Internet dating MC Lars

Internet Relationships (Are Not Real Relationships) Lyrics: Internet relationships are not real / Your heart people steal but identities conceal / So here's a tale of warning for girls and boys ... In the gospel according to 23-year-old MC Lars, Hot Topic is not punk rock, Internet dating is totally weird, 'music was a product, now it is a service,' and emo and crunk are frustratingly formulaic. MC Lars 'Internet Relationships (Are Not Real Relationships)': Internet relationships are not real Your heart people steal but identities conceal So here's a t... Internet girl, Internet relationship Fresh, [Incomprehensible] physician [Incomprehensible] MC Lars Fresh, fresh It's not normal to have an Internet girlfriend Online relationships are just pretend Unplug your heart, upgrade your system Get, get off the Internet It's not normal to have an Internet girlfriend Online relationships are just pretend MC Lars. Andrew Robert MacFarlane Nielsen (born October 6, 1982) is an American rapper, known by his stage name MC Lars. He is the self-proclaimed originator of 'post-punk laptop rap.' He was one of the first underground rappers to sample and reference post-punk and emo bands. Lyrics to 'Internet Relationships (Are Not Real Relationships)' by MC Lars. Internet relationships are not real Your heart people steal but identities conceal So here's a tale of warning for girls and boys Laptop computers can be dangerous toys MC Lars; The Graduate; Internet Relationships (Are Not Real Relationships) Lyrics MC Lars – Internet Relationships (Are Not Real Relationships) ... Lorie Behind the monitor truth is hidden from your eyes Marcus didn't know but he was in for a surprise we've been dating for a while but let's cut to the chase I don't know what you look like and ...

Covid-19 update Thursday 23rd April

2020.04.23 12:28 Fwoggie2 Covid-19 update Thursday 23rd April

Good morning from the UK. It’s Thursday 23rd April.

Virus news in depth


North Korea was swift to close its borders at the end of January when coronavirus cases in neighboring China began to skyrocket but by the beginning of April North Korea was issuing a firm denial that it had no cases of Covid-19 with Pak Myong-su, a director at North Korea's Central Emergency Anti-epidemic headquarters, telling news agency AFP on Friday 3rd April: "Not one single person has been infected with the novel coronavirus in our country so far. We have carried out pre-emptive and scientific measures such as inspections and quarantine for all personnel entering our country and thoroughly disinfecting all goods, as well as closing borders and blocking sea and air lanes." The claims were flatly rejected by the four star US army general Robert Adams who commented "I can tell you that is an impossible claim based on all of the intel that we have seen," in a joint interview he held with news sites CNN and VOA. Fast forward three weeks and panic buying is reported to have broken out in North Korea according to a report picked up on the well regarded NK News (and consequently repeated on Bloomberg). One source in the report describes empty shelves and a sudden absence of staples like vegetables, flour, and sugar. Locals have been buying “whatever is there,” an expat said, saying that “you can hardly get in” to some stores. Both the expat and another person in Pyongyang said the surge was particularly notable on Wednesday whilst another source said large groups of locals were seen buying big amounts of mostly-imported products in some grocery stores, resulting in abrupt shortages. Demand sharply increased this week, yet another person confirmed, saying they had been told on Tuesday to purchase supplies of some key products. The range of items offered in shops aimed at diplomats has also diminished, they added, noting that in particular, “imported goods (are) running out.”
The situation in North Korea is complicated at the best of times but even more so now with persistent rumours swirling about Kim Jong Un’s health following a heart procedure (he is known to be obese, a heavy smoker and reports suggest ill health has been brought on by overwork). Should he die Kim's demise would risk unwelcome instability in North Korea and with no clear succession plan, his death or incapacitation could cause chaos in a heavily armed and secretive country. Their neighbours to the North are China who already have their hands full with Covid-19 as well as soothing diplomatic relationships with several Western countries over initially denying the outbreak and then failing to maintain quality control on the badly needed PPE exports pouring out of China. A destabilising North Korea is going to be the last thing Chinese President Xi Jinping needs. North Korea may be one to watch over the coming weeks and months.

Over in the USA Forbes is reporting that three states with Republic governors are set to loosen Covid-19 restrictions. South Carolina will allow some retail stores, as well as flea markets, to reopen Monday, Tennessee Governor Bill Lee said the “vast majority” of his state’s businesses can reopen May 1, 2020, and Georgia will permit businesses such as gyms, barber shops and tattoo parlors to resume business on Friday. Forbes points out that common among the states, though, is a lack of strict protocols for businesses to follow, or a way to enforce a given mandate, even as health officials warn the virus could spread rapidly again if stringent restrictions on economic activity and a widespread testing system aren’t in place. On the same topic, Fox News is reporting that Oklahaoma will follow suit too and also partially reopen, in their case hair salons, spas, nail salons and pet groomers will be allowed to open their doors.
Exploring Georgia’s decision a bit further, Forbes says that Governor Brian Kemp has endorsed a free market philosophy that sees the businesses and residents—not the government—as having the ultimate power to decide how to proceed during the pandemic, though the state did order businesses to follow social distancing practices and screen employees for signs of illness; “It is not going to be government that is going to solve the problem; it is the community at large,” Kemp said earlier this month. Not everyone agrees with him; “We need to, as government leaders, step up and give people an incentive to stay home. But there’s nothing essential about going to a bowling alley in the middle of a pandemic,” Atlanta Mayor Keisha Lance Bottoms said Tuesday on MSNBC (Atlanta is in Georgia). Kemp responded to the criticism on Fox News saying, “If people don’t want to open the gym, they don’t have to. But when you close somebody’s business down and take their livelihoods . . . I’m willing to give them the benefit of the doubt.”
It remains to be seen how convinced local residents will be as to how safe it would be to recommence their normal lifestyles. I flagged a Wuhan restauranteer’s story earlier this week - now their lockdown is lifted and people can come and go, he’s finding that whilst his restaurants might be open very few people are venturing out. Forbes for their part highlights a Gallup survey released last Tuesday that showed that just 20 percent of U.S. adults would resume normal activity right away once shelter-in-place orders are lifted. Lifting lockdowns is one thing, recreating the pre-outbreak circular economy quite another it seems.
But what about America’s doctor-in-chief Anthony Fauci’s opinion? Forbes helpfully has that answer: “That could be setting us back,” Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, told the New York Times NYT on Tuesday, referring to Georgia, Tennessee and South Carolina. “It certainly isn’t going to be helpful”, he added. Patrice Harris, the president of the American Medical Association, said she too was worried about a possible second wave of infections in the fall on the lines of Redfield's warning to The Washington Post. "I'm worried about a second wave to come sooner. I'm really worried about those states who are relaxing some of the stay-at-home regulations earlier. We could get a second wave even earlier than the fall. That's very concerning," she told CNN's Wolf Blitzer.
As for President Trump’s stance on the matter, the president reiterated that his administration has established benchmarks that states should clear before they begin the reopening process. The rules recommend 14 days of declining new infections, as well as 14 days of decling covid-like syndromic cases and influenza-like illnesses, before moving to the reopening phase Kemp has called for. "I told the governor of Georgia, Brian Kemp, that I disagree strongly with his decision to open certain facilities which are in violation of the Phase I guidelines for the incredible people of Georgia," Trump said. "At the same time, he must do what he thinks is right," Trump continued. "But I disagree with him on what he's doing."
Were a significant spike to come about through the fall (autumn) it could have serious implications for the upcoming elections in November 2020. As well as the election for the office of the President of the United States, all 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives and 35 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate are being contested. Notably, the governorships for the four states mentioned above are not being contested this time around but there may be a question whether it’s safe enough to even physically hold the elections if there were a severe outbreak at the time. If interested in the situation around that scenario, try this article here.
Back to the economy to finish this bit off; the best-case scenario following aggressive reopening in Southern states, in contrast with more hard-hit epicenters in the North like New York and Michigan, is that it could create test cases of how to reignite the economy while keeping the disease at bay. That would require most warnings by medical and public health experts to be wrong. Opening up now is a huge risk. Just because the curve of infections is flattened does not mean it cannot rise again since the disease has no proven therapies and there is so far no vaccine.
If you’re American and want to know more about your own state’s position on reopening, CNN has a breakdown here.

Virus news in brief


Today’s sources: The Guardian, CNN, BBC (unless stated otherwise).
















Supply chain news in depth


Failure to extend Brexit talks ‘very risky’, say UK forwarders - Aircargonews reports that UK freight forwarder association BIFA has said that the government’s refusal to extend trade deal talks with the European Union is “very risky” given the coronavirus outbreak. BIFA said that even before the pandemic, there were concerns among BIFA members that the 11-month transition wouldn’t leave enough time to prepare for a potential no deal, with talks between the UK and the EU only getting back underway this week. Robert Keen, BIFA director general, said: “In light of the huge issues involved with a sharp change in trading conditions at the start of 2021, particularly if that were to coincide with another Covid-19 outbreak, we think an extension looks increasingly likely. “There has been little meaningful consultation with UK trade regarding the policies and procedures required in order to ensure that trade with the EU can continue relatively uninterrupted post December 31st 2020. “Trade deals are typically multi-year exercises, but in this case, the UK and EU realistically have until October to agree on terms, allowing time for ratification. And while formal talks are continuing, many of the civil service resources previously assigned to support negotiations have been reallocated to deal with the coronavirus emergency response.”
(Cont’d) Keen explained: “Having had their businesses knocked sideways by the virus, many of our members have furloughed staff whilst they work out how they can keep their businesses afloat. “It is unlikely that their companies and the clients they serve will have the capacity to increase readiness for a sharp change in trading conditions in 2021. “In light of those things and with very little information from government on when restrictions on key sectors of the economy are likely to be lifted, and the as yet unknown economic damage done to the sector and wider economy, BIFA members are in no position to respond to a second massive shock if there is significant change in the terms of trade with the EU at the end of the year, because the government has stuck to its guns over the transition period.” “We believe that refusing to even consider extending the transition period is very risky and together with a growing chorus of Brexit commentators, think an extension to the transition period remains likely, and it is really only a question of ‘when’.” The Loadstar has picked up the same story here.

Supply chain news in brief













Good news section


I didn’t find any, sorry...

Donations

Several asked if they can send me $/£/€ via Patreon (in some cases because I've saved them time or money, others for no reason at all). I don't need the cash (that's lovely though) but as you may have read above, food bank charities are getting really hit hard with all this panic buying. Please consider giving whatever you'd have given me to a foodbank charity instead:
UK: https://www.trusselltrust.org/
France: https://www.banquealimentaire.org/
Germany: https://www.tafel.de/
Netherlands: https://www.voedselbankennederland.nl/steun-ons/steun-voedselbank-donatie/
Italy: https://www.bancoalimentare.it/it/node/1
Spain: https://www.fesbal.org/
Australia: https://www.foodbank.org.au/
Canada: https://www.foodbankscanada.ca/
USA: https://www.feedingamerica.org/
Thanks in advance for any donations you give. If there's foodbank charities in your country and it's not listed above, please suggest it and I will include it going forward.

Virus stats


I hope to publish them today, but being very honest it’s pretty unlikely and if I do get time it won’t be until late evening UK time (so around 10 hrs from now). I'd like to throw up the graphs for both infections and death rates for the four states that want to open because gut instinct tells me they haven't peaked yet so why they'd want to reopen is beyond my understanding.
submitted by Fwoggie2 to supplychain [link] [comments]


2019.10.04 13:54 JorgeAmVF 2ª compilação com mais 494 subreddits tabelados em outubro de 2019

Subreddits

nome descrição abreviada membros
1 abobrinha "Sub para discussões inúteis e aleatórias" 4
2 absolutamentenaoeunvr "É o sub antagônico ao eu_nvr" 669
3 AcademicosBrasileiros "Comunidade dedicada à discussão de assuntos acadêmicos dos mais diversos" 169
4 academicoviseu "Apoio à equipa Académico de Viseu" 1
5 AconteceuPraCaralho "Igual o thathappened mas em português" 506
6 ADecadaPerdida "Se você teve alguma parte da vida nos anos 80, se prepare para as coisas que não queria lembrar" 2
7 Adriana_Lima 464
8 agendacultural "Um canal aqui no reddit para compartilhar eventos culturais e iniciativas" 7
9 agricultura "Subreddit voltado as discussões sobre agricultura brasileira e mundial" 9
10 agronegocio "Subreddit voltado as discussões sobre o agronegócio brasileiro e mundial" 4
11 aguasanta "SubReddit dedicado ao Esporte Clube Água Santa" 1
12 airbnb_pt "Compartilha a tua experiência e as tuas dúvidas na comunidade Airbnb em português" 2
13 AjudaPortugal 1
14 Alagoas 3
15 AlgarvePics "Um subreddit dedicado a fotografias do Algarve, Portugal" 1
16 AliExpressBR "Esta Comunidade é para os brasileiros que adoram importações" 136
17 ALPHAE 2
18 Amapa 4
19 Amarelo 1
20 Amazonas 12
21 AmizadeVirtual "Cópia de makingfriends para brasileiros" 89
22 anarquismoBR 3
23 Ancapinaremos 34
24 anedotas "Sub para anedotas portuguesas" 104
25 aodispor 2
26 aplicativos "Subreddit dedicado a temas relacionados à todas as categorias de aplicativos" 61
27 Aquarum "Uma comunidade com foco em enigmas" 63
28 armasdefogo "Comunidade para pessoas interessadas em armas de fogo" 1
29 ARMBrasil "Comunidade para quem atua com Arquitetura ARM" 6
30 arquitetura "Arquitetura em português " 77
31 arquivados "Notícias de processos arquivados contra o Alckmin e o PSDB" 9
32 arvores 10
33 AskABrazilian 39
34 AskPortugal 10
35 AteParece "Versão brasileira do thatHappened, posts em português de coisas que até parece que aconteceram mesmo" 7
36 ateu "Comunidade brasileira dedicada exclusivamente à publicação de conteúdos ateístas" 20
37 Autocaravanar "Grupo dedicado a todos os amantes de autocaravanas" 21
38 automobilismo "Discutindo o esporte a motor sobre quatro rodas em português" 2
39 Avante "Esquerda em galego e português" 113
40 AyrtonSenna 98
41 Baiacu "Comunidade brasileira de shitpost e afins" 12
42 BairroDoLimoeiro 106
43 banania "Subreddit dedicado principalmente a política" 1
44 BandasPortuguesas "Este subreddit foi criado para a divulgação de projetos, divulgação de bandas pouco conhecidas que gostem, divulgar experiências na indústria e também para que seja possível a discussão como o esclarecimento de alguns temas sobre a indústria" 23
45 barbiePortugues 5
46 barsil "Visite o /brasilivre" 2
47 bbb16 5
48 BelPesce 2
49 bettina "Oi, eu sou a bettina tenho 1 milhão de anos e 22 reais de patrimônio acumulado" 16
50 biblia "Compartilhe aqui a palavra de Deus encontrada na Bíblia" 55
51 Biblioteca "Um local para a partilha de livros digitais em português de Portugal" 756
52 Biscoito "O nome certo é BISCOITO" 1
53 bitcoinPT "Comunidade Portuguesa Bitcoin" 29
54 BlackFridayBR "No BlackFridayBR você encontrará promoções o ano inteiro" 191
55 Blumenau 79
56 boasnoticias "Existe ainda amor na Internet e aqui é o lugar para compartilhar essas boas novas" 47
57 boatarde 8
58 Bolacha 1
59 bolorei 6
60 BotaDemaisGrande "Basicamente o BootTooBig so que em brasileiro" 37
61 Bovespa "Este é um sub para investidores, especuladores, iniciantes e veteranos que atuam na Bovespa" 359
62 bradil "Visite o /brasilivre" 1
63 Brasfoot 1
64 brasi 5
65 Brasil_ "O subreddit para o Brasil e para os brasileiros" 2
66 brasil_politica "Sub em Português para discutir a política no Brasil e no Mundo" 2
67 brasil13 12
68 brasil20 2
69 brasil3 18
70 brasil4 20
71 brasil5 "Pq não há brasils o suficiente" 25
72 Brasil6 14
73 brasil666 2
74 Brasil7 19
75 brasil8 19
76 brasil9 "9º subreddit oficial do Brasil" 20
77 brasil99 "O fã-clube brasileiro do Toto" 40
78 brasilbackup "Faça backup antes de jogar algo pouco testado" 2
79 brasilcentro "Primeira comunidade Brasileira de extremo-centro do reddit brasileiro" 209
80 brasilcentro_drama 0
81 BrasilCrossFit 1
82 BrasildaDepressao "Subreddit para divulgar o que há de certo e errado no Brasil" 37
83 BrasilEdu "O subreddit é dedicado a publicação de conteúdo ou de perguntas, na língua portuguesa, sobre as disciplinas para a educação básica, academia, ocupação e ao trabalho" 30
84 BrasilEsportes "Página dedicada aos brasileiros do mundo todo para falar dos seus esportes preferidos além de notícias, eventos, etc e também, porque não, um espaço para darmos aquela trolada no time adversário" 121
85 BrasilFantastico "Subreddit em Português para discussão de tudo relacionado aos gêneros de ficção científica, fantasia e horror" 2
86 brasilisentao "A bolha acima e entre todas as bolhas" 12
87 BrasilReceitas "Receitas culinárias em português" 1
88 brasilsilsil "Compartilhe e discuta qualquer conteúdo que possa interessar aos brasileiros" 2
89 Brasucas "Comunidade livre para brasucas" 1
90 BrazilianOffDutyCop 2
91 braziltalk 2
92 BRchan 11
93 breja "Recomendações, Reviews e Resenhas de cervejas de todos os tipos" 7
94 bresil "Postagens em português" 3
95 brgonewild "Paraíso das musas tupiniquins" 5843
96 BRSingleMalt "Informações sobre Single Malt em Português" 10
97 Calopsita "Subreddit para quem ama psitácideos" 4
98 Camino 41
99 CaminoDeSantiago 3944
100 campinas 163
101 Canhotos_bandidos "Subreddit destinado para postagens de material que mostra atos ilegais de esquerdistas" 4
102 capeta 3
103 Capina "Bem vindo a este recinto maravilhoso do Capinaremos na internet" 460
104 Capinaremos "Refugiados do Capinaremos" 25
105 capitaofausto "Tudo sobre a banda portuguesa" 16
106 capivara "Melhor Pokemon da região brasileira" 6
107 capoeira 3813
108 capoeiraangola 91
109 CARALHO 3
110 CasosIsolados "Casos isolados de violência policial no Brasil" 3
111 cati "Subreddit da Cati Jr." 2
112 cefetianos "Para discussões de coisas do CEFET" 7
113 cellbits "Bem vindo ao subreddit do cellbit, o fundo do poço" 80617
114 CeltadeVigo 3
115 CemiteriodoHumor "O sub onde você posta as coisas mais sem graça da história Tupiniquim" 13
116 changemyviewbr "Um lugar para postar uma opinião que você admite que pode ser falha, em um esforço para entender outras perspectivas sobre o assunto" 4
117 Charuto "Informações sobre Charuto cubanos e off Cuba" 5
118 chocolage 2
119 chocolatedebolo "Receitas com chocolate do blog Chocolate de Bolo" 4
120 ChupacabraBrasil "Só conspiração e teorias bizarras" 2
121 cidadaosdebem 219
122 CienciaEconomica "Discussões sobre a ciência econômica, em português" 154
123 cineastas "Redditores da comunidade de Cineastas e Actores do Porto" 1
124 circulodepunheta "Porque o portugal não é um" 2
125 circuloidiota 188
126 clubedolivro 4
127 clubedorap "Espaço para vocês compartilharem e ouvirem músicas de rap como prioridade" 86
128 ComeuAPasta 39
129 Compostela 47
130 computando 1
131 ConcursosBR 510
132 conspiracao 3
133 ContosEroticos "Contos Eróticos em Português" 58
134 contraAO "Redditores contra o acordo ortográfico" 16
135 ConversaDeCafe "Proporcionar aos redditors que falem a língua de Camões um espaço de conversa casual sem nenhum tópico central" 6
136 convivio "Um sub de língua exclusivamente portuguesa que serve como espaço de convívio para portugueses (naturais)" 15
137 copadomundo "Subreddit direcionado a discussões sobre a Copa do Mundo" 3
138 correios 1
139 corrupcao "Subreddit para publicação de notícias, criação de debates e denúncias (anónimas ou não) acerca da corrupção em Portugal" 221
140 corrupcaopt "Para acumular os casos de corrupcao que se vao ouvindo, e para começar a pensar em como fazer justiça" 51
141 CPLP "Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa" 305
142 criptoeconomia 6
143 criptomoedas "Primeiro subreddit em português dedicado a discutir tudo relacionado a criptomoedas no Brasil" 224
144 cristianoronaldo 1318
145 cristianosequeira 0
146 CriticaConsolistaFoda "O câncer acabou de chegar na página frontal da internet" 19
147 Criticas "Esse é um espaço para a divulgação e discussão de críticas" 67
148 CriticaSocialFoda 70
149 CrossFitnoBrasil 1
150 cuidadocomoqueposta 2
151 culinaria "Se deseja dar a conhecer receitas interessantes escritas na língua portuguesa este é o lugar ideal" 55
152 Cultivonha "Esse subreddit tem como objetivo compartilhar experiências e dúvidas sobre o cultivo indoor e outdoor da planta Cannabis" 223
153 cultobastter "Para aqueles que acreditam que a Bastter.com eh um culto pega-sardinha tanto quanto os outros sites de investimento" 4
154 culturapopnerdgeek "Um espaço brasileiro para discussão sobre filmes, séries, games, livros, HQs e tudo mais o que amamos" 267
155 DarknetMarketsBrasil 43
156 Deportivo 114
157 Desciclopedia "A enciclopédia livre de conteúdo" 4
158 desclassificados "Classificados que não se classificaram tão bem como classificados" 54
159 desenrasque "Solução para quando não há soluções e temos de entregar aquilo amanhã" 2
160 designBR "Subreddit para designers brasileiros compartilhar artigos, trabalhos, pedir opiniões e interagir com outros companheiros de profissão" 19
161 Deus 1
162 Deusolivre "Coleção de melhores momentos vividos no brasilivre" 4
163 devBR "Subreddit para programadores e desenvolvedores web brasileiros compartilhar artigos, trabalhos, pedir opiniões e interagir com outros companheiros de profissão" 54
164 dicasdollyinho 1
165 dinheiroonline "Dicas para levantar um $ extra através de ferramentas online" 6
166 Direita "O subreddit da direita brasileira" 194
167 disco_bar "O sítio para onde deverão vir os vídeos e as imagens soltas que acabam habitualmente publicadas no disco-bar.blogspot.com" 10
168 dndPortugal "Uma sub dedicada a tudo sobre Dungeons & Dragons, de criação de mundos a homebrews, tudo em português" 37
169 DoctorRey2018 "Subreddit para apoiar o futuro presidente brasileiro" 1
170 dogecoinbr "Grupo de fomento ao dogecoin no Brasil" 6
171 dogecoinbrasil "Aqui é o lugar para reunir todos os interessados na nova moeda virtual baseada no Litecoin, o Dogecoin, que vem causando sensação desde seu aparecimento" 62
172 Doriana "Notícias sobre o prefeito de São Paulo" 4
173 DragonBallLegendsBR "Encontre tudo sobre Dragon Ball Legends totalmente em português e discuta com outros jogadores do Brasil" 9
174 droga "Discussão sobre drogas em português" 6
175 Eder 2357
176 ElCaminoDeSantiago 112
177 electronicapt "Comunidade de electrónica e FPGA em Portugal" 53
178 eletronica "Subreddit dedicado aos estudantes, hobbistas e qualquer pessoa interessada em entender melhor a magia por trás dos circuitos eletronicos" 17
179 emberwood 59
180 Empreendedor "Subreddit de empreendedorismo em português" 6
181 Empreendedores "Subreddit de empreendedorismo em português" 3
182 empreendedorismopt "Um espaço para discutir o empreendedorismo em Portugal" 1
183 Engenharia "Subreddit dedicada a discussão sobre assuntos relacionados a engenharia em português" 21
184 engenhariacivil "Discussão sobre Engenharia Civil" 78
185 engenhariaquimica "Essa comunidade é destinada a assuntos referentes a área da engenharia quimica" 27
186 EnoughNovoSpam 33
187 equilibrio "Um subreddit brasileiro dedicado ao crescimento pessoal e à busca por um estilo de vida saudável e equilibrado" 241
188 EscreviSaiCorrendo 1
189 esquerdabrasil "Este é um espaço para a discussão de ideias e dos ideais de Esquerda" 4
190 estilo "Um lugar para discutir tendências, hábitos, roupas, promoções, acessórios, modas e outros fatores que demonstram seu estilo de vida" 14
191 eu_nrdd "me_irl versão tuga" 2
192 eu_nvr_tuga "me_irl versão tuga" 29
193 eunvr 1
194 EuTavaLa "Apenas fanfics verídicas" 0
195 Exmormonportugues 72
196 fabricadenoobs "Canal Brasileiro voltado para computação" 2091
197 facebooktuga "oldpeoplefacebook mas em português" 0
198 faisca 1
199 FanficsdeEsquerda 4
200 farense "O Sub dos fãs do Sporting Clube Farense" 5
201 FCdoBrasil "Página para divulgar obras, sites de leitura com obras em português, além de conversarmos sobre o gênero aqui nas terras tupiniquins" 14
202 Felca "Felca do Youtube, o pewdiepie brasileiro" 9
203 FeminismoBrasil "Uma comunidade pras minas trocarem ideias sem serem hostilizadas pelos homens do reddit brasileiro" 240
204 FestivaisPortugal "Partilhar futuros festivais e experiências de festivais anteriores" 3
205 FFBRExvius "Sub em português para os jogadores de Final Fantasy Brave Exvius" 6
206 FicouGratis 1980
207 fifabrasil "Subreddit dedicado a comunidade brasileira do jogo FIFA, para todos os consoles e PC" 32
208 firefox_portugues "Ponto de partilha de informação e discussão sobre o navegador Mozilla Firefox, aqui se conversa e se informa a respeito desse navegador" 3
209 Fisicou "Sub criado com o objetivo de dialogar sobre ciências e afins" 72
210 FlamengoOficial "O subreddit do Mais Querido do Brasil" 39
211 fodase 1
212 Folclore "Reddit sobre o Folclore Português, partilha, discussão e divulgação da tradição portuguesa" 3
213 ForniteBR_Portugal "Um sub-reddit dedicado ao FortniteBR tudo em português, com o objetivo de aproximar a comunidade portuguesa, e ajudar no que for preciso" 1
214 fortniteportugal "Um sub-reddit para discutir sobre Fortnite (PvP e PvE) em Português" 4
215 FrancisMartins 83
216 freelancerspt "Um sub para freelancers Portugueses para discussões relevantes em Português" 117
217 freelasBR "Subreddit destinado a oportunidades, informações e perguntas para Freelancers e Profissionais Autônomos no Brasil" 44
218 futebolamericano "Notícias e conteúdo sobre ligas oficiais como NFL e CFL em português" 1
219 futebolantigo "Subreddit direcionado a discussões sobre campeonatos antigos e times do passado do futebol" 1
220 futebolbrasil "Subreddit direcionado a discussões sobre o Brasileirão e a Copa do Brasil" 1
221 futebolemportugal "Local de discussão civilizada, ou talvez não, sobre futebol em Portugal" 50
222 G0ularte "Um subreddit criado para os inscritos conversarem, mandarem ideias, memes, etc" 13254
223 Galiza 760
224 GalizaCarallo 3
225 gamerbrasil "Subreddit dedicado ao Gamers Brasileiros" 51
226 gauchosBR "Um sub para tudo e todos do grande estado do Rio Grande do Sul" 34
227 Geaaaaaaaaaaada 1
228 GeekBR "Aqui é onde essa grande massa geek brasileira que só cresce a cada ano pode compartilhar notícias, imagens, textos, e etc" 29
229 geopolitica "Espaço para discussões de geopolítica e política internacional" 345
230 gerir_pequeno "Empreendedorismo, Micro-empresas e divulgação" 2
231 gestao 1
232 glpi_brasil 101
233 godot_brasil "Comunidade para os brasileiros interessados em estudar e tirar dúvidas sobre Godot Engine" 85
234 GTAorBrazil 392
235 heraldica "Tudo o que seja relacionado com escudos, brasões de armas e heráldica em geral" 7
236 hfm "Hoje fiz merda" 23
237 HistoriaBr "Subreddit para conversar sobre assuntos de História (com H maiúsculo, por isso a ciência), em português do Brasil de preferencia" 34
238 HoraDaComida "Sub dedicado para compartilhar receitas feitas por vocês próprios ou belas comidas compradas por vocês" 42
239 humorpt 2
240 humortadela 2
241 Ibipora "Sub da cidade de Ibiporã / PR" 1
242 IMPAVIDOCOLOSSO "Nação gloriosa de belezas naturais" 59
243 Impressao3D "Comunidade para discutir sobre impressoras 3D, dicas, técnicas, além de falar sobre modelagem e assuntos afim" 26
244 InClubMaster "Aqui divulgaremos notícias sobre projetos e campanhas do InClub do colégio Master" 1
245 intercambio 8
246 INTESTINOIRRITADO 16
247 introvertidos "Reddit sobre introversão em português" 2
248 investir 12
249 IsabeliFontana 285
250 ISPsPortugal "Um lugar para discutir apenas artigos relacionados com os operadores de telecomunicações de Portugal" 4
251 jamorim "Os melhores vídeos da internet gaucha e brazileira" 25
252 JeanWyllys 0
253 Joinville 6
254 jovemnerd "Revivendo esse subreddit ligado ao mundo Jovem Nerd: Nerdcast, Nerdplayer, MatandoRobosGigantes, NerdOffice NerdStore... Etc" 749
255 KaikerTV "Deixe Memes para o canal do Kaiker" 20
256 Kaskaria "Seu repositório diário de memes, vídeos engraçados e outras coisas sem utilidade" 3
257 KetoPortugal "Como seguir uma dieta Keto em Portugal" 45
258 lageball 1
259 Lagoa "Um subreddit para tudo e mais alguma coisa relacionado com Lagoa, Algarve, um lindo município do sul de Portugal" 1
260 LeagueofLegendsBR 99
261 letsplaypt "Um subreddit dedicado a let's plays (gameplays comentados) feitos no idioma português com o intuito de reunir links úteis, feedback e aumentar a interação com outros let's players" 2
262 libertarios "Bem-vindos Libertários de Portugal" 5
263 ligadoscampeoes "Subreddit direcionado a discussões sobre a UEFA Champions League" 1
264 linksfilmesonline "Comunidade brasileira para pedir ou compartilhar links de filmes online, de preferência filmes legendados e também algumas séries" 12
265 linux_portugues "Esse é um subreddit para interessados em informação relacionada a GNU/Linux" 20
266 LisboadeBorla 7
267 literati "Subreddit de programação e desenvolvimento de sistemas em português" 3
268 LiteraturaPortuguesa "Um local para partilhar escritores em português, seja em prosa ou em verso" 109
269 livrosdeportugal "Um subreddit para discutirmos livros em Português de Portugal" 1
270 LoLBR 26
271 lolportugal "Subreddit em português e para portugueses sobre League of Legends" 8
272 londrina "Velas, choros, lamentações e poesias a respeito de Londrina/PR" 39
273 loylinha "Subreddit da layla" 885
274 LugardeIdeias "Um lugar para refletir, questionar e debater" 41
275 LuizPhilippe "Em apoio ao nosso Dep. Federal Luiz Philippe de Orléans e Bragança" 1
276 luso 1
277 lusowiki "O melhor espaço para a partilha de tudo o que é lusófono e para ajudar quem estuda esta área" 30
278 Luxemburgo "Um subreddit em português dedicado à atualidade luxemburguesa" 3
279 macae 3
280 mamaspapasbebes "Reddit de apoio ao site "Ser Pai é..." e local de discussão de ideias acerca da Paternidade / Maternidade" 3
281 Manaus "Sub dedicado a cidade brasileira de Manaus, capital do maior estado do Brasil, Amazonas" 158
282 MancheteCorrigida "Inspirado na iniciativa gringa do HeadlineCorrections, o Projeto de Correção das Manchetes Fake News nasceu para combater as mentiras e engodos da Grande Mídia" 88
283 mandanudes 67
284 maquiagembrasil "Não limitado para apenas marcas brasileiras, mas um espaço para discutir maquiagem e cosméticos em português (br)" 3
285 Marinho 4
286 MariParaiba 533
287 marketplacebr "O espaço para discussões sobre a venda em marketplaces no Brasil" 4
288 MaseoPT "Aqui são postados prints de brasileiros tentando justificar as ações de certos políticos enquanto cita o PT ou o Lula" 15
289 mattayahu 2052
290 mau_pm_nao_propina "Histórias de abuso policial incluindo: abuso de poder, corrupção e outras desgraças em estados policiais em expansão" 32
291 mbtipt "Discussões sobre a classificação tipológica de Myers-Briggs e outros relacionados" 0
292 MCKevinho "Sub dedicado do hitmaker MC Kevinho" 3
293 Mecatronica "Para o aprendizado e discussões sobre Mecatrônica em português" 2
294 Medianeira "Cidade de Medianeira / PR" 1
295 memesinspiradores "Inspirado no wholesomememes, um sub para postar memes inspiradores, saudáveis, gentis e incríveis" 217
296 MemesPrimeiraLiga "Memes e shitposts do Futebol Português" 197
297 MemesUmidos "Tipo o dankmemes mas com menos graça" 2
298 Mensagemdeaniversario "Lindas mensagem de aniversário para você compartilhar e curtir com suas amigas e amigos" 1
299 mercados "Sub dedicado à partilha de notícias/opiniões sobre mercados, finanças, empresas e economia" 5
300 merdapostagem 30
301 mlsfutebol "Subreddit direcionado a discussões sobre a Major League Soccer (MLS)" 2
302 modacomtesao "Moda em português aqui no Reddit" 4
303 mormonsud "Sub para membros, amigos e curiosos a respeito da Igreja de Jesus Cristo dos Santos dos Últimos dias (aka 'Igreja Mórmon')" 2
304 motivacionais "Vem ler, commentar, copiar, ou republicar, os nossos maravilhosos pósters motivacionais" 1
305 MPB 61
306 msd 5
307 mudarportugal "Falar aqui de propostas construtivas para mudar portugal" 101
308 mudeminhaopiniao 127
309 Mulher "Tudo relacionado ao universo feminino em português" 6
310 mulherdepau 61
311 mundialdeclubes "Subreddit direcionado a discussões sobre o Mundial de Clubes da FIFA e a antiga Copa Intercontinental" 1
312 naoecebola 1
313 NaoSalvo "O primeiro subreddit não-oficial para leitores e ouvintes do NãoSalvo" 136
314 nbabasquete "Subreddit direcionado a discussões sobre a National Basketball Association (NBA)" 1
315 NBAPortugal "Espaço para discussões e partilha de notícias relacionadas com a NBA" 23
316 nerdice "Tudo sobre o universo nerd e geek na internet" 1
317 NewsBahia "Só noticias da Bahia" 27
318 NewsBrasil "Noticias dos jornais online do Brasil" 409
319 Neymar 362
320 nflesuperbowl "Este subreddit é direcionado a discussões sobre futebol americano" 1
321 nomadaspt "Quando já não sabes de onde és e o planeta é a tua casa" 1
322 Nordeste "Orgulho de ser nordestino" 6
323 NoticiasBrasil 44
324 NoticiasPT "Notícias em Português" 1
325 Nova_Economia 2
326 Novidades "Adicione o seu WebSite ao nosso directório" 3
327 novismo "Movimento onde ponho minhas anotações como historiador" 3
328 O_Marcelo 1
329 Observatorio "Ambiente em língua portuguesa para astrônomos amadores, fãs de astronomia, curiosos, estudantes, professores e profissionais da área" 1
330 OffDutyBrazilianCop 16971
331 offdutycopinbrazil 91
332 Olavo_de_Carvalho 2
333 oSul "Apenas coisas relacionadas ao Sul" 1
334 ourem "Ourém é um município português pertencente ao Distrito de Santarém" 1
335 pacotedeprincipiante "Poste Starter Packs em português" 64
336 paetesao 3
337 PaoDeQueijo 2
338 Paraiba 5
339 partidonovo 9
340 PastaPortuguesa 877
341 PastorPreso "Coletânea de notícias de pastores sendo presos por caixa dois, molestar crianças e mulheres, perversões, entre outros crimes bizarros que eles sabem cometer melhor do que ninguém" 1
342 PatriaAmada 16
343 paunocu 3
344 PauNoCuDosCorreios 18
345 pbeBrazil2014 2
346 pbeBrazil2016 20
347 PENSOLOGOSOU "Arquivo de notícias, entrevistas, documentários, artigos de opinião, artigos científicos, livros e teses académicas relacionadas com as temáticas da Política das Drogas em Portugal" 44
348 pequenasempresas "Subreddit brasileiro para discutir ideias e problemas de micro e pequenas empresas" 1
349 perolasdofacebook "O melhor da internet brasileira" 3
350 personalfinancebrasil 5
351 personalfinancebrazil 2
352 petropolis 7
353 piadapronta 1
354 Piaui 5
355 PilulaVermelha "Comunidade em português baseada na de língua inglesa 'The Red Pill'" 37
356 pimenta 2
357 Pipoca "Loucos por filmes e séries" 21
358 PizzaComAnanas 5
359 placas "Fotos de placas" 10
360 PocketManBad 3
361 PodcastUbuntuPortugal "Podcast da comunidade portuguesa de Ubuntu" 8
362 PokerBrasil "A primeira comunidade brasileira e em português sobre Poker" 28
363 polemicas "Subreddit em português criado para discutir assuntos polêmicos sem qualquer tipo de censura" 74
364 polemicas2 "Backup do polemicas" 1
365 poliamor "Este é um lugar de amor livre. Vamos debater sobre nossas dificuldades e realizações poliamoristas" 62
366 PoliticaMundial "Uma comunidade voltada aos assuntos políticos, econômicos e filosóficos, com o intuito de reunir pessoas diferentes com pensamentos diferentes para que possamos discutir e debater sobre o mundo a nossa volta" 10
367 pontoXbr "Comunidade em português para aqueles que gostam de fazer o trabalho, seja próprio ou comercialmente" 1
368 popbrasil 6
369 portela "Portela de Sacavém" 17
370 Portgueis "Igual ao Engrish, mas com português" 19
371 PortoSexDating 20
372 Portugalia "Sub-Reddit para todos os portugueses à volta do mundo" 3
373 portugalliberal "Um espaço de discussão positiva e objectiva mas com a missão de tornar Portugal mais liberal" 59
374 PortugalNostalgico "O melhor (ou o pior) que já passou por Portugal" 1
375 PortugalPsicadelico 1
376 portugaltech 1
377 Portuges "Igual ao Engrish, mas com português" 2
378 preocupados 4
379 Preto 1
380 primeiraligamemes "Memes e shitposts do Futebol Português" 0
381 privacidade 21
382 ProducaoMusical "Essa comunidade tem o intuito de unir os produtores musicais brasileiros para uma troca de experiências, dicas, ferramentas e mais coisas voltadas a produção musical" 37
383 programacao "O subreddit programacao é destinado para toda a comunidade de programadores que falam a língua portuguesa" 683
384 projeto "Comunidade de discussão sobre diretrizes para uma nova cidade, baseada na igualdade de pessoas, conservação ambiental e promoção da inovação tecnológica e científica" 7
385 ProjetoHumanos "Projeto Humanos é um podcast que busca explorar um formato ainda pouco explorado no Brasil, o storytelling, popularmente utilizado em podcasts dos EUA, tais como Radiolab, This American Life e Serial" 2122
386 psdb 1
387 PsicologiaBR 177
388 PTchan 40
389 PUCRJ "Reddit destinado à Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro" 3
390 pythonbr "Subreddit sobre a linguagem de programação Python, em português do brasil" 75
391 Quadrinhos "Seu ponto de encontro para notícias e descoberta de HQ, Comix, Graphic Novels‎, Charges e mídia geeks em geral" 36
392 racionalidade "Uma comunidade de racionalidade aplicada em Português" 24
393 RainbowSixBrasil 4
394 Rapadura 1
395 rasil "Visite o /brasilivre" 1
396 rbrasil "Subreddit para notícias e discussão de assuntos relacionados ao Brasil" 146
397 Receitas_LowCarb 1
398 recomendo "Sub para compartilhar recomendações de produtos, serviços e qualquer outra coisa que valha a pena" 1
399 RedditMithrilBot 2
400 RedeGlobo 2
401 reinaldoazevedo 4
402 ReinosEsquecidos 2
403 relacionamentos "Chegue ai e conte o seu problema" 5
404 Reliquias 2
405 retrogaming_br "Um subreddit em português sobre os consoles e jogos da era de ouro dos videogames" 94
406 RockInRioBrazil 5
407 rodellus "Junta-te ao movimento e faz parte desta mudança" 1
408 rolesdodaciolo "Rolês do Cabo Daciolo" 25
409 rolesdoronaldinho "Rolês do Ronaldinho Gaúcho (R10) pelo mundo" 648
410 RonaldinhoSoccerCoin 14
411 ronaldo 635
412 Roraima 2
413 rubronegro 29
414 Ruilhe "Assuntos sobre Ruilhe" 1
415 sapucai 12
416 SaraSampaio 3935
417 segurancainformatica "Notícias de segurança informática em Português" 9
418 SelecaoPortuguesa "Subreddit dedicado a todos os escalões da seleção portuguesa de futebol" 1
419 semanasdemoda 5
420 SemCensura "Comunidade dedicada ao 'Sem Censura', programa de entrevistas exibido pela TV Brasil" 15
421 SerGamer "Ser gamer, ser um jogador" 4
422 SexoBR "Uma comunidade destinada a discussões que dizem respeito a todos os tipos de dúvidas/práticas relacionadas ao sexo e relacionamentos" 117
423 shieldbr "Página em português dedicada à entretenimento e notícias sobre a série Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D" 2
424 sigaopolitico "Um guia para te ajudar a acompanhar os seus representantes políticos nas redes sociais" 3
425 SLB 5
426 slBenfica 28
427 soccerPT "Futebol em Português" 5
428 sociedade "Esse é um subreddit destinado para a discussão de assuntos pertinentes à sociedade brasileira" 37
429 Solteiros "Local para solteiros e solteiras se descobrirem, conversarem" 64
430 SouthAmericaMemes 828
431 SpamGenericoPT "Posta aqui, que assim ninguém vê nem se chateia" 2
432 SPQAM "O Senado e Povo de Arstotza Magna é uma miccronação fundada no dia 18 de março de 2017, pelo imperador Caesar Vulpes Petrus Machadus" 1
433 stackunderflow "Poste algo útil para desenvolvedores" 52
434 startups_pt "Discussão sobre o mundo das startups em Portugal" 2
435 StateofRiodeJaneiro 28
436 sucodedornosossos 10
437 suicidiorelogio "https://www.cvv.org.b" 2
438 SupercarrosPortugal "Aqui podem pôr todos os carros raros ou invulgares que encontrarem" 12
439 Tapioca 6
440 TarantinoPTBR "Comunidade em português sobre o diretor, ator, roteirista e produtor Quentin Tarantino" 2
441 Taubate "Sugestões para o cidadão de Taubaté e região" 5
442 tema_de_base_preta "Aqui temas para ambientes gráficos cuja sua cor base seja a cor preta" 2
443 terapia 2
444 teste1323323 1
445 TesteSporting 3
446 the_adenor "Este sub é uma homenagem singela a Sua Autoridade Campal, Dom Tite I, Treinador Fenomenal e Defensor Perpétuo do Joga Bonito e à trupe que trará a taça de Didi, Garrincha, Pelé, Romário e Ronaldo de volta ao lar" 300
447 the_bolso "Subreddit dedicado a troca de informações, notícias e discussões sérias sobre a candidatura de Jair Bolsonaro para a Presidência do Brasil nas eleições de 2018" 1
448 timecircojeca 6
449 TioDoBemEstar 1
450 titulodopalmeiras "Títulos recentes do palmeiras" 2
451 Tocantins 7
452 TodosContraOArtigo13 1
453 Tomar "Tomar é uma cidade portuguesa" 4
454 transbr "Um lugar para discutir tudo relacionado a comunidade trans brasileira" 418
455 transumanismo "Sub lusófono para discussão e compartilhamento sobre transumanismo" 2
456 trashyBrazil "Um recorte da sociedade mau caráter, imunda e irresponsável que temos no Brasil de 2019" 14
457 TrocaIniciais "Um subreddit onde podes divertir-te a trocar iniciais" 1
458 TrocasPKMBrasil "Subreddit em português para facilitar os brasileiros, e quem não consegue se expressar bem em inglês" 6
459 TropicalRussians 81
460 tugao "Subreddit sobre futebol" 2
461 TVIPortugal 4
462 TwitchBrasil "Subreddit feito com a intenção de discussão em português de qualquer assunto exclusivamente sobre Twitch ou streaming em geral" 6
463 UFES "Subreddit da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo" 18
464 ufpr 4
465 ufrgs "Para alunos, professores ou funcionários da Universidade Federal Do Rio Grande do Sul" 25
466 UFSC 139
467 ufscar "Subreddit da Universidade Federal de São Carlos" 13
468 Umbanda 20
469 unb_brasilia "Subreddit para a Universidade de Brasília" 25
470 unexpectedRicardo 94
471 Unicamp "Um canal para noticias e bate papo amigável sobre uma da mais bem conceituada universidade da América Latina" 220
472 UNIFESP 2
473 UnivAveiro "Subreddit não-oficial da Universidade de Aveiro" 3
474 unix_porno_portugues 27
475 uouuuuxi "Versão em português do woooosh" 0
476 UTFPR "Subreddit sobre a Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, antigo CEFET-PR" 40
477 Vermelho 1
478 vidadigital "Um guia prático para resolver seus problemas digitais" 3
479 VidaSaudavel "Subreddit para pessoas que desejam compartilhar informações e dúvidas sobre qualidade de vida" 4
480 videojogo "Lugar dedicado a videojogos em português" 1
481 VideosEmPortugues "Um subreddit para videos em português" 38
482 VideosPT "Um subreddit para videos em português" 6
483 VIGO "Porta do Atlántico e feudo de Abel Caballero" 93
484 ViraLataComplexo "Coletânea de perolas daqueles que sofre de Complexo de Vira-Lata pela Web" 2
485 virjao 1
486 vitoriaES "Um dia essa comunidade terá vários capixabas" 37
487 WhiskyBrasil "Grupo sobre Whisky em Português" 1084
488 WordPressBrasil "Esse subreddit é dedicado a assuntos relacionados com WordPress em português" 20
489 xiaomibrasil "Comunidade brasileira de usuários da Xiaomi" 4
490 Xuxa 2
491 ytmv 16
492 zico10 "SubReddit dedicado ao Zico, maior jogador da história do Clube de Regatas do Flamengo" 13
493 zika_pt 14
494 ZonaBrasil "Um subreddit em Português de postagem livre, estilo 'doa a quem doer'" 15

