the values of standing up to racism and hate, then you need to back it up with real action. As moderators on this website who have dedicated countless hours to keeping this site running, we call on Reddit to take the following steps:
At /AgainstHateSubreddits, we have laid out the many failures of Steve time and again to stand up to white supremacy on this site time and time and time again.
With a website with the impact of Reddit on the broader conversations being held in communities around the world, this website needs real leadership and real action.
We hope that Reddit will not just share empty platitudes — but will take a meaningful stand against hate, and take these recommendations to heart.
This letter is co-signed by more than 200 300 350 430 550 650 800 communities representing well over 200 hundreds of millions of subscribers:
If your subreddit is not listed and would like to sign on, please leave a comment below
/AgainstHateSubreddits
/2cb/
/2mad4madlads
/3dsFCswap
/9M9H9E9/
/ABCDesis
/AbsoluteUnits
/AbyssRium/
/AccidentalBoobGrazes/
/AccidentalComedy
/AceAttorneyCirclejerk/
/ACNHGardening
/AfricanAmerican
/androiddev
/animalsbeingbros
/ANormalDayInAmerica/
/anormaldayinrussia
/AntifascistsofReddit/
/antifastonetoss
/arizona/
/arrow
/ArrowAndTheCanaries
/Art
/AsABlackMan
/Asexual/
/askaustin
/AskBibleScholars/
/AskHistorians
/AskMen
/AskMenOver30
/askphilosophy
/AskPhotography
/Asktransgender
/AskWomen
/askwomenadvice
/asoiaf
/atheism
/autism
/awwducational
/babybigcatgifs
/badUIbattles
/BAMEVoicesUK
/BatwomanTV
/BDS
/Beautevil/
/beautyguruchatter
/BestOfReports
/BethMidrash/
/BiggerThanYouThought
/biggerthenyouthought/
/BikiniBottomTwitter
/blackhair
/blackladies
/blacklesbians/
/BlackLightning
/blacklivesmatter
/blackmagicfuckery
/BlackPeopleGifs
/BlackPeopleTwitter
/Blerds
/bodegaboys
/books
/bootlegtoys/
/boottoobig/
/bostontrees
/brakebills
/BritishAirways
/brownbeauty
/BrownPeopleGifs
/BudgetExotics
/buycanadian
/California
/CallMeKevin
/cat
/catan
/CatInTheHatMemes
/Catslaps
/catswithdogs
/Charlotte
/cheese
/chicago
/Chonkers
/chvrches
/civbattleroyale/
/CK2GameOfthrones
/CocosClassics
/coldshowers
/ComedyBuddhism/
/Contrapoints
/copyright
/CoreCyberpunk/
/Corvids
/coys
/CPTSDmemes/
/CreateA/
/creepypms
/CrewsCrew
/cringe
/cringepics
/CritterFacts
/CrowBro
/Crystals/
/curlyhair
/cursedpipes
/Dachschaden
/dankmemes
/DarkJokes
/dataisbeautiful
/dating
/DatingHell/
/DCTV
/deals/
/DebateAVegan
/deerhunter
/democrats
/DenverProtests/
/DescriptionPlease
/didntknowiwantedthat
/digital_manipulation
/dixiequeer
/DIY
/DnDGreentext
/docproduction
/DogeMine
/DragRace_Canada
/DrawForMe/
/DynastyCW
/eagles
/elliegoulding
/EmulationOnAndroid
/entitledkids
/entitledparents
/entitledparentsmemes
/entitledpeople
/espressobin
/euphoria
/explainlikeimdog
/eyebleach
/facepalm
/fakealbumcovers
/Fantasy
/FastFood
/fatlogic
/Feminism
/Feminisme/
/feminisms
/femmesofdesoto
/FemmeThoughts
/Fitness
/fixtagram
/FlashTV
/Florida
/FloridaMan
/Food
/formula1
/fosterit
/foundthemobileuse
/FragileMaleRedditor
/FragileWhiteRedditor
/freecompliments
/FriendsofthePod
/ftm/
/FuckTheAltright
/gallifrey
/GamerGhazi/
/gaming
/gaming4gamers
/Gamingcirclejerk
/gaminggifs
/garlicbreadmemes
/gatekeeping
/GatekeepingYuri/
/gay
/geckos/
/GenderCynical/
/genderfluid_irl
/Girlsmirin
/GODZILLA
/goodseals
/GreenAndPleasant
/Gryffindor
/guitarlessons
/Gunners
/GunsAreCool
/Hair
/happy
/happycowgifs
/harrypotte
/Hasan_Pike
/Hindi/
/HipHopHeads
/hisdarkmaterials
/HisDarkMaterialsHBO
/HistamineIntolerance/
/HistoricalJesus/
/hitboxporn
/hockey
/HoldMyNip
/House
/Hufflepuff
/humansbeingbros
/humor
/iamatotalpieceofshit
/idontworkherelady
/im14andthisisdeep
/indianmuslims
/industrialengineering/
/insanepeoplefacebook
/instantkarma
/InternationalDev
/intersex
/ios13beta/
/IRLEasterEggs/
/isitbullshit
/jewellerymaking
/joebiden
/JohnCena/
/JUSTNOMIL
/JustNoSO
/Kashmiri
/KerbalSpaceProgram/
/KingkillerChronicle/
/kittens
/kpop
/kpoprants
/kpopthoughts
/LandlordLove
/leagueofmemes
/LeopardsAteMyFace
/Letterkenny
/LGBT
/LGBTnews
/LibDemMemes/
/librandu
/lifehacks
/LifeProTips
/London
/LosAngeles
/loseit/
/Louisville
/mademesmile
/madlads
/MakeMeSuffe
/MakeMoatsGreatAgain
/makeupaddiction
/malefashion
/malefashionadvice
/MarchAgainstNazis
/marchagainstrump
/marijuanaconcentrates
/MarkMyWords
/marvelsavengerproject
/mcdonalds
/MeditationPractice
/mediumformat/
/Menslib
/menwritingwomen
/mfa_irl
/mfacirclejerk
/Miami
/Michael
/Military
/mimirecipes
/minipainting/
/Minneapolis
/Minnesota
/MirrorForSale
/mississippi
/MLS
/ModelUSGov/
/MonstaX
/MUA3
/muacjdiscussion/
/Music
/MuslimMarriage
/NASCAR
/naturalhair
/NewOrleans
/NewPatriotism
/News
/Nextfuckinglevel
/NFL
/nicegirls
/NikeSB
/nj4nj
/NJmeetup
/NJr4r
/NMS_Zoology
/noburp
/NomSaying
/nonbinary
/nonmonogamy
/Nottheonion
/Nr2003
/nsfw_gifs
/NYCFC/
/NYCtrees
/Obama
/OCPoetry/
/OCPoetryCirclejerk/
/oddlymesmerizing
/Oddlyterrifying
/offmychest
/Offroad/
/OKState/
/Omaha
/OnGuardForThee
/orcas
/orlando
/Overseas_Pakistani
/PaidForWinRAR
/PanPorn
/paofacts
/partyparrot
/peoplefuckingdying
/Pete_Buttigieg/
/Phillylist
/philosophy
/phoenix/
/PlayingGuitar
/PledgeToImpeach
/PlusSizeFashion
/Poetry/
/poetry_critics
/popheads
/powerlifting
/pregnant
/progressive_islam
/progresspics/
/punchablefaces
/pupliftingnews
/queers
/racism
/rage
/rant
/rape
/rarepuppers
/ravenclaw
/ravens/
/RebelGalaxyOutlaw
/relationships
/relationship_advice
/rigtours/
/RoastMe
/roosterteeth/
/RPDR_UK
/ryangosling/
/rupaulsdragrace
/SandersForPresident
/ScienceFacts
/sciencegifs
/sciences
/Screenwriting
/self
/selfies
/sexpositive
/ShitRedditSays
/ShittyLifeProTips
/shittymoviedetails
/shouldercats
/Showerthoughts
/silhouWHAT
/skitswedditsager
/skyrimmods/
/skyrimvr
/slytherin
/soccer
/socialjustice
/software
/Solocampingandhiking
/spaghetti/
/SPLCenter
/SpoiledDragRace
/spotify/
/squaredcircle
/StargirlTV
/StayingAtHome
/streetwear
/Strongman
/supergirlTV
/SupermanAndLois
/survivor
/svihs/
/tangsoodo
/TerfsWritingTrans
/thanosdidnothingwrong
/thathappened
/thatsabooklight
/thatsthejoke
/TheArtifice
/theocho
/Tim
/timecrisis/
/ToiletPaperUSA
/traaaaaaannnnnnnnnns/
/trans
/TranscribersOfReddit
/transgender
/transgenderteens
/transpositive
/transspace
/transtimelines
/trashy
/TwinCities
/TwoXChromosomes
/Unexpected
/unitedkingdom
/unpopularkpopopinions
/unsentletters
/vaxxhappened
/vegancirclejerk
/VeganDE
/videos
/Volumeeating/
/voteBLUE
/voteDEM
/watchandlearn
/wearethemusicmakers
/weddingplanning/
/weightroom
/WeirdLit
/whiskey
/whitepeoplegifs
/wholesomeBPT
/wholesomecomics
/wholesomehaiku
/WitchesVsPatriarchy
/wnba
/women
/womenshealth
/WorldNews
/WWE/
/YesFap
/Yiddish/
/turtlefacts
Added as of 6:30 PM US Eastern, June 8, 2020
/EarthPorn
/assholedesign/
/DevUnion/
/ADHD/
/Swimming/
/OpenWaterSwimming/
/onionheadlines/
/dangerousdesign/
/behindthegifs/
/chelseafc/
/ITZY/
/straykids/
/red_velvet/
/GeschichtsMaimais/
/neoliberal/
/TrueCrime/
/TrueCrimeDiscussion/
/UnresolvedMysteries/
/serialkillers/
/DelphiMurders/
/RedditCrimeCommunity/
/nonmurdermysteries/
/mystery/
/FoxFiction/
/RepublicanValues/
/nasa/
/Breadit/
/HoustonF1/
/FairytaleasFuck/
/Instagramreality/
/Botchedsurgeries/
/Portland/
/freefolk/
/cheapguitarporn/
/Babylon5Gifs/
/Hijabis/
/Squidbillies/
/coronavirusAL/
/Aquariums/
/shittyaquariums/
/AquaSwap/
/Goldfish/
/Koi/
/AquariumMemes/
/MonsterFishKeepers/
/AquariumsTestSub/
/KnifeFish
/fishshaming/
/Awwquariums/
/Koi_Keepers/
/Bichirs/
/ContagiousLaughte
/AnarchoWave/
/Lima_Peru/
/Spiderman/
/MakingaMurdere
/TheQuibble
/Hogwarts
/ImSorryScout/
/UtahJazz/
/PublicFreakout/
/peloton/
/AmateurRoomPorn/
/RimWorldPorn/
/carolinekonstna
/breathwork/
/saltlakemetro/
/service_dogs/
/service_dogsofReddit/
/ShingekiNoKyojin/
/sounddesign/
/PromoteYourMusic/
/SpotifyPlaylists/
/musicproduction/
/WrestleWithThePackage/
/Austin/
/alcohol/
/RedditsMuseumofFilth/
/chickflixxx/
/Stellaris
/eu4
/paradoxplaza
/victoria2
/Imperator
/KillerQueen/
/TyrannyGame
/saltierthancrait
/kawoshin/
/SapphoAndHerFriend/
/falcons/
/anime_titties/
As of 1:00 PM US Eastern, June 9, 2020
/Jokes/
/skyrim/
/2meirl4meirl/
/MildlyVandalised/
/HolUp/
/Wreddit/
/SCJerk/
/cannabis/
/hearing/
/German/
/lfg/
/dndnext/
/BaldursGate3/
/SampleSize/
/FireEmblemHeroes/
/fireemblem/
/Splintercell/
/RadicalChristianity/
/RussiaLago/
/WormMemes/
/MHOC/
/GroupMovies/
/littlebritishcars/
/Iamnotracistbut/
/ClassicBabes/
/filk/
/ainbow/
/genderquee
/bisexual/
/PuppySmiles/
/lyftdrivers/
/beigeonly/
/Smithtown/
/boyslove/
/heat/
/Detroit/
/BodyAcceptance/
/ConspiracyII/