Flairs

nome condição de funcionamento
ativo automatizada
novo automatizada
reativado descontinuada
inativo automatizada
sem moderação automatizada
internacional descontinuada

Multireddits

novos
m/emportugues7
m/emportugues8
m/emportugues9
m/emportugues10
m/emportugues11

Lançamentos

nome funcionalidades básicas repositório
Auto-moderador verifica todas as postagens e comentários; remove postagens que não seguem regras básicas do sub; comenta informando a respeito da regra desrespeitada e notifica a equipe de moderação. link
Robô verifica todas as postagens do sub diariamente; posta um comentário fixado com informações sobre o sub linkado em cada postagem; registra o nome de cada sub linkado, comentário feito e postagem analisada no servidor; atualiza os comentários salvos com informações recentes sobre cada sub; verifica a situação de cada sub salvo e atualiza flairs e marcações NSFW de postagens quando necessário; verifica as postagens recentes e remove postagens com links para subs já listados. link
Crawler carrega e confere a lista salva no servidor diariamente, remove subs banidos ou privados da lista e registra no servidor; coleta informações de todos os subs listados e registra todos dados coletados de cada sub listado de forma compacta no servidor. link
Site carrega uma série de recursos e forma a tabela; carrega os dados sobre todos os subs listados salvos no servidor; formata os dados salvos e exibe no endereço emportugues.org uma tabela com informações sobre cada sub linkado em postagens no sub; permite filtragem dos dados por meio de buscas e fornece links relevantes para usuários. link
Aplicativo carrega os dados sobre todos os subs listados salvos no servidor; formata os dados salvos e exibe em dispositivos Android uma tabela com informações sobre cada sub linkado em postagens no sub; permite filtragem dos de dados por meio de buscas e fornece links relevantes para usuários. link
Mais informações sobre os lançamentos na wiki.

Novidades

Esta compilação deveria ter saído há semanas, porém muita coisa aconteceu desde a apresentação do sub em fevereiro de modo que até o compromisso semestral deve ser alterado por conta dos produtos da colaboração com u/6-bit que inspirou o desenvolvimento e criou os códigos fundamentais para toda essa gambiarra funcionar.
Não é tanto, mas foram seis meses trabalhando remotamente no tratamento de dados dos subs listados para lançarmos agora um site e um aplicativo para Android com o banco de dados de subs em português ou sobre cultura lusófona com mais informações do que as tabelas destas compilações e atualizados diariamente graças a um crawler; aqui também aproveitamos para apresentar u/BoEmPortugues para cuidar do sub junto com u/AutoModerator.
Pedimos paciência por parte de vocês ao usarem estas ferramentas porque elas acabam de ser apresentadas, então começaremos a tomar conhecimento de uma série de erros e comportamentos inesperados daqui pra frente; para saber mais sobre o funcionamento e ajudar na manutenção, visitem a nossa organização no GitHub.
Com esses códigos abertos também incentivamos a participação da comunidade lusófona do Reddit no aprimoramento dessas ferramentas e adoraríamos contar com a colaboração de redditors que tenham interesse e competência para colaborar com programação, design, tradução etc.
E não podemos deixar de dizer que ficamos contentes pelo crescimento do sub durante esses meses e agradecer pela confiança; esperamos que a automatização de várias tarefas dentro e fora do sub bem como a administração de dados de quase 1000 subs lusófonos possa melhorar a função principal do EmPortugues que é dar visibilidade a outros subs que falam a nossa língua no Reddit durante o início da era das máquinas.
⟵ 1ª compilação com 503 subreddits tabelados em fevereiro de 2019
submitted by JorgeAmVF to EmPortugues [link] [comments]


2018.12.09 00:43 rotoreuters Bitcoin Mining & The Beauty Of Capitalism

Authored by Valentin Schmid via The Epoch Times,
While the price of bitcoin drops, miners get more creative... and some flourish.
The bitcoin price is crashing; naysayers and doomsayers are having a field day. The demise of the dominant cryptocurrency is finally happening — or is it?
Bitcoin has been buried hundreds of times, most notably during the brutal 90 percent decline from 2013 to 2015. And yet it has always made a comeback.
Where the skeptics are correct: The second bitcoin bubble burst in December of last year and the price is down roughly 80 percent from its high of $20,000. Nobody knows whether and when it will see these lofty heights again.
As a result, millions of speculators have been burned, and big institutions haven’t showed up to bridge the gap.
This also happened on a smaller scale in 2013 after a similar 100x run-up, and it was necessary.

Time to Catch Up

What most speculators and even some serious proponents of the independent and decentralized monetary system don’t understand: Bitcoin needs these pauses to make improvements in its infrastructure.
Exchanges, which could not handle the trading volumes at the height of the frenzy and did not return customer service inquiries, can take a breather and upgrade their systems and hire capable people.
The technology itself needs to make progress and this needs time. Projects like the lightning network, a system which delivers instant bitcoin payments at very little cost and at virtually unlimited scale is now only available to expert programmers.
A higher valuation is only justified if these improvements reach the mass market.
And since we live in a world where everything financial is tightly regulated, for better or worse, this area also needs to catch up, since regulators are chronically behind the curve of technological progress.
And of course, there is bitcoin mining. The vital infrastructure behind securing the bitcoin network and processing its transactions has been concentrated in too few hands and in too few places, most notably China, which still hosts about 70 percent of the mining capacity.

The Case For Mining

Critics have always complained that bitcoin mining consumes “too much” electricity, right now about as much as the Czech Republic. In energy terms this is around 65 terawatt hours or 230,000,000 gigajoules, costing $3.3 billion dollars according to estimates by Digiconomist.
For the non-physicists among us, this is around as much as consumed by six million energy-guzzling U.S. households per year.
All those estimates are imprecise because the aggregate cannot know how much energy each of the different bitcoin miners consumes and how much that electricity costs. But they are a reasonable rough estimate.
So it’s worth exploring why mining is necessary to begin with and whether the electricity consumption is justified.
Anything and everything humans do consumes resources. The question then is always: Is it worth it? And: Who decides?
This question then leads to the next question: Is it worth having and using money? Most people would argue yes, because using money instead of barter in fact makes economic transactions faster and cheaper and thus saves resources, natural and human.

_Merchants exchange goods with the inhabitants of Tidore, Indonesia, circa 1550. Barter was supplanted by using money because it is more efficient. (Archive/Getty Images)_If we are generously inclined, we will grant bitcoin the status of a type of money or at least currency as it meets the general requirements of being recognizable, divisible, portable, durable, is accepted in exchange for other goods and services, and in this case it is even limited in supply.
So having any type of money has a price, whether it’s gold, dollar bills, or numbers on the screen of your online banking system. In the case of bitcoin, it’s the electricity and the capital for the computing equipment, as well as the human resources to run these operations.
If we think having money in general is a good idea and some people value the decentralized and independent nature of bitcoin then it would be worth paying for verifying transactions on the bitcoin network as well as keeping the network secure and sound: Up until the point where the resources consumed would outweigh the efficiency benefits. Just like most people don’t think it’s a bad idea to use credit cards and banks, which consume electricity too.
However, bitcoin is a newcomer and this is why it’s being scrutinized even more so than the old established players.

Different Money, Different Costs

How many people know how much electricity, human lives, and other resources gold mining consumes or has consumed in the course of history? What about the banking system? Branches, servers, air-conditioning, staff? What about printing dollar notes and driving them around in armored trucks?
What about the social effects of monetary mismanagement of bank and government money like inflation as well as credit deflations? Gold gets a pass here.
Most people haven’t asked that question, which is why it’s worth pointing out the only comprehensive study done on the topic in 2014. In “An Order of Magnitude” the engineer Hass McCook analyzes the different money systems and reaches mind-boggling conclusions.
The study is a bit dated and of course the aggregations are also very rough estimates, but the ball park numbers are reasonable and the methodology sound.
In fact, according to the study, bitcoin is the most economic of all the different forms of money.
Gold mining in 2014 used 475 million GJ, compared to bitcoin’s 230 million in 2018. The banking system in 2014 used 2.3 billion gigajoules.
Over 100 people per year die trying to mine gold. But mining costs more than electricity. It consumes around 300,000 liters of water per kilogram of gold mined as well as 150 kilogram (330 pounds) of cyanide and 1500 tons of waste and rubble.
The international banking system has been used in all kinds of fraudulent activity throughout history: terrorist financing, money laundering, and every other criminal activity under the sun at a cost of trillions of dollars and at an order of magnitude higher than the same transactions done with cryptocurrency and bitcoin.
And of course, while gold has a relatively stable value over time, our bank and government issued money lost about 90 percent of its purchasing power over the last century, because it can be created out of thin air. This leads to inflation and a waste of physical and human resources because it distorts the process of capital allocation.

_The dollar has lost more than 90 percent of its value since the creation of the Federal Reserve in 1913. (Source: St. Louis Fed)_This is on top of the hundreds of thousands of bank branches, millions of ATMs and employees which all consume electricity and other resources, 10 times as much electricity alone as the bitcoin network.
According to monetary philosopher Saifedean Ammous, author of “The Bitcoin Standard,” the social benefit of hard money, i.e. money that can’t be printed by government decree, cannot even be fathomed; conversely, the true costs of easy money—created by government fiat and bank credit—are difficult to calculate.
According to Ammous, bitcoin is the hardest money around, even harder than gold because its total supply is capped, whereas the gold supply keeps increasing at about 1-2 percent every year.
“Look at the era of the classical gold standard, from 1871, the end of the Franco–Prussian War, until the beginning of World War I. There’s a reason why this is known as the Golden Era, the Gilded Age, and La Belle Epoque. It was a time of unrivaled human flourishing all over the world. Economic growth was everywhere. Technology was being spread all over the world. Peace and prosperity were increasing everywhere around the world. Technological innovations were advancing.
“I think this is no coincidence. What the gold standard allowed people to do is to have a store of value that would maintain its value in the future. And that gave people a low time preference, that gave people the incentive to think of the long term, and that made people want to invest in things that would pay off over the long term … bitcoin is far closer to gold. It is a digital equivalent of gold,” he said in an interview with The Epoch Times.
Of course, contrary to the gold standard that Ammous talks about, bitcoin doesn’t have a track record of being sound money in practice. In theory it meets all the criteria, but in the real world it hasn’t been adopted widely and has been so volatile as to be unusable as a reliable store of value or as the underlying currency of a productive lending market.
The proponents argue that over time, these problems will be solved the same way gold spread itself throughout the monetary sphere replacing copper and seashells, but even Ammous concedes the process may take decades and the outcome is far from certain. Gold is the safe bet for sound money, bitcoin has potential.
There is another measure where bitcoin loses out, according to a recent study by researchers from the Oak Ridge Institute in Cincinnati, Ohio.
It is the amount of energy expended per dollar for different monetary instruments. One dollar worth of bitcoin costs 17 megajoules to mine versus five for gold and seven for platinum. But the study omits the use of cyanide, water, and other physical resources in mining physical metals.
In general, the comparisons in dollar terms go against bitcoin because it is worth relatively less, only $73 billion in total at the time of writing. An issue that could be easily fixed at a higher price, but a higher price is only justified if the infrastructure improves, adoption increases, volatility declines, and the network proves its resilience to attacks over time.
In the meantime, market participants still value the fact they can own a currency independent of the government, completely digital, easily fungible, and limited in supply, and relatively decentralized. And the market as a whole is willing to pay a premium for these factors reflected in the higher per dollar prices for mining bitcoin.

The Creativity of Bitcoin Mining

But where bitcoin mining lacks in scale, it makes up for it in creativity.
In theory—and in practice—bitcoin mining can be done anywhere where there is cheap electricity. So bitcoin mining operations can be conducted not where people are (banking) or where government is (fiat cash) or where gold is (gold mining)—it can be done everywhere where there is cheap electricity
Some miners are flocking to the heat of the Texan desert where gas is virtually available for free, thanks to another oil revolution.
Other miners go to places where there is cheap wind, water, or other renewable energy.
This is because they don’t have to build bank branches, printing presses, and government buildings, or need to put up excavators and conveyor belts to dig gold out of the ground.
All they need is internet access and a home for the computers that look like a shipping container, each one of which has around 200 specialized bitcoin mining computers in them.
“The good thing about bitcoin mining is that it doesn’t matter where on earth a transaction happens, we can verify it in our data center here. The miners are part of the decentralized philosophy of bitcoin, it’s completely independent of your location as well,” said Moritz Jäger, chief technology officer at bitcoin Mining company Northern Bitcoin AG.

Centralized Mining

But so far, this decentralization hasn’t worked out as well as it sounds in theory.
Because Chinese local governments had access to subsidized electricity, it was profitable for officials to cut deals with bitcoin mining companies and supply them with cheap electricity in exchange for jobs and cutbacks. Sometimes the prices were as low as 2 dollar cents to 4 dollar cents per kilowatt hour.
This is why the majority of bitcoin mining is still concentrated in China (around 70 percent) where it was the most profitable, but only because the Chinese central planners subsidized the price of electricity.
This set up led to the by and large unwanted result that the biggest miner of bitcoin, a company called Bitmain, is also the biggest manufacturer of specialized computing equipment for bitcoin mining. The company reported revenues of $2.8 billion for the first half of 2018.

Tourists walk on the dunes near a power plant in Xiangshawan Desert in Ordos of Inner Mongolia, in this file photo. bitcoin miners have enjoyed favorable electricity rates in places like Ordos for a long time. (Feng Li/Getty Images)Centralized mining is a problem because whenever there is one player or a conglomerate of players who control more than 50 percent of the network computing power, they could theoretically crash the network by spending the same bitcoin twice, the so called “double spending problem.“
They don’t have an incentive to do so because it would probably ruin the bitcoin price and their business, but it’s better not to have to rely on one group of people controlling an entire money system. After all, we have that exact same system with central banking and bitcoin was set up as a decentralized alternative.
So far, no player or conglomerate ever reached that 51 percent threshold, at least not since bitcoin’s very early days, but many market participants always thought Bitmain’s corner of the market is a bit too close for comfort.
This favorable environment for Chinese bitcoin mining has been changing with a crack down on local government electricity largess as well as a crackdown on cryptocurrency.
Bitcoin itself and mining bitcoin remain legal in China but cryptocurrency exchanges have been banned since late 2017.
But more needs to be done for bitcoin to become independent of the caprice of a centralized oppressive regime and local government bureaucrats.

Northern Bitcoin Case Study

Enter Northern Bitcoin AG. The company isn’t the only one which is exploring mining opportunities with renewable energies in locations other than China.
But it is special because of the extraordinary set up it has for its operations, the fact that it is listed on the stock exchange in Germany, and the opportunities for scaling it discovered.
The operations of Northern Bitcoin combine the beauties of bitcoin and capitalism in one.
Like Texas has a lot of oil and free gas and it makes sense to use the gas rather than burn it, Norway has a lot of water, especially water moving down the mountains due to rainfall and melting snow.
And it makes sense to use the power of the movement of the water, channel it through pipes into generators to create very cheap and almost unlimited electricity. Norway generates north of 95 percent of its total electricity from hydropower.

A waterfall next to a hydropowerplant near Sandane, Norway, Oct. 25, 2018. (Valentin Schmid/The Epoch Times)Capitalism does not distinguish between renewable and fossil. It uses what is the most expedient. In this case, it is clearly water in Norway, and gas in Texas.
As a side note on the beauties of real capital and the fact that capital and the environment need not be enemies, the water in one of the hydropowerplants close to the Northern Bitcoin facility is piped through a generator made in 1920 by J.M. Voith AG, a company from Heidenheim Germany.
The company was established in 1867 and is still around today. The generator was produced in 1920 and is still producing electricity today.

Excess Power

In the remote regions of Northern Norway, there aren’t that many people or industry who would use the electricity. And rather than transport it over hundreds of miles to the industrial centers of Europe, the industries of the future are moving to Norway to the source of the cheap electricity.
Of course, it is not just bitcoin mining, but other data and computing heavy operations like server farms for cloud computing that can be neatly packaged into one of those containers and shipped up north.
“The containers are beautiful. They are produced in the middle of Germany where the hardware is enabled and tested. Then we put it on a truck and send it up here. When the truck arrives on the outside we lift it on the container vehicle. Two hours after the container arrives, it’s in the container rack. And 40 hours later we enable the cooling, network, power, other systems, and it’s online,” said Mats Andersson, a spokesman for the Lefdal Mine data center in Måløy, Norway, where Northern Bitcoin has its operations. Plug and play.

A Northern Bitcoin data container inside the Lefdal Mine data center, in Måløy, Norway. (Northern Bitcoin)If the cheap electricity wasn’t enough—around 5 cents per kilowatt hour compared to 17 cents in Germany—Norway also provides the perfect storage for these data containers, which are normally racked up in open air parks above the ground.
Also here, the resource allocation is beautiful. Instead of occupying otherwise useful and beautiful parcels of land and nature, the Northern Bitcoin containers and others are stored in the old Lefdal olivine mine.
Olivine is a mineral used for steel production and looks green. Very fitting. Hence also the name of the data center: Lefdal Mine.
“We take the green mineral out and we take the green IT in,” said Andersson.

Efficiency, Efficiency

Using the old mine as storage for the data center makes the whole process even more resource efficient.
Why? So far, we’ve only been talking about bitcoin mining using a lot of energy. But what for? Before you have actually seen the process in action—and it is similar for other computing operations—you cannot imagine how bizarre it is.
Most of the electricity is used to prevent the computers from overheating. So it’s not even the processors themselves; it’s the fans which cool the computer that use the most juice.
This is where the mine helps, because it’s rather cool 160 meters (525 feet) below sea level; certainly cooler than in the Texas desert.
But it gets even better. On top of the air blow-cooling the computer, the Lefdal data center uses a fresh water system to pump through the containers in pipes.
The fans can then circulate air over the cool pipes which transfer the heat to the water. One can feel the difference when touching the different pipes.
The fresh water closed circle loop then completes the “green” or resource efficiency cycle by transferring its heat to ice cold water from the nearby Fjord.
The water is sucked in through a pipe from the Fjord, the heat gets transferred without the water being mixed, and the water flows back to the Fjord, without any impact on the environment.
To top it all off, the mine has natural physical security far better than open air data centers and is even protected from an electromagnetic pulse blast because it’s underground.

_The Nordfjord near Måløy, Norway. The Lefdal data center takes the cold water from the fjord and uses it to cool the computer inside the mine. (Valentin Schmid/The Epoch Times)_Company Dynamics

Given this superlative set up, Northern Bitcoin wants to ramp up production as fast as possible at the Lefdal mine and other similar places in Norway, which have more mountains where data centers can be housed.
At the moment, Northern Bitcoin has 15 containers with 210 mining machines each. The 15 containers produce around 5 bitcoin per day at a total cost of around $2,500 dollars at the end of November 2018 and after the difficulty of solving the math problems went down by ~17 percent.
Most of it is for electricity; the rest is for leasing the containers, renting the mine space, buying and writing off the mining computers, personnel, overhead, etc.
Even at the current relatively depressed prices of around $4000, that’s a profit of $1500 per bitcoin or $7,500 per day.
But the goal is to ramp it up to 280 containers until 2019, producing 100 bitcoin per day. Again, the company is in the sweet spot to do this.
As opposed to the beginning of the year when one could not procure a mining computer from Bitmain even if one’s life depended on it, the current bear market has made them cheap and relatively available both new and second had from miners who had to cease operations because they can’t produce at low bitcoin prices.

Northern Bitcoin containers inside the Lefdal Mine data center in Måløy, Norway. (Northern Bitcoin)What about the data shipping containers? They are manufactured by a company called Rittal who is the world market leader. So it helps that the owner of Rittal also owns 30 percent of the Lefdal mine, providing preferential access to the containers.
Northern Bitcoin said it has enough capital available for the intermediate goal of ramping up to 50 containers until the end of year but may tap the capital markets again for the next step.
The company can also take advantage of the lower German corporate tax rate because revenue is only recorded when the bitcoin are sold in Germany, not when they are mined in Norway.
Of course, every small-cap stock—especially bitcoin companies—have their peculiarities and very high risks. As an example, Northern Bitcoin’s financial statements, although public, aren’t audited.
The equipment in the Lefdal mine in Norway is real and the operations are controlled by the Lefdal personnel, but one has to rely on exclusive information from the company for financials and cost figures, so buyer beware.

Norway Powerhouse?

Northern Bitcoin wants to have 280 containers, representing around 5 percent of the network’s computing power.
But the Lefdal mine alone has a capacity to power and cool 1,500 containers in a 200 megawatt facility, once it is fully built out.
“Here you have all the space, power, and cooling that you need. … Here you can grow,” said Lefdal’s Andersson.

A mine shaft in the Lefdal Mine data center in Måløy, Norway. The whole mine will have a capacity for 1500 containers once fully built out. (Valentin Schmid/The Epoch Times)The Norwegian government was behind an initiative to bring computing power to Norway and make it one of the prime destinations for data centers at the beginning of this decade.
To that effect, the local governments own part of the utility companies which operate the power plants and own part of the Lefdal Mine and other locations. But even without notable subsidies (i.e. cash payments to companies), market players were able to figure it out, for everybody’s benefit.
The utilities win because they can sell their cheap electricity close to home. The computing companies like IBM and Northern Bitcoin win because they can get cheap electricity, storage, and security. Data center operators like Lefdal win because they can charge rent for otherwise unused and unneeded space.
However, in a recent about face, the central government in Oslo has decided to remove cryptocurrency miners from the list of companies which pay a preferential tax rate on electricity consumption.
Normally, energy intensive companies, including data centers, pay a preferential tax on electricity consumed of 0.48 øre ($0.00056 ). According to a report by Norwegian media Aftenposten, this tax will rise to 16.58 øre ($0.019) in 2019 for cryptocurrency miners exclusively.
The argument by left wing politician Lars Haltbrekken who sponsored the initiative: “Norway cannot continue to provide huge tax incentives for the most dirty form of cryptocurrency output […] [bitcoin] requires a lot of energy and generates large greenhouse gas emissions globally.”
Since Norway generates its electricity using hydro, precisely the opposite is true: No greenhouse gas emissions, or any emissions for that matter would be produced, if all cryptomining was done in Norway. As opposed to China, where mining is done with coal and with emissions.
But not only in Norway is the share of renewable and emission free energy high. According to research by Coinshares, Bitcoin’s consumes about 77.6 percent of its energy in the form of renewables globally.
However self-defeating the arguments against bitcoin mining in Norway, the political initiative is moving forward. What it means for Northern Bitcoin is not clear, as they house their containers in Lefdal’s mixed data center, which also has other clients, like IBM.
“It’s not really decided yet; there are still big efforts from IT sectors and parties who are trying to change it. If the decision is taken it might apply for pure crypto sites rather than mixed data centers, like ours,” said Lefdal’s Andersson.
Even in the worst-case scenario, it would mean an increase from ~5 cents to ~6.9 cents per kilowatt hour, or 30 percent more paid on the electricity by Northern Bitcoin, which at ~$3250 would still rank it among the most competitive producers in the world.
Coinshares estimates the average production price at $6,800 per Bitcoin at $0,05 per kilowatt hour of electricity and an 18-months depreciation schedule, but concedes that a profitable miner could “[depreciate] mining gear over 24-30 months, or [pay] less for mining gear than our estimates.”
Jäger says Northern Bitcoin depreciates the equipment over three years and has obtained very favorable prices from Bitmain, making its production much more competitive than the average despite the same cost of electricity. In addition, the natural cooling in the mine also reduces electricity costs overall.