/ImpactWrestling/
/Splatoon_2/
/ARMS/
/Snek/
/Mario/
/casualnintendo/
/nintendo/
/cleanagers/
/TheMorningShow/
/borns/
/gwent/
/sleepnomore/
/Philippines/
/OneTrueGary/
/circlebroke2/
/circlebroke/
/SRDBroke/
/kflay/
/Musicthemetime/
/HouseChickens/
/poledancing/
/csharp/
/ESL_Teachers/
/GayTeensVerified
/PrincessesOfPowe
/collared/
/knitting/
/Adoption/
/Delaware/
/productivity/
/NewYorkIslanders/
/sewing/
/BlatantMisogyny/
/mendrawingwomen/
/legosaga/
/thewalkingdead/
/MuslimLounge/
/StressFreeSeason/
/ladybonersgonemild/
/wow/
/worldofpvp/
/Blizzard/
/woweconomy/
/ControlProblem/
/Cinemagraphs/
/angula
/Python/
/americandad/
/Anarchism/
/badeconomics/
/budtenders/
/FiftyFifty/
/mbti/
/mtf
/cdramas/
/nyjets/
/pureasoiaf/
/testoviron/
/spicypillows/
/Denve
/StarWarsCantina/
Update as of 1:30 PM US Eastern 6/8/2020
/science
/505Nerds/
/acturnips/
/ACTrade/
/ACVillage
/ACQ
/HogwartsWerewolves/
/AskEconomics/
/TURKS/
/egg_irl/
/blaulicht/
/AFD/
/Weltraum/
/Stormlight_Archive/
/brandonsanderson/
/Cosmere/
/Mistborn/
/MHOC/
/union/
/RedshirtsUnite/
/Judaism/
/DebateAnAtheist/
/FantasyPL/
/ASOUE/
/socialskills/
/Snowblowers/
/arabs/
/WormFanfic/
/cauldron/
/Barca/
/PeterExplainsTheJoke/
/carscirclejerk/
/begonias/
/antidiet/
/ultrachrist/
/thenewcoldwa
/PresidentialRaceMemes/
/NoahGundersen/
/bassnecta
/ColoradoAvalanche/
/LetsNotMeet/
/tattoo/
/MinusTheBea
/kansascity/
/FoodDiaries/
/belgium/
/belgiumgonewild/
/ik_ihe/
added as of 5:30 PM US Eastern June 9, 2020
/india
/AprilKnights
/dobro
/Ireland
/ptsd
/happyrelationships
/Utilitarianism
/wec
/USCR
/forza/
/portishead/
/azerbaijan
/talkingheads
/Umphreys
/ColdCaseUK
/ActiveMeasures
/skyrimrequiem
/freefolk
/Equestrian
/islam
/ColCraftOfficial/
/ElderGuardianRights/
/GenZ/
Added 10:00 AM US EDT 6/10/20
/BotanicalPorn
/WaterPorn
/SeaPorn
/SkyPorn
/FirePorn
/DesertPorn
/WinterPorn
/AutumnPorn
/WeatherPorn
/GeologyPorn
/SpacePorn
/BeachPorn
/MushroomPorn
/SpringPorn
/SummerPorn
/LavaPorn
/LakePorn
/CityPorn
/VillagePorn
/RuralPorn
/ArchitecturePorn
/HousePorn
/CabinPorn
/ChurchPorn
/AbandonedPorn
/CemeteryPorn
/InfrastructurePorn
/MachinePorn
/CarPorn
/F1Porn
/MotorcyclePorn
/MilitaryPorn
/GunPorn
/KnifePorn
/BoatPorn
/RidesPorn
/DestructionPorn
/ThingsCutInHalfPorn
/StarshipPorn
/ToolPorn
/TechnologyPorn
/BridgePorn
/SteamPorn
/RetailPorn
/SpaceFlightPorn
/roadporn
/drydockporn
/AnimalPorn
/HumanPorn
/EarthlingPorn
/AdrenalinePorn
/ClimbingPorn
/SportsPorn
/AgriculturePorn
/TeaPorn
/BonsaiPorn
/FoodPorn
/CulinaryPorn
/DessertPorn
/DesignPorn
/RoomPorn
/AlbumArtPorn
/MetalPorn
/MoviePosterPorn
/TelevisionPosterPorn
/ComicBookPorn
/StreetArtPorn
/AdPorn
/ArtPorn
/FractalPorn
/InstrumentPorn
/ExposurePorn
/MacroPorn
/MicroPorn
/GeekPorn
/MTGPorn
/GamerPorn
/PowerWashingPorn
/AerialPorn
/OrganizationPorn
/FashionPorn
/AVPorn
/ApocalypsePorn
/InfraredPorn
/ViewPorn
/HellscapePorn
/sculptureporn
/HistoryPorn
/UniformPorn
/BookPorn
/NewsPorn
/QuotesPorn
/FuturePorn
/FossilPorn
/MegalithPorn
/ArtefactPorn
/fuckpongkrell/
Deusex/
/80s/
/Enough_Sanders_Spam/
/YouFellForItFool/
/CanadaHunting/
/DogCare/
/Dogtraining/
/comicbooks/
/theflash/
/Bikeporn/
/cycling/
/cyberpunk_stories
/iiiiiiitttttttttttt/
/DystopiaToday/
/AreTheStraightsOK/
/clevelandcavs/
/AmItheAsshole/
/LiverpoolFC/
/DissociaDID/
/TripCaves/
/Wholesomecringe/
/blackfishing/
/scioly/
/doodles/
/ICanDrawThat/
/Welding/
/NintendoSwitch/
/socialism
/ElectricForest/
/GaySoundsShitposts/
/writing/
/femalefashionadvice/
/asianamerican/
/zelda
/KingdomDeath/
/criminalminds/
added 9:00 AM US Eastern 6/9/2020
/SkincareAddiction/
/trees/
/startups/
/Norway/
/Entrepreneurs/
/GooglePixel/
/TaylorSwift/
/namenerds/
/selfservice/
/BalloonFetish/
/looners/
/walterlore/
/dogelore/
/Rowing/
/BrawlStarsCompetitive/
/RowingMemes/
/Eevee/
/pokemonmaxraids/
/RunnerHub/
/Roman_Catholics
/ihadastroke
/soccercirclejerk/
Latest added
/AsianBeauty/
/pokemon/
/BreadTube/
/AOC/
/Ilhan/
/LeftWithoutEdge/
/UniversityofChicago/
/ABraThatFits
/bulletjournal
/beatles
/the1975
/TheKillers
/MichaelJackson/
/mumfordandsons/
/AgeGap/
/AgeGapRelationship/
/whatintarnation/
/startrekgifs/
AdviceAnimals
wholesomememes
kirby
/actuallesbians
/TransyTalk
/TraaButOnlyBees
submitted by DubTeeDub to AgainstHateSubreddits [link] [comments]