Cheap Producer Advantage

At the moment, however, the tax could be the least of any miners worry, as the bitcoin price is in free-fall.
But what happens when the price crashes further? Suffice it to say that there was bitcoin mining when the dollar price was less than 1 cent and there will be bitcoin mining at lower prices thanks to the design of the network.
Mao Shixing, the founder of mining pool F2pool estimated 600,000 miners have shut down since the November crash in price, according to a report by Coindesk.
As it should be in a competitive system, the most energy intensive and obsolete machines are shut down first.
As with every other commodity, when the price drops, some miners will leave the market, leaving space for cheaper competitors to capture a bigger share. But with bitcoin this is a bit simpler than with copper or gold for example.
When a big copper player goes bankrupt, its competitors have to ramp up production and increase cost to increase their market share. With bitcoin, if 3,000 computers get taken off the total mining pool, they won’t be able to mine the approximately 5 bitcoin any longer.
However, because the difficulty of solving the computationally intensive cryptographic tasks of bitcoin decreases automatically when there are fewer computers engaged in the task, the other players just have to leave their machines running at the same rate for the same cost and they will split the 5 bitcoin among them.
“The moment the price goes down, our production price will go down as well,” said Jäger, a process that already happened from November to December when the difficulty decreased twice in November and the beginning of December.
This naturally favors players like Northern Bitcoin, which are producing at the lower end of the cost spectrum. They will be the ones who shut down last.
And this is a good thing. The more companies like Northern Bitcoin, and countries like Norway—even with the extra tax—the more decentralized the bitcoin system.
The more computers there are in different hands mining bitcoin, the more secure the system becomes, because it will be ever more difficult for one player to reach the 50 percent threshold to crash the system. It is this decentralized philosophy which has kept the bitcoin system running for 10 years. Whether at $1 or $20,000.
submitted by rotoreuters to zerohedge [link] [comments]


2018.07.17 01:46 Chtorrr cat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigationJump to search This article is about the cat species that is commonly kept as a pet. For the cat family, see Felidae. For other uses, see Cat (disambiguation) and Cats (disambiguation). For technical reasons, "Cat #1" redirects here. For the album, see Cat 1 (album). Domestic cat[1] Cat poster 1.jpg Various types of domestic cat Conservation status Domesticated Scientific classification e Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Suborder: Feliformia Family: Felidae Subfamily: Felinae Genus: Felis Species: F. silvestris Subspecies: F. s. catus Trinomial name Felis silvestris catus Linnaeus, 1758[2] Synonyms Felis catus (original combination)[3] Felis catus domestica (invalid junior synonym)[4]
The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus)[1][5] is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal. They are often called house cats[6] when kept as indoor pets or simply cats when there is no need to distinguish them from other felids and felines. They are often valued by humans for companionship and for their ability to hunt vermin. There are more than seventy cat breeds recognized by various cat registries.
Cats are similar in anatomy to the other felids, with a strong flexible body, quick reflexes, sharp retractable claws and teeth adapted to killing small prey. Cat senses fit a crepuscular and predatory ecological niche. Cats can hear sounds too faint or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small animals. They can see in near darkness. Like most other mammals, cats have poorer color vision and a better sense of smell than humans. Cats, despite being solitary hunters, are a social species, and cat communication includes the use of a variety of vocalizations (mewing, purring, trilling, hissing, growling and grunting) as well as cat pheromones and types of cat-specific body language.[7]
Cats have a high breeding rate.[8] Under controlled breeding, they can be bred and shown as registered pedigree pets, a hobby known as cat fancy. Failure to control the breeding of pet cats by spaying and neutering, as well as the abandonment of former household pets, has resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide, requiring population control.[9] In certain areas outside cats' native range, this has contributed, along with habitat destruction and other factors, to the extinction of many bird species. Cats have been known to extirpate a bird species within specific regions and may have contributed to the extinction of isolated island populations.[10] Cats are thought to be primarily responsible for the extinction of 87 species of birds,[11] and the presence of feral and free-ranging cats makes some otherwise suitable locations unsuitable for attempted species reintroduction.[12]
Because cats were venerated in ancient Egypt, they were commonly believed to have been domesticated there,[13] but there may have been instances of domestication as early as the Neolithic from around 9,500 years ago (7500 BC).[14] A genetic study in 2007[15] concluded that all domestic cats are descended from Near Eastern wildcats, having diverged around 8000 BC in the Middle East.[13][16] A 2016 study found that leopard cats were undergoing domestication independently in China around 5500 BC, though this line of partially domesticated cats leaves no trace in the domesticated populations of today.[17][18] A 2017 study confirmed that domestic cats are descendants of those first domesticated by farmers in the Near East around 9,000 years ago.[19][20]
As of a 2007 study, cats are the second-most popular pet in the U.S. by number of pets owned, behind freshwater fish.[21] In a 2010 study, they were ranked the third-most popular pet in the UK, after fish and dogs, with around 8 million being owned.[22]
Contents 1 Taxonomy and evolution 2 Nomenclature and etymology 3 Biology 3.1 Anatomy 3.2 Physiology 3.2.1 Nutrition 3.3 Senses 3.4 Health 3.4.1 Diseases 3.5 Genetics 4 Behavior 4.1 Sociability 4.2 Communication 4.3 Grooming 4.4 Fighting 4.5 Hunting and feeding 4.6 Running 4.7 Play 4.8 Reproduction 5 Ecology 5.1 Habitats 5.2 Feral cats 5.3 Impact on prey species 5.4 Impact on birds 6 Interaction with humans 6.1 Cat show 6.2 Cat café 6.3 Ailurophobia 6.4 Cat bites 6.5 Infections transmitted from cats to humans 6.6 History and mythology 6.6.1 Superstitions and cat burning 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links Taxonomy and evolution Main article: Cat evolution The domestic cat is a member of the cat family, the felids, which are a rapidly evolving family of mammals that share a common ancestor only 10–15 million years ago[23] and include lions, tigers, cougars and many others. Within this family, domestic cats (Felis catus) are part of the genus Felis, which is a group of small cats containing about seven species (depending upon classification scheme).[1][24] Members of the genus are found worldwide and include the jungle cat (Felis chaus) of southeast Asia, European wildcat (F. silvestris silvestris), African wildcat (F. s. lybica), the Chinese mountain cat (F. bieti), and the Arabian sand cat (F. margarita), among others.[25]
The domestic cat is believed to have evolved from the Near Eastern wildcat, whose range covers vast portions of the Middle East westward to the Atlantic coast of Africa.[26][27] Between 70,000 and 100,000 years ago the animal gave rise to the genetic lineage that eventually produced all domesticated cats,[28] having diverged from the Near Eastern wildcat around 8,000 BC in the Middle East.[13][16]
The domestic cat was first classified as Felis catus by Carl Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae published in 1758.[1][2] Because of modern phylogenetics, domestic cats are usually regarded as another subspecies of the wildcat, F. silvestris.[1][29][30] This has resulted in mixed usage of the terms, as the domestic cat can be called by its subspecies name, Felis silvestris catus.[1][29][30] Wildcats have also been referred to as various subspecies of F. catus,[30] but in 2003, the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature fixed the name for wildcats as F. silvestris.[31] The most common name in use for the domestic cat remains F. catus. Sometimes, the domestic cat has been called Felis domesticus[32] as proposed by German naturalist J. C. P. Erxleben in 1777,[33] but these are not valid taxonomic names and have been used only rarely in scientific literature.[34] A population of Transcaucasian black feral cats was once classified as Felis daemon (Satunin 1904) but now this population is considered to be a part of the domestic cat.[35]
All the cats in this genus share a common ancestor that is believed to have lived around 6–7 million years ago in the Near East (the Middle East).[36] The exact relationships within the Felidae are close but still uncertain,[37][38] e.g. the Chinese mountain cat is sometimes classified (under the name Felis silvestris bieti) as a subspecies of the wildcat, like the North African variety F. s. lybica.[29][37]
Ancient Egyptian sculpture of the cat goddess Bastet. The earliest evidence of felines as Egyptian deities comes from c. 3100 BC. In comparison to dogs, cats have not undergone major changes during the domestication process, as the form and behavior of the domestic cat is not radically different from those of wildcats and domestic cats are perfectly capable of surviving in the wild.[39][40] Fully domesticated house cats often interbreed with feral F. catus populations,[41] producing hybrids such as the Kellas cat. This limited evolution during domestication means that hybridisation can occur with many other felids, notably the Asian leopard cat.[42] Several natural behaviors and characteristics of wildcats may have predisposed them for domestication as pets.[40] These traits include their small size, social nature, obvious body language, love of play and relatively high intelligence.[43]:12–17 Several small felid species may have an inborn tendency towards tameness.[40]
Cats have either a mutualistic or commensal relationship with humans. Two main theories are given about how cats were domesticated. In one, people deliberately tamed cats in a process of artificial selection as they were useful predators of vermin.[44] This has been criticized as implausible, because the reward for such an effort may have been too little; cats generally do not carry out commands and although they do eat rodents, other species such as ferrets or terriers may be better at controlling these pests.[29] The alternative idea is that cats were simply tolerated by people and gradually diverged from their wild relatives through natural selection, as they adapted to hunting the vermin found around humans in towns and villages.[29]
Nomenclature and etymology The origin of the English word cat (Old English catt) and its counterparts in other Germanic languages (such as German Katze), descended from Proto-Germanic *kattōn-, is controversial. It has traditionally thought to be a borrowing from Late Latin cattus, 'domestic cat', from catta (used around 75 AD by Martial),[45][46] compare also Byzantine Greek κάττα, Portuguese and Spanish gato, French chat, Maltese qattus, Lithuanian katė, and Old Church Slavonic kotъ (kotka), among others.[47] The Late Latin word is generally thought to originate from an Afro-Asiatic language, but every proposed source word has presented problems. Many references refer to "Berber" (Kabyle) kaddîska, 'wildcat', and Nubian kadīs as possible sources or cognates, but M. Lionel Bender suggesets the Nubian term is a loan from Arabic قِطَّة qiṭṭa.[48] Jean-Paul Savignac suggests the Latin word is from an Ancient Egyptian precursor of Coptic ϣⲁⲩ šau, 'tomcat', or its feminine form suffixed with -t,[49] but John Huehnergard says "the source [...] was clearly not Egyptian itself, where no analogous form is attested."[48] Huehnergard opines it is "equally likely that the forms might derive from an ancient Germanic word, imported into Latin and thence to Greek and to Syriac and Arabic". Guus Kroonen also considers the word to be native to Germanic (due to morphological alternations) and Northern Europe, and suggests that it might ultimately be borrowed from Uralic, cf. Northern Sami gađfe, 'female stoat', and Hungarian hölgy, 'stoat'; from Proto-Uralic *käďwä, 'female (of a furred animal)'.[50] In any case, cat is a classic example of a Wanderwort.
An alternative word is English puss (extended as pussy and pussycat). Attested only from the 16th century, it may have been introduced from Dutch poes or from Low German puuskatte, related to Swedish kattepus, or Norwegian pus, pusekatt. Similar forms exist in Lithuanian puižė and Irish puisín or puiscín. The etymology of this word is unknown, but it may have simply arisen from a sound used to attract a cat.[51][52]
A group of cats can be referred to as a clowder or a glaring;[53] a male cat is called a tom or tomcat[54] (or a gib,[55] if neutered); an unspayed female is called a queen,[56] especially in a cat-breeding context; and a juvenile cat is referred to as a kitten. The male progenitor of a cat, especially a pedigreed cat, is its sire,[57] and its mother is its dam[58] In Early Modern English, the word kitten was interchangeable with the now obsolete word catling.[59]
A pedigreed cat is one whose ancestry is recorded by a cat fancier organization. A purebred (or pure-bred) cat is one whose ancestry contains only individuals of the same breed. Many pedigreed and especially purebred cats are exhibited as show cats. Cats of unrecorded, mixed ancestry are referred to as domestic short-haired or domestic long-haired cats (by coat type), or commonly as random-bred, moggies (chiefly British), or (using terms borrowed from dog breeding) mongrels or mutt-cats.
While the African wildcat is the ancestral subspecies from which domestic cats are descended, and wildcats and domestic cats can completely interbreed (being subspecies of the same species), several intermediate stages occur between domestic pet and pedigree cats on one hand and entirely wild animals on the other. The semi-feral cat, a mostly outdoor cat, is not owned by any one individual, but is generally friendly to people and may be fed by several households. Truly feral cats are associated with human habitation areas, foraging for food and sometimes intermittently fed by people, but are typically wary of human interaction.[41]
Biology Anatomy Main article: Cat anatomy
Diagram of the general anatomy of a male Domestic cats are similar in size to the other members of the genus Felis, typically weighing between 4 and 5 kg (9 and 10 lb).[37] Some breeds, such as the Maine Coon, can occasionally exceed 11 kg (24 lb). Conversely, very small cats, less than 2 kg (4 lb), have been reported.[60] The world record for the largest cat is 21 kg (50 lb).[61][self-published source] The smallest adult cat ever officially recorded weighed around 1 kg (2 lb).[61] Feral cats tend to be lighter, as they have more limited access to food than house cats. The Boston Cat Hospital weighted trapped feral cats, and found the average feral adult male to weigh 4 kg (9 lb), and average adult female 3 kg (7 lb).[62] Cats average about 23–25 cm (9–10 in) in height and 46 cm (18 in) in head/body length (males being larger than females), with tails averaging 30 cm (12 in) in length;[63] feral cats may be smaller on average.
Cats have seven cervical vertebrae, as do almost all mammals; 13 thoracic vertebrae (humans have 12); seven lumbar vertebrae (humans have five); three sacral vertebrae like most mammals (humans have five); and a variable number of caudal vertebrae in the tail (humans have only vestigial caudal vertebrae, fused into an internal coccyx).[64]:11 The extra lumbar and thoracic vertebrae account for the cat's spinal mobility and flexibility. Attached to the spine are 13 ribs, the shoulder, and the pelvis.[64] :16 Unlike human arms, cat forelimbs are attached to the shoulder by free-floating clavicle bones which allow them to pass their body through any space into which they can fit their head.[65]
Cat skull The cat skull is unusual among mammals in having very large eye sockets and a powerful and specialized jaw.[66]:35 Within the jaw, cats have teeth adapted for killing prey and tearing meat. When it overpowers its prey, a cat delivers a lethal neck bite with its two long canine teeth, inserting them between two of the prey's vertebrae and severing its spinal cord, causing irreversible paralysis and death.[67] Compared to other felines, domestic cats have narrowly spaced canine teeth, which is an adaptation to their preferred prey of small rodents, which have small vertebrae.[67] The premolar and first molar together compose the carnassial pair on each side of the mouth, which efficiently shears meat into small pieces, like a pair of scissors. These are vital in feeding, since cats' small molars cannot chew food effectively, and cats are largely incapable of mastication.[66]:37 Although cats tend to have better teeth than most humans, with decay generally less likely because of a thicker protective layer of enamel, a less damaging saliva, less retention of food particles between teeth, and a diet mostly devoid of sugar, they are nonetheless subject to occasional tooth loss and infection.[68]
Cats, like dogs, are digitigrades. They walk directly on their toes, with the bones of their feet making up the lower part of the visible leg.[69] Cats are capable of walking very precisely because, like all felines, they directly register; that is, they place each hind paw (almost) directly in the print of the corresponding fore paw, minimizing noise and visible tracks. This also provides sure footing for their hind paws when they navigate rough terrain. Unlike most mammals, when cats walk, they use a "pacing" gait; that is, they move the two legs on one side of the body before the legs on the other side. This trait is shared with camels and giraffes. As a walk speeds up into a trot, a cat's gait changes to be a "diagonal" gait, similar to that of most other mammals (and many other land animals, such as lizards): the diagonally opposite hind and fore legs move simultaneously.[70]
Like almost all members of the Felidae, cats have protractable and retractable claws.[71] In their normal, relaxed position, the claws are sheathed with the skin and fur around the paw's toe pads. This keeps the claws sharp by preventing wear from contact with the ground and allows the silent stalking of prey. The claws on the fore feet are typically sharper than those on the hind feet.[72] Cats can voluntarily extend their claws on one or more paws. They may extend their claws in hunting or self-defense, climbing, kneading, or for extra traction on soft surfaces. Most cats have five claws on their front paws, and four on their rear paws.[73] The fifth front claw (the dewclaw) is proximal to the other claws. More proximally is a protrusion which appears to be a sixth "finger". This special feature of the front paws, on the inside of the wrists, is the carpal pad, also found on the paws of big cats and dogs. It has no function in normal walking, but is thought to be an antiskidding device used while jumping. Some breeds of cats are prone to polydactyly (extra toes and claws).[73] These are particularly common along the northeast coast of North America.[74]
Physiology Cats are familiar and easily kept animals, and their physiology has been particularly well studied; it generally resembles those of other carnivorous mammals, but displays several unusual features probably attributable to cats' descent from desert-dwelling species.[32] For instance, cats are able to tolerate quite high temperatures: Humans generally start to feel uncomfortable when their skin temperature passes about 38 °C (100 °F), but cats show no discomfort until their skin reaches around 52 °C (126 °F),[66]:46 and can tolerate temperatures of up to 56 °C (133 °F) if they have access to water.[75]
Normal physiological values[76]:330 Body temperature 38.6 °C (101.5 °F) Heart rate 120–140 beats per minute Breathing rate 16–40 breaths per minute
Thermograph of various body parts of a cat Cats conserve heat by reducing the flow of blood to their skin and lose heat by evaporation through their mouths. Cats have minimal ability to sweat, with glands located primarily in their paw pads,[77] and pant for heat relief only at very high temperatures[78] (but may also pant when stressed). A cat's body temperature does not vary throughout the day; this is part of cats' general lack of circadian rhythms and may reflect their tendency to be active both during the day and at night.[79]:1 Cats' feces are comparatively dry and their urine is highly concentrated, both of which are adaptations to allow cats to retain as much water as possible.[32] Their kidneys are so efficient, they can survive on a diet consisting only of meat, with no additional water,[80] and can even rehydrate by drinking seawater.[81][79]:29While domestic cats are able to swim, they are generally reluctant to enter water as it quickly leads to exhaustion.[82]
Nutrition Cats are obligate carnivores: their physiology has evolved to efficiently process meat, and they have difficulty digesting plant matter.[32] In contrast to omnivores such as rats, which only require about 4% protein in their diet, about 20% of a cat's diet must be protein.[32] A cat's gastrointestinal tract is adapted to meat eating, being much shorter than that of omnivores and having low levels of several of the digestive enzymes needed to digest carbohydrates.[83] These traits severely limit the cat's ability to digest and use plant-derived nutrients, as well as certain fatty acids.[83] Despite the cat's meat-oriented physiology, several vegetarian or vegan cat foods have been marketed that are supplemented with chemically synthesized taurine and other nutrients, in attempts to produce a complete diet. However, some of these products still fail to provide all the nutrients cats require,[84] and diets containing no animal products pose the risk of causing severe nutritional deficiencies.[85] However, veterinarians in the United States have expressed concern that many domestic cats are overfed.[86]
Cats do eat grass occasionally. A proposed explanation is that cats use grass as a source of folic acid. Another is that it is used to supply dietary fiber, helping the cat defecate more easily and expel parasites and other harmful material through feces and vomit.[87]
Cats are unusually dependent on a constant supply of the amino acid arginine, and a diet lacking arginine causes marked weight loss and can be rapidly fatal.[88] Arginine is an essential additive in cat food because cats have low levels of the enzymes aminotransferase and pyrroline-5-carboxylate which are responsible for the synthesis of ornithine and citrulline in the small intestine.[89] Citrulline would typically go on to the kidneys to make arginine, but because cats have a deficiency in the enzymes that make it, citrulline is not produced in adequate quantities to make arginine. Arginine is essential in the urea cycle in order to convert the toxic component ammonia into urea that can then be excreted in the urine. Because of its essential role, deficiency in arginine results in a build up of toxic ammonia and leads to hyperammonemia.[89] The symptoms of hyperammonemia include lethargy, vomiting, ataxia, hyperesthesia and can be serious enough to induce death and coma in a matter of days if a cat is being fed an arginine-free diet. The quick onset of these symptoms is due to the fact that diets devoid in arginine will typically still contain all of the other amino acids, which will continue to be catabolized by the body, producing mass amounts of ammonia that very quickly build up with no way of being excreted.
Another unusual feature is that the cat cannot produce taurine,[note 1] with a deficiency in this nutrient causing macular degeneration, wherein the cat's retina slowly breaks down, causing irreversible blindness.[32] This is due to the hepatic activity of cystinesulfinic acid decarboxylase being low in cats.[91] This limits the ability of cats to biosynthesize the taurine they need from its precursor, the amino acid cysteine, which ultimately results in inadequate taurine production needed for normal function.[91] Deficiencies in taurine result in compensated function of feline cardiovascular and reproductive systems.[91] These abnormalities can also be accompanied by developmental issues in the central nervous system along with degeneration of the retina.[91]
In order to produce the essential vitamin niacin for use in the cat, tryptophan is needed for conversion purposes. However, due to a competing pathway with acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA), niacin can become deficient and require supplementation.[92] This process occurs when an overactive enzyme, picolinic acid carboxylase, converts the vitamin B6 precursor picolinic acid into the alternate compound acetyl-CoA, instead of converting quinolinate into nictotinic acid mononlucleotide (niacin).[93] Niacin is required in cats as it supports enzyme function. If niacin is deficient in the diet, anorexia, weight loss and an increase in body temperature can result.[94]
Preformed vitamin A is required in the cat for retinal and reproductive health. Vitamin A is considered to be a fat-soluble vitamin and is seen as essential in a cat's diet. Normally, the conversion of beta-carotenes into vitamin A occurs in the intestine (more specifically the mucosal layer) of species, however cats lack the ability to undergo this process.[92] Both the kidney and liver are contributors to the use of vitamin A in the body of the majority of species while the cats liver does not produce the enzyme Beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase which converts the beta-carotene into retinol (vitamin A).[95] To summarize: cats do not have high levels of this enzyme leading to the cleavage and oxidation of carotenoids not taking place.[93]
Vitamin D3 is a dietary requirement for cats as they lack the ability to synthesize vitamin D3 from sunlight.[96] Cats obtain high levels of the enzyme 7-dehydrocholestrol delta 7 reductase which causes immediate conversion of vitamin D3 from sunlight to 7-dehydrocholesterol.[97] This fat soluble vitamin is required in cats for bone formation through the promotion of calcium retention, along with nerve and muscle control through absorption of calcium and phosphorus.[97]
Cats, like all mammals, need to get linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid, from their diet. Most mammals can convert linoleic acid to arachidonic acid, as well as the omega 3 fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) through the activity of enzymes, but this process is very limited in cats.[92] The Δ6-desaturase enzyme eventually converts linoleic acid, which is in its salt form linoleate, to arachidonate (salt form of arachidonic acid) in the liver, but this enzyme has very little activity in cats.[92] This means that arachidonic acid is an essential fatty acid for cats as they lack the ability to create required amounts of linoleic acid. Deficiency of arachidonic acid in cats is related to problems in growth, can cause injury and inflammation to skin (e.g. around the mouth) decreased platelet aggregation, fatty liver, increase in birth defects of kittens whose queens were deficient during pregnancy, and reproductive failure in queens.[92] Arachidonic acid can also be metabolized to eicosanoids that create inflammatory responses which are needed to stimulate proper growth and repair mechanisms in the cat.[98]
Cat food § Nutrient chart provides a list of the many nutrients cats require as well as the use of the nutrients in the body and the effects of the deficiency.
Senses Main article: Cat senses
Reflection of camera flash from the tapetum lucidum Cats have excellent night vision and can see at only one-sixth the light level required for human vision.[66]:43 This is partly the result of cat eyes having a tapetum lucidum, which reflects any light that passes through the retina back into the eye, thereby increasing the eye's sensitivity to dim light.[99] Another adaptation to dim light is the large pupils of cats' eyes. Unlike some big cats, such as tigers, domestic cats have slit pupils.[100] These slit pupils can focus bright light without chromatic aberration, and are needed since the domestic cat's pupils are much larger, relative to their eyes, than the pupils of the big cats.[100] At low light levels, a cat's pupils will expand to cover most of the exposed surface of its eyes.[101] However, domestic cats have rather poor color vision and (like most nonprimate mammals) have only two types of cones, optimized for sensitivity to blue and yellowish green; they have limited ability to distinguish between red and green.[102] A 1993 paper reported a response to middle wavelengths from a system other than the rods which might be due to a third type of cone. However, this appears to be an adaptation to low light levels rather than representing true trichromatic vision.[103]
Cats have excellent hearing and can detect an extremely broad range of frequencies. They can hear higher-pitched sounds than either dogs or humans, detecting frequencies from 55 Hz to 79,000 Hz, a range of 10.5 octaves, while humans and dogs both have ranges of about 9 octaves.[104][105] Cats can hear ultrasound, which is important in hunting[106] because many species of rodents make ultrasonic calls.[107] However, they do not communicate using ultrasound like rodents do. Cats' hearing is also sensitive and among the best of any mammal,[104] being most acute in the range of 500 Hz to 32 kHz.[108] This sensitivity is further enhanced by the cat's large movable outer ears (their pinnae), which both amplify sounds and help detect the direction of a noise.[106]
Cats have an acute sense of smell, due in part to their well-developed olfactory bulb and a large surface of olfactory mucosa, about 5.8 cm2 (0.90 in2) in area, which is about twice that of humans.[109] Cats are sensitive to pheromones such as 3-mercapto-3-methylbutan-1-ol,[110] which they use to communicate through urine spraying and marking with scent glands.[111] Many cats also respond strongly to plants that contain nepetalactone, especially catnip, as they can detect that substance at less than one part per billion.[112] About 70–80% of cats are affected by nepetalactone.[113] This response is also produced by other plants, such as silver vine (Actinidia polygama) and the herb valerian; it may be caused by the smell of these plants mimicking a pheromone and stimulating cats' social or sexual behaviors.[114]
Cats have relatively few taste buds compared to humans (470 or so versus more than 9,000 on the human tongue).[115] Domestic and wild cats share a gene mutation that keeps their sweet taste buds from binding to sugary molecules, leaving them with no ability to taste sweetness.[116] Their taste buds instead respond to acids, amino acids like protein, and bitter tastes.[117] Cats and many other animals have a Jacobson's organ in their mouths that is used in the behavioral process of flehmening. It allows them to sense certain aromas in a way that humans cannot. Cats also have a distinct temperature preference for their food, preferring food with a temperature around 38 °C (100 °F) which is similar to that of a fresh kill and routinely rejecting food presented cold or refrigerated (which would signal to the cat that the "prey" item is long dead and therefore possibly toxic or decomposing).[115]
The whiskers of a cat are highly sensitive to touch. To aid with navigation and sensation, cats have dozens of movable whiskers (vibrissae) over their body, especially their faces. These provide information on the width of gaps and on the location of objects in the dark, both by touching objects directly and by sensing air currents; they also trigger protective blink reflexes to protect the eyes from damage.[66]:47
File:BIOASTRONAUTICS RESEARCH Gov.archives.arc.68700.ogv Comparison of cat righting reflexes in gravity versus zero gravity Most breeds of cat have a noted fondness for settling in high places, or perching. In the wild, a higher place may serve as a concealed site from which to hunt; domestic cats may strike prey by pouncing from a perch such as a tree branch, as does a leopard.[118] Another possible explanation is that height gives the cat a better observation point, allowing it to survey its territory. During a fall from a high place, a cat can reflexively twist its body and right itself using its acute sense of balance and flexibility.[119] This is known as the cat righting reflex. An individual cat always rights itself in the same way, provided it has the time to do so, during a fall. The height required for this to occur is around 90 cm (3.0 ft). Cats without a tail (e.g. many specimens of the Manx and Cymric breeds) also have this ability, since a cat mostly relies on leg movement and conservation of angular momentum to set up for landing, and the tail is little used for this feat.[120] Their excellent sense of balance allows cats to move with great stability. A cat falling from heights of up to 3 meters can right itself and land on its paws.[121]
Health Main articles: Cat health and Aging in cats The average lifespan of pet cats has risen in recent years. In the early 1980s, it was about seven years,[122]:33[123] rising to 9.4 years in 1995[122]:33 and 15.1 years in 2018.[124] However, cats have been reported as surviving into their 30s,[125] with the oldest known cat, Creme Puff, dying at a verified age of 38.[126]
Spaying or neutering increases life expectancy: one study found neutered male cats live twice as long as intact males, while spayed female cats live 62% longer than intact females.[122]:35 Having a cat neutered confers health benefits, because castrated males cannot develop testicular cancer, spayed females cannot develop uterine or ovarian cancer, and both have a reduced risk of mammary cancer.[127]
Despite widespread concern about the welfare of free-roaming cats, the lifespans of neutered feral cats in managed colonies compare favorably with those of pet cats.[128]:45[129]:1358 [130][131][132][133]
Diseases Main article: Feline diseases A wide range of health problems may affect cats, including infectious diseases, parasites, injuries, and chronic disease. Vaccinations are available for many of these diseases, and domestic cats are regularly given treatments to eliminate parasites such as worms and fleas.[134]
Genetics Main article: Cat genetics The domesticated cat and its closest wild ancestor are both diploid organisms that possess 38 chromosomes[135] and roughly 20,000 genes.[136] About 250 heritable genetic disorders have been identified in cats, many similar to human inborn errors.[137] The high level of similarity among the metabolism of mammals allows many of these feline diseases to be diagnosed using genetic tests that were originally developed for use in humans, as well as the use of cats as animal models in the study of the human diseases.[138][139]
Behavior See also: Cat behavior and Cat intelligence A black-and-white cat on a fence A cat on a fence Outdoor cats are active both day and night, although they tend to be slightly more active at night.[140][141] The timing of cats' activity is quite flexible and varied, which means house cats may be more active in the morning and evening, as a response to greater human activity at these times.[142] Although they spend the majority of their time in the vicinity of their home, housecats can range many hundreds of meters from this central point, and are known to establish territories that vary considerably in size, in one study ranging from 7 to 28 hectares (17–69 acres).[141]
Cats conserve energy by sleeping more than most animals, especially as they grow older. The daily duration of sleep varies, usually between 12 and 16 hours, with 13 and 14 being the average. Some cats can sleep as much as 20 hours. The term "cat nap" for a short rest refers to the cat's tendency to fall asleep (lightly) for a brief period. While asleep, cats experience short periods of rapid eye movement sleep often accompanied by muscle twitches, which suggests they are dreaming.[143]
Sociability
Social grooming Although wildcats are solitary, the social behavior of domestic cats is much more variable and ranges from widely dispersed individuals to feral cat colonies that gather around a food source, based on groups of co-operating females.[144][145] Within such groups, one cat is usually dominant over the others.[34] Each cat in a colony holds a distinct territory, with sexually active males having the largest territories, which are about 10 times larger than those of female cats and may overlap with several females' territories.[111] These territories are marked by urine spraying, by rubbing objects at head height with secretions from facial glands, and by defecation.[111] Between these territories are neutral areas where cats watch and greet one another without territorial conflicts. Outside these neutral areas, territory holders usually chase away stranger cats, at first by staring, hissing, and growling, and if that does not work, by short but noisy and violent attacks. Despite some cats cohabiting in colonies, they do not have a social survival strategy, or a pack mentality, and always hunt alone.[146]
Cat with an Alaskan Malamute dog However, some pet cats are poorly socialized. In particular, older cats may show aggressiveness towards newly arrived kittens, which may include biting and scratching; this type of behavior is known as feline asocial aggression.[147]
Though cats and dogs are often characterized as natural enemies, they can live together if correctly socialized.[148]
Life in proximity to humans and other domestic animals has led to a symbiotic social adaptation in cats, and cats may express great affection toward humans or other animals. Ethologically, the human keeper of a cat may function as a sort of surrogate for the cat's mother,[149] and adult housecats live their lives in a kind of extended kittenhood,[150] a form of behavioral neoteny. The high-pitched sounds housecats make to solicit food may mimic the cries of a hungry human infant, making them particularly hard for humans to ignore.[151]
Domestic cats' scent rubbing behavior towards humans or other cats is thought to be a feline means for social bonding.[152]
Communication Main article: Cat communication Domestic cats use many vocalizations for communication, including purring, trilling, hissing, growling/snarling, grunting, and several different forms of meowing.[7] (By contrast, feral cats are generally silent.)[153]:208 Their types of body language, including position of ears and tail, relaxation of the whole body, and kneading of the paws, are all indicators of mood. The tail and ears are particularly important social signal mechanisms in cats;[154][155] for example, a raised tail acts as a friendly greeting, and flattened ears indicates hostility. Tail-raising also indicates the cat's position in the group's social hierarchy, with dominant individuals raising their tails less often than subordinate animals.[155] Nose-to-nose touching is also a common greeting and may be followed by social grooming, which is solicited by one of the cats raising and tilting its head.[145]
Purring may have developed as an evolutionary advantage as a signalling mechanism of reassurance between mother cats and nursing kittens. Post-nursing cats often purr as a sign of contentment: when being petted, becoming relaxed,[156][157] or eating. The mechanism by which cats purr is elusive. The cat has no unique anatomical feature that is clearly responsible for the sound.[158] It was, until recent times, believed that only the cats of the Felis genus could purr. However, felids of the genus Panthera (tiger, lion, jaguar, and leopard) also produce non-continuous sounds, called chuffs, similar to purring, but only when exhaling.[159]
Grooming
The hooked papillae on a cat's tongue act like a hairbrush to help clean and detangle fur. File:Housecat Grooming Itself.webm A tabby housecat uses its brush-like tongue to groom itself, licking its fur to straighten it. Cats are known for spending considerable amounts of time licking their coat to keep it clean.[160] The cat's tongue has backwards-facing spines about 500 μm long, which are called papillae. These contain keratin which makes them rigid[161] so the papillae act like a hairbrush. Some cats, particularly longhaired cats, occasionally regurgitate hairballs of fur that have collected in their stomachs from grooming. These clumps of fur are usually sausage-shaped and about 2–3 cm (0.8–1.2 in) long. Hairballs can be prevented with remedies that ease elimination of the hair through the gut, as well as regular grooming of the coat with a comb or stiff brush.[160]
Fighting Among domestic cats, males are more likely to fight than females.[162] Among feral cats, the most common reason for cat fighting is competition between two males to mate with a female. In such cases, most fights are won by the heavier male.[163] Another common reason for fighting in domestic cats is the difficulty of establishing territories within a small home.[162] Female cats also fight over territory or to defend their kittens. Neutering will decrease or eliminate this behavior in many cases, suggesting that the behavior is linked to sex hormones.[164]
An arched back, raised fur and an open-mouthed hiss can all be signs of aggression in a domestic cat. When cats become aggressive, they try to make themselves appear larger and more threatening by raising their fur, arching their backs, turning sideways and hissing or spitting.[154] Often, the ears are pointed down and back to avoid damage to the inner ear and potentially listen for any changes behind them while focused forward. They may also vocalize loudly and bare their teeth in an effort to further intimidate their opponent. Fights usually consist of grappling and delivering powerful slaps to the face and body with the forepaws as well as bites. Cats also throw themselves to the ground in a defensive posture to rake their opponent's belly with their powerful hind legs.[165]
Serious damage is rare, as the fights are usually short in duration, with the loser running away with little more than a few scratches to the face and ears. However, fights for mating rights are typically more severe and injuries may include deep puncture wounds and lacerations. Normally, serious injuries from fighting are limited to infections of scratches and bites, though these can occasionally kill cats if untreated. In addition, bites are probably the main route of transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus.[166] Sexually active males are usually involved in many fights during their lives, and often have decidedly battered faces with obvious scars and cuts to their ears and nose.[167]
Hunting and feeding
A cat that is playing with a caught mouse. Cats play with their prey to weaken or exhaust them before making a kill.
A domestic cat with its prey Cats hunt small prey, primarily birds and rodents,[168] and are often used as a form of pest control.[169][170] Domestic cats are a major predator of wildlife in the United States, killing an estimated 1.4 to 3.7 billion birds and 6.9 to 20.7 billion mammals annually.[171][172] The bulk of predation in the United States is done by 80 million feral and stray cats. Effective measures to reduce this population are elusive, meeting opposition from cat enthusiasts.[171][172] In the case of free-ranging pets, equipping cats with bells and not letting them out at night will reduce wildlife predation.[168]
Free-fed feral cats and house cats tend to consume many small meals in a single day, although the frequency and size of meals varies between individuals.[146] Cats use two hunting strategies, either stalking prey actively, or waiting in ambush until an animal comes close enough to be captured.[173] Although it is not certain, the strategy used may depend on the prey species in the area, with cats waiting in ambush outside burrows, but tending to actively stalk birds.[174]:153
Perhaps the best known element of cats' hunting behavior, which is commonly misunderstood and often appalls cat owners because it looks like torture, is that cats often appear to "play" with prey by releasing it after capture. This behavior is due to an instinctive imperative to ensure that the prey is weak enough to be killed without endangering the cat.[175] This behavior is referred to in the idiom "cat-and-mouse game" or simply "cat and mouse".
Another poorly understood element of cat hunting behavior is the presentation of prey to human guardians. Ethologist Paul Leyhausen proposed that cats adopt humans into their social group and share excess kill with others in the group according to the dominance hierarchy, in which humans are reacted to as if they are at, or near, the top.[176] Anthropologist and zoologist Desmond Morris, in his 1986 book Catwatching, suggests, when cats bring home mice or birds, they are attempting to teach their human to hunt, or trying to help their human as if feeding "an elderly cat, or an inept kitten".[177][178] Morris's hypothesis is inconsistent with the fact that male cats also bring home prey, despite males having negligible involvement with raising kittens.[174]:153
Domestic cats select food based on its temperature, smell and texture; they dislike chilled foods and respond most strongly to moist foods rich in amino acids, which are similar to meat.[85][146] Cats may reject novel flavors (a response termed neophobia) and learn quickly to avoid foods that have tasted unpleasant in the past.[146] They may also avoid sugary foods and milk. Most adult cats are lactose intolerant; the sugars in milk are not easily digested and may cause soft stools or diarrhea.[146][179] They can also develop odd eating habits. Some cats like to eat or chew on other things, most commonly wool, but also plastic, cables, paper, string, aluminum foil, or even coal. This condition, pica, can threaten their health, depending on the amount and toxicity of the items eaten.[180][181]
Though cats usually prey on animals less than half their size, a feral cat in Australia has been photographed killing an adult pademelon of around the cat's weight at 4 kg (8.8 lb).[182]
Since cats lack sufficient lips to create suction,[183] they use a lapping method with the tongue to draw liquid upwards into their mouths. Lapping at a rate of four times a second, the cat touches the smooth tip of its tongue to the surface of the water, and quickly retracts it like a corkscrew, drawing water upwards.[184]
Running A veterinarian and columnist for Mercola Healthy Pets, Karen Shaw Becker, has compiled a list of the fastest and most athletic cat breeds. First is the Egyptian Mau, which can clock up to 30 miles per hour, faster than any other domestic cat breed in the world.[185][unreliable source] In descending order, Becker lists the other swift domestic cats: the Abyssinian cat, the Somali cat, the Bengal cat, the Savannah cat, the Manx cat ("He can jump and accelerate through the house like there's no tomorrow. Watch for his sharp turns and quick stops – you'll think he's a mini sports car in the shape of a cat."), the Siamese cat, the Ocicat, and the Oriental Shorthair.
The average house cat can outspeed the average house dog (excluding those born to run and race, such as the greyhound and the cheetah), but they excel at sprinting, not at long-distance running.
Play Main article: Cat play and toys File:Play fight between cats.webmhd.webm Play fight between kittens, age 14 weeks Domestic cats, especially young kittens, are known for their love of play. This behavior mimics hunting and is important in helping kittens learn to stalk, capture, and kill prey.[186] Cats also engage in play fighting, with each other and with humans. This behavior may be a way for cats to practice the skills needed for real combat, and might also reduce any fear they associate with launching attacks on other animals.[187]
Owing to the close similarity between play and hunting, cats prefer to play with objects that resemble prey, such as small furry toys that move rapidly, but rapidly lose interest (they become habituated) in a toy they have played with before.[188] Cats also tend to play with toys more when they are hungry.[189] String is often used as a toy, but if it is eaten, it can become caught at the base of the cat's tongue and then move into the intestines, a medical emergency which can cause serious illness, even death.[190] Owing to the risks posed by cats eating string, it is sometimes replaced with a laser pointer's dot, which cats may chase.[191]
Reproduction See also: Kitten
When cats mate, the tomcat (male) bites the scruff of the female's neck as she assumes a position conducive to mating known as lordosis behavior.
Radiography of a pregnant cat (about one month and a half) Female cats are seasonally polyestrous, which means they may have many periods of heat over the course of a year, the season beginning in spring and ending in late autumn. Heat periods occur about every two weeks and last about 4 to 7 days.[192] Multiple males will be attracted to a female in heat. The males will fight over her, and the victor wins the right to mate. At first, the female rejects the male, but eventually the female allows the male to mate. The female utters a loud yowl as the male pulls out of her because a male cat's penis has a band of about 120–150 backwards-pointing penile spines, which are about 1 mm long; upon withdrawal of the penis, the spines rake the walls of the female's vagina, which acts to induce ovulation. This act also occurs to clear the vagina of other sperm in the context of a second (or more) mating, thus giving the later males a larger chance of conception.[193]
After mating, the female washes her vulva thoroughly. If a male attempts to mate with her at this point, the female will attack him. After about 20 to 30 minutes, once the female is finished grooming, the cycle will repeat.[192]
Because ovulation is not always triggered by a single mating, females may not be impregnated by the first male with which they mate.[194] Furthermore, cats are superfecund; that is, a female may mate with more than one male when she is in heat, with the result that different kittens in a litter may have different fathers.[192]
A newborn kitten At 124 hours after conception, the morula forms. At 148 hours, early blastocysts form. At 10–12 days, implantation occurs.[195][196]
The gestation period for cats is between 64 and 67 days, with an average of 66 days.[197] The size of a litter usually is three to five kittens, with the first litter usually smaller than subsequent litters. Kittens are weaned between six and seven weeks old, and cats normally reach sexual maturity at 5–10 months (females) and to 5–7 months (males), although this can vary depending on breed.[192] Females can have two to three litters per year, so may produce up to 150 kittens in their breeding span of around ten years.[192]
Cats are ready to go to new homes at about 12 weeks of age,[198] when they are ready to leave their mother. They can be surgically sterilized (spayed or castrated) as early as 7 weeks to limit unwanted reproduction.[199] This surgery also prevents undesirable sex-related behavior, such as aggression, territory marking (spraying urine) in males and yowling (calling) in females. Traditionally, this surgery was performed at around six to nine months of age, but it is increasingly being performed before puberty, at about three to six months.[200] In the US, about 80% of household cats are neutered.[201]
Ecology Habitats
A cat in snowy weather Cats are a cosmopolitan species and are found across much of the world.[39] Geneticist Stephen James O'Brien, of the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland, remarked on how successful cats have been in evolutionary terms: "Cats are one of evolution's most charismatic creatures. They can live on the highest mountains and in the hottest deserts."[202] They are extremely adaptable and are now present on all continents except Antarctica, and on 118 of the 131 main groups of islands—even on isolated islands such as the Kerguelen Islands.[203][204]
Feral cats can live in forests, grasslands, tundra, coastal areas, agricultural land, scrublands, urban areas, and wetlands.[205] Their habitats even include small oceanic islands with no human inhabitants.[206] Further, the close relatives of domestic cats, the African wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica) and the Arabian sand cat (Felis margarita) both inhabit desert environments,[29] and domestic cats still show similar adaptations and behaviors.[32] The cat's ability to thrive in almost any terrestrial habitat has led to its designation as one of the world's worst invasive species.[207]
As domestic cats are little altered from wildcats, they can readily interbreed. This hybridization poses a danger to the genetic distinctiveness of some wildcat populations, particularly in Scotland and Hungary and possibly also the Iberian Peninsula.[42]
Feral cats Main article: Feral cat
Feral farm cat Feral cats are domestic cats that were born in or have reverted to a wild state. They are unfamiliar with and wary of humans and roam freely in urban and rural areas.[9] The numbers of feral cats is not known, but estimates of the US feral population range from 25 to 60 million.[9] Feral cats may live alone, but most are found in large colonies, which occupy a specific territory and are usually associated with a source of food.[208] Famous feral cat colonies are found in Rome around the Colosseum and Forum Romanum, with cats at some of these sites being fed and given medical attention by volunteers.[209]
Public attitudes towards feral cats vary widely, ranging from seeing them as free-ranging pets, to regarding them as vermin.[210] One common approach to reducing the feral cat population is termed 'trap-neuter-return', where the cats are trapped, neutered, immunized against diseases such as rabies and the feline Panleukopenia and Leukemia viruses, and then released.[211] Before releasing them back into their feral colonies, the attending veterinarian often nips the tip off one ear to mark it as neutered and inoculated, since these cats may be trapped again. Volunteers continue to feed and give care to these cats throughout their lives. Given this support, their lifespans are increased, and behavior and nuisance problems caused by competition for food are reduced.[208]
Impact on prey species
Carrying half of a rabbit To date, little scientific data is available to assess the impact of cat predation on prey populations outside of agricultural situations. Even well-fed domestic cats may hunt and kill, mainly catching small mammals, but also birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish, and invertebrates.[168][212] Hunting by domestic cats may be contributing to the decline in the numbers of birds in urban areas, although the importance of this effect remains controversial.[213] In the wild, the introduction of feral cats during human settlement can threaten native species with extinction.[206] In many cases, controlling or eliminating the populations of non-native cats can produce a rapid recovery in native animals.[214] However, the ecological role of introduced cats can be more complicated. For example, cats can control the numbers of rats, which also prey on birds' eggs and young, so a cat population can protect an endangered bird species by suppressing mesopredators.[215]
In isolated landmasses, such as Australasia, there are often no other native, medium-sized quadrupedal predators (including other feline species); this tends to exacerbate the impact of feral cats on small native animals.[216] Native species such as the New Zealand kakapo and the Australian bettong, for example, tend to be more ecologically vulnerable and behaviorally "naive", when faced with predation by cats.[217] Feral cats have had a major impact on these native species and have played a leading role in the endangerment and extinction of many animals.[218]
Even in places with ancient and numerous cat populations, such as Western Europe, cats appear to be growing in number and independently of their environments' carrying capacity (such as the numbers of prey available).[219][220] This may be explained, at least in part, by an abundance of food, from sources including feeding by pet owners and scavenging. For instance, research in Britain suggests that a high proportion of cats hunt only "recreationally"[220], and in South Sweden, where research in 1982 found that the population density of cats was as high as 2,000 per square kilometre (5,200/sq mi).[219]
In agricultural settings, cats can be effective at keeping mouse and rat populations low, but only if rodent harborage locations are kept under control.[221][222] While cats are effective at preventing rodent population explosions, they are not effective for eliminating pre-existing severe infestations.[223]
Impact on birds
A black cat eating a house sparrow The domestic cat is a significant predator of birds. UK assessments indicate they may be accountable for an estimated 64.8 million bird deaths each year.[168] A 2012 study suggests feral cats may kill several billion birds each year in the United States.[224] Certain species appear more susceptible than others; for example, 30% of house sparrow mortality is linked to the domestic cat.[225] In the recovery of ringed robins (Erithacus rubecula) and dunnocks (Prunella modularis), 31% of deaths were a result of cat predation.[226] In parts of North America, the presence of larger carnivores such as coyotes which prey on cats and other small predators reduces the effect of predation by cats and other small predators such as opossums and raccoons on bird numbers and variety.[227] The proposal that cat populations will increase when the numbers of these top predators decline is called the mesopredator release hypothesis.
On islands, birds can contribute as much as 60% of a cat's diet.[228] In nearly all cases, however, the cat cannot be identified as the sole cause for reducing the numbers of island birds, and in some instances, eradication of cats has caused a 'mesopredator release' effect;[229] where the suppression of top carnivores creates an abundance of smaller predators that cause a severe decline in their shared prey. Domestic cats are, however, known to be a contributing factor to the decline of many species, a factor that has ultimately led, in some cases, to extinction. The South Island piopio, Chatham rail,[226] the New Zealand merganser,[230] and the common diving petrel[231] are a few from a long list, with the most extreme case being the flightless Lyall's wren, which was driven to extinction only a few years after its discovery.[232][233]
Some of the same factors that have promoted adaptive radiation of island avifauna over evolutionary time appear to promote vulnerability to non-native species in modern time. The susceptibility of many island birds is undoubtedly due to evolution in the absence of mainland predators, competitors, diseases, and parasites, in addition to lower reproductive rates and extended incubation periods.[234] The loss of flight, or reduced flying ability is also characteristic of many island endemics.[235] These biological aspects have increased vulnerability to extinction in the presence of introduced species, such as the domestic cat.[236] Equally, behavioral traits exhibited by island species, such as "predatory naivety"[237] and ground-nesting,[234] have also contributed to their susceptibility.
Interaction with humans Main article: Human interaction with cats
Cats and people Cats are common pets throughout the world, and their worldwide population exceeds 500 million.[13] Although cat guardianship has commonly been associated with women,[238] a 2007 Gallup poll reported that men and women in the United States of America were equally likely to own a cat.[239]
As well as being kept as pets, cats are also used in the international fur[240] and leather industries for making coats, hats, blankets, and stuffed toys;[241] and shoes, gloves, and musical instruments respectively[242] (about 24 cats are needed to make a cat-fur coat).[243] This use has been outlawed in the United States, Australia, and the European Union.[244] Cat pelts have been used for superstitious purposes as part of the practise of witchcraft,[245] and are still made into blankets in Switzerland as folk remedies believed to help rheumatism.[246] In the Western intellectual tradition, the idea of cats as everyday objects have served to illustrate problems of quantum mechanics in the Schrödinger's cat thought experiment.
A few attempts to build a cat census have been made over the years, both through associations or national and international organizations (such as the Canadian Federation of Humane Societies's one[247]) and over the Internet,[248][249] but such a task does not seem simple to achieve. General estimates for the global population of domestic cats range widely from anywhere between 200 million to 600 million.[250][251][252][253][254][255]
Cat show Main article: Cat show A cat show is a judged event where the owners of cats compete to win titles in various cat registering organizations by entering their cats to be judged after a breed standard.[256][257] Both pedigreed and companion (or moggy) cats are admissible, although the rules differ from organization to organization. Cats are compared to a breed standard,[258] and the owners of those judged to be closest to it are awarded a prize. Moggies are judged based on their temperament. Often, at the end of the year, all of the points accrued at various shows are added up and more national and regional titles are awarded.
Cat café Main article: Cat café A cat café is a theme café whose attraction is cats that can be watched and played with.[259] Patrons pay a cover fee, generally hourly and thus cat cafés can be seen as a form of supervised indoor pet rental.
Ailurophobia Main article: Ailurophobia Ailurophobia is a human phobia of cats; however, the term is often associated with humans that have a hatred of cats.[260]
Cat bites Main article: Cat bite Cats may bite humans when provoked, during play or when aggressive. Complications from cat bites can develop.[261] A cat bite differs from the bites of other pets. This is because the teeth of a cat are sharp and pointed causing deep punctures. Skin usually closes rapidly over the bite and traps microorganisms that cause infection.[262][261]
Infections transmitted from cats to humans Main article: Feline zoonosis Cats can be infected or infested with viruses, bacteria, fungus, protozoans, arthropods or worms that can transmit diseases to humans.[263] In some cases, the cat exhibits no symptoms of the disease,[264] However, the same disease can then become evident in a human. The likelihood that a person will become diseased depends on the age and immune status of the person. Humans who have cats living in their home or in close association are more likely to become infected, however, those who do not keep cats as pets might also acquire infections from cat feces and parasites exiting the cat's body.[263][265] Some of the infections of most concern include salmonella, cat scratch disease and toxoplasmosis.[264]
History and mythology Main articles: Cultural depictions of cats and Cats in ancient Egypt
The ancient Egyptians mummified dead cats out of respect in the same way that they mummified people.[266]
Ancient Roman mosaic of a cat killing a partridge from the House of the Faun in Pompeii
A 19th-century drawing of a tabby cat Traditionally, historians tended to think ancient Egypt was the site of cat domestication, owing to the clear depictions of house cats in Egyptian paintings about 3,600 years old.[29] However, in 2004, a Neolithic grave excavated in Shillourokambos, Cyprus, contained the skeletons, laid close to one another, of both a human and a cat. The grave is estimated to be 9,500 years old, pushing back the earliest known feline–human association significantly.[16][267][268] The cat specimen is large and closely resembles the African wildcat, rather than present-day domestic cats. This discovery, combined with genetic studies, suggests cats were probably domesticated in the Middle East, in the Fertile Crescent around the time of the development of agriculture, and then were brought to Cyprus and Egypt.[15][20] Direct evidence for the domestication of cats 5,300 years ago in Quanhucun, China has been published by archaeologists and paleontologists from the University of Washington and Chinese Academy of Sciences. The cats are believed to have been attracted to the village by rodents, which in turn were attracted by grain cultivated and stored by humans.[269]
In ancient Egypt, cats were sacred animals, with the goddess Bastet often depicted in cat form, sometimes taking on the war-like aspect of a lioness.[270]:220 Killing a cat was absolutely forbidden[266] and the Greek historian Herodotus reports that, whenever a household cat died, the entire family would mourn and shave their eyebrows.[266] Families took their dead cats to the sacred city of Bubastis,[266] where they were embalmed and buried in sacred repositories.[266] Domestic cats were probably first introduced to Greece and southern Italy in the fifth century BC by the Phoenicians.[271] The earliest unmistakable evidence of the Greeks having domestic cats comes from two coins from Magna Graecia dating to the mid-fifth century BC showing Iokastos and Phalanthos, the legendary founders of Rhegion and Taras respectively, playing with their pet cats.[272]:57–58[273]
Housecats seem to have been extremely rare among the ancient Greeks and Romans;[273] Herodotus expressed astonishment at the domestic cats in Egypt, because he had only ever seen wildcats.[273] Even during later times, weasels were far more commonly kept as pets[273] and weasels, not cats, were seen as the ideal rodent-killers.[273] The usual ancient Greek word for "cat" was ailouros, meaning "thing with the waving tail",[272]:57[273] but this word could also be applied to any of the "various long-tailed carnivores kept for catching mice".[273] Cats are rarely mentioned in ancient Greek literature,[273] but Aristotle does remark in his History of Animals that "female cats are naturally lecherous."[272]:74[273] The Greeks later syncretized their own goddess Artemis with the Egyptian goddess Bastet, adopting Bastet's associations with cats and ascribing them to Artemis.[272]:77–79 In Ovid's Metamorphoses, when the gods flee to Egypt and take animal forms, the goddess Diana (the Roman equivalent of Artemis) turns into a cat.[272]:79 Cats eventually displaced ferrets as the pest control of choice because they were more pleasant to have around the house and were more enthusiastic hunters of mice.[274] During the Middle Ages, many of Artemis's associations with cats were grafted onto the Virgin Mary.[274] Cats are often shown in icons of Annunciation and of the Holy Family[274] and, according to Italian folklore, on the same night that Mary gave birth to Jesus, a virgin cat in Bethlehem gave birth to a kitten.[274] Domestic cats were spread throughout much of the rest of the world during the Age of Discovery, as ships' cats were carried on sailing ships to control shipboard rodents and as good-luck charms.[270]:223
Several ancient religions believed cats are exalted souls, companions or guides for humans, that are all-knowing but mute so they cannot influence decisions made by humans. In Japan, the maneki neko cat is a symbol of good fortune.[275] In Norse mythology, Freyja, the goddess of love, beauty, and fertility, is depicted as riding a chariot drawn by cats.[276] In Jewish legend, the first cat was living in the house of the first man Adam as a pet that got rid of mice.[277] The cat was once partnering with the first dog before the latter broke an oath they had made which resulted in enmity between the descendants of these two animals.[277] It is also written that neither cats nor foxes are represented in the water, while every other animal has an incarnation species in the water.[277] Although no species are sacred in Islam, cats are revered by Muslims. Some Western writers have stated Muhammad had a favorite cat, Muezza.[278] He is reported to have loved cats so much, "he would do without his cloak rather than disturb one that was sleeping on it".[279] The story has no origin in early Muslim writers, and seems to confuse a story of a later Sufi saint, Ahmed ar-Rifa'i, centuries after Muhammad.[280] One of the companions of Muhammad was known as "Abu Hurayrah" (Father of the Kitten), in reference to his documented affection to cats.[281]
Superstitions and cat burning
Some cultures are superstitious about black cats, ascribing either good or bad luck to them. Many cultures have negative superstitions about cats. An example would be the belief that a black cat "crossing one's path" leads to bad luck, or that cats are witches' familiars used to augment a witch's powers and skills. The killing of cats in Medieval Ypres, Belgium, is commemorated in the innocuous present-day Kattenstoet (cat parade).[282] In medieval France, cats would be burnt alive as a form of entertainment. According to Norman Davies, the assembled people "shrieked with laughter as the animals, howling with pain, were singed, roasted, and finally carbonized".[283]
"It was the custom to burn a basket, barrel, or sack full of live cats, which was hung from a tall mast in the midst of the bonfire; sometimes a fox was burned. The people collected the embers and ashes of the fire and took them home, believing that they brought good luck. The French kings often witnessed these spectacles and even lit the bonfire with their own hands. In 1648 Louis XIV, crowned with a wreath of roses and carrying a bunch of roses in his hand, kindled the fire, danced at it and partook of the banquet afterwards in the town hall. But this was the last occasion when a monarch presided at the midsummer bonfire in Paris. At Metz midsummer fires were lighted with great pomp on the esplanade, and a dozen cats, enclosed in wicker cages, were burned alive in them, to the amusement of the people. Similarly at Gap, in the department of the Hautes-Alpes, cats used to be roasted over the midsummer bonfire."[284]
According to a myth in many cultures, cats have multiple lives. In many countries, they are believed to have nine lives, but in Italy, Germany, Greece, Brazil and some Spanish-speaking regions, they are said to have seven lives,[285][286] while in Turkish and Arabic traditions, the number of lives is six.[287] The myth is attributed to the natural suppleness and swiftness cats exhibit to escape life-threatening situations. Also lending credence to this myth is the fact that falling cats often land on their feet, using an instinctive righting reflex to twist their bodies around. Nonetheless, cats can still be injured or killed by a high fall.[288]
See also
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2018.03.26 22:14 TheNman1 [BB] Playhouse S8 Cast Reveal