2020.05.28 13:35 nykteria Models of single lay celibacy

https://www.traditioninaction.org/religious/c061-Single_10.html

The Single Vocation - X

Models of Lay Celibacy in History

Salwa BacharIn this article I will continue to list lay persons in History who voluntarily chose to not enter the religious life or be married. With this I wish to counter those conservative and traditionalist priests who spread the wrong teaching that to be a lay celibate is due to “failed circumstances.” That is, there would be only two valid vocations in the Church: to be religious – priest, monk or nun – or to be married. The historic examples put to rest this biased idea.
St. Cizy de Besançon – (8th century) Among the warriors filled with faith, who joined together to expel the Saracens from Gaul, Cizy of Besançon stood out. St. Cizy was a great warrior and, at the same time, extremely pure, very pious and with excellent manners. He was a descendent of the ancient Dukes of Bourgogne and was as famous for his piety as his military valor.
📷
St. Catherine of Siena pictured as a young woman in her city
The ancient records of his martyrdom affirm that, under his soldier’s armor, he wore austere dress, making him a man of great gravity and modesty. This soldier of Christ received from Charlemagne the command of one-third of the knights who were defending the plains along the Garonne River. During battle, he was taken prisoner, and was offered his life if he would apostatize and embrace the religion of Mohammed. He refused, and was martyred.
St. Catherine of Siena – (1347-1380) Born into a family with more than 20 children, St. Catherine of Siena began to have mystical revelations at the age of six, which continued throughout her life. She resisted the efforts of her parents to have her marry. Instead, when she was age 16, she became a Third Order Dominican. She counseled Popes and Prelates, and was declared patron saint of Italy in 1939.
Here is the moment to stress that the Third Orders in the Church are not religious orders per se. What the Church call "religious" are both the First Order (priests subjected to religious rules and monks with the three perpetual vows) and the Second Order (nuns with the three perpetual vows).
The Third Order is comprised of lay persons, single or married, who live in the world without vows but with some commitment to the Order. Although members of the Third Orders are occasionally allowed to wear habits – and some saints of Third Orders are represented in habits for the veneration of the faithful – they are not religious, do not have a convent life but live in the world as lay persons.
St. Rose of Lima – (1586-1617) A mystic from Lima, Peru, St. Rose of Lima took a vow of virginity as a child. Though she suffered from poor health, she was extremely beautiful, and as a young woman she had many eligible suitors present themselves to her. She rejected marriage, and also found that it was not God’s will that she enter a convent, though the opportunities did present themselves.
She remained a lay celibate, and became a Third Order Dominican, a path that her role model, St. Catherine of Siena, had taken. She lived a secluded life at home with her family, and would go out only to attend Mass and sell flowers. She is the Patroness of Latin America.
St. Mariana de Jesus de Paredes – (1618-1645) Called the “Lily of Quito,” Mariana de Jesus de Paredes was born into a noble family in Quito. She had a strong religious spirit and would fast and do penance. She took a vow of virginity, and announced to her family that she did not intend to enter a convent, since she believed this to be the will of God.
📷
The three sisters of Pope St. Pius X, highly regarded by their brother and all who knew them
Like St. Rose of Lima, Mariana also lived a life of seclusion at home with her family. She centered her spiritual life on the nearby Jesuit Church, where she participated in a number of sodalities. She is the first person to be canonized from Ecuador, and is considered Ecuador’s “national heroine.”
Anna, Rosa & Maria Sarto – (19th century-20th century, birth and death dates vary) These three women were the sisters of Pope St. Pius X. They were lay celibates who helped their brother, and, after he became Pope, they were invited by him to live in Rome, where he set up an apartment for them near St. Peter’s Basilica.
They went to the Vatican every Wednesday and Sunday, and on major feasts they would go to the papal Mass, and afterwards would be invited to a meal with Pope St. Pius X. They were so highly-regarded that they were jokingly referred to as “the minor cabinet-ministers,” since their opinions were always taken into consideration by their brother, the Pope.
St. Macrina the Younger – (324-379) Macrina was a 4th century homemaker. At age 12, Macrina was engaged to be married, but when her fiancé died, she decided she would not marry. She dedicated her life to help her mother raise her three younger brothers: St. Basil, St. Gregory of Nyssa, & St. Peter of Sebaste.
📷
A bold cry to the world proclaiming her innocence
After her siblings had grown up and were completely formed, they used to call her Macrina the Great, as they had in their childhood, a sign of the high respect they had for her.
Bl. Angelina of Montegiove – (1357-1435) Born into a noble family, Angelina consecrated herself to God at a young age, but later her father forced her to marry. Her husband respected her virginity, and after his death she became a Third Order Franciscan. She founded many communities of Third Order women who live and work serving the poor.
St. Joan of Arc – (1412-1431) St. Joan of Arc was a virgin shepherdess who was called by God to lead an army in order to free France from her enemies: the English and the Burgundians, who had joined with them. By following the counsel of the voices she heard, she accomplished the partial liberation of France and the restoration of the legitimate King. She was judged by a Church tribunal, who condemned her as a witch, and she was burned at the stake.
As the flames surrounded her, she cried out to the people: “Know this, all of you – you friends and enemies, you men of my time and you men of the future until the end of the world – know that the voices I heard came from Heaven. With this last proclamation, my mission is accomplished.”
Her body was consumed by her flames, but not her heart. Out of fear and impiety, the English cast her heart into the Seine River.
Here are some examples of lay persons – men and women, nobles and peasants, rich and poor – who prove that lay celibacy is not due to “failed circumstances,” but is the fruit of a free choice any person can make. It is as normal and good to be a lay celibate as to marry or as to enter the priesthood or the religious life.
submitted by nykteria to Christiancelibacy [link] [comments]