Playhouse is a continuous series that may reference past events from previous seasons. Because of this, I highly recommend you go and check out the previous seasons if you haven't already before moving on to this season, just so you are informed of certain events or people that may be mentioned by others in their bios or in the season write-up.
Playhouse S8 Week One
Yo, cast reveal! This season we have 14 Houseguests, 13 of them made by you guys and 1 made by me! I will say that I had a lot of good applicants from this season, and from this season alone I received 30 applications so thanks for the submissions as that is the most I’ve received for any season of Playhouse so far! Of course this did lead to me not casting a lot of good applicants, but don’t fret ‘cause they are still eligible for being in a future season :D
Without further ado, I present to you the cast of Playhouse S8: Infiltration!
“Hello, yawn my name is Becca Natallie, i am a professional gamer, i like all the genres, yeah, even the bad ones, also i don't even know if that's really an occupation... but whatever... yawn oh um, i am quiet and veeeeery sleepy, yeah, no use getting angry or emotional, i can be sleepy, but, technically this is a game! So-So, i can concentrate very hard on things! Also i am very observant, and i analyze things, oh oh, like in the games with points and numbers, and-and! I can remember vaaaaaarious things! Like the first game i played, aaah, Tetris, oh oh, i beat alot of people in gaming competition, so im popular in those! Well, of course i will be entering alliances, because people that were floaters did not do very well in previous seasons, i analyzed everything in the previous shows, i know how they feel, well, the only thing i can't understand is this... love, showmance thing, i just don't get it, i don't understand how love works, i really care about everyone, even the mean strategic ones, well, i am strategic too, strategy games, and if someone is mean, they have a reason to be, so if they respect me as a player, i respect them as a player too, i can understand everyone, yawn, i am really excited to play this game "Playhouse", i hope it will be reaaaaaal fun, oh, but, i can get evicted in the first week... sniff, i will try my best to win! Oh yeah, i forgot to tell you guys why i want the money, i want the money because, well, first, i can buy video-games and gaming pcs, and i also want to share with my loveable friends, and because i want to make games, though, i will need to learn programming and stuff first, yawn, what a pain... yawn can i go now? I am need to sleep, i talked wayyyyy to much.”
“Heyyy! My name is Cheryl, I’m a single girl, I live in Los Angeles, and I’m technical support! You know, that person who you call up whenever your computer has a problem? I’m gonna be real here: the job sucks. 80% of the time, it’s people who don’t know the very basics of what a computer is. They either forget to charge their computer, or they forget a password, they don’t know what the simplest terms mean...it’s just, it gets ridiculous sometimes. And very frustrating. Thankfully it’s a job I can work from home, so I’m able to do things around the house with a little earpiece to take calls with. That part is at least tolerable. I definitely want a break from all of it, though, and this show has been a huge pastime of mine when I’m not working. The game is just so intense! My strategy for this game is to get a solid alliance of me and two other gals, a tight group of three. From there, I wanna get rid of all the annoying people. You know, the people like Lars and Chras and Aang and Cracker. The ones that just hog up the screentime because they’re annoying personalities that cause drama in the house for one reason or another. I want to play this game with people who are respectable threats, not annoying plebs who barely know anything about social strategy. From there, who knows what’ll happen? I’ll just have to adapt to the game as it goes on. Can’t wait for this game to start, I’ve been wanting to do this for a while now! And it’s also really cool that I got on with my first try applying, so I better make the most of this shot I have at the game!”
“Salutations! My name is Cici, and I’m a real estate agent. I started up my own business when I was twenty, and since then I have been working hard every day to survive in the business world. And it’s really difficult, being a young girl as an entrepreneur. I’ve had a few close calls in the past, and luckily I’ve been saved from those dangerous times with my hardwork and my tight schedule keeping me focused and efficient. I don’t know how people can survive without a daily or weekly routine keeping them in line! Organizing my time to the very second has helped me immensely and I’ve had so much more accomplished as a result. However, I’m getting into a hard time with my business again. Getting pretty low on some crucial funds, and I can’t afford to draw out another loan from someone. I decided to take a risk by leaving my business in the trustworthy hands of my advisors so that I could come out here for this 3-month journey to try and get a funds boost in the form of half a million dollars. If I win this game, which I am determined to, every cent of that prize money will be going towards my business’s financial stability and success. I can’t afford to lose what I’ve already put so many years into, and I feel as though this game is truly my way out of the crippling debt we’re in right now. I believe I will win, because my purpose for winning this game is much higher than just personal enjoyment or for the thrill of the game or whatever. My job, and the livelihoods of dozens of people, are at stake here. As their boss, I refuse to let them down.”
“Bitches better look out for me, because I’ll be damned if anyone tries to pull the wool over this girl’s eyes. My name is Clotilde T. Wilson, and I will become a common name in the modelling business someday. Before I become successful at modelling, though, I’m first going to show everyone how successful I am at getting what I want. And what I want right now is to win this game in a unanimous vote. I don’t care how I do it. I can be a big bitch betty, a sassy sandra, a calm cloe, a jubilant josie, or a reckless rachel. Whatever best fits the current situation. And to those of you saying that will say that I’m not playing the game in a very ‘heroic’ way, well, all my life I’ve been treated like shit. So I don’t see why I shouldn’t give that shit right back to the world as punishment for fucking with me all these years. Actually, you know what? I’ll play nice at first, because people like nice in the beginning. But as the game goes on, don’t be surprised if you find me arguing with people in the house and getting away with backstabbing. I will win, and no one is going to stop me from that.”
“Hello, audience! If you recognize me, I wouldn’t be surprised. You might know me as Mr. Silver from the hit TV show, ‘Silvercoil.’ My actual name is Curt, and I’ve been acting for the past nine years of my life. I was always into theatrics and acting back in high school, and since then I’ve managed to improve my skills enough to get the lead on a surprisingly successful show! However, since Silvercoil has ended, I’ve been looking for another TV show to go onto. And while this isn’t the most conventional means of getting paid acting work, it still works for me! I mean, this game is about acting at its core. Putting on a mask, lying to people about your true intentions and goals, and overall just playing a part. The only difference is that the paycheck is given to those who make it to the season finale. It’ll take some top-notch performance to get me to the end, but I’m confident in my abilities.”
“Yooo! How’s it going, bros? My name is Elias, I’m fresh outta college, and I haven’t had the best of luck finding a job, heheh...but hey! There’s still plenty of time to change that! So, yo, I’ve been watching this show since, like, the very first season. My favorite contestants of all time have gotta be Zeke, Cracker, Amnisty, Chras, and Rosa. Massive respect to those five players. I loved watching Zeke and Amnisty’s relationship and seeing them dominate competitions, Cracker was a total bro and super relatable, and Chras was suck a wacky dude and his partnership with Rosa was the shit in season six. This game just has so many cool people that have been a part of it, and I wanna get in on the action. I know I got this jock persona--and trust me, I do love to lift weights and go to insane parties and all that stereotypical shit that we get tagged with. But I’m much smarter than ya think, bro. I didn’t graduate from high school with a 3.86 GPA and from college with a 3.76 just out of luck. I also didn’t graduate with a major in Biology, which is definitely one of the hardest-ass degrees to get, just because it sounded easy or whatever. I am an expectation breaker, yo. But I gotta keep my brains under wraps, else the house will probably take me out for being the full package of brains, brawn, and obvious beauty, heh! Seriously though, going pre-jury would not be chill at all. I’m doing just what my bud D’andre used to say: Race so fast for gold that the others feel you like a huge gust of wind. I’ll blow everyone away this season, bro. None of them are ready for me.”
“Ya know, in today’s society, manipulation n’ lies n’ all that other immoral shit gets frowned on a lot. But the truth most people don’t realize is, some of the most successful people in the whooole world made it to the top through those very methods. Back when I was young n’ stupid, I saw this truth, and I wanted to get in on the success that all these other big-shots were getting. Unfortunately, it led me down a very, very dark path that I’m extremely glad to have escaped from, ‘cause I almost lost everything in my pursuit of dirty success. But...my urge to lie and deceive? It’s still very much alive, and for eleven years, I’ve been waitin’ for the right opportunity to release this all in a healthy way. This game, Playhouse, is exactly the shit I need to bring out the devil inside of me again. I’m definitely more grown than I was back in my twenties, so I’ve learned to control this devil ‘n make it a tool I can use rather than something that’ll infect me. I’ve just been waiting for the right time to let it run loose, instead of trying to bring it out in small doses. Simply put: I’m going to be one magnificent, manipulative, mastermind of a bastard. I don’t even care if I win or lose, I just wanna have some good ol’ fashion fun like the good days I had back when I was still tainted. I’m a hard worker with a heart of gold, but some of that gold has definitely rusted.”
“My name is Glorious, I’m a professional garage salesman for a living, I hail from the Netherlands, and contrary from what you might think this entire sentence is true! I am a very outlandish person, as I have been told many times. The name, the accent, the occupation, it’s all very unique. And I love it that way! A little more about me: I was an orphan that dropped out of school and ran away from the orphanage in my teenage years. I always felt like there was a more interesting life waiting for me outside the walls of that orphanage. However, all I ended up doing was getting stuck in a job at WalMart...until I climbed up the business ladder, and made it to a manager-level position! A few years ago, though, it got too...boring? I guess habit repeated itself, as I ran away from my job at WalMart, got myself a good apartment, and used what I learned about business from working in management in order to start up my own business. And that business was garage sales! So, here I am now in this house wanting to test my strategic mind even further. I might not be the smartest in terms of knowledge, but I am definitely a force to be reckoned with in a game of wits such as this. My true goal is winning the money, but it also seems entertaining to be battling against so many other people as well. I only hope that my fellow competitors don’t get too intimidated by me early on, haha! Else it’ll be quite the short stay for me!”
“Wooo, I got on the show! I just got such a rush right now, oh my god, this is super exciting! Oh, uh, I guess I should introduce myself, haha! Hi! My name is Gunnar, and I’m a 22 year old DJ that works at a few nightclubs across New York. I just love energizing music that makes people really bring out their wild sides, and the electric buzz in the night clubs I play for is just so awesome. I love seeing people smile and happy and enjoying themselves, even if it is just for that one night. And I’m really glad that the music I mix contributes to that for them! I’m playing this game to try and meet some new people, as well as feel the rush of a game like this. I mean, intense social strategy seems so cool to me! Ahhh, I’m so nervous and excited and so many things at once right now just thinking about getting in there and playing this game! I’m hoping to win this game, but most importantly, I wanna make my boyfriend Aaron proud of me. If I go far, this’ll be the longest time that we’ve been apart since we started dating, so it’s real tough coming out here without him as he’s a huge part of me and my life. But I won’t let it bum me down too much! I’ll just make new friends, which should be easy with my upbeat optimism keeping things bubbly and bouncy in this house! Oh, man, I can’t wait to play this game!!”
"Hello everyone! My name is Jakiha, and I can't wait to play this game! I work as a child psychologist, so I help out with kids deal with issues that some adults dread and can't quite come to terms with. I help get rid of permanently damaging psychological issues before they become deadly in a child's mind. It's also allowed me to be able to talk to adults about their issues as children and help them through things as well. The insight I have on these houseguests mentally will be an advantage I intend to use in this game, and my sociability is something I plan on using to assist me in getting into these people's heads and opening them up for personal examination. I'm here playing this game because I've always been enthralled by intellectual challenges, and I'm very excited to participate in this one! Hopefully I can make it far and do well. And if not, well, it was a good vacation from work! Although I do worry about being out of the office. I genuinely enjoy my job and feel like I make a difference in many childrens' lives and being away is going to be a little distressing for me. I believe that they'll be fine while I'm away, though. I'll have to keep telling myself that for a bit to be truly comfortable with it, heh...ah, I shouldn't feel guilty. I've helped out others for so long, I'm due for a time where I can help myself. I will try to win this game and claim that half million, even if it does mean being away from the job I love doing."
“Thanks for the ice pack, guys...oh, wait, we’re starting the interview? Now!? Can’t we just wait a couple minutes? ...how tight can this schedule be for me to not be able to--okay, you know what, I won’t fight it. Uhh, hey everyone! My name is Jonathan, I’m a nurse from Toronto, and, uh...as you may be able to tell from this ice pack, I hit my head pretty hard on a piece of equipment while walking onto the set today, heh! I’ve always been clumsy like that, getting hurt as a kid. I always had scrapes and bruises all over me, even when I’d try staying inside for a handful of days. Seems like my luck is one thing that hasn’t changed with time. It’s because of all those small injuries that I wanted to work in the medical field since a kid, hoping that somehow being someone who worked with medicine would prevent me from being hurt anymore. Turns out nurses and doctors can still be clumsy when it comes to the simplest tasks. Man, this sucks. I had this whole opening segment planned out about how I was going to talk about my family and stuff, but that all just got ruined by this bump on my head. Okay, well, I guess I’ll just say that my strategy in this game is to try and lie low and maybe use my clumsiness as a way to get people to like me. I mean, sure, getting hurt all the time would be concerning, but in the first few weeks I’m sure I can turn my misfortunes into humorous encounters that can lead to bonding moments between myself and other houseguests. And all I really need are those early connections to get my foot in the door and a place in the game. Yep, that’s what my plan will be...as long as I don’t get medically evacuated from the house first.”
“Hey everyone! My name is Kale, and yes, I know, it’s ridiculous. It fits with our family’s pattern of ‘K’ names, though. My dad is Kyle, my mom Kellen, and my brother Kade. I guess they wanted a name that was similar to ‘Kade’ and just decided to name me after a vegetable. Anyways, enough about that. I’m twenty-five and I’m a hairdresser for a living. Not the most thrilling job, I know, but it’s more of a job to keep me getting money while I try to find a steady career with my degree in cosmetology. I’m hoping to be a hair stylist and/or makeup person for actors in big-shot movies! Sadly, I don’t have any connections yet, and I’m kind of stuck in West Virginia which isn’t an ideal place for most movie companies. I’ll work my way up in time, though. I initially applied to this season because I wanted the chance at the money so I could move out to California or Texas or maybe head up to Canada, someplace where all the big movie companies are. However, it seems like production has some plans for me. They informed me as I was accepted onto the cast that I would be part of some kind of ‘twist’ in this season. I have no clue what it is, they just told me that I’d be informed after the first HoH competition finishes. That news both excites and scares me. I just hope I don’t get too screwed over by this twist, as that would be a big blow in the gut for me.”
“Magadang hapon! I am Vi, 45 years, and work at McDonald’s in California. I grew up in the Philippines, always dreaming of a better life. Family was in poverty, and as a teenage girl, I had to work as laundrygal. I didn’t even finish education, had to work for family and our home. Lucky for me, one day I met a very good man. We dated, and I found out he was from America and was only there for few months for business. We both wanted to be together, so I asked family if I could move to America with him. It was very tough, having to ask family if I could leave them forever. Though after a while, and with some talking from my soon-to-be husband, we were allowed to leave. We went to America, I became citizen, and we were married. We were happy together...but after a while, he became very rough. We divorced five years ago. I didn’t want to, because I knew I would be in poverty again as I am now. But I couldn’t live with what he was doing to me anymore. Now I work low-paying job again. I found this show after hearing about it from customer, and I saw the prize money. I know I need this money a lot. I want to play this game to get out of poverty, to finish education, and to get better job. I don’t care about winning or losing, I just want to be in final two so I get cash one way or another. I also want to show husband that I’m still strong without him. My biggest fear is meeting other mean people like he became, but at least I will not have to fight alone if I do meet someone like that in this house. Even if I am alone, I won’t give up. I must fight for this money. I must play this game, even if I do bad things in it sometimes. I am not the afraid teenage girl anymore, and I will prove it in this game.”
“Hello everyone! My full name is Robert Wright, but I just go by ‘Bob’ for short. Up until a few years ago, I was the CEO of a large tech company. We made scoreboards and the like for schools across the nation, and our most recent project was working on more energy efficient scoreboards. Well, that is what the most recent project was when I left the company a few years ago. I decided to cash my check and leave the business world for good, as it was getting quite tiring for me. And no, it wasn’t just because of my age, I and many other 63-year olds are still very sharp in the mind. It was just exhausting, working and managing for so many years. I didn’t want to retire quite yet, though, so I got a job as a bus driver just to keep me busy. Now I drive around students to the same schools I made scoreboards for, heh! I guess I should explain why I’m on this show. I decided to apply because I wish to try and keep my mind sharp as I age. I fear as though I might be losing touch a bit since having left the business world. I already have all the money I need from my business, so winning isn’t for the cash. Winning would just be for the honor. And seeing as the past two winners were both around my age, I feel as though my odds are looking pretty good for winning myself. I don’t have a strategy planned out quite yet, but it’ll have to do with trying to use any thirty or fourty year olds in the house to try and give me easier connections to the 20-somethings that’ll inevitably be dispersed throughout this house. I don’t quite know how to bridge the generational gap, and it’ll be my greatest obstacle. However, if I can accomplish that, I know I can accomplish anything in this game. It’ll be one large hurdle for me to jump, though.”
Let me know about your thoughts on the new cast in the comments! Who are you rooting for? Rooting against? Any predictions of how they will place in the season?
Week One’s write up will be posted on Friday, March 30th. Hope to see ya then!
submitted by TheNman1 to BrantSteele [link] [comments]


2017.12.08 15:54 Rsubs33 [Game Preview] Week 14 - Philadelphia Eagles (10-2) at Los Angeles Rams (9-3)

Philadelphia Eagles (10-2) at Los Angeles Rams (9-3)
Gut check time for the Eagles this season as they had their 9 game winning steak snapped last Sunday as they came out flat and left much to be desired for in the loss to the Seahawks. The Eagles will need to bounce back this week against the Rams after staying on the West Coast this week to practice. This game could prove huge if the Vikings fall to the Panthers on Sunday, since the NFC leading Vikings beat the Rams earlier this season, giving the Eagles the a common opponent tie breaker. The Eagles will have their hands full on both sides of the Football the Rams are tied with the Eagles for 1st in points per game on offense. The last time two teams that have played at least 12 games and both averaging 30+ points per game was Dec. 11, 1983 when the Dallas Cowboys (32.3 PPG) played the Washington Redskins (34.2 PPG). The Rams have multiple weapons on offense with 4 players with over 500 yards receiving and RB Todd Gurley is just 61 yards from 1000 yards on the year rushing. The Eagles number 1 ranked rush defense will look to shut down Gurley and make the Rams offense one dimensional while they try to limit the big plays in the passing game. The Rams also have an impressive defense led by All-Pro DT Aaron Donald who has 8 sacks this season. The Eagles offense will try to get back on track after they failed to score at least 20 points for the first time this season last week. A key will be getting the run going and staying balanced in this game. The run will also help the Eagles keep the high powered Rams offense off the field. The Eagles will need to limit the mistakes they have made in the last few weeks to get a win. Last week's loss might be just what the Eagles needed to get them refocused as they stayed on the West Coast this week, as long as they can bounce back and pull out a win this week against a tough opponent on the road.
General Information
Posting Rules and Guidelines
Remember to join us on Slack during the game!
Click here to register for Slack.
New to the Eagles? Take a look at our New Fan Page!
Date
Sunday, December 10th, 2017
Game Time Game Location
4:25 PM - Eastern Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
3:25 PM - Central 3911 South Figueroa Street
2:25 PM - Mountain Los Angeles, CA 90037
1:25 PM - Pacific Wikipedia - Map
Weather Forecast
Stadium Type: Open
Surface: Grass
Temperature: 76°F
Feels Like: 76°F
Forecast: Partly Cloudy. Partly cloudy throughout the day.
Chance of Precipitation: 3%
Cloud Coverage: 30%
Wind: NNE 6 MPH
Betting Odds
Oddsshark Information
Favorite/Opening Line: Rams by -2.5
OveUnder: 47
Record VS. Spread: Philadelphia 9-3, Los Angeles 8-4
Where to Watch on TV
FOX will broadcast Sunday’s game to a regional audience. Joe Buck will handle the play-by-play duties and Troy Aikman will provide analysis. Erin Andrews will report from the sidelines.
TV Map - Week 14 TV Coverage Map
Internet Streams
NFL Streams - Look here 30 minutes before the game for Streams
Radio Streams
Disclaimer: Subscription Based Official NFL Radio Streams available via TuneIn
List of Eagles Radio network member stations with internet broadcast availability
Radio.com 94.1 Desktop Streaming
Listen to Merrill Reese and Mike Quick
Calling the game on 94WIP and the Eagles Radio Network will be Merrill Reese, the NFL’s longest-tenured play-by-play announcer (41st season). Joining Reese in the radio booth will be former Eagles All-Pro wide receiver Mike Quick, while Howard Eskin will report from the sidelines.
Location Station Frequency
Philadelphia, PA WIP-FM 94.1 FM and 610 AM
Allentown, PA WCTO-FM 96.1 FM
Atlantic City/South Jersey WENJ-FM 97.3 FM
Levittown, PA WBCB-AM 1490 AM
Northumberland, PA WEGH-FM 107.3 FM
Pottsville, PA WPPA-AM 1360 AM
Reading, PA WEEU-AM 830 AM
Salisbury/Ocean City, MD WAFL-FM 97.7 FM
Wilkes-Barre/Scranton, PA WEJL-FM 96.1 FM
Salisbury/Ocean City, MD WAFL-FM 97.7 FM
Salisbury/Ocean City, MD WEJL-AM 630 AM
Salisbury/Ocean City, MD WBAX-AM 1240 AM
Williamsport, PA WBZD-FM 93.3 FM
Wilmington, DE WDEL-FM/AM 101.7 FM
York/LancasteHarrisburg, PA WSOX-FM 96.1 FM
Philadelphia Spanish Radio
Rickie Ricardo, Macu Berral and Gus Salazar will handle the broadcast in Spanish on Mega 105.7 FM in Philadelphia and the Eagles Spanish Radio Network.
Location Station Frequency
Philadelphia, PA LA MEGA 105.7 FM
Allentown, PA WSAN 1470 AM
Atlantic City, NJ WIBG 1020 AM; 101.3 FM
Rams Radio
Rams Radio J.B. Long will handle the play-by-play duties and former pro bowl running back Maurice Jones-Drew will provide analysis. D'Marco Farr will report from the sidelines.
National Radio
Larry Kahn (play-by-play) and Hank Bauer (analyst) will call the game for Sports USA’s national broadcast. Troy West will report from the sidelines.
Satellite Radio
Station Eagles Channel Rams Channel
Sirius Radio SIRI 134 (Internet 825) SIRI 82 (Internet 817)
XM Radio XM Internet 825 XM 82 (Internet 817)
Sirius XM Radio SXM 382 (Internet 825) SXM 82 (Internet 817)
Eagles Social Media Rams Social Media
Website Website
Facebook Facebook
Twitter Twitter
Instagram Instagram
Snapchat: Eagles Snapchat: snaptherams
NFC East Standings
Team Record Pct Home Away Div Conf PF PA Strk
Eagles 10-2 .833 6-0 4-2 4-0 8-1 361 191 1L
Cowboys 6-6 .500 3-4 3-2 3-1 5-4 286 284 1W
Redskins 5-7 .417 3-3 2-4 1-4 4-6 272 314 1L
Giants 2-10 .167 1-4 1-6 0-3 0-8 189 291 2L
Series Information
The Philadelphia Eagles lead the Los Angeles Rams (Philadelphia Eagles lead series, 20-19-1)
Series History
Head to Head Box Scores
First Game Played
September 21, 1937 at Philadelphia Municipal Stadium, Philadelphia, PA. Cleveland Rams 21 Philadelphia Eagles 3
Points Leader
Los Angeles Rams lead the Philadelphia Eagles (784-770)
Coaches Record
Doug Pederson: 0-0 against the Rams
Sean McVay: 0-0 against Eagles
Coaches Head to Head
Doug Pederson vs Sean McVay: This will be the 1st meeting between the coaches
Quarterback Record
Carson Wentz: Against Rams: 0-0
Jared Goff: Against Eagles: 0-0
Quarterbacks Head to Head
Carson Wentz vs Jared Goff: This will be the 1st meeting between the QBs
Records per Stadium
Record @ Lincoln Financial Field: Eagles lead Rams: 2-0
Record @ Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum: Rams lead Eagles 5-2-1
Rankings and Last Meeting Information
AP Pro 32 Ranking
Eagles No. 3 - Rams No. 5
Record
Eagles: 10-2
Rams: 9-3
Last Meeting
Sunday October 5, 2014
Eagles 34 - Rams 28
The Eagles defense and special teams picked up the slack in the game scoring two touchdowns on a blocked punt and sack/fumble and Nick Foles added two TDs through the air as the Eagles dominated most of the day and were able to hold of the Rams late for the W.
Click here to view the Video Recap
Click here to view the Stats Recap
Last Meeting
Sunday September 25, 1977
Rams 20 – Eagles 20
It has been awhile since these two teams played at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, but last time they faced off the Rams dominated the Eagles in a 20-0 shutout with Joe Namath throwing two TDs and the Rams defense picking of Ron Jaworski 3 times.
Click here to view the Stats Recap
Last 10 Meetings
Date Winner Loser Score
10/05/14 Eagles Rams 34-28
09/11/11 Eagles Rams 31-13
09/07/08 Eagles Rams 38-3
12/18/05 Eagles Rams 17-16
12/27/04 Rams Eagles 20-7
12/01/02 Eagles Rams 10-3
01/27/02 Rams Eagles 29-24
09/09/01 Rams Eagles 20-17
01/02/00 Eagles Rams 38-31
12/03/98 Eagles Rams 17-14
Injury Reports Depth Charts
Eagles Eagles
Rams Rams
2017 Weekly Matchup
Week 14 - Iron Rank Matchup
Week 14 - "Expert" Picks
2017 Team Stats
Eagles Season Stats
Rams Season Stats
2017 Stats (Starters/Leaders)
Passing
Name CMP ATT PCT YDS TD INT RAT
Wentz 242 399 60.7% 3005 29 6 102.0
Goff 244 392 62.2% 3184 20 6 98.4
Rushing
Name ATT YDS YDS/G AVG TD
Blount 145 684 57 4.7 2
Ajayi 29 229 57.3 7.9 1
Gurley 223 939 72.2 4.2 8
Receiving
Name REC YDS YDS/G AVG TD
Jeffrey 47 680 56.7 14.5 7
Woods 47 703 70.3 15.0 4
Sacks
Name Sacks Team Total
Graham 8.5 33
Donald 8.0 37
Tackles
Name Total Solo Assist Sacks
Bradham 63 41 22 1.0
Ogletree 107 69 38 2.0
Interceptions
Name Ints Team Total
Mills/Robinson/McLeod 3 16
Barron/Joyner 3 14
Punting
Name ATT YDS LONG AVG NET IN 20 TB BP
D.Jones 45 2071 61 46.0 41.2 15 4 0
Hekker 44 2077 70 47.2 44.5 22 2 0
Kicking
Name ATT MADE % LONG PAT
Elliot 23 19 82.6% 61 30/33
Zuerlein 38 36 94.7% 56 35/36
Kick Returns
Name ATT YDS AVG LONG TD
Barner 6 120 20.0 25 0
Cooper 26 747 28.7 103 1
Punt Returns
Name RET YDS AVG LONG TD FC
Barner 18 200 11.1 76 0 14
Cooper 21 265 12.6 40 0 5
League Rankings 2017
Offense Rankings
Category Eagles Stat Eagles Rank Rams Stat Rams Rank
Total Offense 385.1 3rd 372.7 4th
Rush Offense 143.3 2nd 115.2 14th
Pass Offense 241.8 14th 257.5 7th
Points Per Game 30.1 T-1st 30.1 T-st
3rd-Down Offense 45.9% 2nd 42.6 7th
4th-Down Offense 68.4% 3rd 33.3 T-24th
Red Zone Offense (TD%) 68.3% 1st 50.0% T-22nd
Defense Rankings
Category Eagles Stat Eagles Rank Rams Stat Rams Rank
Total Defense 293.2 3rd 334.0 15th
Rush Defense 68.1 1st 122.8 27th
Pass Defense 241.5 16th 211.2 9th
Points Per Game 17.4 6th 18.5 T-7th
3rd-Down Defense 30.3% 3rd 38.5 13th
4th-Down Defense 28.6% 5th 58.3% T-20th
Red Zone Defense (TD%) 53.6% 17th 59.4% 24th
Team
Category Eagles Stat Eagles Rank Rams Stat Rams Rank
Turnover Diff. +7 T-5th +6 T-7th
Penalties Per Game 7.0 22nd 7.2 23rd
Penalty Yards Per Game 61.8 27th 58.8 17th
Recap from Last Week’s Games.
Eagles - Video – The Eagles came out flat on the first of a three game road trip including back to back on the west coast as they fell to the Seahawks on Sunday Night Football in Seattle. Russell Wilson played a great game for the Seahawks throwing for 227 yards and 3 TDs while making a ton of plays with his legs. Wentz threw for 348 yards and TD, but had a costly fumble in the Redzone and missed two would be touchdown passes and threw an INT late. Coach Doug Pederson’s game plan did help much as the Eagles looked lost when the opened the game and didn’t try to take advantage of the Seahawk secondary early even though they were missing two pro bowlers. Pederson also miffed on two challenges. First challenging a spot when it wasn’t needed and not challenging Russell Wilson’s forward lateral late which ended up leading to a Seahawks TD on the drive. In the end a desperate Seahawks team ended the Eagles 9 game winning streak.
Rams - Video – In a division game, the Rams dominated the rival Cardinals and completed the season sweep after they routed the Cardinals in the first meeting 33-0 in London. The Rams jumped out early scoring 16 points including a 41 yard INT return by Alec Ogletree. The Cardinals cut the lead to 16-13 in the second quarter, but it was all Rams in the second half as Jared Goff passed for two touchdowns. Goff finished with 220 yards 2 TDs and an INT and Gurley carried the ball 19 times for 74 yards while adding 84 yards receiving. The Rams solidified their grip on first place in the NFC West with a 32-16 victory over the Arizona Cardinals on Sunday.
Connections
Rams DE Connor Barwin played 4 season with the Eagles (2013-2016).
Rams DC Wade Phillips held the same position with the Eagles from 1986-1988.
Rams QB Jared Goff and Eagles QB Carson Wentz were selected 1st and 2nd in the 2016 NFL draft after both teams traded up.
Eagles P Donnie Jones played 5 seasons for the Rams (2007-11) was a two-time second-team All-Pro selection with the Rams in 2008 and 2009. He still holds several franchise records for the Rams.
Eagles QB Nick Foles played for the Rams in 2015 after being traded from the Eagles.
Eagles DE Chris Long was drafted by the Rams in the 1st round in 2008 and played with the team from 2008-15.
Eagles S Rodney McLeod played for the Rams from 2012-16.
Rams CB Blake Countess was a 6th round draft pick of the Eagles in 2016, but was cut before the season started in 2016.
Rams National Scout Marty Barrett was a Senior Scout with the Eagles from 2015-16.
Eagles S Jaylen Watkins is the older brother of Rams WR Sammy Watkins.
Eagles LB coach Ken Fajole was defensive coordinator of the for three season from 2009−2011.
Eagles WR coach Mike Groh held the same position with the Rams in 2016.
Rams LB Bryce Hager’s father, Britt Hager played linebacker for the Eagles from 1989- 94.
Rams Assistant Wide Receiver Coach Zac Taylor and his brother is the brother Eagles Assistant Quarterbacks Coach Press Taylor.
Eagles DE Chris Long is from Santa Monica, CA.
Philadelphia DT Elijah Qualls is from Petaluma, CA.
Philadelphia LB Joe Walker is from Palos Verdes, CA.
Eagles WR Nelson Agholor went to USC (2012-14).
Eagles TE Zach Ertz went to Stanford (2009-13) and is from Orange County, CA.
2017 Pro Bowlers
Eagles Rams
OT Jason Peters (Starter) DT Aaron Donald (Starter)
DT Fletcher Cox (Starter) P Johnny Hekker (Starter)
DE Brandon Graham (1st Alt) LS Jake McQuaide (Starter)
FS Rodney McLeod (1st Alt)
PR Darren Sproles (1st Alt)
C Jason Kelce (2nd Alt)
ST Chris Maragos (2nd Alt)
General
Referee: Craig Wrolstad
Philadelphia has produced a 20-19-1 all-time record vs. the Rams and has won 4 straight games in the series. Sunday marks the Eagles’ first game against the Rams in Los Angeles since 9/23/90 (W, 27-21).
The Eagles are just the fourth team in NFL history to record 1,700+ rushing yards (1,720) and allow less than 820 rushing yards (817) through 12 games, joining the 1946 49ers (1,893-807), 1943 Eagles (1,730-793 in 10 games) and 1942 Bears (1,881-519 in 11 games). Philadelphia has won a franchise-record-tying 9 straight games for just the third time in franchise history, having previously done so in 2003 (10/19/03-12/15/03) and 1960 (9/30/60-12/4/60).
Philadelphia leads the NFL in rushing defense (68.1). Philadelphia has not allowed a 100+ yard rusher since Week 6 of 2016.
Philadelphia is tied with the Rams for the most points (361) in the NFL this season.
Philadelphia is tied with Minnesota, New England and Pittsburgh for the best record (10-2) in the NFL this season. The Eagles have started 10-2 or better for just the fifth time in franchise history, having previously done so in 2004 (11-1), 1980 (11-1), 1960 (10-2) and 1949 (11-1).
Philadelphia has three different players with 6+ receiving TDs (Zach Ertz - 7, Alshon Jeffery - 7, Nelson Agholor - 6) through 11 games for the first time in team history.
No team in the NFL has allowed fewer pass plays of at least 20 yards than the Eagles (27).
In their past three games, the Rams are just 9-for-36 on third down, converting only three times each week. While the Eagles rank 3rd in the league on 3rd down defense only allowing opponents to convert 30.3% of the time.
Draft Picks
Eagles Rams
DE Derek Barnett TE Gerald Everett
CB Sidney Jones WR Cooper Kupp
CB Rasul Douglas DB John Johnson
WR Mack Hollins WR Josh Reynolds
RB Donnel Pumphrey LB Samson Ebukam
WR Shelton Gibson DT Tanzel Smart
LB Nathan Gerry RB Sam Rogers
DT Elijah Qualls DE Ejuan Price
Notable Off-season Additions
Eagles Rams
WR Torrey Smith De Connor Barwin
WR Alshon Jeffery RB Lance Dunbar
DE Chris Long OT Andrew Whitworth
DT Timmy Jernigan CB Nickell Robey-Coleman
RB LaGarrett Blount C John Sullivan
CB Patrick Robinson WR Robert Woods
G Chance Warmack DT Tyrunn Walker
QB Nick Foles CB Kayvon Webster
S Corey Graham
CB Ronald Darby
K Jake Elliott
OT Will Beatty
Notable Off-season Free-Agent Departures
Eagles Rams
CB Nolan Carroll C Tim Barnes
DE Connor Barwin WR Kenny Britt
DT Bennie Logan S T.J. McDonald
QB Chase Daniel DE Eugene Sims
CB Leodis McKelvin DL William Hayes
WR Dorial Green-Beckham TE Lance Kendricks
DE Marcus Smith
RB Ryan Mathews
Milestones
QB Carson Wentz (6787) needs 23 more yards to move ahead of his backup Nick Foles(11th) on the Eagles all-time passing yards list.
QB Carson Wentz (29) needs 1 more TDs for 30 TDs this season.
TE Brent Celek (4,968) needs 32 more yards to reach 5000 career receiving yards.
TE Brent Celek (393) needs 7 more receptions to reach 400 career receptions.
TE Zach Ertz (3503) needs 30 yards to move up to 16th on the Eagles all-time receiving list receiving list to move up to 15th all-time passing TE/FB Keith Byars
DE Brandon Graham (37.5 – 7th) needs 2 sacks to move up to a tie for 6th on the Eagles all-time sack list tying DT Andy Harmon.
DE Fletcher Cox (34 - 10th) needs 1.5 sacks to move into a tie for 9th all-time on the Eagles sack list with William Fuller.
S Malcolm Jenkins's (4) needs 1 more Interception for a TD to tie CB Eric Allen (5) for most Interceptions for a TD by an Eagles player. Jenkins is the only Eagles player to have a pick 6 in 3 straight seasons
WR Sammy Watkins is 13 yards from surpassing the 3,000 career-receiving yard mark.
K Greg Zuerlein (36) is three field goals away from tying Jeff Wilkins (39) for most field goals made in a Ram in a single-season.
RB Todd Gurley needs 61 yards for 1000 yards on the season.
DT Aaron Donald (36 – 10th) needs 1 sack to move up to 9th on the Rams all-time sack list.
Pro Football Focus Matchup Charts courtesy of PFF Edge

WDB Matchups (CAPS = Shadow Coverage)

Eagles WRs vs. Rams DBs IMAGE
Tm Rec/DB Pos H Wt Sp Rt L% S% R% %TaRt Cat% YPRC Gr Adv
PHI ALSHON JEFFERY LWR 75 218 4.48 440 45 17 39 21 53 1.65 78.7 +19
LAR TRUMAINE JOHNSON RCB 74 213 4.5 445 63 11 26 17 60 1.55 66.8
PHI Nelson Agholor Slot 72 198 4.42 371 5 87 8 17 66 1.69 78.3 -6
LAR Nickell Robey-Coleman Slot 68 178 4.53 296 9 74 17 15 66 0.89 81.7
PHI Torrey Smith RWR 72 205 4.41 351 38 20 42 14 62 0.95 42.8 -45
LAR Kayvon Webster LCB 71 192 4.41 352 27 15 59 14 57 0.92 63.7
Rams WRs vs. Eagles DBs IMAGE
Tm Rec/DB Pos H Wt Sp Rt L% S% R% %TaRt Car% YPRC Gr Adv
LAR Sammy Watkins LWR 73 211 4.43 392 52 29 19 14 61 1.49 77.9 +1
PHI Ronald Darby RCB 71 193 4.38 108 11 4 85 27 52 1.24 76.4
LAR Cooper Kupp Slot 74 205 4.62 387 29 60 10 23 66 2.04 79.5 +24
PHI Patrick Robinson Slot 71 191 4.46 372 7 76 17 18 54 1.23 91.6
LAR Josh Reynolds RWR 75 192 4.52 108 21 38 41 13 46 0.43 51.8 -41
PHI Jalen Mills LCB 72 191 4.61 490 84 4 12 20 60 1.17 73.5
TE Matchups IMAGE
Tm TE/Def H Wt Rt Bl% Inl% S% W% %TaRt Cat% YPRC Gr Adv
LAR Tyler Higbee 78 257 287 21 79 6 15 40 55 2.68 68.4 -14
PHI Malcolm Jenkins (S) 72 204 222 8 61 0.49 85
PHI Zach Ertz 77 250 400 9 43 39 18 38 73 3.16 85.3 -2
LAR Mark Barron (LB) 74 225 151 11 53 0.52 79.5
OL/DL Matchups IMAGE
Note: Pressure Rate and Yards Before Contact are projected numbers based on the starters' grades and are adjusted for injuries. All other stats are based on this season's data
Tm Press% SkConv YBCon Runs ins. 5 yd ln/gm TD ins. 5 yd ln% PB Adv RB Adv
LAR (OL) 4.9 13 2.43 1 42 -9 +8
PHI (DL) 7.2 19 1.34 0.6 14
PHI (OL) 5.6 16 2.43 1.2 36 +1 +17
LAR (DL) 5.8 18 1.5 1.7 30
Stats to Know
Todd Gurley II
[LA's offense has been functioning at a high level, all around. This we know. Not only has Goff seen a resurgence, but so, too, has Gurley. Through 12 games, only one other RB has more yards from scrimmage (1,502) than him, and that would be Le'Veon Bell (1,559), and he's got more than 200 greater than the next guy. With 939 yards on the ground, Gurley is only 15th in percentage of rushes that break for 15+ yards. In the passing game, as for as RBs go, Gurley is second only to Kamara in receiving yards (614-563), is tied for third in snaps in route (297), and is fourth is YPRR (1.9). Gurley has the third-best catch rate, with 48 catches of 49 catchable balls on 57 targets. --Courtesy of PFF Elite
Matchups to Watch
Eagles Defense vs. Todd Gurley
The Eagles Defense faces its second major test for the Eagles in as many weeks, this one coming in the form of Todd Gurley, the league’s second leading running back. Gurley is a dynamic back who is on pace for around 2000 all-purpose yards on the season. After a down season last year, Gurley has found new life with a real coach in LA and should be on the way to his second Pro Bowl. The Eagles defense enters the game with the best rushing defense in the NFL. One area the Eagles have struggled with in the past is running backs out of the back field as receivers, how they improved in that area this season. The Eagles will need keep that up Sunday as that is one of McVay’s favorite ways to get Gurley in space. Shutting down the run will be huge for the Eagles in slowing down the Ram’s high octane offense which is currently tied with the Eagles for tops in the league.
Eagles Defensive Line vs. Rams Offensive Line
The Los Angeles Rams have done a complete 180 from the slop of the last few years. Aside from Goff, the biggest key to their turnaround is the play of the offensive line. The addition of OT Andrew Whitworth was a huge addition from the offense. Leave it to the Bengals to let a franchise Left Tackle walk without an adequate replacement. Presently, Whitworth is the 8th ranked tackle per PFF. Opposite Whitworth is OT Rob Havenstein, who is having another decent season. Rodger Saffold is having a bounce-back year currently rating as the 8th best guard in the NFL per PFF. John Sullivan is the starting center for the Rams, who is currently 10th per PFF. This isn't a star-studded unit, but it is talented and well coached. They've opened up a lot of rushing lanes for Gurley and have largely kept Goff upright. The difference in their play from last year to this year is amazing considering they made few changes along the line. The Eagles will need the defensive line to dominate up front in the run and passing game to slow down this Rams offense. The deep defensive front for the Eagles will allow them to stay fresh up front. They will need to execute better this week than they did last week. One difference will be is Goff is far less mobile than Russell Wilson and stays in the pocket much longer. The Rams offense has been very explosive on the season and has the ability to make the Eagles defense pay. The play of their offensive line has allowed the Rams to do what they want on offense.
Eagles Offensive Line vs Rams Defensive Line
The Eagles offensive line will get another test this week in All World DT Aaron Donald. Donald isn't your traditional inside rusher since he is shorter than the norm. He is a generational talent along the interior defensive line. The Rams also have the underrated Michael Brockers who is the 24th rated DT per PFF this year. Mark Barron is also a fun player to watch for the Rams. Wade Phillips is a proven defensive coordinator who knows how to get after the QB. The Eagles will have some opportunities for big plays down the field if the offensive line, especially the left side of the line, plays better than it did a week ago. Hopefully Peters will be able to coach up Big V this week and help him bounce back. Controlling the line of scrimmage in this battle will help keep the defense from constantly seeing the lethal Rams offense. The Rams have a very weak rushing defense on the season. Assuming the Eagles OL plays to the level it is capable of they should control the line of scrimmage and slow down the Rams pass rush.
Eagles Rushing Attack vs. the Rams Rush Defense
Don’t be surprised if Pederson and Eagles try to get the Eagles run game going early to help hold off the Rams potent pass rush. The Rams' biggest weakness is probably their run defense which currently ranks 27th in yards per game and 27th in rushing TDs allowed. This a strength of the Eagles as they currently rank 2nd in the league in rushing and is a matchup the Eagles should be able to exploit. The Eagles offense has been at its best when they have been able to stay balanced. The Rams have also allowed a number of big plays to the run game allowing 12 runs of 20+ yards and 4 of 40+, for this reason we may see more Ajayi and Clement than Blount as the Rams seem to struggle with gashing runners more than power runners. If the Eagles get the run going it could be a long day for the Rams defense and will be big in helping the offense get back on track after only scoring 10 points last week and will allow them to control the clock and keep the high octane Rams offense on the sideline.
Rams Big Play Passing Attack vs. the Eagles Pass Defense
The Rams are similar to the Eagles in that Goff spreads the ball around to multiple receivers, you can’t just look to take away one guy in the passing game. This season the Rams have four players with at least 500 receiving yards (Kupp, Woods, Watkins, Gurley). The Rams offense is at its best when they are getting yards in big chunks and moving the ball down the field quickly as they have 50 passing plays of 20+ yards this season. On the flip side of that the Eagles have allowed the fewest number of pass plays over 20 yards this season (27). Despite Darby being injured the first 9 games and the secondary being considered a weakness coming into the season. The need to be on their game this week and be sure to keep everything in front of them because they will be tested early and often by Jared Goff and the Rams numerous weapons.
Special thanks to MikeTysonChicken and abenyishay for their help in creating this Game Preview.
submitted by Rsubs33 to eagles [link] [comments]


2017.10.28 01:11 subreddit_stats Subreddit Stats: ethereum top posts from 2015-07-30 to 2017-10-27 14:49 PDT

Period: 819.97 days
Submissions Comments
Total 1000 68061
Rate (per day) 1.22 82.97
Unique Redditors 563 11755
Combined Score 258924 352105