2020.05.28 08:24 oseart Etymology

The English word potato comes from Spanish patata (the name used in Spain). The Royal Spanish Academy says the Spanish word is a hybrid of the Taíno batata ('sweet potato') and the Quechua papa ('potato').[13][14] The name originally referred to the sweet potato although the two plants are not closely related. The 16th-century English herbalist John Gerard referred to sweet potatoes as common potatoes, and used the terms bastard potatoes and Virginia potatoes for the species we now call potato.[15] In many of the chronicles detailing agriculture and plants, no distinction is made between the two.[16] Potatoes are occasionally referred to as Irish potatoes or white potatoes in the United States, to distinguish them from sweet potatoes.[15]
The name spud for a small potato comes from the digging of soil (or a hole) prior to the planting of potatoes. The word has an unknown origin and was originally (c. 1440) used as a term for a short knife or dagger, probably related to the Latin spad- a word root meaning "sword"; compare Spanish espada, English "spade", and spadroon. It subsequently transferred over to a variety of digging tools. Around 1845, the name transferred to the tuber itself, the first record of this usage being in New Zealand English.[17] The origin of the word spud has erroneously been attributed to an 18th-century activist group dedicated to keeping the potato out of Britain, calling itself The Society for the Prevention of Unwholesome Diet (S.P.U.D.). It was Mario Pei's 1949 The Story of Language that can be blamed for the word's false origin. Pei writes, "the potato, for its part, was in disrepute some centuries ago. Some Englishmen who did not fancy potatoes formed a Society for the Prevention of Unwholesome Diet. The initials of the main words in this title gave rise to spud." Like most other pre-20th century acronymic origins, this is false, and there is no evidence that a Society for the Prevention of Unwholesome Diet ever existed.
Characteristics
Potato plants are herbaceous perennials that grow about 60 cm (24 in) high, depending on variety, with the leaves dying back after flowering, fruiting and tuber formation. They bear white, pink, red, blue, or purple flowers with yellow stamens. In general, the tubers of varieties with white flowers have white skins, while those of varieties with colored flowers tend to have pinkish skins.[19] Potatoes are mostly cross-pollinated by insects such as bumblebees, which carry pollen from other potato plants, though a substantial amount of self-fertilizing occurs as well. Tubers form in response to decreasing day length, although this tendency has been minimized in commercial varieties.[20]
After flowering, potato plants produce small green fruits that resemble green cherry tomatoes, each containing about 300 seeds. Like all parts of the plant except the tubers, the fruit contain the toxic alkaloid solanine and are therefore unsuitable for consumption. All new potato varieties are grown from seeds, also called "true potato seed", "TPS" or "botanical seed" to distinguish it from seed tubers. New varieties grown from seed can be propagated vegetatively by planting tubers, pieces of tubers cut to include at least one or two eyes, or cuttings, a practice used in greenhouses for the production of healthy seed tubers. Plants propagated from tubers are clones of the parent, whereas those propagated from seed produce a range of different varieties.
Genetics
There are about 5,000 potato varieties worldwide. Three thousand of them are found in the Andes alone, mainly in Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Chile, and Colombia. They belong to eight or nine species, depending on the taxonomic school. Apart from the 5,000 cultivated varieties, there are about 200 wild species and subspecies, many of which can be cross-bred with cultivated varieties. Cross-breeding has been done repeatedly to transfer resistances to certain pests and diseases from the gene pool of wild species to the gene pool of cultivated potato species. Genetically modified varieties have met public resistance in the United States and in the European Union.[21][22]
The major species grown worldwide is Solanum tuberosum (a tetraploid with 48 chromosomes), and modern varieties of this species are the most widely cultivated. There are also four diploid species (with 24 chromosomes): S. stenotomum, S. phureja, S. goniocalyx, and S. ajanhuiri. There are two triploid species (with 36 chromosomes): S. chaucha and S. juzepczukii. There is one pentaploid cultivated species (with 60 chromosomes): S. curtilobum. There are two major subspecies of Solanum tuberosum: andigena, or Andean; and tuberosum, or Chilean.[23] The Andean potato is adapted to the short-day conditions prevalent in the mountainous equatorial and tropical regions where it originated; the Chilean potato, however, native to the Chiloé Archipelago, is adapted to the long-day conditions prevalent in the higher latitude region of southern Chile.[24]