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 7610 points, 33 submissions: vbuterin
    1. Personal statement regarding the fork (536 points, 830 comments)
    2. Highlight for discussion: EIP 648 (make ethereum highly parallelizable within a single node; possible pre-sharding scalability improvement) (533 points, 100 comments)
    3. A Grab Bag of Thoughts on ETC and Forks (458 points, 273 comments)
    4. Analyzing Token Sale Models (429 points, 100 comments)
    5. A note on how the latest Casper PoC accomplishes its fast block times safely (417 points, 80 comments)
    6. A (not so sneak) peek at the current version of the Casper contract (313 points, 77 comments)
    7. The Current HF Status (309 points, 504 comments)
    8. Should we make a move toward making checksummed hex addresses mandatory? (296 points, 75 comments)
    9. How can Ethereum Research be more welcoming to newcomers and people from the outside with good ideas? (294 points, 115 comments)
    10. Sharding Research in Mind Map Form (265 points, 26 comments)
  2. 5672 points, 17 submissions: 5chdn
    1. Huge Milestone: Ethereum Stack Exchange graduates as one of the top-35 world technology sites. (903 points, 55 comments)
    2. Happy Byzantium hard-fork from the Parity offices! :) (793 points, 25 comments)
    3. Welcome to Ethereum, the Reddit front page of the Web 3, read this to get started or ask questions. (536 points, 321 comments)
    4. Ethereum's Byzantium Hard Fork Is Running Smoothly, Developers Say (507 points, 50 comments)
    5. [Ongoing Q&A Thread] Newbie Corner, ask your questions here. (351 points, 1968 comments)
    6. The Multi-sig Hack: A Postmortem (298 points, 206 comments)
    7. Parity 1.7.3 is released. If you run a Parity Ethereum node please upgrade before the Byzantium hard-fork kicks in at block 4_370_000. (288 points, 52 comments)
    8. Ladies and Gentlemen, we have forked. (274 points, 74 comments)
    9. Parity 1.7.2-beta released. Byzantium inside. (239 points, 21 comments)
    10. Parity 1.7.6 ... consensus-relevant fix ... for hard-fork ... please upgrade ... 4_370_000 ... ... (239 points, 56 comments)
  3. 5045 points, 21 submissions: Souptacular
    1. Why I Can't Defend Coindesk Any Longer. Take Action. Support Omar. (596 points, 117 comments)
    2. Byzantium HF Announcement - Ethereum Blog (368 points, 84 comments)
    3. Ethereum's ERC-20 token standard has been formalized as an EIP (364 points, 33 comments)
    4. ROPSTEN TESTNET USERS UPDATE YOUR CLIENTS. Hard fork is occurring in the next 48 hours. (360 points, 89 comments)
    5. Byzantium Fork Status - Monitor It Live! (305 points, 101 comments)
    6. [IMPORTANT] There are NO donation addresses for the White Hat Group currently. Anyone who is posting an address is scamming. (249 points, 20 comments)
    7. Help Wanted: Metropolis QA/Testing (238 points, 23 comments)
    8. Ethereum Core Dev Meeting and Metropolis Release Date (234 points, 57 comments)
    9. [URGENT] Update your clients to geth v1.7.2, Parity v1.7.6, or Harmony v.2.1.0 if you have not done so already! Less than 24 hours until the Byzantium hard fork. (230 points, 78 comments)
    10. [ANN] Update your geth client to 1.5.3. Consensus bug in geth v1.4.19 and v1.5.2 - Ethereum Blog (224 points, 65 comments)
  4. 4881 points, 13 submissions: insomniasexx
    1. What Happens When you Send a Transaction via MyEtherWallet (A Very Simple Illustration) (1307 points, 137 comments)
    2. [UPDATED] It’s Time to Get Real: Stop Relying on Third Parties to Protect You & Your Funds. You are responsible for your security. (888 points, 197 comments)
    3. Words are Hard: Defining Common Terms in the Ethereum / Crypto Space (665 points, 77 comments)
    4. MyEtherWallet v3.10.5 Released: The gas price can now be adjusted by 0.1 GWEI instead of 1 GWEI. This also means the min gas price via slider is 0.1 GWEI 🎉 (367 points, 39 comments)
    5. This is your friendly weekly reminder that this is crypto and you are ultimately responsible for your safety and security. Please be diligent. (232 points, 51 comments)
    6. ⚠ BEWARE: MYETHERWALLET >>.INFO<< IS A PHISHING SCAM AND WILL TAKE ALL YOUR FUNDS. myEtherWallet is MyEtherWallet.com (230 points, 30 comments)
    7. It’s Time to Get Real: Stop Relying on Third Parties to Protect You & Your Funds. You are responsible for your security. (212 points, 61 comments)
    8. Massive MyEtherWallet.com Update: Better URIs, The Hardfork, and looking back at the Golem Crowdfund. (177 points, 28 comments)
    9. Announcing MyEtherWallet v3.4: The Node Switcher (168 points, 48 comments)
    10. Pro-Tips: How Not to get Scammed during a Token Sale (167 points, 65 comments)
  5. 4567 points, 10 submissions: econoar
    1. Visa, IBM, Microsoft and USAA have all posted jobs in the past week looking for Ethereum developers (1217 points, 108 comments)
    2. Bank of America is looking for developers with a background in Ethereum to help build a new Card Account and real-time settlement system. (952 points, 105 comments)
    3. Goldman-Backed Startup Circle Launches No-Fee Foreign Payments Service. Built on Ethereum. (867 points, 96 comments)
    4. Santander Vies to Become First Bank to Issue Cash on Blockchain using Public Ethereum Chain (417 points, 82 comments)
    5. Ethereum isn't about price and hashrate, it's about making applications that could change the world. (332 points, 115 comments)
    6. geth fix is here (180 points, 38 comments)
    7. @avsa: Just tested @zsfelfoldi light client. Mainnet synced in 3m30s from scratch, used 30mb. Didn't need to change a single line of code in Mist. (163 points, 23 comments)
    8. Ethcore blog: "You should see fully hard-fork optional clients appearing in the next week or so" (154 points, 60 comments)
    9. Thomson Reuters is making their own Ethereum wallet (144 points, 33 comments)
    10. Nasdaq Veteran Joins Ethereum Foundation as Security Lead (141 points, 9 comments)
  6. 3988 points, 17 submissions: chriseth
    1. Ethereum testnet just verified a zcash transaction (729 points, 157 comments)
    2. Solidity version 0.4.16 released (431 points, 34 comments)
    3. Solidity v0.4.12 Released (285 points, 16 comments)
    4. Solidity 0.4.18 released (272 points, 20 comments)
    5. Solidity 0.4.15 released (263 points, 17 comments)
    6. Solidity v0.4.17 Released (211 points, 8 comments)
    7. New Blog post: An Update on Integrating Zcash on Ethereum (ZoE) (206 points, 88 comments)
    8. zkSNARKs and Smart Contracts on Plasma - Recordings of Ethereum Berlin October (201 points, 20 comments)
    9. Babbage - a mechanical smart contract language (190 points, 40 comments)
    10. Solidity Version 0.4.11 Released (184 points, 12 comments)
  7. 3693 points, 16 submissions: twigwam
    1. Understand why Ethereum exists, and you’ll get why it’s a big deal [MIT Technology Review] (539 points, 29 comments)
    2. Spotify acquires blockchain startup Mediachain to solve music’s attribution problem (420 points, 45 comments)
    3. The National Bank of Canada Just Joined An Alliance to Develop Ethereum [Motherboard] (300 points, 24 comments)
    4. Ethereum Stole the Show at Microsoft's New York City Demo Day (292 points, 9 comments)
    5. A secure internet voting system using Ethereum and Zero-Knowledge Proof (268 points, 103 comments)
    6. The UN Wants to Adopt Bitcoin And Ethereum, And Soon (258 points, 36 comments)
    7. The Birth of Enterprise Ethereum in 2017 (216 points, 37 comments)
    8. More Banks to Sign Up for ING's Ethereum Oil Trading Platform (181 points, 9 comments)
    9. Vinay Gupta - European Parliament blockchain presentation! (176 points, 25 comments)
    10. Ethereum, The Next Internet (158 points, 23 comments)
  8. 3571 points, 17 submissions: karalabe
    1. Geth v1.7.2 (Urgent Update) out! Yes, Byzantium hotfix. Please update ASAP! (yay fuzzer) (454 points, 87 comments)
    2. Geth v1.6.5 - Hat Trick (counters current attack) (308 points, 72 comments)
    3. Roses are red, Violets are blue, Geth now supports Hardware wallets too! (v1.5.9) (270 points, 53 comments)
    4. Geth 1.6.0 - Puppeth Master released! Our best work till now ;) (241 points, 73 comments)
    5. Geth 1.7 - Megara: Faster, slimmer, Byzantium enabled ;) (234 points, 103 comments)
    6. Never fear, Geth 1.6.3 - Covfefe is here! (227 points, 42 comments)
    7. Ethereum nodes plotted on Google Earth (224 points, 17 comments)
    8. Geth 1.4.8 "DAO Wars" Released (217 points, 185 comments)
    9. Security Alert - DoS Vulnerability in the Soft Fork (185 points, 254 comments)
    10. Geth v1.7.1 (Ptolemy) - Byzantium on mainnet and Rinkeby! (172 points, 51 comments)
  9. 3407 points, 19 submissions: nickjohnson
    1. A proof-of-concept of a better crowdsale contract (408 points, 132 comments)
    2. Announcing the Ethereum Name Service Relaunch Date! (275 points, 59 comments)
    3. Introducing BeerCoin (213 points, 131 comments)
    4. AMA: We are the ENS team. Ask us anything! (207 points, 293 comments)
    5. ENS launch officially postponed. We'll back off, improve testing & validation, write a postmortem, and relaunch when ready. (207 points, 41 comments)
    6. First beta release of the ENS manager app - manage your ENS (sub)domains easily! (196 points, 86 comments)
    7. A smart contract solving the "gas money" problem for gifting ERC20 tokens (169 points, 19 comments)
    8. Ethereum gets quantum computing support with new EVM opcode 'TERMINATE' (166 points, 43 comments)
    9. Hosting a DNS domain on Ethereum (153 points, 19 comments)
    10. 'thetoken.eth' now has subdomains for all major tokens (149 points, 75 comments)
  10. 3294 points, 15 submissions: thehighfiveghost
    1. CoinDesk: Ethereum Foundation Strikes Deal with Russian Development Bank (618 points, 163 comments)
    2. Critical update RE: DAO Vulnerability (248 points, 995 comments)
    3. Melonport: We’re very proud to announce our new v0.1.0 release of the Melon Portal! Feedback welcome! (247 points, 33 comments)
    4. The Devcon2 site is now live! (243 points, 60 comments)
    5. BREAKING NEWS: I hereby announce that I, Vitalik Buterin, am the founder of ethereum. (237 points, 53 comments)
    6. Announcement: Underhanded Solidity Coding Contest (215 points, 27 comments)
    7. Very happy to announce Devcon2 is now sold out! See you all in Shanghai! (201 points, 24 comments)
    8. New blog post from Ethereum's Vitalik Buterin: Hard Fork Completed (181 points, 59 comments)
    9. The Ethereum Foundation and Wanxiang Blockchain Labs announce a blockbuster event combining Devcon2 and the 2nd Global Blockchain Summit in Shanghai, September 19–24, 2016 (177 points, 31 comments)
    10. The Ethereum Foundation is very proud to announce Banco Santander’s Gold Sponsorship of Devcon2, Shanghai, 19th - 21st Sept (164 points, 30 comments)
  11. 3182 points, 11 submissions: IDCrypto
    1. Singaporean Dollar Tokenized Through Ethereum’s Blockchain by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (690 points, 84 comments)
    2. Omise Go, Vitalik meet with the Central Bank of Thailand together (466 points, 75 comments)
    3. Japan’s Telecom Giant Launches Smart Contracts Project, Joins Ethereum Enterprise Alliance (368 points, 16 comments)
    4. Porsche to use a private Ethereum based blockchain (283 points, 55 comments)
    5. Toyota Prototypes Ethereum Blockchain Based Car Sharing Uber Alternative (259 points, 27 comments)
    6. Ethereum Developers Are Building a Sharding Solution Using Python (229 points, 29 comments)
    7. Blockchain payments startup TenX joins the Enterprise Ethereum Alliance (221 points, 6 comments)
    8. Russian Politician Calls For Removal of Taxation on Bitcoin and Ethereum (200 points, 12 comments)
    9. Russian Airline Starts Using Ethereum’s Blockchain in Live Production (193 points, 7 comments)
    10. ConsenSys Launches Due Diligence for ICOs (147 points, 29 comments)
  12. 3083 points, 16 submissions: latetot
    1. Thomson Reuters to make financial data available on Ethereum (388 points, 31 comments)
    2. Ever wonder how people are using ETH right now? see top contracts by gas used today: ENS, Etherdelta, gambling, exchanges, tokens - Good times! (333 points, 54 comments)
    3. ETH broke 300,000 transactions today for the first time (271 points, 113 comments)
    4. Vitalik confirms Zero knowledge proofs are on ETH roadmap (206 points, 87 comments)
    5. Ethereum processed more transactions than Bitcoin yesterday (193 points, 19 comments)
    6. The ability to reverse exploits that violate the intent and good faith actions of thousands of people will promote mainstream adoption - not hinder it. (192 points, 545 comments)
    7. Ethereum Wallets and the Problem of the Default Gas Price (178 points, 36 comments)
    8. Brian Armstrong, Coinbase CEO, 'if Ethereum pulls off this hard fork, very positive signal...shows they can listen to community, execute in time of crisis' (173 points, 106 comments)
    9. Of all the ups and downs over last couple of years, today's news has worried me the least (173 points, 18 comments)
    10. Attacker is gearing up again for new spam deluge (154 points, 123 comments)
  13. 2603 points, 12 submissions: sandakersmann
    1. Vitalik Buterin on Twitter: "I am working 100% on ETH." (362 points, 127 comments)
    2. Ethereum Reaches 50% of Bitcoin's Transaction Volumes (351 points, 78 comments)
    3. Looks like the work on "Mastering Ethereum" has started :) (280 points, 95 comments)
    4. What is Ethereum, and could it actually replace Bitcoin? (251 points, 79 comments)
    5. Gavin Andresen on Twitter: "ETH has 80% of BTC volume and is scaling with little drama. BTC's scaling 'problem' is due to a few 'we know what's best' devs" (229 points, 90 comments)
    6. Ethereum now has more nodes than Bitcoin! (186 points, 25 comments)
    7. Marius Kjærstad on Twitter: "At this pace it won't be many days before #Ethereum facilitates more transactions than #Bitcoin" (174 points, 26 comments)
    8. Raiden Network IoT Demo. Enabling high speed asset transfers for Ethereum. (174 points, 24 comments)
    9. Ethereum is Now the Most Secure Public Blockchain, Overtaking Bitcoin (173 points, 5 comments)
    10. Go Fork Yourself: Ethereum Booming, Near Double Bitcoin's Transactions (143 points, 13 comments)
  14. 2175 points, 9 submissions: avsa
    1. Starter guide: (almost) all the links you'll need to start understanding ethereum. (431 points, 198 comments)
    2. Update on the White Hat attack (373 points, 262 comments)
    3. ELI5: Byzantium Changes (306 points, 54 comments)
    4. New website: more content, more tutorials, more explanations, more unicorns. It's a new dawn! (217 points, 66 comments)
    5. We are doing a white hat attack on the DAO. (195 points, 267 comments)
    6. Ethereum Name Service Bug Bounty is Live (191 points, 18 comments)
    7. Release 0.8: First Mist Beta is out! Also, Wallet update. (169 points, 87 comments)
    8. New Ethereum Wallet 0.7.5, the "I'm sorry for 0.7.4" version. (149 points, 53 comments)
    9. Wallet and Mist 0.8.2: Coinbase integration, replay protection, new Auth UI and more (144 points, 57 comments)
  15. 2119 points, 3 submissions: PhiStr90
    1. Enterprise Ethereum Alliance Becomes World’s Largest Open-source blockchain Initiative (1209 points, 77 comments)
    2. Ethereum is now for the first time the blockchain with highest mining incentive or simply put 'the most secured' (462 points, 126 comments)
    3. Hewlett Packard Enterprise and 47 Organizations Join 200-Member Strong Enterprise Ethereum Alliance (448 points, 42 comments)
  16. 2065 points, 7 submissions: andrewkeys
    1. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: EEA adds 86 new members (552 points, 80 comments)
    2. Ethereum is Growing Exponentially in China (440 points, 46 comments)
    3. 10 weeks of Ethereum education, and if you pass the final, you have a chance to be employed at ConsenSys (284 points, 58 comments)
    4. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Enterprise Ethereum Alliance is formed (256 points, 52 comments)
    5. EEA on Bloomberg (215 points, 9 comments)
    6. PRESS RELEASE: Ethereum Solidity now available in Microsoft Visual Studio (166 points, 24 comments)
    7. Check out new uport website (152 points, 40 comments)
  17. 1978 points, 9 submissions: cashitter
    1. SEC charges two ICO's with fraud (398 points, 105 comments)
    2. Ethereum Is Already Using a Small Country's Worth of Electricity (349 points, 107 comments)
    3. Martin Köppelmann (Founder of Gnosis): I am working 100% on ETH. (287 points, 11 comments)
    4. Right now there are 3 Ethereum related stories on the front page of HackerNews (194 points, 31 comments)
    5. switzerland (Home to the Ethereum Foundation) announced the official deregulation of blockchain startups (166 points, 14 comments)
    6. Apparent Agreement On Block 2,642,462 For The Next Hardfork. (162 points, 33 comments)
    7. [Video]Can Ethereum Restore Online Freedom and Transform the Internet? (144 points, 48 comments)
    8. Even Kuno Goda (Ethereum's very own artist) is working 100% on ETH (143 points, 0 comments)
    9. Real Vitalik got a message from Scam Vitalik (135 points, 7 comments)
  18. 1945 points, 4 submissions: jbaylina
    1. The WHG has Returned 100% of the Rescued Funds to their Rightful Owners (890 points, 78 comments)
    2. The WHG has Returned ~95% of the Funds and Now Hold Less Than $10 Million Worth of Rescued Funds. (644 points, 70 comments)
    3. A Modified Version of a Common Multisig Had A Vulnerability - The WHG Took Action & Will Return the Funds (284 points, 125 comments)
    4. Tonight the WHG will begin returning the rescued funds! (127 points, 23 comments)
  19. 1705 points, 4 submissions: AQuentson
    1. Ethereum Now Has Three Times More Nodes Than Bitcoin (704 points, 107 comments)
    2. Germany’s Energy Giant Launches 100s of Ethereum Based Electric Cars Charging Stations (468 points, 63 comments)
    3. Ethereum Developers Call on Miners to Use the Adaptive Gas Limit (374 points, 49 comments)
    4. Magic Internet Money is Finally a Reality – Web3.0 is Here (159 points, 44 comments)
  20. 1656 points, 1 submission: JcsPocket
    1. If this was you, thank you. (1656 points, 170 comments)
  21. 1625 points, 6 submissions: heliumcraft
    1. Plasma: Scalable Autonomous Smart Contracts (655 points, 129 comments)
    2. Vitalik Buterin: Casper PoC3 backbone simulations: 3s block time, 1.25s avg latency + 2s avg clock offset: 1% stale rate (284 points, 185 comments)
    3. Twitter: "You don't see these type of snarky comments from the Ethereum community when, say, a Bitcoin exchange gets hacked or a wallet has a bug.." (213 points, 141 comments)
    4. Iuri Matias (Embark Developer): "Embark, dev tools and dapps I work on will be targeting Ethereum as their primary platform. 100% ETH" (179 points, 2 comments)
    5. Vitalik Buterin on Twitter: Does anyone else notice how literally the only people calling for a hard fork or chain rollback right now are concern trolls? (161 points, 76 comments)
    6. twitter: "Amazon S3 currently making the case for the need of decentralized platforms such as ethereum's swarm" (133 points, 4 comments)
  22. 1527 points, 3 submissions: hodlon
    1. Mozilla offering $2M to anyone who can decentralize the web (812 points, 117 comments)
    2. Motherboard: Okay, WTF Is Ethereum? (515 points, 106 comments)
    3. "The Switchening" - When projects and business start switching over to Ethereum from other Blockchains. (200 points, 77 comments)
  23. 1503 points, 7 submissions: JoeyUrgz
    1. Introducing Bloom: The Future of Credit (372 points, 138 comments)
    2. Scaling Ethereum to Billions of Users (330 points, 61 comments)
    3. district0x Joins the Project Transparency Initiative (200 points, 19 comments)
    4. Will Work For Ethereum - Ethlance (175 points, 11 comments)
    5. Golem for macOS now live! (158 points, 31 comments)
    6. Introducing Dharma: A Protocol for Decentralized Peer-to-Peer Lending (142 points, 53 comments)
    7. Introducing the District Registry – district0x (126 points, 4 comments)

Top Commenters

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  2. nickjohnson (6252 points, 798 comments)
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  5. avsa (2370 points, 214 comments)
  6. insomniasexx (2190 points, 206 comments)
  7. FaceDeer (2026 points, 348 comments)
  8. aribolab (1987 points, 260 comments)
  9. latetot (1902 points, 337 comments)
  10. Huynh_B (1869 points, 10 comments)
  11. ItsAConspiracy (1676 points, 269 comments)
  12. karalabe (1580 points, 159 comments)
  13. Savage_X (1541 points, 163 comments)
  14. cyounessi (1500 points, 163 comments)
  15. huntingisland (1421 points, 340 comments)
  16. thehighfiveghost (1418 points, 96 comments)
  17. chriseth (1378 points, 117 comments)
  18. Mr_Yukon_C (1373 points, 167 comments)
  19. antiprosynthesis (1339 points, 458 comments)
  20. LarsPensjo (1305 points, 322 comments)
  21. NewToETH (1295 points, 117 comments)
  22. BullBearBabyWhale (1229 points, 103 comments)
  23. Dunning_Krugerrands (1220 points, 141 comments)
  24. aminok (1212 points, 244 comments)
  25. evoorhees (1184 points, 68 comments)
  26. dillon-nyc (1182 points, 54 comments)
  27. djrtwo (1161 points, 68 comments)
  28. mcgravier (990 points, 157 comments)
  29. DeviateFish_ (985 points, 655 comments)
  30. seweso (952 points, 138 comments)
  31. baddogesgotoheaven (896 points, 143 comments)
  32. WhySoS3rious (886 points, 124 comments)
  33. C1aranMurray (871 points, 191 comments)
  34. ethereum_alex (850 points, 65 comments)
  35. silkblueberry (849 points, 107 comments)
  36. newretro (834 points, 182 comments)
  37. mattdf (832 points, 38 comments)
  38. cryptoboy4001 (825 points, 85 comments)
  39. bobsummerwill (824 points, 97 comments)
  40. SrPeixinho (781 points, 86 comments)
  41. shakedog (768 points, 128 comments)
  42. textrapperr (763 points, 97 comments)
  43. greggdourgarian (757 points, 72 comments)
  44. edmundedgar (751 points, 93 comments)
  45. supr3m (741 points, 43 comments)
  46. LGuappo (724 points, 127 comments)
  47. PrototypeModel (724 points, 103 comments)
  48. Uptrenda (723 points, 68 comments)
  49. aakilfernandes (720 points, 72 comments)
  50. Sunny_McJoyride (691 points, 172 comments)

Top Submissions

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  2. SmartBillions lottery contract just got hacked! by supr3m (1328 points, 301 comments)
  3. What Happens When you Send a Transaction via MyEtherWallet (A Very Simple Illustration) by insomniasexx (1307 points, 137 comments)
  4. Visa, IBM, Microsoft and USAA have all posted jobs in the past week looking for Ethereum developers by econoar (1217 points, 108 comments)
  5. Enterprise Ethereum Alliance Becomes World’s Largest Open-source blockchain Initiative by PhiStr90 (1209 points, 77 comments)
  6. Local Gym in Cincinnati by flufylobster1 (1159 points, 114 comments)
  7. "If bitcoin is a pocketcalculator ethereum is a brand new iphone" - Germanys second biggest Newspaper on bitcoin by postkasten (1050 points, 99 comments)
  8. Vitalik Buterin: 90% of token startups will fall by fanatseal (1043 points, 214 comments)
  9. Just received this from my 86 yr old Nanna - adoption is coming! by canya-io (1038 points, 71 comments)
  10. Everytime I try explaining Ethereum to skeptics by lafoie (996 points, 170 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 1653 points: Huynh_B's comment in If this was you, thank you.
  2. 498 points: supr3m's comment in SmartBillions lottery contract just got hacked!
  3. 469 points: kezekia's comment in I just sent my dad some Ethereum for Father's Day!
  4. 461 points: JackAceHole's comment in A made-in-Canada cryptocurrency called ethereum will soon be worth more than bitcoin
  5. 396 points: pembull's comment in What do you think is the biggest risk to the success of Ethereum? If we imagine Ethereum were to fail, how/why do you think it would fail?
  6. 387 points: apoefjmqdsfls's comment in Critical update RE: DAO Vulnerability
  7. 387 points: vbuterin's comment in A made-in-Canada cryptocurrency called ethereum will soon be worth more than bitcoin
  8. 379 points: totodile_lvl_7's comment in Vitalik Buterin: 90% of token startups will fall
  9. 364 points: GBG-glenn's comment in Ethereum Metropolis appears in late September
  10. 334 points: DamosDaze's comment in Introduced Ethereum to my Company
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2017.08.23 01:57 Jesterskull25 "Bria is the Queen, got instantly suspended for posting this info"

This is a lot to take in so sorry in advance:
I refer to this before guessing the next hero role: https://www.reddit.com/Overwatch/comments/6v3lip/overwatch_actual_hero_classifications_doomfist/
Guessing some kind of Zone Support Hero, who does sound like Bria from the leaks. Then again I really want it to be the Queen unless Bria is the Queen!?!
Bria was leaked awhile back with Doomfist and Ivon.(Doomfist leak was later proven very accurate.)
See more vid info here: https://youtu.be/nk7EPkLArVo
And Article:
http://www.metabomb.net/overwatch/hero-guides/overwatch-bria-guide
"Three new heroes are currently in development for Overwatch, if the latest batch of leaks to hit the internet are to be believed that is. Doomfist is reportedly mere days away from hitting the PTR, but there are two other 2017 characters being worked on right now, including a defensively-minded character by the name of Bria.
It's important to stress that right now every bit of information contained in this article sits entirely in the realm of speculation, and all of the information is based on an unverified source. Even if all this turns out to be true, keep in mind that some of these details are based on pre-release conceptual work by Blizzard, which is subject to change all by itself.
Still, many similar leaks in Overwatch's recent history have turned out to be correct, and so....(edit for save time)
How Bria's gameplay works Bria is described in the leak as an "area denial hero", and has been compared to Mei with a rapid walling ability. Although apparently designed to lock off specific sections of the map to help her team do their thing, she cannot block off multiple routes at the same time.
These walls apparently contain bars which can be electrified when Bria fires off her Ultimate ability.
Bria's design concept If the leaks are to be believed, Bria will be the smallest hero yet to be released for Overwatch. She's styled as a steampunk-esque teenager with a wrist-based computer and a blue / yellow styling.
Bria's release date Bria is reported to still be in the conceptual phase within Blizzard, but is very close to entering proper testing. This hero is reportedly due to be released for Overwatch during the third quarter of 2017.(May have been Delayed to final Quarter.)"
Edit 1:We while know more when we get access to the map: https://youtu.be/mcPDd16_9dI
Edit 2: Honestly if she released at Blizzcon in November I would not mind.
But I do think she will be classified as a Defense Hero unless she gets healing Aoe or something.(which I can also see.)
Edit 3: I thought Bria was Hammond but her being the Queen sounds more believable.
Edit 4: And oh speaking of Stun poles....The Queen had wierd spears next to her throne.
Edit 5:Would be nice if we actually discuss here, know it's a lot of info to absorb, can't tell if you all care with Thumbs up and Thumbs down. Can't read your minds.......yet.
On another topic, from what I can tell design wise: Ivon might have turned into Max. Guessing we will have to wait to know more.
Edit 6: Though it could be something new or against whatever the strongest right now.
For example when Dive was strong: Enter Doomfist the Anti Dive Specialist.
So guessing she could be a Anti Burst DPS Zoning Support?(Need to research Zoning stuff more to properly guess.)
Edit 7: Though she could be revealed(Being all this) at Gamecon this weekend(also my birthday) and would fit the third quarter release prediction(plus other stuff).......but even I think that's too Ridiculous.
(But then again we did learn about her a week early like all the others.)
Guess we will have to see when we wake up at Gamescon this weekend.
If no one else wants to talk more guess that's it. Peace.
Edit 8: Reposted cause I ended up talking to myself a lot....my bad. I got excited.
But also I realized something plus another Youtuber realized it too....they hired a voice actor for the map reveal.... This actually all could be connected....like seriously new hero release was even talk about during Seagulls playing Junkertown map by a Dev that they are not following the current release schedule.....
Or could just be false hype.....(I hope not.)
Edit 9: got instantly suspended on the general discussion (instant gold)https://us.battle.net/forums/en/overwatch/topic/20758676369
submitted by Jesterskull25 to Overwatch [link] [comments]


2017.08.11 18:37 Dorian_Ye The Based God Manifesto: An In-Depth Analysis of 20 of Lil B's Most Acclaimed Tracks

 

BIRTH OF RAP

 
Numerous ancient religious texts foretold the coming of a great prophet in the 3rd week of August in the year 1989 A.D. The ascension of Brandon McCartney to the top of the Western world’s cultural sphere has proven these predictions to be true.
 
Born to a virgin in the small town of Bethlehem—err, Berkeley, Brandon showed an impeccable musical acumen from a young age. He began composing music from within the womb and continued to do so following his official birth. He sustained his musical output throughout his childhood, most of which is due to be released upon his death, as Brandon himself has said that his early material is “too real” for the world at present and will only be able to be properly understood by the generations that follow.
 
Despite receiving grades that broke California elementary school records and having multiple Ivy League scholarship offers in his early teens, Brandon’s truest passion was for creating hip hop music. At the age of 16, he had his first major radio hit:
 
Vans
Lil B’s only charting single and an essential component of his discography. This was my own personal introduction to Brandon’s music though I didn’t know it at the time. The track may seem unimpressive in the greater context of the music that would follow it, but it set the foundation for Lil B to enter the music industry and make a name for himself, foreshadowing the success he would find at the start of the following decade.
 

CREATING THE BASED GOD

 
In the years following the release of “Vans”, Brandon began to hone his craft and release music at a Picasso level of productivity. From the mid-2000s through the early 2010s literally THOUSANDS of Lil B songs were released through the once-dominant social media website MySpace. Because the site would limit the number of tracks that an artist could upload to their profiles to just 5 songs, Brandon created hundreds of MySpace pages to showcase all of his material. It was also around this time that he conceived of his greatest creation: The Based God.
 
The Based God is a bit of an enigma in regard to who he is and what his relationship to Brandon consists of. Some believe that “The Based God” is just another name for Brandon’s rap persona, similar to “Lil B”, but seeing as how the Based God is normally referred to in the third person in Brandon’s music this has been a point of contention among the Based community. Regardless of who the Based God truly is, he is a being that is all knowing, pure swag and boundlessly positive; these qualities are properly summed up using the adjective “based”, a word that is hard to properly define but is best described as being synonymous with everything having to do with Lil B. The Based God’s influence had a major impact on the music that Brandon was making, both in terms of increasing the quality of the songs and widening the scope of his popularity. This led to the creation of Lil B’s next major hit:
 
Wonton Soup
“Wonton Soup” was many peoples’ introduction to the music of Lil B and, for many, it was their exit point as well. The song seems pedestrian on the surface with a generic trap beat and non-sensical lyrics from the Based God, but underlying the more elementary aspects of the song are a flurry of pop culture references and clever wordplay, including the infamous “Bitches suck my dick because I look like J.K. Rowling”, among others. The song inspired a slew of memes and skyrocketed Lil B’s popularity into the stratosphere, with the original YouTube upload of the video having over 1.4 billion views before it’s unfortunate removal. It also serves as an early example of Lil B projecting his confidence in his ability to have sex with your girlfriend, a common trope that would resurface frequently in his music.
 

COOKING MUSIC

 
Brandon continued to hone his craft for recording abstractly lyricized trap bangers over the following years. These songs, many of which were considered to be “Based Freestyles” or “cooking music” (named after the famous cooking dance that is meant to be performed along with the music), would come to represent one of his trademark styles of music and would help him connect with the more plebian contemporary rap crowd in a way much of his other material could not. Some of his most notable work in this vein includes:
 
Like a Martian
A Based Freestyle in the purest sense of the word, Lil B’s raw lyricism and unbridled swag make this song what it is. “Like a Martian” describes how Brandon’s sex escapades and drug abuse are comparable to that of someone who is not of this Earth, but instead of its closest cousin in the planetary system. The music video, directed by once-slightly-relevant rapper Kreayshawn, features several quick camera cuts that highlight the chaos of Lil B’s raps. Tesla and SpaceX founder Elon Musk has agreed to send Brandon on the first pedestrian spacecraft sent to the planet Mars as a result of the track.
 
Pretty Bitch
With 56 usages of the word “bitch”, this song more than lives up to its title. A full 18 months before A$AP Rocky would first lay claim to being the prettiest rapper in the game, the Based God proved he was the one who truly held the crown. The music video also featured an early tease of the mysterious Black Ken mixtape, which would not see a proper release until 2017 due to Lil B’s uninhibited perfectionism.
 
Justin Bieber
One of many celebrity-themed songs recorded by the Based God, wherein Lil B highlights the various ways that he is comparable to and, in some cases, is actually the person that he is writing the song about. “Justin Bieber” features Brandon claiming to be a blood relative of Mr. Bieber, substantiated by a totally not Photoshopped image of the two hanging out together at a local Bay Area library.
 
1000 Bitches
In early 2013, the Based God finally realized his lifelong goal of having sexual intercourse with 1000 different women. Following an illustrious award ceremony, he recorded and released “1000 Bitches” as a teaser single from his then-upcoming Pink Flame mixtape. The video game sound effects woven throughout the beat are a reference to Brandon’s first sexual encounter at the age of 7, when he was fellated while simultaneously playing Super Mario 64.
 
Look Like Jesus
Arguably the most controversial song of the 21st century, “Look Like Jesus” took Lil B’s brash and provocative rap style to a whole new level. With a music video that was recorded inside of an actual church and lyrical content referencing the fact that Jesus may have indeed looked like the Based God, the song wound up being highly influential on contemporary artists’ renderings of Jesus in the early 21st century and beyond.
 

BASED MUSIC

 
While most peoples’ ideas of Lil B’s music stem from his more ‘cooking’ style tracks, true Task Force members recognize that Brandon’s best tracks are the ones that come from his heart. In contrast to the more trap-flavoured feel of the aforementioned songs, the Based God’s more serious material is among the most moving and inspirational hip hop music ever produced. Some believe that the “cooking” music was created by Lil B as a rouse to get media attention and publicity so that his more “based” material could be given a proper spotlight.
 
I’m God
The song that many consider to be the pinnacle of Lil B’s career. In addition to being named one of the best produced songs of the decade by the highly respected Complex Magazine, launching the career of then-unknown producer Clams Casino and having countless rappers hop on the beat in an attempt to capture the magic of the original (though none were as graceful as the Based God’s version), the song was an early indication of Brandon’s ability to be more than just a meme. He states on the intro that he had always wanted to be God, and on this track he finally realizes that dream. No other words are required; simply listening to this masterpiece is enough to convince one of its greatness. It’s close cousin “B.O.R. (Birth of Rap)”, which is also produced by Clams, is equally impressive.
 
The Age of Information
Probably my all time favorite Lil B song, and my go-to for proving to others that he isn’t the surface level artist that one might assume he is having only heard material like “Wonton Soup”. A brutally honest assessment of contemporary culture and its overreliance on technology, “The Age of Information” was so crushingly relatable that it felt as if the Based God himself was speaking to me directly the first time I’d heard it (granted I was stoned off my ass at the time but I digress). For the millions of millennials who have grown up glued to TVs and computer screens this song almost serves as a form of therapy, with Brandon admitting that he himself spends more time living in the fantasy world of the Internet than he should, taking the real world around him for granted in the process.
 
Birth to Life
The only Lil B album to receive a vinyl release was Rain in England, a spoken word new age record (yes I’m being completely serious; it’s literally a spoken word new age album) that featured the Based God spreading his boundless wisdom on top of ambient instrumentals, all of which Brandon created on his own. “Birth to Life”, the intro to the album, is the equivalent of an entire semester-long college level philosophy class condensed into 3 minutes and 42 seconds of pure bliss. The Based God would later release an instrumental version of Rain in England entitled Choices and Flowers, correctly declaring it to be the first classical music album ever released by a hip hop artist.
 
I Hate Myself
2011 marked the release of Lil B’s most notorious and possibly most well-known album, the controversially titled I’m Gay. This album, along with the Angels Exodus album released a few months prior, were the most consistent and serious releases of Lil B’s career up to that point. “I Hate Myself” was undoubtedly the most poignant cut off of the former. Over a brilliantly utilized Goo Goo Dolls sample, the Based God laments the negative self-image of young black men in America. The track ends with Brandon recognizing that the views he previously had of himself were a lie; with this realization, he finds that he can finally and truly love himself as the person he is.
 
All My Life (Remix)
A personal favorite off of the legendary Angels Exodus project, the remix to Lil B’s “All My Life” puts Brandon’s beautiful singing voice on full display. It’s often assumed that Brandon used Auto Tune or some other form of pitch correction on his vocals to get them to sound as perfect as they are on this song; on the contrary, his natural singing talents leave such studio trickery to be unnecessary.
 
G.O.R. (God of Rap)
The centerpiece of the Based God’s 101 track mixtape 05 Fuck Em, “God of Rap” is a brilliantly sequenced Based anthem. In the span of 10 minutes Lil B takes the listener on a journey through the first three levels of the Based experience (it should be noted that there are 32 levels in total to be accessed; to date Brandon is the only person alive known to have reached the sacred 32nd level). Featuring three separate beat switches and a constant stream of knowledge from the Based God, this song alone is enough to eclipse most artists’ entire careers. Eminem’s “Rap God” came out one month later and was directly inspired by Lil B’s track, though it failed to reach the same artistic heights as the song it was trying to imitate.
 
No Black Person Is Ugly
While some weak-minded fools considered the Lil B phenomenon to have mostly run its course by the end of 2012, Brandon proved his naysayers wrong by dropping this gem off the Ultimate Bitch mixtape in 2014. Showcasing one of the best flows of any Lil B song and projecting an exceptionally Based message unto the listener, “No Black Person Is Ugly” espouses the values of inner beauty and believing in oneself in the face of racism and discrimination. It famously received the illustrious “Best New Music” tag from cultural zeitgeist Pitchfork, which confirms that the song is objectively good regardless of one’s subjective (and potentially wrong, if you disagree) opinion.
 

MISCELLANEOUS MUSIC

The following songs are notable but do not fit into either of the two aforementioned categories of Brandon’s music:
 
Eat
A major smash off of the Pink Flame mixtape, “Eat” is an in-depth look into Lil B’s impeccable cunnilingus skills. With a distinctive 80s flavor and a luxurious music video filmed at a local Olive Garden, the song is a divine showcase of the Based God’s sexual prowess and impressive tolerance for rank vagina. The line "56 bitches and I look like Based God" is a subtle nod to the 56 usages of the word "bitch" in the previously discussed "Pretty Bitch". A common prank to be played on children is to blast the intro to the song at high volume from a car and watch them run out of their houses thinking it’s the ice cream man.
 
Can I Bust Tonight
The Based God’s cover of “Can You Feel the Love Tonight” from The Lion King had such an emotional impact on film director Jon Favreau that he gave Lil B a starring role in his upcoming recreation of the Disney film as a token of appreciation. This alone is all that needs to be said to attest to this song’s greatness.
 
4 Me
In 2011, Rihanna’s Calvin Harris-produced “We Found Love” became a worldwide smash, giving the pop star her 11th number one single in the United States. What most people don’t know was that Calvin Harris had actually given the song to Lil B first, sending him the beat in early 2011 before Rihanna’s version had been recorded. Lil B ultimately left his take of the song, “4 Me”, on the cutting room floor for his Illusions of Grandeur mixtape, leading to Rihanna picking up the song later on. In early 2013, Brandon’s version was leaked to the Internet, prompting its inclusion on his 100% Percent Gutta mixtape as a bonus track. Lil B receives 2% of all royalties earned from “We Found Love” as a result.
 
California Boy
The presumed first single from the long delayed Lil B rock album, “California Boy” more than proves that the Based God’s musical talents span across multiple genres of music. Despite the music video showcasing a full backing band, Brandon actually mixed, mastered, and played all of the instruments on the song by himself. The Lil B rock album was also slated to include collaborations with Mick Jagger, Jimmy Page, Slash, Ringo Starr, Lars Ulrich, Jim Morrison, Scott Stapp and Seth Putnam, among others. Critics have long asserted that, if released, the album will be the most important rock album this side of Nevermind.
 
Fuck KD
A highlight from the basketball-themed Hoop Life mixtape, and possibly the most legendary of Lil B’s numerous diss tracks (save, perhaps, for the David Banner career killer “I Own Swag”), this scathing critique of basketball superstar Kevin Durant was a result of Durant ignorantly dissing the Based God on Twitter and later refusing to play him in a one-on-one game of basketball after being challenged by Brandon. Lil B had previously placed a curse on Durant which would have prevented him from ever winning an NBA championship. Durant later chose to join Lil B’s hometown team, the Golden State Warriors, in a blatant attempt to have the curse removed. The Based God obliged, and Durant finally won the NBA championship in his first season in Oakland.
 
I Love You
Capping off the manifesto is “I Love You”, the closing track from Lil B’s God’s Father mixtape and one of the rarest songs in the Based God’s catalog. Gorgeously produced and exceptionally heartfelt, “I Love You” perfectly encapsulates the Based mentality that permeates the best of Brandon’s material. He himself was so moved by the track and what it represents that he can be seen crying at the end of the music video. Rest assured that all of us are crying along with him.
 
 

BONUS MATERIAL:

Noisey’s 22 minute documentary on Lil B
Part 1 of Lil B’s lecture at New York University
Lil B teaches how to do the cooking dance
Lil B’s appearance on ESPN’s “Sports Nation”
Nardwuar vs. Lil B
Guy throws his girlfriend on stage and asks Lil B to fuck her
The song Lil B recorded with his cat
 
 
 
Note: Some of the information presented here as fact may actually be exaggerated, misinterpreted or downright false.
submitted by Dorian_Ye to hiphopheads [link] [comments]


2017.08.11 18:32 Dorian_Ye The Based God Manifesto: An In-Depth Analysis of 20 of Lil B's Most Acclaimed Tracks

 

BIRTH OF RAP

 
Numerous ancient religious texts foretold the coming of a great prophet in the 3rd week of August in the year 1989 A.D. The ascension of Brandon McCartney to the top of the Western world’s cultural sphere has proven these predictions to be true.
 
Born to a virgin in the small town of Bethlehem—err, Berkeley, Brandon showed an impeccable musical acumen from a young age. He began composing music from within the womb and continued to do so following his official birth. He sustained his musical output throughout his childhood, most of which is due to be released upon his death, as Brandon himself has said that his early material is “too real” for the world at present and will only be able to be properly understood by the generations that follow.
 
Despite receiving grades that broke California elementary school records and having multiple Ivy League scholarship offers in his early teens, Brandon’s truest passion was for creating hip hop music. At the age of 16, he had his first major radio hit:
 
Vans
Lil B’s only charting single and an essential component of his discography. This was my own personal introduction to Brandon’s music though I didn’t know it at the time. The track may seem unimpressive in the greater context of the music that would follow it, but it set the foundation for Lil B to enter the music industry and make a name for himself, foreshadowing the success he would find at the start of the following decade.
 

CREATING THE BASED GOD

 
In the years following the release of “Vans”, Brandon began to hone his craft and release music at a Picasso level of productivity. From the mid-2000s through the early 2010s literally THOUSANDS of Lil B songs were released through the once-dominant social media website MySpace. Because the site would limit the number of tracks that an artist could upload to their profiles to just 5 songs, Brandon created hundreds of MySpace pages to showcase all of his material. It was also around this time that he conceived of his greatest creation: The Based God.
 
The Based God is a bit of an enigma in regard to who he is and what his relationship to Brandon consists of. Some believe that “The Based God” is just another name for Brandon’s rap persona, similar to “Lil B”, but seeing as how the Based God is normally referred to in the third person in Brandon’s music this has been a point of contention among the Based community. Regardless of who the Based God truly is, he is a being that is all knowing, pure swag and boundlessly positive; these qualities are properly summed up using the adjective “based”, a word that is hard to properly define but is best described as being synonymous with everything having to do with Lil B. The Based God’s influence had a major impact on the music that Brandon was making, both in terms of increasing the quality of the songs and widening the scope of his popularity. This led to the creation of Lil B’s next major hit:
 
Wonton Soup
“Wonton Soup” was many peoples’ introduction to the music of Lil B and, for many, it was their exit point as well. The song seems pedestrian on the surface with a generic trap beat and non-sensical lyrics from the Based God, but underlying the more elementary aspects of the song are a flurry of pop culture references and clever wordplay, including the infamous “Bitches suck my dick because I look like J.K. Rowling”, among others. The song inspired a slew of memes and skyrocketed Lil B’s popularity into the stratosphere, with the original YouTube upload of the video having over 1.4 billion views before it’s unfortunate removal. It also serves as an early example of Lil B projecting his confidence in his ability to have sex with your girlfriend, a common trope that would resurface frequently in his music.
 

COOKING MUSIC

 
Brandon continued to hone his craft for recording abstractly lyricized trap bangers over the following years. These songs, many of which were considered to be “Based Freestyles” or “cooking music” (named after the famous cooking dance that is meant to be performed along with the music), would come to represent one of his trademark styles of music and would help him connect with the more plebian contemporary rap crowd in a way much of his other material could not. Some of his most notable work in this vein includes:
 
Like a Martian
A Based Freestyle in the purest sense of the word, Lil B’s raw lyricism and unbridled swag make this song what it is. “Like a Martian” describes how Brandon’s sex escapades and drug abuse are comparable to that of someone who is not of this Earth, but instead of its closest cousin in the planetary system. The music video, directed by once-slightly-relevant rapper Kreayshawn, features several quick camera cuts that highlight the chaos of Lil B’s raps. Tesla and SpaceX founder Elon Musk has agreed to send Brandon on the first pedestrian spacecraft sent to the planet Mars as a result of the track.
 
Pretty Bitch
With 56 usages of the word “bitch”, this song more than lives up to its title. A full 18 months before A$AP Rocky would first lay claim to being the prettiest rapper in the game, the Based God proved he was the one who truly held the crown. The music video also featured an early tease of the mysterious Black Ken mixtape, which would not see a proper release until 2017 due to Lil B’s uninhibited perfectionism.
 
Justin Bieber
One of many celebrity-themed songs recorded by the Based God, wherein Lil B highlights the various ways that he is comparable to and, in some cases, is actually the person that he is writing the song about. “Justin Bieber” features Brandon claiming to be a blood relative of Mr. Bieber, substantiated by a totally not Photoshopped image of the two hanging out together at a local Bay Area library.
 
1000 Bitches
In early 2013, the Based God finally realized his lifelong goal of having sexual intercourse with 1000 different women. Following an illustrious award ceremony, he recorded and released “1000 Bitches” as a teaser single from his then-upcoming Pink Flame mixtape. The video game sound effects woven throughout the beat are a reference to Brandon’s first sexual encounter at the age of 7, when he was fellated while simultaneously playing Super Mario 64.
 
Look Like Jesus
Arguably the most controversial song of the 21st century, “Look Like Jesus” took Lil B’s brash and provocative rap style to a whole new level. With a music video that was recorded inside of an actual church and lyrical content referencing the fact that Jesus may have indeed looked like the Based God, the song wound up being highly influential on contemporary artists’ renderings of Jesus in the early 21st century and beyond.
 

BASED MUSIC

 
While most peoples’ ideas of Lil B’s music stem from his more ‘cooking’ style tracks, true Task Force members recognize that Brandon’s best tracks are the ones that come from his heart. In contrast to the more trap-flavoured feel of the aforementioned songs, the Based God’s more serious material is among the most moving and inspirational hip hop music ever produced. Some believe that the “cooking” music was created by Lil B as a rouse to get media attention and publicity so that his more “based” material could be given a proper spotlight.
 
I’m God
The song that many consider to be the pinnacle of Lil B’s career. In addition to being named one of the best produced songs of the decade by the highly respected Complex Magazine, launching the career of then-unknown producer Clams Casino and having countless rappers hop on the beat in an attempt to capture the magic of the original (though none were as graceful as the Based God’s version), the song was an early indication of Brandon’s ability to be more than just a meme. He states on the intro that he had always wanted to be God, and on this track he finally realizes that dream. No other words are required; simply listening to this masterpiece is enough to convince one of its greatness. It’s close cousin “B.O.R. (Birth of Rap)”, which is also produced by Clams, is equally impressive.
 
The Age of Information
Probably my all time favorite Lil B song, and my go-to for proving to others that he isn’t the surface level artist that one might assume he is having only heard material like “Wonton Soup”. A brutally honest assessment of contemporary culture and its overreliance on technology, “The Age of Information” was so crushingly relatable that it felt as if the Based God himself was speaking to me directly the first time I’d heard it (granted I was stoned off my ass at the time but I digress). For the millions of millennials who have grown up glued to TVs and computer screens this song almost serves as a form of therapy, with Brandon admitting that he himself spends more time living in the fantasy world of the Internet than he should, taking the real world around him for granted in the process.
 
Birth to Life
The only Lil B album to receive a vinyl release was Rain in England, a spoken word new age record (yes I’m being completely serious; it’s literally a spoken word new age album) that featured the Based God spreading his boundless wisdom on top of ambient instrumentals, all of which Brandon created on his own. “Birth to Life”, the intro to the album, is the equivalent of an entire semester-long college level philosophy class condensed into 3 minutes and 42 seconds of pure bliss. The Based God would later release an instrumental version of Rain in England entitled Choices and Flowers, correctly declaring it to be the first classical music album ever released by a hip hop artist.
 
I Hate Myself
2011 marked the release of Lil B’s most notorious and possibly most well-known album, the controversially titled I’m Gay. This album, along with the Angels Exodus album released a few months prior, were the most consistent and serious releases of Lil B’s career up to that point. “I Hate Myself” was undoubtedly the most poignant cut off of the former. Over a brilliantly utilized Goo Goo Dolls sample, the Based God laments the negative self-image of young black men in America. The track ends with Brandon recognizing that the views he previously had of himself were a lie; with this realization, he finds that he can finally and truly love himself as the person he is.
 
All My Life (Remix)
A personal favorite off of the legendary Angels Exodus project, the remix to Lil B’s “All My Life” puts Brandon’s beautiful singing voice on full display. It’s often assumed that Brandon used Auto Tune or some other form of pitch correction on his vocals to get them to sound as perfect as they are on this song; on the contrary, his natural singing talents leave such studio trickery to be unnecessary.
 
G.O.R. (God of Rap)
The centerpiece of the Based God’s 101 track mixtape 05 Fuck Em, “God of Rap” is a brilliantly sequenced Based anthem. In the span of 10 minutes Lil B takes the listener on a journey through the first three levels of the Based experience (it should be noted that there are 32 levels in total to be accessed; to date Brandon is the only person alive known to have reached the sacred 32nd level). Featuring three separate beat switches and a constant stream of knowledge from the Based God, this song alone is enough to eclipse most artists’ entire careers. Eminem’s “Rap God” came out one month later and was directly inspired by Lil B’s track, though it failed to reach the same artistic heights as the song it was trying to imitate.
 
No Black Person Is Ugly
While some weak-minded fools considered the Lil B phenomenon to have mostly run its course by the end of 2012, Brandon proved his naysayers wrong by dropping this gem off the Ultimate Bitch mixtape in 2014. Showcasing one of the best flows of any Lil B song and projecting an exceptionally Based message unto the listener, “No Black Person Is Ugly” espouses the values of inner beauty and believing in oneself in the face of racism and discrimination. It famously received the illustrious “Best New Music” tag from cultural zeitgeist Pitchfork, which confirms that the song is objectively good regardless of one’s subjective (and potentially wrong, if you disagree) opinion.
 

MISCELLANEOUS MUSIC

The following songs are notable but do not fit into either of the two aforementioned categories of Brandon’s music:
 
Eat
A major smash off of the Pink Flame mixtape, “Eat” is an in-depth look into Lil B’s impeccable cunnilingus skills. With a distinctive 80s flavor and a luxurious music video filmed at a local Olive Garden, the song is a divine showcase of the Based God’s sexual prowess and impressive tolerance for rank vagina. The line "56 bitches and I look like Based God" is a subtle nod to the 56 usages of the word "bitch" in the previously discussed "Pretty Bitch". A common prank to be played on children is to blast the intro to the song at high volume from a car and watch them run out of their houses thinking it’s the ice cream man.
 
Can I Bust Tonight
The Based God’s cover of “Can You Feel the Love Tonight” from The Lion King had such an emotional impact on film director Jon Favreau that he gave Lil B a starring role in his upcoming recreation of the Disney film as a token of appreciation. This alone is all that needs to be said to attest to this song’s greatness.
 
4 Me
In 2011, Rihanna’s Calvin Harris-produced “We Found Love” became a worldwide smash, giving the pop star her 11th number one single in the United States. What most people don’t know was that Calvin Harris had actually given the song to Lil B first, sending him the beat in early 2011 before Rihanna’s version had been recorded. Lil B ultimately left his take of the song, “4 Me”, on the cutting room floor for his Illusions of Grandeur mixtape, leading to Rihanna picking up the song later on. In early 2013, Brandon’s version was leaked to the Internet, prompting its inclusion on his 100% Percent Gutta mixtape as a bonus track. Lil B receives 2% of all royalties earned from “We Found Love” as a result.
 
California Boy
The presumed first single from the long delayed Lil B rock album, “California Boy” more than proves that the Based God’s musical talents span across multiple genres of music. Despite the music video showcasing a full backing band, Brandon actually mixed, mastered, and played all of the instruments on the song by himself. The Lil B rock album was also slated to include collaborations with Mick Jagger, Jimmy Page, Slash, Ringo Starr, Lars Ulrich, Jim Morrison, Scott Stapp and Seth Putnam, among others. Critics have long asserted that, if released, the album will be the most important rock album this side of Nevermind.
 
Fuck KD
A highlight from the basketball-themed Hoop Life mixtape, and possibly the most legendary of Lil B’s numerous diss tracks (save, perhaps, for the David Banner career killer “I Own Swag”), this scathing critique of basketball superstar Kevin Durant was a result of Durant ignorantly dissing the Based God on Twitter and later refusing to play him in a one-on-one game of basketball after being challenged by Brandon. Lil B had previously placed a curse on Durant which would have prevented him from ever winning an NBA championship. Durant later chose to join Lil B’s hometown team, the Golden State Warriors, in a blatant attempt to have the curse removed. The Based God obliged, and Durant finally won the NBA championship in his first season in Oakland.
 
I Love You
Capping off the manifesto is “I Love You”, the closing track from Lil B’s God’s Father mixtape and one of the rarest songs in the Based God’s catalog. Gorgeously produced and exceptionally heartfelt, “I Love You” perfectly encapsulates the Based mentality that permeates the best of Brandon’s material. He himself was so moved by the track and what it represents that he can be seen crying at the end of the music video. Rest assured that all of us are crying along with him.
 
 

BONUS MATERIAL:

Noisey’s 22 minute documentary on Lil B
Part 1 of Lil B’s lecture at New York University
Lil B teaches how to do the cooking dance
Lil B’s appearance on ESPN’s “Sports Nation”
Nardwuar vs. Lil B
Guy throws his girlfriend on stage and asks Lil B to fuck her
The song Lil B recorded with his cat
 
 
 
Note: Some of the information presented here as fact may actually be exaggerated, misinterpreted or downright false.
submitted by Dorian_Ye to ThankYouBasedGod [link] [comments]


2015.11.06 20:52 tabledresser [Table] IamA nerdcore rapper named MC Lars, AMA!!

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2015-11-06
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Questions Answers
Hey Lars. Oh snap. This is a super serious question, which I appreciate you asking. I gave Pat a shout out on "Zombie T-Rex".
This isn't a fun topic and I understand if you just ignore this question. So glad that song inspired you to think about your friends and family. I feel like if Pat and I had talked before, I could have talked him down from hurting himself. I was at my 10 year college reunion and it was kind of heartwarming being on campus and seeing where we used to hang out. I spoke at a panel and talked about how "Twenty-Three" helped me realize there was more to music than just music, the spiritual and comforting components. Working with the AFSP has always been a highlight of my career. So glad the song spoke to you.
"Twenty-Three" made me reconsider suicide. It made me confront the impact killing myself would have on those close to me. So thank you. Seriously thank you. I have definitely struggled with depression and dark thoughts. The song "Super Scope" from "Lars Attacks!" is about that. I've gone to professional therapy in my 20s to help with it, but music always helped. Growing up, I was always pushed so hard to achieve so much in high school and college, so I sometimes felt like I had to ignore when I felt depressed, but I confronted this stuff later in life. I feel like I could relate to Pat because we went through similar things and talked about when we felt that black cloud over us. I miss him every day. (Starting to tear up writing this, to be honest.)
Have you ever struggled with depression? What did you do to keep going when it seemed like everything would always suck? I love the "TGRK" song because it's so over-the-top joyful! I love seeing people skank to it. I end every set with it, that was the advice of Frank from Kairo Kingdom! It's a high energy jam and the 90s will never die.
On a lighter note, do you ever get tired of TGRK? I know I don't, but I'm not performing it on stage day after day haha. Thanks for your thoughtful questions. Glad you are doing well, homie!
Also, any plans for a Sacramento show anytime soon? Also, I'd love to come back to Sacramento one day! The Boardwalk was one of the first venues I ever played outside of the Bay Area, is it still there?
Hey man, Great seeing you, Steven, and Koo in Fullerton, it was a great show. Any advise for people that are starting their own business? I just decided it was time I went all in. Thanks for keeping the positive energy flowing. Hey homie! Thanks for coming out to the Fullerton show, that was one of my favorites on this tour!
Great question about starting your own business. It's amazing being my own boss, it's taken awhile to get here sustainably, but it's worth it. I'm so glad I never signed with a major label because things could have worked out very differently.
(1) Time creating my core projects, i.e. albums and songs.
(2) Time promoting the projects (in my case, being on the road or doing press or making videos)
(3) Time for social media and marketing (i.e. the left-brained business stuff that's not so fun but necessary)
(4) Free time for activities I love, so I don't burn myself out (family time, biking, swimming, reading etc.)
If you can balance all four of these in whatever field you pursue, you will have success!! Good luck my friend and thanks for your question!
He did a similar thing at a show in Glasgow while I was there, singling a guy out for 'disrespecting' his support. I heard he made peace with the dude who posted that. I know chris felt really bad and regrets kicking that kid out. He's done so much for me and his other support artists over the past ten years and he's done so much for the scene, taking so many smaller artists on tour and helping them start their careers. We all make mistakes and I feel like the indie rap community has forgiven him for that night. ... but really, chris was standing up for Richie, which was admirable. It's true, chris has always gone above and beyond for his openers, which he doesn't need to do because he has always been big enough to headline without any support, and people forget that. He was standing up to someone being mean on the internet and I admire him for that.
You mentioned in one of you RealTalks your conversion from the Episcopal to hardcore atheism, and then the reconversion to another church doctrine and why. So my question is why did you decided to quit the episcopal church? I think the Episcopal church has a lot of amazing things about it, I was raised in that religion and I love how it is more tolerant to homosexuality, women can be bishops, etc. Maybe I'll be a rapping priest one day? :) Who knows - Run from Run-DMC did it. I feel like rapping is spreading the "gospel" in a different way. KRS-One has always been a huge inspiration on that front. Thanks for your thoughtful question! I forgot about the RealTalks. I should do those again. :)
Hey Lars, just heard the new album and its awesome. I Cant wait for you to come back to Glasgow. I thought id ask your thoughts on streaming services like spotify do you feel like these are good distribution tools that adequately reward artist for their work? Thank you for your kind words!! I will be back in Glasgow next year for sure!
Spotify is interesting, I think bands that sign bad deals with their labels really get boned by streaming services. For me, I make more form Spotify than I do from iTunes regularly, and I don't quite know how that happened, but it's pretty cool.
The argument FOR Spotify is that every time someone bumps your song, you get a fraction of a cent. On iTunes, you only get paid once, even if someone plays your song 1,000 times.
The argument AGAINST, I think, basically says that Spotify royalties are small, but that's what keeps people coming back to the service.
Link to www.newsweek.com
You've said on you're going to try hit Vancouver, BC on your next tour. About when will that be so I can make a point to be in the city around then and actually catch the show? :) Hoping to hit Vancouver next year for sure. I will shoot you an email when I know when and where.
What was it like to get Kool Keith to do a song that about Roger Rabbit that then references Freak Nasty in the hook? How did that come together? It was so cool to work with Keith, I saw he was following me on Twitter so I sent him a DM. He was down, I sent him the DVD and he watched it wrote his verse. I thought the Freak Nasty hook was perfect because whenever I heard that song in middle school I thought it could be about Roger Rabbit.
I for one liked Lars Attacks and it was great to hear a different side from you, would you ever consider working on another album like Lars Attacks? (preferably with guests spots featuring Weerd Science and Stza doing a verse or two) Wow! I've never heard that before. Thank you, I'm glad you liked that album, I went back and listened to it while I was driving home from LA one night and it kind of struck me as an album I had to do, even if it confused people. I was so thankful that 2011 ended up being the perfect year to promote a serious album like that, I did Warped for the first time with Weerd Science, then a full US tour with mc chris, and I feel like those songs came together live with the band I was working with at the time (Joe Oliger on sound, Mike Russo on guitar and bass and Jon Longley on drums). I don't regret that era, but I feel happier these days.
Would love to do more stuff with Weerd Science and Stza. I think a Coheed / Leftöver Crack tour would be amazing!!
My son had the awesome privelage of joining you onstage twice. What advice would you give a ten year old who wants to write his own rhymes? Also would you like to come to MC Lex's birthday party? There will be cake and pizza! Ha! 😆 MC Lex is the man! Would love to come to his birthday party if I'm in town. Thanks so much for the invite. ;)
As for writing his own rhymes, I started doing parodies, it helps with timing and rhymes and is a really good learning tool. Have him practice to a slow beat so he can work on his cadence, but after performing "Ahab" with him in NC, I know he's a boss!
Link to www.amazon.com
Link to www.amazon.com
I recommend them both! Hope to see you guys soon! Thanks!!
Did mc chris really ask you for $3k for that verse or he'd sue?...True? The threat to sue was made by mc chris' lawyer and he has since fired him and has never asked for a cent from any nerdcore artist since. Sometimes lawyers don't represent their clients properly and this is one of those cases. If I could take that line out of the song I would, I feel really bad about it to this day and it's one of my biggest regrets releasing this song. We were both new to the industry at the time and this was a learning experience for both of us. The homie mc and I quickly made amends afterwards and we loved performing the song live together last year when we were on tour together.
Have you done it live since? I've done that song a lot since then, I think you inspired me to put it in my set. These days, "crunk" seems kind of like an old thing to make fun of, but emo has come back, so you never know. It's a really fun song to do live because it's so ridiculous. I made cue cards with the lyrics that Aaron from Whole Wheat Bread used to hold up during the verses.
Follow up to a previous response... Did the MC Bat Commander perform TGRK with you as you closed your set in Philly??? I would be very bummed if I missed that... Hey homie! Great meeting you and sorry about the messed up set times in Philly! You will catch a set one day, I promise, will be on tour in the spring again.
Thanks again for being a fan so long! And thanks for checking out the new album!
I just ask iconic homies if they'll work with me. I try to find people who will bring out something different in my work, as I will with theirs. I usually just straight-up ask them, you know?
And MCBC did perform with me in Philly! We'll do it again soon though, I promise.
Thanks again homie! See you soon!
Last updated: 2015-11-06 19:52 UTC Next update: 2015-11-06 20:02 UTC
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2012.06.16 09:13 tabledresser [Table] IAmA rapper called MC Frontalot. I coined the term 'nerdcore' and remain that subgenre's final boss. AMA.