The International Potato Center, based in Lima, Peru, holds an ISO-accredited collection of potato germplasm.[25] The international Potato Genome Sequencing Consortium announced in 2009 that they had achieved a draft sequence of the potato genome.[26] The potato genome contains 12 chromosomes and 860 million base pairs, making it a medium-sized plant genome.[27] More than 99 percent of all current varieties) of potatoes currently grown are direct descendants of a subspecies that once grew in the lowlands of south-central Chile.[28] Nonetheless, genetic testing of the wide variety of cultivars and wild species affirms that all potato subspecies derive from a single origin) in the area of present-day southern Peru and extreme Northwestern Bolivia (from a species in the Solanum brevicaule complex).[5][6][7] The wild Crop Wild Relatives Prebreeding project encourages the use of wild relatives in breeding programs. Enriching and preserving the gene bank collection to make potatoes adaptive to diverse environmental conditions is seen as a pressing issue due to climate change.[29]
Most modern potatoes grown in North America arrived through European settlement and not independently from the South American sources, although at least one wild potato species, Solanum fendleri, naturally ranges from Peru into Texas, where it is used in breeding for resistance to a nematode species that attacks cultivated potatoes. A secondary center of genetic variability of the potato is Mexico, where important wild species that have been used extensively in modern breeding are found, such as the hexaploid Solanum demissum, as a source of resistance to the devastating late blight disease.[30] Another relative native to this region, Solanum bulbocastanum, has been used to genetically engineer the potato to resist potato blight.[31]
Potatoes yield abundantly with little effort, and adapt readily to diverse climates as long as the climate is cool and moist enough for the plants to gather sufficient water from the soil to form the starchy tubers. Potatoes do not keep very well in storage and are vulnerable to moulds that feed on the stored tubers and quickly turn them rotten, whereas crops such as grain can be stored for several years with a low risk of rot. The food energy yield of potatoes – about 9.2 million calories per acre (95 gigajoules per hectare) – is higher than that of maize (7.5 million), rice (7.4 million), wheat (3 million), or soybean (2.8 million).[32]
Varieties
There are close to 4,000 varieties of potato including common commercial varieties, each of which has specific agricultural or culinary attributes.[33] Around 80 varieties are commercially available in the UK.[34] In general, varieties are categorized into a few main groups based on common characteristics, such as russet potatoes (rough brown skin), red potatoes, white potatoes, yellow potatoes (also called Yukon potatoes) and purple potatoes.
For culinary purposes, varieties are often differentiated by their waxiness: floury or mealy baking potatoes have more starch (20–22%) than waxy boiling potatoes (16–18%). The distinction may also arise from variation in the comparative ratio of two different potato starch compounds: amylose and amylopectin. Amylose, a long-chain molecule, diffuses from the starch granule when cooked in water, and lends itself to dishes where the potato is mashed. Varieties that contain a slightly higher amylopectin content, which is a highly branched molecule, help the potato retain its shape after being boiled in water.[35] Potatoes that are good for making potato chips or potato crisps are sometimes called "chipping potatoes", which means they meet the basic requirements of similar varietal characteristics, being firm, fairly clean, and fairly well-shaped.[36]
The European Cultivated Potato Database (ECPD) is an online collaborative database of potato variety descriptions that is updated and maintained by the Scottish Agricultural Science Agency within the framework of the European Cooperative Programme for Crop Genetic Resources Networks (ECP/GR)—which is run by the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI).[37]

Pigmentation

Dozens of potato cultivars have been selectively bred specifically for their skin or, more commonly, flesh color, including gold, red, and blue varieties[38] that contain varying amounts of phytochemicals, including carotenoids for gold/yellow or polyphenols for red or blue cultivars.[39] Carotenoid compounds include provitamin A alpha-carotene and beta-carotene, which are converted to the essential nutrient, vitamin A, during digestion. Anthocyanins mainly responsible for red or blue pigmentation in potato cultivars do not have nutritional significance, but are used for visual variety and consumer appeal.[40] Recently, as of 2010, potatoes have also been bioengineered specifically for these pigmentation traits.[41]