Verified? (This bot cannot verify AMAs just yet)
Date: 2012-06-15
Link to submission (Has self-text)
Link to my post
Questions Answers
On "Charisma Potion," are you saying "attribute" or "attribute?" Yes, exactly.
How's your back? Back has actually been in better shape most of the time since that first tour (the one in the movie that features me whining and groaning about my back). I think I eventually learned to do some damn stretches before and after going onstage, and to simply BE THAT ASSHOLE who always has an important incoming phone call when heavy things need to get lifted nearby.
Also, is the headlamp effective against grues? Of course the headlamp is effective against grues. You think it's just to keep my luxurious hair from getting in my eyes?
As the parent of a 3 year old, I have to ask - how many people recognize you from the Elmo's Potty Time video? Also - best rap about TP production evar! I have definitely had a few folks come up and say they got to the rest of the catalog by hearing the TP Factory rap first. I think it would be a little bit hard to figure out who I am if all you had was that DVD.
Will there ever be an Aquabats collab? I say this because I really want an Aquabats collab. And I might cry if I don't get it. Really big fan, by the way, you're awesome. Thanks for doing this AMA! My dear friend MC Lars has worked with them! And of course they're great. But I am not so much a Ska guy, myself. Still, if they wanted to do something together I'm certain we could figure out a very pleasing mixture of our various weird music ideas.
Front, hello! Thanks for doing this AMA. Been a huge fan for a couple years; you are my favorite artist. Anyway, my question will resolve a debate between my cousin and I. At the very end of Stoop Sale you say, "Saw him do it. He was wishing that he wouldn’t get caught." Does this mean that the buckle allowed him to not get caught by the "store" owner, or that the buckle is not magical at all, allowing you to see him steal it? That is all. Thanks! I like that so many people have been trying to parse out a 'correct' answer to the end of this song. It occurred to me when I got done writing it that you could read it either way and that your reading might tell you whether you have a BEAUTIFUL AND MAGICAL SOUL or are someone who believes that WONDERMENT IS DEAD IN THIS WORLD. I always thought of it this way: the thief takes possession; at that moment he's wishing he wouldn't get caught; that's the wish he gets; thus, even though he's seen taking it, his observers are powerless to catch him. And he's squandered his one true wish. And I don't get mine because I thought about it too much.
What career would you like to have if you weren't a rapper? Novelist! I had always wanted to be a novelist. But I also kind of always wanted to be a voice actor for animation, so I might try my hand at that eventually. And if all else failed I suppose I'd return to graphic design.
Having been following your work for so long, I'm more of a fan of the original mixes of many of your early songs, the ones on the Nerdcore Hiphop "demo". Nostalgia, maybe! Did you have to change them for the album because of the couple hundred uncleared samples your rocked per track? Or was it that you had changed as an artist by the time you were ready to release the album? Yes, I agree! Some of those old demo versions of those songs from my first and second albums are better than the retooled versions. Particularly: yellow lasers, crime spree, gonna be your man, indier than thou. It is because I can't sell stuff with samples in it, so we had to write music for those songs instead! I don't think the different music is the problem so much as my production inexperience at the time. But even now, five albums later, I think that if I leveraged millions of dollars worth of top music producer labor and studio wizardry by just looping shit out of popular songs, it would be kinder to the ear than my essentially home-made originals. For evidence, see: every rapper's mix tape.
PS: My daughter will be potty training soon. I'm going to get her a copy of Elmo's Potty Time, of course. Do you get royalties from that? I don't get royalties from Elmo's Potty Time, but the Sesame Workshop is a great bunch of folks and they deserve all of your eleven dollars and fifty cents.
I'm curious how your colleagues and friends reacted when you announced you'd be becoming a full time rapper. Did anyone try to convince you not to do it? How did you tell them to suck it? How do you feel about terming the word "nerdcore"? Finally, if I promise you a place on my sofa, will you please come to the UK? I'd love to see you live. I don't think anyone told me not to do it. I was already sitting at home all day every day in front of the computer, so becoming a nerdcore rapper full time wasn't blowing anyone's mind, really. Nerdcore is certainly an opt-in designation, so pretty much anyone can call themselves nerdcore and I won't argue with them. But it is also a term that seems to describe certain things (particularly BEING A BIG DORK and having it come through in your music) well enough that it is going to get applied to the work of people who don't care to use the word themselves. So it is a bit harder to opt out of. See for example mc chris, MC Lars, Childish Gambino. I sympathize with them. Nobody wants to be pigeonholed in a way they didn't choose for themselves. But on the other hand, when you make things and put them out there, you don't have much control over how your audience reacts and how they classify you. I'm just glad that people use the nerdcore classification to group together music that they LIKE instead of music that makes them want to pee in your gym locker or whatever.
I want to thank you for all that you have done for us nerds. Your music has meant a lot to me over the years. How did you get your music career started? Do you have any advice for an aspirering nerdcore hip-hop artist? You have been with nerdcore since the begining. I was wondering how do you feel about how it has progressed with time? Is the song Yellow Lasers based on a true story? I think I already hit the first two. 3: I am ecstatic that new kids come up and are talented and think that 'nerdcore' is a useful and meaningful descriptor for their work. They're the ones who make it a movement or whatever, who make it a real thing. THANK GOODNESS FOR DR AWKWARD AND RANDOM AND ADAM AND ETC ETC ETC. Best possible outcome when you make up a music subgenre just to point out your own personal weaknesses. 4: No, thank goodness.
Hey Front, I'm a just starting (Nerdcore-ish) rapper and I've got to ask; was it hard for you to get listeners in the beginning? What method(s) did you use? Thanks in advance. I am the worst person to ask about that because I did not try to get anyone to listen at first. I literally made songs because I thought the multitrack software was cool and put them up because I thought it was cool that I had a web server and knew how to encode an MP3 (in 1999 you still had to post detailed instructions on how to actually LISTEN to an MP3 if you wanted most folks to hear it). I mean, I also loved rapping and thought it was fresh that I could make myself sound like a better rapper than I was by editing takes together. But i did not think I was good or that anyone should pay attention. And if Penny Arcade hadn't noticed me, I don't think the press would ever have noticed me, and nobody would have heard of me, and it would still be a hobby. SO I HAVE NO ADVICE other than try to make songs that you would want to listen to and be proud of. That might help.
My wife thinks you're damn sexy and I can't get her to stop screaming out MC Frontalot lyrics in bed. I wouldn't mind so much but she makes me wear black frames and a red necktie, too. Oh, and one time I came home to her dancing to "Gonna Be Your Man" in a USB cord thong. Any advice? Cam footage or it didn't happen.
MC Frontalot did you want to go to Tim Horton's and look at some beavers? I feel like I could probably order donuts and see pictures of beavers on the internet, but thanks for the invite.
In regards to "Nerdcore HipHop". Did you really start out doing karaoke rap? And what artists did you cover initially? Karaoke rap: no, I never do rap songs at karaoke and never have. In that song, what I mean by 'karaoke rapping' is: performing with playback instead of a band. I wrote that song before I ever imagined having a band, or even going onstage to rap.
In your opinion what is the worst (favourite) of the first world problems? Of the lyrics in MY OWN SONG, my VERY FAVORITE is "scheduling your root canal." Even if you have fantastic perspective on class privilege, you are likely to complain about that. But it is a huge luxury to be able to get your teeth fixed like that and in many parts of the world you instead get to spend the rest of your life in constant pain eating mush food.
More questions about what I think my personal moments of TOTAL BRILLIANCE are, please!
How do you decide which songs are your "video worthy" songs? Do you have some kind of test audience or do you just pick your favorites? Spellah and Gm7 and Brendan and I talk about what songs are the most likely to have appeal (for being catchy or interesting or whatever) plus some of them just come out better than other ones.
I've heard accusations that the recent zombie attacks in Florida are all just you stirring up interest for an "Invasion Of The Not Quite Dead" video... explain yourself sir! Y'know... there IS a video for IOTNQD. Check it out.
It has been great seeing you the last couple years at PAX East and I appreciate you taking the time to talk with me and the fans. What is the worst experience you have ever had to endure with a fan? Thanks. I don't want to dodge this on but I've either blocked it out or no interaction with a fan has ever been all that bad. I will contemplate and come back to it.
What are your nerd credentials? Hmmmm. Myopia, asthma, video game and comics obsession, web design and accounting background, and having invented nerdcore hip-hop. Maybe that's enough?
In "Nerdcore Rising" you commented you were deciding whether to pursue rap full time as a career. Obviously, you seem to have gone this route (Win!). I was lucky to be freelancing in graphic design and web development, so I was able to slowly let go of my clients as the rap income built up. AND I was able to get the most expensive part of my distribution empire (a fancy website) built without overhead. I let my last client go and have not had to take any non-rap jobs since 2006. And no, there's no other supplement (like a gold fountain? a pet iguana who barfs five dollar bills?).
So…..IS it possible to be a full-time independent artist and actually survive financially in modern times, or do you have supplemental income? Random, Adam Warrock, chris, and Lars all do nerdcore full time now. There may be others I'm failing to know about. Amanda Palmer rocks seven figure kickstarters. And your weirdest aunt sells crochet fuzzy celebrity placentas on Etsy. So yes, independent artists can make ends meet. It may even be easier than it ever was before internet came along.
When you go on tour how do you decide if you want to bring the full band or just DJ PC? Edit: Now that I think about it... is it DJ CPU? I always want to bring the full band, and I only ever don't if it's impossible for some reason. Usually that reason is financial.
Do you make a living doing this? Amazingly, yes.
I'm a huge fan and I just wanted to thank you for doing this AMA! My next release will be a compilation of the most awesome live recordings from my big ol' tour archive, properly mastered. Hopefully before tour season starts up.
Is there anything new you are working on that you would care to share with us? When can I expect more auditory orgasms from your general direction? Oh, also: the final kickstarter-funded videos are in the works at long last: I'll Form The Head and Colonel, Panic!
Hey MC, whats your favorite D&D class? Thief/Assassin (which I think now is Rogue?), followed by Cleric.
I recently decided I would love to start writing raps and whatnot. I've written poetry before, and decided it was the next logical step...and then when i started all i got were really bad lines, and no idea what to write about. What pill do you take that makes you rap well? The pill is called Rhyminex DM. It is a 24-hour time release capsule. Don't take two at once or you'll turn into Jay-Z.
The secret track on Zero Day was a very fun puzzle. Did it achieve your expectations? Was it broken faster or slower than you expected it to be? I think it got broken within the first 24 hours. Maybe 48. It was nice and fast. Even a year and a half later, only 258 people have solved it, so I think it was sufficiently difficult.
2 - Have Jerry or Mike from PA ever demanded a post-PAX 3 Way? They demanded one, and then demanded that I not participate. Elitists. This is the closest we'll probably ever get. It occurred about an hour after doors closed at PAX 2006.
I only really care about one of those. Thanks for retweeting a link to my site awhile back. Your song "Charity Case" is the reason I don't pirate music anymore. I bet you're an awesome person IRL. It goes better than I have any right to expect, thanks for asking. I don't know! We talked about doing one about ten years ago. Maybe someday we'll get it together. I'd love to.
Is "Yellow Laser Beam" based off a true story? This is the most popular question so far.
Are you working on a new album or new songs? Next studio album will probably be a kid's record with a storyline that runs all the way through, perhaps an album-length fairy tale or sci-fi epic. Fall of 2013, tentatively.
Hey, MC Front. Long-time fan. I was wondering, what artists or bands would you most like to collaborate with? Del tha Funkee Homosapien, Amanda Palmer, Busdriver, PJ Harvey, Jean Grae, Tom Waits.
How do you feel about DJs pirating your (or others') music in order to play it on community radio? How do you feel about the censorship of swearwords and adult content for radio? Was the movie Nerdcore Rising completely true or were there elements of fiction/dramatization in it? Nerdcore rising contains no staged stuff but if you were there for all of it (I was!) you would notice that some stuff is out of order and the PAX show which was actually a bit after the tour is made to seem like the last show of the van run. There's also huge crowd cheering hilariously cut to the end of a performance that's in front of like 14 people in Tennessee I think. Little stuff like that, mostly serving the narrative flow. Real life doesn't have that much narrative flow. The thing that seems weirdly false to me when I accidentally watch the movie these days is: right before going on at PAX I'm all like "I think this will be the largest crowd I've ever been in front of." I think? I THINK? The only thing going through my mind as I'm saying that is that it is 50X as many people as I've every performed for previously and that I'm terrified. I bet Negin wishes I'd been honest and said that. Would have done wonders for the NARRATIVE FLOW.
Do other styles of nerdy music count as nerdcore, or does it have to be rap? End-user music piracy does nobody any harm. And in fact, for someone at my level, every time a set of ears gets exposed to my songs, that's a net positive. That's an n% chance of a new fan. And any new fan has some chance of becoming the kind of fan who supports me materially by buying what they already downloaded, or getting a shirt, or seeing a show, and all that is what lets me keep doing this full time. Pirates who make money piss me off, though (see: russian MP3 sites, TV shows that don't file their ASCAP paperwork properly, etc). Because they exist, I am glad that copyright laws are enforceable when appropriate.
What goals/plans do you have career-wise? Are there any particular collaborations you would like to pull off? Any venues you are shooting for? Any milestones like being on the soundtrack of a Hollywood blockbuster or some such? I continue to dream (without really doing anything to make it happen) about having some fancy hollywood movie about geek life demand a theme song from me. I mean, ideally it would be a movie that I'd be excited about, something from Gilliam, Burton, Payne, Whedon, Raimi. But that is just a dream, and realistically I'd be on just about any movie sound track if the film were not about how war is awesome or how girls are dumb or other things that movies are often about that I do not agree with.
I want to voice some cartoons. Cartoon producers, call me!
The one venue I've always wanted to play is the Great American Music Hall in San Francisco. Sadly, I couldn't fill it up by myself. But maybe TMBG will let me open for them there some day.
Why didn't I get to see G-Minor7 at the SF show last year? Made me a little sad. Gaby does not really like being on the road. It's hard for him to work and car rides are boring for him. He hates noisy bars, which is most of where we play. And don't tell him I said so but he is kind of bad at lifting up equipment and moving it through doorways without bumping into things. So we all understand why he doesn't come out on the road any more! But we miss him, probably more than you do.
That said, he claims to be considering doing a fall run with us this fall.
Can you describe your relationship with Zack Johnson and Josh Nite (of Kingdom of Loathing fame)? How you met them and all that. Thanks :) We were investigating a distress beacon from the ship Prometheus together and wandered into a huge, gothy chamber filled with weird eggs. Josh looked at one of them too closely and got his esophagus impregnated with a weird alien parasite. Later at dinner, it burst violently from his chest. The three of us often look back on that shared experience and laugh knowingly, then fuel up our flame throwers.
What have you been listening to recently? The new Busdriver album Beaus$Eros (bows & arrows), which is fantastic. Also, the new Fountains of Wayne and the most recent Mike Doughty.
How did the Problems tracks on Solved come about? They were fun to listen to and I enjoyed them, but I always wondered how you got to sit down with Wyatt Cenac, Kristen Schall, and Eugene Mirman. Also, how did you and Lars come up with Black and Yellow T-shirts/Captains of Industry? It's a personal favorite of mine. Kristen: I got Hodgman to advocate for me at the Brooklyn Book Fair and then hassled her A LOT until she agreed to do it. She is incredibly nice. Once she was on board, Eugene and Wyatt I guess decided I was legit enough to spend 45 minutes with. Comedians do something that to me seems almost impossibly cool and difficult, so it remains a big thrill to me that I'm able to trick them into being on my albums. Trying to get Posehn and Reggie Watts on a future thing.
How many different ties do you own? Maybe about 30. I need some new ones. Half of them have sharpie marks on them or are falling apart.
You've mentioned before that you are mistaken for a novelty act. I don't think of you as that, because you make good music that just happens to have nerdy themes and jokes. It is more compelling for being weird or funny than it is for being music you can't get anything out of it on repeat listens that you couldn't on first listen if you put it on a mix CD with songs that aren't novelty songs, the person listening would be like 'ugh, you should take that one off.' But it's almost always the critic's response, isn't it? Almost nobody sets out to make a novelty record. And I might denigrate someone by calling them a novelty act when you think they are weaving their subtle and rewarding artistry and it's just way over my head. Sorry, I guess my answer is: who knows.
How would you define the "line" an artist has to cross where they become a novelty act?
Do you have a chord/tab area somewhere? I'd love to be able to learn a few songs (Diseases of Yore, Shame of the Otaku for example) but haven't been able to find them. What was it like working with JoCo, was it in studio, or did he send you his parts over the interwebs? I don't have any chords or tabs posted, but a few songs have gone to notation to help incoming keyboardists. Maybe I'll make those sheets available sometime.
JoCo is a friend and is always fantastic to work with. We did Diseases of Yore via email and FTP, but we get to do it live every so often, usually with Paul & Storm on backup.
Thank you so much for doing this! I have been to numerous shows and been a fan since the early days. Speaking of the early days, do you ever talk to KOMPRESSOR anymore? Are they still producing anything? I was going through my wayback mp3 archive and found your collab piece and still think it's awesome. Would it ever find its way onto a mainstream release? Haven't chatted with Drew lately, but he remains a prolific web cartoonist and tee shirt monger. He also puts out albums every so often. His last one was I think all booty-shaking jams.
You have an extremely unique style. What are your influences for this and how long did it take to develop into what it is today? I just kind of tried to rap as well as I'm able. Never consciously aimed at developing a style. I'm still trying to get better! Probably the stuff I listened to in High School influenced me the most: Del, De La Soul, Public Enemy, Tribe Called Quest, 3rd Bass, NWA.
Hey Frontalot! Been a fan of yours for a while. I was never much into rap but you're highly unique, original and very talented! As a fellow geek/nerd, what are some of your favourite computer games of recent months? I am in deep with Diablo III. Those Blizzard fuckers really know how to light up the reward centers in my brain. Just got Max Payne 3 (though on console) and it is kind of incredible. Think I'm almost through it.
Not much of a question, but more of a request. Can/will you ever come to the east coast? specifically the hampton roads area? the norva is pretty awesome. We actually played in Hampton Roads at an anime con last year! Hopefully they'll book us again sometime.
Do you have any plans to collaborate with Wil Wheaton and release a Shellfishcore hip-hop album in the future? For the sake of the entire non-hearing-impaired population of the world, thankfully, no.
Have you always been a good story teller, or is it something that you discovered/crafted through rapping? I always wanted to be a writer. I did lots of short stories and edited the literary magazine in high school. I wrote a short novel as my honors thesis in college. So actually I came to rapping from the writing angle much more than the thinking-I-would-be-good-at-rapping angle. Jury remains out on whether I'm actually any good at either of those aspects of my job.
What is Kompressor REALLY like? Scary as hell. And mean to animals.
I have sinus congestion. What do you recommend for a stuffy nose? Also please make music forever. Hanging out in the desert helps. Also zirtec.
What's your favorite Science Fiction franchise? Star Wars. Even with the later era of disappointment and sadness.
When will you start taking on full time disciples? When I am old and living in a dojo on top of a mountain.
Can you loan me your dog for the weekend? He's the cutest! I get this a lot. Start a dog walking service in Brooklyn and then maybe.
Yo, Front! 1) When will some new music drop? I need to give you more money. 2) Any further word on an official release of that collaboration with Wheatus on "Teenage Dirtbag"? At some point Brendan will have his all-remixes Dirtbag album in production, and we'll do a studio take of the rap then. For now, this London performance is your best keeper.
Beer, cheese, or monkeys? I would like the monkey to serve me the beer while wearing one of those Wisconsin sport fanatic cheese-shaped hats.
Hey man! Love your work, especially Bizarro Genius. As for questions: what rappers do you listen to? What Is your favorite videogame? Do you like whales? I like MF Doom, Busdriver, Del, Brother Ali, and lots more. My favorite video games of all time are probably Psychonauts, Red Dead Redemption, Lode Runner, and the HHGTTG text adventure. And no, whales can go fuck themselves.
Hello Front, it's me again (the Magic: The Gathering hater from Nerdcore Rising). I've been to several of your shows, but never had to opportunity to actually talk to you, as you were either too busy, or just had a deer-in-the-headlights look whenever a girl was near. Anyways, my question is this: what's your favorite Tom Waits album? Also, which do you prefer, his early folk-style years, the jazzy Small Change era, or his more recent experimental work? My favorite Waits albums are Small Change, Rain Dogs, and Bone Machine. I cannot seem to whittle it down to one. I love the heavier groove stuff best, starting really with Heartattack & Vine and continuing through Real Gone. But every one of his albums is goddamned treasure.
of all, your music is seriously awesome. I went to one of your concerts at The Space in CT and I was seriously blown away by how fast you can rap things. Questions: You went to Wesleyan University, correct? I am currently a student there. I was wondering what your major was and also who your favorite professor was? Thanks! My favorite profs were Annie Dillard, George Creeger, and Jessica Shubow. I don't imagine any of them are still there. I majored in English.
This may seem like a silly question. But, after watching the documentary Nerdcore Rising with a buddy, I told him it's only a matter of time before we would see you or MC Lars on a some Nickelodeon show, Disney show or even Glee as an "unhip" teacher who helps a kid study for a crucial test with a Nerdcore rap. He stated you wouldn't be interested as it would be selling out. I still contend it will happen. If an offer came your way, how interested would you be in the opportunity? It would be selling out to make a song for BP about how great they are at cleaning up oil spills, or one for Apple about how noble they are for being patent trolls. Acting is so far removed from my artistic output that it wouldn't bother me to do it, even on a show that's not very good like Glee. In fact, I bet it would be a shitload of fun.
I thoroughly enjoyed your performance in Vegas last year at Defcon. Will you be there again this year? We're in talks! It looks very much like I'll be there, rapping.
Frontalot is the final boss ultimate inferno difficulty. What's up, Bryce! I miss you.
Front, STR: 11 DEX: 12 CON: 8 INT: 18 WIS: 3 CHA: 2 (modified to 22 with my +20 Mic Of Compelling Stage Antics)
Please fill in the following ability scores for yourself.
STR DEX CON INT WIS CHA.
If you are unsure, you may roll four six-sided dice and use the the top three of four as your score. Also, please include any special ability modifiers.
Cheers!
No questions, just thank you for being awesome! GLAD TO BE OF SERVICE.
Tell us about Ma Front. I have two young sons, and I want to know how to raise them so that they'll come back and visit me. ;) You could try running customer service for their merch mail-order business for them when they're in their thirties! That is a very endearing thing for a mom to do. Also gives you stuff to talk about on the phone all the time.
For the sake of the entire non-hearing-impaired population of the world, thankfully, no. Not that Wil's rapping is bad. Just, c'mon. Shellfishcore. Ufff.
Last updated: 2012-06-19 13:27 UTC Next update: 2012-06-19 19:27 UTC
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2012.03.26 19:49 tabledresser [Table] I am a professional indie rapper named MC Lars. AMA.

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Date: 2012-03-26
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Questions Answers
As an indie artist who's heavily pirated across the internet, obviously this has led to help increase your popularity by making you more well known. How has this affected you in terms of profitability? Are you making any headway in the game yet or are you still sleeping on people's floors? Haha, hilarious question. I still sleep on the floor, but it's on a mattress in my apartment. I try to keep it punk rock. I think it's dope that people know about me and that free downloading has helped make this happen. I don't make a lot but I get by and I'm happy, so I would call that a victory. :)
What was it like working with Weird Al? He is a genius, an awesome person and a friend. He is so humble and talented, I'm blessed to know him. He killed it on that track obviously!!
Holy fuck, man, I don't really even know what to ask. Pretty much, how did you get into music, and of course, the ever-present do you smoke weed? Hey homie - thanks for hollering on this! I got into music because I had so many stories I wanted to express and it was the best way I could get my ideas out there. It's been an amazing ride connecting with so many people for so long and I'm so lucky I get to do this for a living. I'm not necessarily anti-drug but these days I keep it pretty straight because I work with kids and do hip-hop education.
Did you ever put up that lecture? You said you'd have video but I must have missed it. There are a few videos, but we need to do the best and post them. I'm doing a Ted Talk later this year... check it out. It will be online.
I just wanna say that I had an awesome time when you opened for MC Chris at The Note in Philly! Cheers for showing up and putting on a hell of a show! My question to you would be: What's your stance on dubstep and that type of EDM? Thanks homie - that show was so fun. I love dubstep because of the energy and passion, but somethings get so big that they start to suck. Remember emo? LOL.
If I've never listened to your work before, where should I start? What's your favorite? Hey homie - thanks for hitting me up. One of my favorite songs is "Ahab" and I feel like the video really captured the energy of the track. I love to write literary hip-hop, check it out: Link to vimeo.com
What is the status of the lit hop album supporting the Edger Allen Poe house? It's coming out in May... working on it now. Stay tuned!
What is your biggest criticism of "nerdcore" hip-hop? I've got love the genre!! I just think that a lot of the kids in the scene don't recognize the artists that came before. It's important to go back and listen to KRS-One, Public Enemy, Nas and all of the old-school rappers to see how it all ties together. Also, I think some nerdcore is under-produced. That's it. The scene has had my back for years and I've made peace with it.
I consider my introduction to nerdcore to be Dr Octagon, Deltron 3030,and other Del songs like proto culture. It makes me realize that we have far too many labels for music, but I have no idea what can be done for it. Yeah, all of those acts are classic. It's all a hybrid and it's important to be aware of where things come from.
Do you think an artist that rapped as if they were a Pokemon Trainer would have appeal to fans of Nerdcore? Its something i've been thinking about doing for a while but not sure if i should. I think that sounds like the most amazing thing ever!! :)
Only 4 more years until record labels won't exist! Also, any plans for another Australian tour? I'll be back this September - stay tuned.
Come to New Zealand! Working on it!! :)
Are you and ytcracker going to get together and make another album? The DG album was amazing and I would love to hear more. Funny you should ask - he and I are going to do a DGLP. We kicked it at SXSW in Austin and are starting to put it together.
From the guy who wrote a song like Signing Emo, what are your thoughts on Skrillex? I think Skrillex is super talented. I'm working on a song about Blake leaving Hearts that Hate to do dubstep... it's going to be hilarious... stay tuned.
Are you a cuddler? Very much so. ;)
Can we cuddle sometime? Okay. :)
I've met you a few times once at warped tour then again at a show at the Gilman a few months later you remembered me! that was awesome! how even with your rising success to you still stay so close to your fans? What's up man - I remember you. :) The trick is to always stay in touch with the people who love your music because you would be nothing without them. I'm always thinking of them when I'm in the studio rapping or getting ready for a tour because I do it for them above all else.
I know this is a long shot, but back in 2005-ish you performed at WOW Hall in Eugene, OR. I was about 16 and my friend and I talked with you after your set and I asked if you were "stuffing socks or just really well endowed". Do you remember that? LOL! Was that with Bowling for Soup? I remember that! That's awesome. And no, I'm not stuffing socks, just keeping it real!!
Your song "singing emo" the band "hearts that hate" I actually thought that song was good. What do you think? Thanks man. We tried to write something incredibly poppy and catchy - I worked with some amazing co-writers on that song. We tricked a lot of people into thinking Heats that Hate were real... that's still one of my favorite songs I've done.
Are you single? ;P. Figuring all of that out now. ;)
Because he's single, and famous. Maybe. I've been seeing an amazing blogger girl who lives in LA.
If you could rap with any president which one? Thomas Jefferson! Great philosophy and intellect.
I just wanted to say thanks for taking an awesome picture with me at Warped Tour. (That was taken at the Detroit stop.) Oh, and- what was it like playing Warped Tour? Would you do it again? Hey gangster! That photo is amazing. I would love to do Warped again for sure. Maybe in 2013? Hope to see you soon.
When is the Edgar Allen Poe EP coming out and how many songs will be on it? May! We'll have about seven songs. Stay tuned homie. :)
What was it like working with Weerd Science? He's one of the most talented people I've ever shared a stage with. So glad he's back in Coheed because they really need him. I'm really glad we got to put out "Sick Kids".
How did you get so awesome, and how well do you know MC chris? He's one of my best friends... we've toured together a lot. And thanks for the awesomeness props. Much lvoe!!
Hey, I wanted to first of all tell you that you are my hero, and have inspired me to do some indie rapping of my own. If one day, years from now, I can do a track with you and K.Flay I can immediately die happy. Now, in "Where Ya Been Lars" you pretty much said that mc chris was a dick about your track together. What was working with him like? Was he only a douche after the track was released, or was he just as bad in studio as well? Also, if life was a movie, who would play you? Hey homie - thanks for hollering at me on this. So glad I've inspired you to make music - Flay is awesome and I hope you can do a track with her. Chris and I are totally cool, our managers had a disagreement that neither of us was in on. I'd love for Zach Galifianakis to play me in a movie!!
I'm a big fan. I'm still sad that I haven't had the spare cash to pick up Lars Attacks!, but I'm looking forward to the day I get to listen to it. I'm also a really big fan of K.Flay and I loved the EP you guys did together. Do you have any plans to work with her again? Also, is there any chance we'll see you guys touring together in the future? Bonus Question: When are you two going to shack up and create the hip-hop master race? Thanks man - much love. :) So glad you're still feeling the music. Flay and I are still friends but we don't really kick it these days. Who knows though? Maybe we'll team up sometime. Thanks for holler at me on this.
As an indie artist, do you think it allows you to more openly criticize people as in your song iGeneration? I just think I can say whatever I want you know? "iGeneration" is a really poppy, exciting song with a somewhat dark message. Being indie allows you to be real because no one is paying me anything to be me. I do it because it's a calling and I'm blessed the music connects with people.
Wait a minute, are you LARS HORRIS? You gave me one of your copies of insectiverous in monterey like 10 years ago. I loved your jam about Harper's Ferry! Dude! I was wondering how shit was going with you! Good to see you're still at it! That's crazy dude! Much 831 love. I had no idea anyone still had that CD... hold onto it because it's very much out of print.
After listening to your and MC Frontalot's duet, how much of your business really is t-shirts these days? And how much of it is album sales? BTW, big fan. Much love dude - I make most of my living through iTunes. I recently wrote a piece about it for the Huffington Post. Check it out! Link to www.huffingtonpost.co.uk
How do you work with so many people, and how do the collaborations come about? And I know it's highly unlikely, but any chance you'd work with Hoodie Allen? According to Wikipedia, you're both associated with wait what. Hey man - I just love to hit people up and see what comes of it, you know? If people are down we make it happen. Would love to work with Hoodie Allen! My homie Charlie is wait what, maybe he can hook us up.
Whatever happened to Digital Gangster? I haven't been on in forever. YT still doing stuff? YT is still hustling - I want to do another album with him. Digital Gangster is the bomb!! Those dudes really helped promote our 2008 tour.
Thanks for doing this AMA! In highschool, I had a friend introduce me to nerdcire and it instantly became my favorite genre. I saw you live when you were touring with mc chris and Mega Ran. I just have a couple questions... There are so many and a lot I really admire. The ones with clean production are my favorite.
Your a legend in Rochester, NY! I always heard you on WBER driving to school! Would you take a vacation if you couldn't remember it? I love Rochester!! I hope to be back soon, it's my favorite place to play in the US. And yes, I would definitely take a vacation even if I couldn't remember it.
Loved #Busbros. Do you have any plans for possibly getting Grieves on anymore tracks? I love that dude - I want to do more with him for sure. He is killing it but maybe one day we can do an EP!
Any plans to work with Random again? He's on the Poe EP and I want to tour with him again soon.
How was it working with Paul Gilbert on 'Guitar Hero Hero'? He is the man!! Was so stoked to work with him. He killed it in the studio and on the track!!
My friend and I are creating an online music platform that pays artists for their profile views, and pays fans for promoting artists. What do you think about this idea? That's pretty amazing - it's one big global network and that sounds dope!!
What are the chances of you getting on the aquabats super show? Follow up! seriously gonna do a second album with yt? 3! how do you feel about k. flays skyrocketing successes? Hey Beefy! 1) I'd love to get on the Aquabats' show, I'm going to holler at them. 2) Hopefully this year. 3) I'm super proud of her and excited!!
LARS! I love you so much man. I'm a huge fan I got everything you have put out. I love it all! I hear you say that mc chris had a problem with money and you in the past. Now you say you guys are best friends? I'm glad to hear that? What happened? Our managers weren't communicating - he and I are cool. He's one of my favorite people in the indie hip-hop community and I look up to him.
What did you start with recording like gear and software? and How did you get like known or publicity. I am basically trying to do what you do hopefully one day. Hey homie - I started with Cubase VST way back in the day... I went to school in England and networked with the indie bands there and it helped me get my start. I am so blessed to be able to do this and pass on the secrets. The trick is 1) having an awesome live show and 2) having a great social media presence. If you can crush those two things you will be unstoppable! Much love.
Do you ever freestyle? Want to do a freestyle rap together? Yes and yes! :)
I saw you when you did a show in Tempe, AZ opening for Bowling for Soup. You did a great job and were super nice to all the fans in the lobby afterward. Do you queue up the songs in the order you plan on doing them that night or do you select them as you go? Hey homie - wow... that was so long ago. I usually plan my set in advance, but if I feel like the audience wants more high-energy, pop-punk stuff, I change it up. Or, if it feels like more of a hip-hop set, I got that direction. It really depends. :)
How do you feel about the double use of punctuation?? It's the bomb!!
Do you have any crazy stories from when you were a dj on KSPB back when it was in Keck? We used to bring girls up there, which we shouldn't have. And we'd freestyle on the air. That was awesome.
I'm guessing nobody has asked this.. Who do you listen to? A lot of hardcore punk (Minor Threat, Dead Kennedys), West Coast indie rap (the Grouch, anticon) and jazz (Miles Davis). All great stuff that inspires me greatly!!
My favorite nerdcore rapper is a redditor? Dream come true! Just wanted to say that your song: Twenty-three has been there when I was at my lowest; and thanks to it, I felt like I wasn't alone because it helped me realize there ARE people out there for me. Thank you Lars, you're awesome! Much love Ashley! Thanks for posting on this too. :) There is always someone out there for you. Much love!! Let "Twenty-Three" be a guiding light.
I saw that you were on last year's Warped Tour (you were touring with Weerd Science who was also playing with Terrible Things. What was Warped Tour like and how was it different from other tours? Also, what's it like hanging/performing with Josh? Warped Tour was amazing, but it was really grueling and hot. We got up early to promote but it was worth it. Josh is one of the most talented people I know, I'm so stoked that we were able to help him put out "Sick Kids" and do a bunch of shows. I'm glad he's back with Coheed but I hope we can do more soon.
From the vibe you and K.Flay gave off in the videos you did, it really made me think that you two were dating. Whattupwiththat? We never hooked up but we were super close back in the day. There's a song about her on the Poe EP that explains everything.
Can you just come to Boston again? You put on an excellent show. Thanks homie - I will be back in Boston soon for sure, hopefully this fall with Frontalot. Much love!!
I used to listen to a pretty damned funny KSPB radio show on Friday mornings c. 2000-2001. Ever since hearing Straight Outta Stockholm, I've been wondering if that was your show-- was it? 1) Apple used "iGeneration" for a presentation way back, which was cool. 2) That's amazing you listened to my show back in the day, that was definitely me and my friend Chris! Crazy.
Do you think Professional and Indie really go together in a sentence? I guess "full-time indie rapper" is more appropriate?
How do you find your beats/ meet your producer? Any tips on becoming a successful engineer? I know its not your turf but why not ask... The trick is to keep experimenting and fuse your passions, that's what helped me. Learning to collaborate is important. I have a stable of producers I collaborate with and it tends to work out.
What was it like hanging out with Weird Al? Also, will you be hitting on my wife again the next time we see you in concert (it's totally cool if you do)? "Weird Al" is one one of the nicest, most down to earth people I know. He's super smart and fun to talk to. Did I hit on your wife last time? Sorry! Glad you were cool with it. Much love!!
Lars, I saw you in Wrexham a few years ago, was fucking awesome. My question is about the song Hey there Ophelia, the chorus is a cover of screamager by my favourite band therapy? what made you decide to throw in this homage to them? Hey homie - that was so fun. I heard that song in 2005 and I knew I had to use it. I get inspired by big hooks and I love to do my own version, you know? It only cost us $4,000 to cover.
You were my first ever gig supporting Zebrahead in Manchester. Hoping to come to one of the Wheatus shows. Have you ever played Leeds festival and if not, do you ever plan on it? That show was awesome! See you on the Wheatus tour - I'd love to play Leeds festival!
What happened between you and K-flay? For that matter, what happened to the nerdcore scene? I was a little late to the party and it disappeared. PS: You played my first (and best) concert when I was 15. Hey! K.Flay and I are cool, she's moved on to the major label world but we're still friends. The nerdcore scene is still thriving on the underground!!
If you could do a track with any other artist who would you pick? I'd love to collab with Eminem. I heard he's getting big.
Are you planning on coming to Good Ol Colorado anytime soon? Hopefully this fall with Frontalot!
Holy shit, second awesome hip hop AMA this month (Greg P.O.R.N. a few weeks ago is the other). Huge fan. I'm an audio engineer, just wondering 1. where you record most of your stuff and who engineers the sessions. I run a successful home studio in Philly, but most of my clients are very shitty rappers. I only record them cause they have cash. Any advice on attracting some more talented artists such as yourself? Hey dude - reddit is the bomb and I'm stoked to be on here. Thanks for hollering. 1.) I've done my stuff all over the place, these days I track most of my vocals up at Stanford with an engineer in the CCRMA building. I do demos at my apartment in Venice, which is near the beach in LA. 2.) I'm sure if you went to shows and stuff you could meet people who want to record with you. I'd love to try something next time I'm in Philly - can you hit me up? Link to mclars.com
If your name is Andrew Nielsen, why did you use the name Lars Horris and MC Lars? Wow - that's an awesome question. Well, "Lars" came from the Disney movie "Heavyweights", there was a counselor who had that name and I thought it was hilarious. "Horris" came from "Monster Squad"... so I put them together. My first real manager Tom Gates thought "MC Lars Horris" was too long, so we shortened it, and it all worked out. :)
I may be a little late to this party, but I'm a big fan and you got mad talent bro. What can you tell us about Wesley Willis? He fascinates me for some reason. Thanks so much man. Wesley was an inspired, blessed soul. I was honored to know him. We kicked it a few times and he always remembered me. I let him know that the demons weren't going to mess up his show when he played in San Francisco. "This Gigantic Robot Kills" was a name he actually made up.
(First off, hadn't heard of you before, you just got a new fan for sure) I know I'm super late, but what advice do you have for an aspiring nerdcore rapper? (I don't label myself that, but a lot of people who've heard me put me in that category) Thanks man! Much love. My only advice is to push yourself and work on your life show. Having an energetic performance and strong net presence are the two most important things for an indie rapper today.
I've been a fan of yours for a while! My friend from high school apparently pissed next to you in Cleveland while you were touring with Bowling For Soup. He saw you dressed up, asked who you were, and you supposedly responded "MC LARS! TRUE PLAYER FOR REAL!" and walked out. He got your album, showed it to me (which I instantly recognized of course) and we blasted it in the car all day. Anything noteworthy happen to your drummer after you put 35 Laurel Drive on the album? I thought that song was hilarious. Word homie - thanks for hitting me up. That's hilarious about your friend, I totally remember that. :) After I dropped "35 Laurel Drive" my drummer moved because everyone knew where he lived... LOL!!
It was good seeing you at SXSW in the alley before the Tuesday show. Quite sexy in person. Any advice for a person who wants to rap but is terrible at understanding beat-making software? Much love dude! Thanks for saying what's up and I'm glad we're friends. There are so many producers online who would gladly give you beats - keep networking and you will find the one!!
I don't know you. How would you introduce someone who doesn't know you to your music? Hey dude - I like to make intelligent hip-hop with high energy beats. I think a good introduction would be my "Moby-Dick" rap, check it out: Link to vimeo.com
Dude I saw you in Orlando not too long ago. I like the sound you have. Now the question how has the the music industry been on you lately? Much love man, thanks for coming out to that show. The music industry is tough but a lot of fun! I'm glad i get to make art for a living and that's all I can ask for.
I just saw you at UCLA for my Scan 50 class a few weeks ago...so great! Your integration of hip-hop and classic literature was legit! What inspired you to start doing that? Thank you! That's awesome. I've always valued rap as a teaching tool. My first song was a Shakespeare rap... I guess it's just been a calling. :)
Why did you think it was appropriate to use MCRT's wife's miscarriage as material for a dis against him? I had no idea about his wife's miscarriage and never referenced it. We had a miscommunication. Much love to him and that whole community.
Nerdcore rising was cool. whats mc chris like IRL? Thanks homie - chris is one of my best friends. He's a chill, funny, passionate guy and I'm honored to have him in my life.
Seen you twice now, once to interview and once at the Queen Charlotte in Norwich. You also rap with my good friend MC IPOD. We really need you back in Norwich you lovely man! Any chance of this happening soon? Hope all is well. Harri. MC iPod is the man! That was awesome. I'll be back in the UK in May with Wheatus - come hang!! http//tour.mclars.com.
What is the best way to go about selling rap beats on the internets? this is my soundcloud soundcloud.com/smoke-gang-beatz. The best way is to hook up with MCs and do beats for them then share the profits. That's how Dre got his start.
Are you friends with Sole? Yeah man - he's the bomb. I missed him at SXSW but was honored to have him on my mixtape.
Is there any chance of you showing up at a PAX? A Lars and Frontalot show would be amazing. I'd love to do it - if you can put in a good word for me that would be sick!!
Hah, I knew I recognised your name. I had a friend a while ago who decided he was a promoter. He told everyone that he was promoting you and used to show "Hot Topic is not Punk Rock" to everyone. Awesome song, but I'd like to use this opportunity to finally shut him up. Do you or did you ever know a British promoter called John Brotherton? The name is honestly familiar - where was he from? Northampton?
Any cool stories about dick? Much love homie! And no stories about dick unfortunately.
A professional indie rapper? Don't you just mean failed rapper? LOL!!
I mean honestly, do you realize how douchey it sounds to refer to yourself as a professional indie rapper? Not even trying to be a dick here, just honestly curious. Not really, since I'm an independent rapper who does this as his job, that's the most objective way to describe it.
Hi, so you and Benny Lava are friends? I wish we were!!
Is hot topic punk rock? Definitely not.
YTCracker, when are you coming back to Texas? I missed you at SXSW, because I had some exams that week. But, I am a pirate is one of my favorite songs ever! Keep up the good work! YT rules!!
See you at Slam Dunk North man! See you there!!
I have nothing to ask, but I just wanted to say that I really like your music. I found your music just about few months ago, when I was listening to your and YTCracker's Digital Gangster-album. (Which is really good album) So, I really like your music. :) That's all. Thanks dude! YT and I are going to do a follow-up soon.
Haha this is crazy. I haven't heard most of your music, just your stuff on your Myspace and with Weerd Science (Who I'm a huge fan of by the way!) Your indie sound is cool as fuck! Can't believe your a redditor! Thanks dude!! Much love - Weerd Science is such an inspiration and it's so dope to work with him. Thanks for checking out the music.
Oh wow. I remember seeing you when you opened for bowling for soup around 7 years ago haha. I really liked your performance man. Damn! So long ago. They were an awesome band to tour with, thanks for coming out to the show. Hope to catch you soon!!
My father knows your father... That's crazy! :) Small world.
MC Lars I saw you with MC Chris at Velvet Jones in Santa Barbara shit was dope thanks! Much love! Thanks for coming out to that show. :)
Ahab was pretty much the only song I listened to during my whole 4 years of high school. it was constantly on repeat back then. Its been three years since I've listened to it but it is still at the top of my most played songs in itunes. That's sick... thanks homie. :) That song is still one of my favorites and I'm glad it struck a chord with you.
Lalalalalalalalala, download this song! >_> My brother and I love that. We dance to it. He's 7, so it's slightly horrifying; but whatever. That's amazing. He was a baby when it came out. Thanks for hollering at me on this!!
Professional. Indie. Pick one. You can't be a successful independent artist if you're not professional with your business.
Aw yeeee. You make the dopest beats ever!!
I saw you at the Note in West Chester, PA. — a fan. Much love! Thanks for coming out to that show. That was fun. :) Hope to see you next time!!
I saw you open for mc chris in Portland, OR. Great show! I promptly downloaded your music, but then requested (and received) a couple of your cd's for Christmas. I love the "lit-hop" good stuff! Thanks for the AMA. Aww - thank you. :) Much love!! I'm doing more "lit-hop" in the future, for sure!!
In 3-9 words, please tell me your ideas on Abraham Lincoln. He was an incredible and tall president.
Last updated: 2012-03-30 12:41 UTC
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DAX KARTEL -Queen Sheebah is flexible but Irene Ntale was Honest to my life -MC IBRAH INTERVIEW Amish couple dating at McDonald's PASTOR BUGEMBE (Part 2) - I Was heartbroken but thank God am now dating - MC IBRAH INTERVIEW TAATA WA JUDITH BABIRYE (Prt 2) - Ebifa mu bufumbo bwa muwalawe INTERESTING- MC IBRAH INTERVIEW PASTOR BUGEMBE ATTUKAKASIZA NTI ANATELA OKUWAASA, PRESSURE E'MUYITILIDEKO. CAN I FIND MYSELF A GIRLFRIEND ON A MINECRAFT DATING SERVER??? MC Kats never escaped from my place, Pastor Bugembe speaks out Uncut

Internet Relationships (Are Not Real Relationships) Lyrics

  1. DAX KARTEL -Queen Sheebah is flexible but Irene Ntale was Honest to my life -MC IBRAH INTERVIEW
  2. Amish couple dating at McDonald's
  3. PASTOR BUGEMBE (Part 2) - I Was heartbroken but thank God am now dating - MC IBRAH INTERVIEW
  4. TAATA WA JUDITH BABIRYE (Prt 2) - Ebifa mu bufumbo bwa muwalawe INTERESTING- MC IBRAH INTERVIEW
  5. PASTOR BUGEMBE ATTUKAKASIZA NTI ANATELA OKUWAASA, PRESSURE E'MUYITILIDEKO.
  6. CAN I FIND MYSELF A GIRLFRIEND ON A MINECRAFT DATING SERVER???
  7. MC Kats never escaped from my place, Pastor Bugembe speaks out Uncut

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