Genetically engineered potatoes

Genetic research has produced several genetically modified varieties. 'New Leaf', owned by Monsanto Company, incorporates genes from Bacillus thuringiensis, which confers resistance to the Colorado potato beetle; 'New Leaf Plus' and 'New Leaf Y', approved by US regulatory agencies during the 1990s, also include resistance to viruses. McDonald's, Burger King, Frito-Lay, and Procter & Gamble announced they would not use genetically modified potatoes, and Monsanto published its intent to discontinue the line in March 2001.[42]
Waxy potato varieties produce two main kinds of potato starch, amylose and amylopectin, the latter of which is most industrially useful. BASF developed the Amflora potato, which was modified to express antisense RNA to inactivate the gene for granule bound starch synthase, an enzyme which catalyzes the formation of amylose.[43] Amflora potatoes therefore produce starch consisting almost entirely of amylopectin, and are thus more useful for the starch industry. In 2010, the European Commission cleared the way for 'Amflora' to be grown in the European Union for industrial purposes only—not for food. Nevertheless, under EU rules, individual countries have the right to decide whether they will allow this potato to be grown on their territory. Commercial planting of 'Amflora' was expected in the Czech Republic and Germany in the spring of 2010, and Sweden and the Netherlands in subsequent years.[44] Another GM potato variety developed by BASF is 'Fortuna' which was made resistant to late blight by adding two resistance genes, blb1 and blb2, which originate from the Mexican wild potato Solanum bulbocastanum.[45][46] In October 2011 BASF requested cultivation and marketing approval as a feed and food from the EFSA. In 2012, GMO development in Europe was stopped by BASF.[47][48]
In November 2014, the USDA approved a genetically modified potato developed by J.R. Simplot Company, which contains genetic modifications that prevent bruising and produce less acrylamide when fried than conventional potatoes; the modifications do not cause new proteins to be made, but rather prevent proteins from being made via RNA interference.[49][50][51]

History

The potato was first domesticated in the region of modern-day southern Peru and northwestern Bolivia[5] between 8000 and 5000 BC.[6] It has since spread around the world and become a staple crop in many countries.
The earliest archaeologically verified potato tuber remains have been found at the coastal site of Ancon) (central Peru), dating to 2500 BC.[52][53] The most widely cultivated variety, Solanum tuberosum tuberosum, is indigenous to the Chiloé Archipelago, and has been cultivated by the local indigenous people since before the Spanish conquest.[24][54]
According to conservative estimates, the introduction of the potato was responsible for a quarter of the growth in Old World population and urbanization between 1700 and 1900.[55] In the Altiplano, potatoes provided the principal energy source for the Inca civilization, its predecessors, and its Spanish successor. Following the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire, the Spanish introduced the potato to Europe in the second half of the 16th century, part of the Columbian exchange. The staple was subsequently conveyed by European mariners to territories and ports throughout the world. The potato was slow to be adopted by European farmers, but soon enough it became an important food staple and field crop that played a major role in the European 19th century population boom.[7] However, lack of genetic diversity, due to the very limited number of varieties initially introduced, left the crop vulnerable to disease. In 1845, a plant disease known as late blight, caused by the fungus-like oomycete Phytophthora infestans, spread rapidly through the poorer communities of western Ireland as well as parts of the Scottish Highlands, resulting in the crop failures that led to the Great Irish Famine.[30] Thousands of varieties still persist in the Andes however, where over 100 cultivars might be found in a single valley, and a dozen or more might be maintained by a single agricultural household.[56]
Production
In 2018, world production of potatoes was 368 million tonnes, led by China with 27% of the total (table). Other major producers were India, Russia, Ukraine and the United States. It remains an essential crop in Europe (especially northern and eastern Europe), where per capita production is still the highest in the world, but the most rapid expansion over the past few decades has occurred in southern and eastern Asia.[8][57]

Nutrition

A raw potato is 79% water, 17% carbohydrates (88% is starch), 2% protein, and contains negligible fat (see table). In an amount measuring 100 grams (3.5 oz), raw potato provides 322 kilojoules (77 kilocalories) of energy and is a rich source of vitamin B6 and vitamin C (23% and 24% of the Daily Value, respectively), with no other vitamins or minerals in significant amount (see table). The potato is rarely eaten raw because raw potato starch is poorly digested by humans.[58] When a potato is baked, its contents of vitamin B6 and vitamin C decline notably, while there is little significant change in the amount of other nutrients.[59]
Potatoes are often broadly classified as having a high glycemic index (GI) and so are often excluded from the diets of individuals trying to follow a low-GI diet. The GI of potatoes can vary considerably depending on the cultivar or cultivar category (such as "red", russet, "white", or King Edward), growing conditions and storage, preparation methods (by cooking method, whether it is eaten hot or cold, whether it is mashed or cubed or consumed whole), and accompanying foods consumed (especially the addition of various high-fat or high-protein toppings).[60] In particular, consuming reheated or cooled potatoes that were previously cooked may yield a lower GI effect.[60]
In the UK, potatoes are not considered by the National Health Service (NHS) as counting or contributing towards the recommended daily five portions of fruit and vegetables, the 5-A-Day program.[61]

Comparison to other staple foods

This table shows the nutrient content of potatoes next to other major staple foods, each one measured in its respective raw state, even though staple foods are not commonly eaten raw and are usually sprouted or cooked before eating. In sprouted and cooked form, the relative nutritional and anti-nutritional contents of each of these grains (or other foods) may be different from the values in this table. Each nutrient (every row) has the highest number highlighted to show the staple food with the greatest amount in a 100-gram raw portion.
Toxicity
Potatoes contain toxic compounds known as glycoalkaloids, of which the most prevalent are solanine and chaconine. Solanine is found in other plants in the same family, Solanaceae, which includes such plants as deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna), henbane (Hyoscyamus niger) and tobacco (Nicotiana spp.), as well as the food plants eggplant and tomato. These compounds, which protect the potato plant from its predators, are generally concentrated in its leaves, flowers, sprouts, and fruits (in contrast to the tubers).[63] In a summary of several studies, the glycoalkaloid content was highest in the flowers and sprouts and lowest in the tuber flesh. (The glycoalkaloid content was, in order from highest to lowest: flowers, sprouts, leaves, skin[clarification needed], roots, berries, peel [skin plus outer cortex of tuber flesh], stems, and tuber flesh).[11]
Exposure to light, physical damage, and age increase glycoalkaloid content within the tuber.[12] Cooking at high temperatures—over 170 °C (338 °F)—partly destroys these compounds. The concentration of glycoalkaloids in wild potatoes is sufficient to produce toxic effects in humans. Glycoalkaloid poisoning may cause headaches, diarrhea, cramps, and, in severe cases, coma and death. However, poisoning from cultivated potato varieties is very rare. Light exposure causes greening from chlorophyll synthesis, giving a visual clue as to which areas of the tuber may have become more toxic. However, this does not provide a definitive guide, as greening and glycoalkaloid accumulation can occur independently of each other.
Different potato varieties contain different levels of glycoalkaloids. The Lenape) variety was released in 1967 but was withdrawn in 1970 as it contained high levels of glycoalkaloids.[64] Since then, breeders developing new varieties test for this, and sometimes have to discard an otherwise promising cultivar. Breeders try to keep glycoalkaloid levels below 200 mg/kg (200 ppmw). However, when these commercial varieties turn green, they can still approach solanine concentrations of 1000 mg/kg (1000 ppmw). In normal potatoes, analysis has shown solanine levels may be as little as 3.5% of the breeders' maximum, with 7–187 mg/kg being found.[65] While a normal potato tuber has 12–20 mg/kg of glycoalkaloid content, a green potato tuber contains 250–280 mg/kg and its skin has 1500–2200 mg/kg.
submitted by oseart to daragrj [link] [comments]


2020.05.09 20:43 woyly Foreign Phone Bills From a Peruvian Carrier. I highly suspect identify theft. Help!

I live in the US and have never been to Peru, I don't know anyone from or lives there.
On May 8 and 9, 2020, I received two emails in Spanish from this address [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) , which I found out to be a Peruvian mobile carrier: Bitel.
basically the email says: We attach your receipt for the month of 01/05/2020. for such such phone line
Payment date: 2020-05-16 00: 00: 00.0
Amount to pay: S /. 77.79
Along with two invoices attached in the email, there was instruction of payment: 1. is to pay via their mobile app 2. is to pay with banks.
At first I thought it could be spam / phishing, some sorta of email spoofing. Yet, after some google search, both emails and the phone company seems legit.
So according to both invoices, both phone lines were activated on April 26, 2020; have the same plan; charged for the same amount of 29.99 Peruvian dollars. Both have my name on the bill, have the same RUC / DOC ID. (I did some research: RUC is a tax number, like SSN in the US.) I don't recognize the RUC / DOC ID number that is used, which I suspect could be made up. However, no specific address is given on the bill, it only states "LIMA - LIMA - LIMA"
With google translate, I navigated through Bitel.pe , the carrier website which is originally in Spanish.
I was able to confirm two things:
  1. one of the number has registered an online account for payment, however to access the account requires a verification code sent to the registered number via SMS which I obviously don't have access to.
  2. After more digging, I was able to confirm that both phone numbers were registered under my name using passport as proof of document and document ID is the same as the RUC / DOC ID in the invoice. it is a number I don't recognize. I suspect it to be fake or could be stolen from someone else?
In short, my NAME and EMAIL have been used to register two phone lines with a Peruvian carrier, using fake(or stolen) document ID number with no specific address. Bills are sent to my person emails. None of my credit cards so far show any suspicious transactions. I can't say my other credentials aren't compromised.
I have emailed carrier customer service to investigate.
As I tried to google some similar experiences, there seems to be very little to none.
So I'm asking fellow redditors for help. What else I can do in this situation? Should I be worried at all?
submitted by woyly to personalfinance [link] [comments]


Latin Women of Lima Peru Discover Speed Dating - YouTube Lima Women Meet Foreign Men at Peru Speed Dating Event ... Stunning Lima Women Pursue Foreign Men at Peru Dating ... 200+ Beautiful Peruvian Women / 1 Weekend in Lima Peru ... 12:1 Ratio Peruvian Women to Men at Lima Speed Dating ... Peruvian Women: DATING Girls in Lima (in 2020) - YouTube Lima Peru Dating - Latinas Outnumber Men 8 to 1 - YouTube Peruvian Women Meet Foreign Men at Lima Peru Dating Event

The 3 Best Online Dating Sites in Peru Visa Hunter

  1. Latin Women of Lima Peru Discover Speed Dating - YouTube
  2. Lima Women Meet Foreign Men at Peru Speed Dating Event ...
  3. Stunning Lima Women Pursue Foreign Men at Peru Dating ...
  4. 200+ Beautiful Peruvian Women / 1 Weekend in Lima Peru ...
  5. 12:1 Ratio Peruvian Women to Men at Lima Speed Dating ...
  6. Peruvian Women: DATING Girls in Lima (in 2020) - YouTube
  7. Lima Peru Dating - Latinas Outnumber Men 8 to 1 - YouTube
  8. Peruvian Women Meet Foreign Men at Lima Peru Dating Event

The Latin women who call Lima Peru home have discovered the immense value in attending speed dating events. Designed to give single foreign men a complete im... You can meet thousands of beautiful Peruvian women on Latin American Cupid: https://www.globalseducer.com/latin-american-cupid-review/ But you have to know h... Women in Peru have enjoyed freedom and independence in their life choices. That extends to the preference of choosing a spouse. Foreign men certainly hold a ... Home to several of the world's most beautiful women, Lima Peru attracts tourists from around the world who are drawn to the natural wonders and amazing cultu... If you want to get to know Lima women and you’re a foreign man, you’re in luck - they want to meet you too! Many men from all around the world visit Lima Per... The women who call Lima Peru their home have immense qualities that attract foreign men to their shores. As Peruvian women vastly outnumber their male counte... In the heart of Lima Peru, foreign men from around the world travel to meet the amazing women of Peru, in search of their future mates. A great destination for both travel and romance, foreign men ... You will meet your future Latin bride, if you give your chance to explore your dating options and be open for love. This is one of the proven statements a Li...